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    FXYD2 FXYD domain containing ion transport regulator 2 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 486, updated on 17-Jun-2019

    Summary

    Official Symbol
    FXYD2provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    FXYD domain containing ion transport regulator 2provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:4026
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000137731 MIM:601814
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    HOMG2; ATP1G1
    Summary
    This gene encodes a member of the FXYD family of transmembrane proteins. This particular protein encodes the sodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit gamma. Mutations in this gene have been associated with Renal Hypomagnesemia-2. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. Read-through transcripts have been observed between this locus and the upstream FXYD domain-containing ion transport regulator 6 (FXYD6, GeneID 53826) locus.[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]
    Expression
    Biased expression in kidney (RPKM 585.7), gall bladder (RPKM 107.1) and 2 other tissues See more
    Orthologs

    Genomic context

    See FXYD2 in Genome Data Viewer
    Location:
    11q23.3
    Exon count:
    7
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    109.20190607 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 11 NC_000011.10 (117820057..117828089, complement)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 11 NC_000011.9 (117690790..117699408, complement)

    Chromosome 11 - NC_000011.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene DS cell adhesion molecule like 1 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105369515 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC107984394 Neighboring gene FXYD6-FXYD2 readthrough Neighboring gene FXYD domain containing ion transport regulator 6 Neighboring gene transmembrane serine protease 13

    Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

    Expression

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

    Bibliography

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    Pathways from BioSystems

    • Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, organism-specific biosystemCardiac myocytes express at least six subtypes of adrenergic receptor (AR) which include three subtypes of beta-AR (beta-1, beta-2, beta-3) and three subtypes of the alpha-1-AR (alpha-1A, alpha-1B, a...
    • Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, conserved biosystemCardiac myocytes express at least six subtypes of adrenergic receptor (AR) which include three subtypes of beta-AR (beta-1, beta-2, beta-3) and three subtypes of the alpha-1-AR (alpha-1A, alpha-1B, a...
    • Aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, organism-specific biosystemSodium transport across the tight epithelia of Na+ reabsorbing tissues such as the distal part of the kidney nephron and colon is the major factor determining total-body Na+ levels, and thus, long-te...
    • Aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, conserved biosystemSodium transport across the tight epithelia of Na+ reabsorbing tissues such as the distal part of the kidney nephron and colon is the major factor determining total-body Na+ levels, and thus, long-te...
    • Bile secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Bile secretion, organism-specific biosystemBile is a vital secretion, essential for digestion and absorption of fats and fat-soluble vitamins in the small intestine. Moreover, bile is an important route of elimination for excess cholesterol a...
    • Bile secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Bile secretion, conserved biosystemBile is a vital secretion, essential for digestion and absorption of fats and fat-soluble vitamins in the small intestine. Moreover, bile is an important route of elimination for excess cholesterol a...
    • Calcium Regulation in the Cardiac Cell, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Calcium Regulation in the Cardiac Cell, organism-specific biosystemCalcium is a common signaling mechanism, as once it enters the cytoplasm it exerts allosteric regulatory affects on many enzymes and proteins. Calcium can act in signal transduction after influx resu...
    • Carbohydrate digestion and absorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Carbohydrate digestion and absorption, organism-specific biosystemDietary carbohydrate in humans and omnivorous animals is a major nutrient. The carbohydrates that we ingest vary from the lactose in milk to complex carbohydrates. These carbohydrates are digested t...
    • Carbohydrate digestion and absorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Carbohydrate digestion and absorption, conserved biosystemDietary carbohydrate in humans and omnivorous animals is a major nutrient. The carbohydrates that we ingest vary from the lactose in milk to complex carbohydrates. These carbohydrates are digested t...
    • Cardiac conduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cardiac conduction, organism-specific biosystemThe normal sequence of contraction of atria and ventricles of the heart require activation of groups of cardiac cells. The mechanism must elicit rapid changes in heart rate and respond to changes in ...
    • Cardiac muscle contraction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cardiac muscle contraction, organism-specific biosystemContraction of the heart is a complex process initiated by the electrical excitation of cardiac myocytes (excitation-contraction coupling, ECC). In cardiac myocytes, Ca2+ influx induced by activation...
    • Cardiac muscle contraction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cardiac muscle contraction, conserved biosystemContraction of the heart is a complex process initiated by the electrical excitation of cardiac myocytes (excitation-contraction coupling, ECC). In cardiac myocytes, Ca2+ influx induced by activation...
    • Endocrine and other factor-regulated calcium reabsorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Endocrine and other factor-regulated calcium reabsorption, organism-specific biosystemCalcium (Ca2+) is essential for numerous physiological functions including intracellular signalling processes, neuronal excitability, muscle contraction and bone formation. Therefore, its homeostasis...
    • Endocrine and other factor-regulated calcium reabsorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Endocrine and other factor-regulated calcium reabsorption, conserved biosystemCalcium (Ca2+) is essential for numerous physiological functions including intracellular signalling processes, neuronal excitability, muscle contraction and bone formation. Therefore, its homeostasis...
    • Insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystemPancreatic beta cells are specialised endocrine cells that continuously sense the levels of blood sugar and other fuels and, in response, secrete insulin to maintain normal fuel homeostasis. Glucose-...
    • Ion channel transport, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Ion channel transport, organism-specific biosystemIon channels mediate the flow of ions across the plasma membrane of cells. They are integral membrane proteins, typically a multimer of proteins, which, when arranged in the membrane, create a pore f...
    • Ion homeostasis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Ion homeostasis, organism-specific biosystemIon channel homeostasis in relation to cardiac conduction is described in this section (Couette et al. 2006, Bartos et al. 2015).
    • Ion transport by P-type ATPases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Ion transport by P-type ATPases, organism-specific biosystemThe P-type ATPases (E1-E2 ATPases) are a large group of evolutionarily related ion pumps that are found in bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes. They are referred to as P-type ATPases because they catal...
    • Mineral absorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Mineral absorption, organism-specific biosystemMinerals are one of the five fundamental groups of nutrients needed to sustain life. Of the minerals, calcium plays innumerable roles in our bodies, serving as a main component of bone as well as an ...
    • Mineral absorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Mineral absorption, conserved biosystemMinerals are one of the five fundamental groups of nutrients needed to sustain life. Of the minerals, calcium plays innumerable roles in our bodies, serving as a main component of bone as well as an ...
    • Muscle contraction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Muscle contraction, organism-specific biosystemIn this module, the processes by which calcium binding triggers actin - myosin interactions and force generation in smooth and striated muscle tissues are annotated.
    • Pancreatic secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Pancreatic secretion, organism-specific biosystemThe pancreas performs both exocrine and endocrine functions. The exocrine pancreas consists of two parts, the acinar and duct cells. The primary functions of pancreatic acinar cells are to synthesiz...
    • Pancreatic secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Pancreatic secretion, conserved biosystemThe pancreas performs both exocrine and endocrine functions. The exocrine pancreas consists of two parts, the acinar and duct cells. The primary functions of pancreatic acinar cells are to synthesiz...
    • Protein digestion and absorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Protein digestion and absorption, organism-specific biosystemProtein is a dietary component essential for nutritional homeostasis in humans. Normally, ingested protein undergoes a complex series of degradative processes following the action of gastric, pancrea...
    • Protein digestion and absorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Protein digestion and absorption, conserved biosystemProtein is a dietary component essential for nutritional homeostasis in humans. Normally, ingested protein undergoes a complex series of degradative processes following the action of gastric, pancrea...
    • Proximal tubule bicarbonate reclamation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Proximal tubule bicarbonate reclamation, organism-specific biosystemOne of the major tasks of the renal proximal tubule (PT) is to secrete acid into the tubule lumen, thereby reabsorbing approximately 80% of the filtered bicarbonate (HCO3(-)), as well as generating "...
    • Proximal tubule bicarbonate reclamation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Proximal tubule bicarbonate reclamation, conserved biosystemOne of the major tasks of the renal proximal tubule (PT) is to secrete acid into the tubule lumen, thereby reabsorbing approximately 80% of the filtered bicarbonate (HCO3(-)), as well as generating "...
    • Salivary secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Salivary secretion, organism-specific biosystemSaliva has manifold functions in maintaining the integrity of the oral tissues, in protecting teeth from caries, in the tasting and ingestion of food, in speech and in the tolerance of tenures, for e...
    • Salivary secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Salivary secretion, conserved biosystemSaliva has manifold functions in maintaining the integrity of the oral tissues, in protecting teeth from caries, in the tasting and ingestion of food, in speech and in the tolerance of tenures, for e...
    • Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe thyroid hormones (THs) are important regulators of growth, development and metabolism. The action of TH is mainly mediated by T3 (3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine). Thyroid hormones, L-thyroxine (T4) a...
    • Thyroid hormone synthesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Thyroid hormone synthesis, organism-specific biosystemThyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are essential for normal development, growth and metabolic homeostasis in all vertebrates, and synthesized in the thyroid gland. The function...
    • Thyroid hormone synthesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Thyroid hormone synthesis, conserved biosystemThyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are essential for normal development, growth and metabolic homeostasis in all vertebrates, and synthesized in the thyroid gland. The function...
    • Transmembrane transport of small molecules, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Transmembrane transport of small molecules, organism-specific biosystem
      Transmembrane transport of small molecules
    • cAMP signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      cAMP signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemcAMP is one of the most common and universal second messengers, and its formation is promoted by adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation after ligation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by ligands incl...
    • cAMP signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      cAMP signaling pathway, conserved biosystemcAMP is one of the most common and universal second messengers, and its formation is promoted by adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation after ligation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by ligands incl...
    • cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemCyclic GMP (cGMP) is the intracellular second messenger that mediates the action of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs), regulating a broad array of physiologic processes. The elevated i...
    • cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, conserved biosystemCyclic GMP (cGMP) is the intracellular second messenger that mediates the action of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs), regulating a broad array of physiologic processes. The elevated i...

    Interactions

    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    General gene information

    Markers

    Readthrough FXYD6-FXYD2

    Readthrough gene: FXYD6-FXYD2, Included gene: FXYD6

    Homology

    Clone Names

    • MGC12372

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    ion channel regulator activity IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    sodium channel regulator activity IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    sodium:potassium-exchanging ATPase activity TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    establishment or maintenance of transmembrane electrochemical gradient IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    ion transmembrane transport TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    potassium ion import across plasma membrane ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    regulation of cardiac conduction TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    regulation of sodium ion transmembrane transporter activity IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    sodium ion export across plasma membrane ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    transmembrane transport ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    extracellular exosome HDA PubMed 
    plasma membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    sodium:potassium-exchanging ATPase complex ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     

    General protein information

    Preferred Names
    sodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit gamma
    Names
    ATPase, Na+/K+ transporting, gamma 1 polypeptide
    Na(+)/K(+) ATPase subunit gamma
    sodium pump gamma chain

    NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    Genomic

    1. NG_011543.1 RefSeqGene

      Range
      5001..13018
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_001680.5NP_001671.2  sodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit gamma isoform 1

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001671.2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (a) represents the most predominant transcript and encodes isoform 1.
      Source sequence(s)
      AA814197, AF241236, AP000757, BC013289
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS8386.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P54710
      Related
      ENSP00000292079.2, ENST00000292079.7
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      pfam02038
      Location:1459
      ATP1G1_PLM_MAT8; ATP1G1/PLM/MAT8 family
    2. NM_021603.4NP_067614.1  sodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit gamma isoform 2

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_067614.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (b) contains an alternate 5' terminal exon compared to transcript variant a, resulting in a slightly shorter isoform (2) with a distinct N-terminus, compared to isoform 1.
      Source sequence(s)
      AA309757, AA814197, AF241236, AP000757, BC005302
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS8385.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P54710
      Related
      ENSP00000260287.2, ENST00000260287.2
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      pfam02038
      Location:1257
      ATP1G1_PLM_MAT8; ATP1G1/PLM/MAT8 family

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000011.10 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

      Range
      117820057..117828089 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Suppressed Reference Sequence(s)

    The following Reference Sequences have been suppressed. Explain

    1. NM_001127489.1: Suppressed sequence

      Description
      NM_001127489.1: This RefSeq was permanently suppressed because currently there is insufficient support for the transcript and the protein.
    Support Center