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    NFKB2 nuclear factor kappa B subunit 2 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 4791, updated on 23-Sep-2018

    Summary

    Official Symbol
    NFKB2provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    nuclear factor kappa B subunit 2provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:7795
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000077150 MIM:164012; Vega:OTTHUMG00000018962
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    p52; p100; H2TF1; LYT10; CVID10; LYT-10; NF-kB2; p49/p100
    Summary
    This gene encodes a subunit of the transcription factor complex nuclear factor-kappa-B (NFkB). The NFkB complex is expressed in numerous cell types and functions as a central activator of genes involved in inflammation and immune function. The protein encoded by this gene can function as both a transcriptional activator or repressor depending on its dimerization partner. The p100 full-length protein is co-translationally processed into a p52 active form. Chromosomal rearrangements and translocations of this locus have been observed in B cell lymphomas, some of which may result in the formation of fusion proteins. There is a pseudogene for this gene on chromosome 18. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2013]
    Expression
    Ubiquitous expression in appendix (RPKM 21.5), bone marrow (RPKM 20.6) and 25 other tissues See more
    Orthologs

    Genomic context

    See NFKB2 in Genome Data Viewer
    Location:
    10q24.32
    Exon count:
    25
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 10 NC_000010.11 (102394110..102402529)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 10 NC_000010.10 (104153867..104162286)

    Chromosome 10 - NC_000010.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene paired like homeodomain 3 Neighboring gene golgi brefeldin A resistant guanine nucleotide exchange factor 1 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC107984263 Neighboring gene pleckstrin and Sec7 domain containing Neighboring gene F-box and leucine rich repeat protein 15 Neighboring gene CUE domain containing 2

    Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

    Expression

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

    Bibliography

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    HIV-1 interactions

    Protein interactions

    Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
    Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env The mRNA expression levels for alpha-tubulin, TRADD, IFN-gamma R2, GAS1, MADD, NF-kappaB, I-kappa B, 14-3-3 protein, APaf1, PARP, IGF-1 receptor, RB1, Rb2/p130, ARC, and caspase 6 are upregulated in human neuronal cells after treatment with HIV-1 gp120 PubMed
    Envelope transmembrane glycoprotein gp41 env The HIV-1 gp41 cytoplasmic domain-induced NFkappaB activation requires TAK1, RelA, and NEMO proteins PubMed
    env The cytoplasmic domain (residues 704-773) of HIV-1 gp41 induces NFkappaB activation. Deletion of a 12 amino-acid sequence (762CLFSYHRLRDLL) in gp41 leads to a dramatic loss of the NFkappaB activation and tyrosine 766 is particularly important PubMed
    Tat tat HIV-1 Tat in combination with IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha increases CXCL10 mRNA and protein in human astrocytes through the activation of the p38, Jnk, and Akt signaling pathways and their downstream transcription factors, NF-kappaB and STAT-1alpha PubMed
    tat Treatment of astrocytes with cell-permeable superoxide dismutase (SOD) leads to a decrease in Tat-induced ROS generation and NF-kappaB activation PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat activates NFkappaB, causing the induction of CD95 ligand, CD69, iNOS, MCP-1, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-alpha, VCAM-1, ICAM-1, E-selectin, and MMP-9, as well as monocyte adhesion, cellular activation and angiogenesis PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat-mediated transcriptional activation of the HIV-1 LTR promoter requires NFkappaB binding sites in the promoter and involves the activation of NFkappaB by Tat PubMed
    tat In HIV-1 Tat-expressing and HIV-infected astrocytes, endothelin-1 (ET-1) is significantly elevated through NF-kappaB (NF-kappaB)-responsive sites in the ET-1 promoter PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat has been shown to bind NFkappaB in vitro in gel shift, GST-pull down and affinity matrix assays PubMed
    tat NFAT-1 negatively regulates HIV-1 Tat-mediated transactivation of the HIV-1 LTR by competing with NFkappaB for its binding to the LTR, thereby blocking the interaction of NFkappaB with Tat PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat enhances tumor necrosis factor-induced activation of NFkappaB by downregulating manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) PubMed
    tat NFkappaB tethers the p160 nuclear receptor co-activator GRIP1 to the HIV-1 LTR promoter, thereby regulating the full activation of this promoter by HIV-1 Tat PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat activates NFkappaB through the cellular interferon-inducible, double-stranded RNA dependent protein kinase, PKR PubMed
    tat p56-lck plays a critical role in the activation of NFkappaB by HIV-1 Tat PubMed
    tat Activation of NFkappaB by HIV-1 Tat leads to a reduction in adenylyl cyclase activity and an inhibition of cAMP synthesis PubMed
    tat Activation of NFkappaB by HIV-1 Tat is inhibited by Nitric Oxide PubMed
    Vpr vpr HIV-1 Vpr stimulates non-canonical NFKappaB pathway by inducing the phosphorylation of NFKappaB2 (p100) at serine 866, which leads to process p100 into RelB/p52 and its subsequent nuclear translocation PubMed

    Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

    Pathways from BioSystems

    • Activated TLR4 signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Activated TLR4 signalling, organism-specific biosystemTLR4 is unique among the TLR family in its ability to recruit four adapters to activate two distinct signaling pathways. One pathway is activated by the pair of the adapters Mal or TIRAP (Toll/inter...
    • Alternative NF-kappaB pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      Alternative NF-kappaB pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      Alternative NF-kappaB pathway
    • Breast cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Breast cancer, organism-specific biosystemBreast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women worldwide. The vast majority of breast cancers are carcinomas that originate from cells lining the milk-forming ducts of the mammary gla...
    • Breast cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Breast cancer, conserved biosystemBreast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women worldwide. The vast majority of breast cancers are carcinomas that originate from cells lining the milk-forming ducts of the mammary gla...
    • C-type lectin receptors (CLRs), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      C-type lectin receptors (CLRs), organism-specific biosystemPathogen recognition is central to the induction of T cell differentiation. Groups of pathogens share similar structures known as pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs), which are recognised ...
    • CLEC7A (Dectin-1) signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      CLEC7A (Dectin-1) signaling, organism-specific biosystemCLEC7A (also known as Dectin-1) is a pattern-recognition receptor (PRR) expressed by myeloid cells (macrophages, dendritic cells and neutrophils) that detects pathogens by binding to beta-1,3-glucans...
    • Chromatin modifying enzymes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Chromatin modifying enzymes, organism-specific biosystemEukaryotic DNA is associated with histone proteins and organized into a complex nucleoprotein structure called chromatin. This structure decreases the accessibility of DNA but also helps to protect i...
    • Chromatin organization, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Chromatin organization, organism-specific biosystemChromatin organization refers to the composition and conformation of complexes between DNA, protein and RNA. It is determined by processes that result in the specification, formation or maintenance o...
    • Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are small proteins that regulate and mediate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They are secreted in response to immune stimuli, and usually act briefly, locally, at very low concen...
    • Cytosolic sensors of pathogen-associated DNA, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cytosolic sensors of pathogen-associated DNA, organism-specific biosystemPresence of pathogen-associated DNA in cytosol induces type I IFN production. Several intracellular receptors have been implicated to some degree. These include DNA-dependent activator of interferon ...
    • DEx/H-box helicases activate type I IFN and inflammatory cytokines production, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DEx/H-box helicases activate type I IFN and inflammatory cytokines production, organism-specific biosystemDHX36 and DHX9 are aspartate-glutamate-any amino acid aspartate/histidine (DExD/H) box helicase (DHX) proteins that localize in the cytosol. The DHX RNA helicases family includes a large number of pr...
    • DNA Damage Response (only ATM dependent), organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      DNA Damage Response (only ATM dependent), organism-specific biosystemThis is the second pathway out of two pathways which deals with DNA damage response. It has two central gene products (ATM and TP53) which are connected with the first DNA damage response pathway. In...
    • Dectin-1 mediated noncanonical NF-kB signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Dectin-1 mediated noncanonical NF-kB signaling, organism-specific biosystemIn addition to the activation of canonical NF-kB subunits, activation of SYK pathway by Dectin-1 leads to the induction of the non-canonical NF-kB pathway, which mediates the nuclear translocation of...
    • Disease, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Disease, organism-specific biosystemBiological processes are captured in Reactome by identifying the molecules (DNA, RNA, protein, small molecules) involved in them and describing the details of their interactions. From this molecular ...
    • Diseases associated with the TLR signaling cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Diseases associated with the TLR signaling cascade, organism-specific biosystemToll like receptors (TLRs) are sensors of the innate immune system that detect danger signals derived from pathogens (pathogen-associated molecular patterns - PAMP) or damaged cells (damage-associate...
    • Diseases of Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Diseases of Immune System, organism-specific biosystemThe immune system is a complex network of the biological processes that provide defense mechanisms during infection or in response to an intrinsic danger signal. Compromised immune response may prese...
    • EBV LMP1 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      EBV LMP1 signaling, organism-specific biosystem
      EBV LMP1 signaling
    • Epstein-Barr virus infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Epstein-Barr virus infection, organism-specific biosystemEpstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous human herpesvirus that is associated with oncogenesis. EBV infection to primary human B lymphocytes leads to induction of EBV-specific HLA-restricted cytotoxi...
    • Epstein-Barr virus infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Epstein-Barr virus infection, conserved biosystemEpstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous human herpesvirus that is associated with oncogenesis. EBV infection to primary human B lymphocytes leads to induction of EBV-specific HLA-restricted cytotoxi...
    • Folate Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Folate Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem
      Folate Metabolism
    • HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
    • HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
    • IKBKG deficiency causes anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia with immunodeficiency (EDA-ID) (via TLR), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      IKBKG deficiency causes anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia with immunodeficiency (EDA-ID) (via TLR), organism-specific biosystemMany signaling pathways rely on the activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NFkB), which is critical for the induction of the appropriate cellular function in response to various stimuli such as inflam...
    • IL12-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      IL12-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
      IL12-mediated signaling events
    • IkBA variant leads to EDA-ID, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      IkBA variant leads to EDA-ID, organism-specific biosystemThe nuclear factor kappa B (NFkB) family of transcription factors is kept inactive in the cytoplasm by the inhibitor of kappa B (IkB) family members IKBA (IkB alpha), IKBB (IkB beta) and IKBE (IkB ep...
    • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
    • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystemInnate immunity encompases the nonspecific part of immunity tha are part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
    • Interleukin-1 processing, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Interleukin-1 processing, organism-specific biosystemThe IL-1 family of cytokines that interact with the Type 1 IL-1R include IL-1 Alpha (IL1A), IL-1 Beta (IL1B) and the IL-1 receptor antagonist protein (IL1RAP). IL1RAP is synthesized with a signal pep...
    • Legionellosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Legionellosis, organism-specific biosystemLegionellosis is a potentially fatal infectious disease caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophila and other legionella species. Two distinct clinical and epidemiological syndromes are associated...
    • Legionellosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Legionellosis, conserved biosystemLegionellosis is a potentially fatal infectious disease caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophila and other legionella species. Two distinct clinical and epidemiological syndromes are associated...
    • MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
    • MAPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      MAPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
    • MyD88 cascade initiated on plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      MyD88 cascade initiated on plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemMammalian myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) is Toll/interleukin (IL)-1 (TIR)-domain containing adapter protein which plays crucial role in TLR signaling. All TLRs, with only one exception of...
    • MyD88 dependent cascade initiated on endosome, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      MyD88 dependent cascade initiated on endosome, organism-specific biosystemUpon binding of their ligands, TLR7/8 and TLR9 recruit a cytoplasmic adaptor MyD88 and IRAKs, downstream of which the signaling pathways are divided to induce either inflammatory cytokines or type I ...
    • MyD88-independent TLR3/TLR4 cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      MyD88-independent TLR3/TLR4 cascade, organism-specific biosystemMyD88-independent signaling pathway is shared by TLR3 and TLR4 cascades. TIR-domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-beta (TRIF or TICAM1) is a key adapter molecule in transducing signals from ...
    • MyD88:Mal cascade initiated on plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      MyD88:Mal cascade initiated on plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemThe first known downstream component of TLR4 and TLR2 signaling is the adaptor MyD88. Another adapter MyD88-adaptor-like (Mal; also known as TIR-domain-containing adaptor protein or TIRAP) has also b...
    • NF-kappa B signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      NF-kappa B signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemNuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) is the generic name of a family of transcription factors that function as dimers and regulate genes involved in immunity, inflammation and cell survival. There are...
    • NF-kappa B signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      NF-kappa B signaling pathway, conserved biosystemNuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) is the generic name of a family of transcription factors that function as dimers and regulate genes involved in immunity, inflammation and cell survival. There are...
    • NIK-->noncanonical NF-kB signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      NIK-->noncanonical NF-kB signaling, organism-specific biosystemIn addition to the activation of canonical NF-kB subunits, activation of SYK pathway by Dectin-1 leads to the induction of the non-canonical NF-kB pathway, which mediates the nuclear translocation of...
    • Neural Crest Differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Neural Crest Differentiation, organism-specific biosystemGene regulatory network model of cranial neural crest cell (CNCC) development, adaped from PMID: 19575671. Most interactions in the model are proposed to regulate transcription of core factors involv...
    • Osteoclast differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Osteoclast differentiation, organism-specific biosystemThe osteoclasts, multinucleared cells originating from the hematopoietic monocyte-macrophage lineage, are responsible for bone resorption. Osteoclastogenesis is mainly regulated by signaling pathways...
    • Osteoclast differentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Osteoclast differentiation, conserved biosystemThe osteoclasts, multinucleared cells originating from the hematopoietic monocyte-macrophage lineage, are responsible for bone resorption. Osteoclastogenesis is mainly regulated by signaling pathways...
    • PKMTs methylate histone lysines, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PKMTs methylate histone lysines, organism-specific biosystemLysine methyltransferases (KMTs) and arginine methyltransferases (RMTs) have a common mechanism of catalysis. Both families transfer a methyl group from a common donor, S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM),...
    • Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
      Pathways in cancer
    • Photodynamic therapy-induced NF-kB survival signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Photodynamic therapy-induced NF-kB survival signaling, organism-specific biosystemPhotodynamic therapy may induce a pro-inflammatory and angiogenic response mediated by NF-?B.
    • RANKL/RANK (Receptor activator of NFKB (ligand)) Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      RANKL/RANK (Receptor activator of NFKB (ligand)) Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemRANKL (Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand), RANK (Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B) and the natural decoy receptor of RANKL, OPG (Osteoprotegerin) are three important mol...
    • RIG-I/MDA5 mediated induction of IFN-alpha/beta pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      RIG-I/MDA5 mediated induction of IFN-alpha/beta pathways, organism-specific biosystemRIG-I-like helicases (RLHs) the retinoic acid inducible gene-I (RIG-I) and melanoma differentiation associated gene 5 (MDA5) are RNA helicases that recognize viral RNA present within the cytoplasm. F...
    • RIP-mediated NFkB activation via ZBP1, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      RIP-mediated NFkB activation via ZBP1, organism-specific biosystemOverexpression of human or murine ZBP1 (DAI) in human embryonic kidney 293T cells (HEK293T) activated NF-kB-dependent promoter in a dose-dependent manner. Two RHIM-contaning kinases RIP1 and RIP3 are...
    • Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway
    • Selenium Micronutrient Network, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Selenium Micronutrient Network, organism-specific biosystem
      Selenium Micronutrient Network
    • Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystemInterleukins are low molecular weight proteins that bind to cell surface receptors and act in an autocrine and/or paracrine fashion. They were first identified as factors produced by leukocytes but a...
    • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Susceptibility Pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Susceptibility Pathways, organism-specific biosystemIn this model, we provide an integrated view of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) at the level of implicated tissues, signaling networks and genetics. The purpose of this model is to serve as an ov...
    • TAK1 activates NFkB by phosphorylation and activation of IKKs complex, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TAK1 activates NFkB by phosphorylation and activation of IKKs complex, organism-specific biosystemNF-kappaB is sequestered in the cytoplasm in a complex with inhibitor of NF-kappaB (IkB). Almost all NF-kappaB activation pathways are mediated by IkB kinase (IKK), which phosphorylates IkB resulting...
    • TNF alpha Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      TNF alpha Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemTumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF?) is a proinflammatory cytokine involved in various biological processes including regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and immune response. T...
    • TNF related weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      TNF related weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemTNF related weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) is a small pleiotropic cytokine of the TNF super family and its gene is located at chromosome 17p13.1. TWEAK has been reported to be expressed in tissues...
    • TNFR2 non-canonical NF-kB pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TNFR2 non-canonical NF-kB pathway, organism-specific biosystemTumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFA) exerts a wide range of biological effects through TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1) and TNF receptor 2 (TNFR2). Under normal physiological conditions TNFR2 exhibits more restr...
    • TRAF6 mediated NF-kB activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TRAF6 mediated NF-kB activation, organism-specific biosystemThe TRAF6/TAK1 signal activates a canonical IKK complex, resulting in the activation of NF-kB as well as MAPK cascades leading to the activation of AP-1. Although TRAF6/TAK1 has been implicated in To...
    • TRAF6 mediated induction of NFkB and MAP kinases upon TLR7/8 or 9 activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TRAF6 mediated induction of NFkB and MAP kinases upon TLR7/8 or 9 activation, organism-specific biosystemTRAF6 mediates NFkB activation via canonical phosphorylation of IKK complex by TAK1. TRAF6 and TAK1 also regulate MAPK cascades leading to the activation of AP-1.
    • TRIF-mediated TLR3/TLR4 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TRIF-mediated TLR3/TLR4 signaling, organism-specific biosystemTRIF(TICAM1) was shown to induce IRF3/7 and NF-?B activation and apoptosis through distinct intracellular signaling pathways [Han KJ et al 2004; Kaiser WJ and Offermann MK et al 2005]. TRIF consists...
    • Thymic Stromal LymphoPoietin (TSLP) Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Thymic Stromal LymphoPoietin (TSLP) Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      Thymic Stromal LymphoPoietin (TSLP) Signaling Pathway
    • Toll Like Receptor 10 (TLR10) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 10 (TLR10) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemLittle is known about TLR10 ligands. It has been established that the receptor homodimerizes upon binding and signals in an MyD88-dependent manner (Hasan U et al 2005; Nyman T et al 2008). It may als...
    • Toll Like Receptor 2 (TLR2) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 2 (TLR2) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR2 is involved in recognition of peptidoglycan from gram-positive bacteria, bacterial lipoproteins, mycoplasma lipoprotein and mycobacterial products. It is quite possible that recognition of at le...
    • Toll Like Receptor 3 (TLR3) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 3 (TLR3) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemToll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) as was shown for mammals is expressed on myeloid dendritic cells, respiratory epithelium, macrophages, and appears to play a central role in mediating the antiviral and in...
    • Toll Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemToll-like Receptor 4 is a Microbe Associated Molecular Pattern receptor well known for it's sensitivity to Bacterial Lipopolysaccharides (LPS). LPS is assembled within diverse Gram-negative bacteria,...
    • Toll Like Receptor 5 (TLR5) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 5 (TLR5) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR5 is the receptor for flagellin, the protein that forms bacterial flagella. Unlike most other Pathogen-Associated Molecular Patterns (PAMPs), flagellin does not undergo any posttranslational modif...
    • Toll Like Receptor 7/8 (TLR7/8) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 7/8 (TLR7/8) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemRNA can serve as a danger signal, both in its double-stranded form (that is associated with viral infection), as well as single-stranded RNA (ssRNA). Specifically, guanosine (G)- and uridine (U)-rich...
    • Toll Like Receptor 9 (TLR9) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 9 (TLR9) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemCpG DNA is an unusual Pathogen-Associated Molecular Pattern (PAMP). Cytosine methylation exists in mammalian but not bacterial cells, and most (but not all) CpG in the mammalian genome is methylated....
    • Toll Like Receptor TLR1:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor TLR1:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR1 is expressed by monocytes. TLR1 and TLR2 cotranslationally form heterodimeric complexes on the cell surface and in the cytosol. The TLR2:TLR1 complex recognizes Neisserial PorB and Mycobacterial...
    • Toll Like Receptor TLR6:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor TLR6:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR2 and TLR4 recognize different bacterial cell wall components. While TLR4 is trained onto Gram-negative lipopolysaccharide components, TLR2 - in combination with TLR6 - plays a major role in recog...
    • Toll-Like Receptors Cascades, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll-Like Receptors Cascades, organism-specific biosystemIn human, ten members of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family (TLR1-TLR10) have been identified (TLR11 has been found in mouse, but not in human). All TLRs have a similar Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR) doma...
    • Toll-like Receptor Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Toll-like Receptor Signaling, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway is based on the figure 1 of "Genetic variation in TLR or NFkappaB pathways and the risk of breast cancer: a case-control study" (see bibliography). TLR and NFkB are important in inflamma...
    • Toll-like Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Toll-like Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
    • Viral carcinogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Viral carcinogenesis, organism-specific biosystemThere is a strong association between viruses and the development of human malignancies. We now know that at least six human viruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C vi...
    • Viral carcinogenesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Viral carcinogenesis, conserved biosystemThere is a strong association between viruses and the development of human malignancies. We now know that at least six human viruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C vi...
    • Vitamin B12 Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Vitamin B12 Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem
      Vitamin B12 Metabolism
    • ZBP1(DAI) mediated induction of type I IFNs, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      ZBP1(DAI) mediated induction of type I IFNs, organism-specific biosystemZ-DNA-binding protein-1 (ZBP1), also known as, DNA-dependent activator of IFN-regulatory factors (DAI) was reported to initiate innate immune responses in murine L929 cells upon stimulation by multip...

    Interactions

    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    General gene information

    Markers

    Homology

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    NIK/NF-kappaB signaling TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    aging IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    extracellular matrix organization IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    follicular dendritic cell differentiation IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    germinal center formation IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activity TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of type I interferon production TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    response to lipopolysaccharide IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    rhythmic process IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    spleen development IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    transcription by RNA polymerase II IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    Bcl3/NF-kappaB2 complex IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    cytoplasm IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    cytosol IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
     
    cytosol TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    nucleoplasm TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    nucleus IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 

    General protein information

    Preferred Names
    nuclear factor NF-kappa-B p100 subunit
    Names
    DNA-binding factor KBF2
    NFKB, p52/p100 subunit
    lymphocyte translocation chromosome 10 protein
    nuclear factor Kappa-B, subunit 2
    nuclear factor NF-kappa-B p52 subunit
    nuclear factor of Kappa light chain gene enhancer in B cells 2
    nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells 2 (p49/p100)
    oncogene Lyt-10
    transcription factor NFKB2

    NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    Genomic

    1. NG_033874.1 RefSeqGene

      Range
      5001..13420
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_001077494.3NP_001070962.1  nuclear factor NF-kappa-B p100 subunit isoform a

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001070962.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (1) encodes the longest isoform (a). Variants 1 and 5 both encode the same isoform (a).
      Source sequence(s)
      AL121928, S76638
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS41564.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q00653
      Related
      ENSP00000358983.3, OTTHUMP00000059136, ENST00000369966.7, OTTHUMT00000050080
      Conserved Domains (7) summary
      cd07934
      Location:38221
      RHD-n_NFkB2; N-terminal sub-domain of the Rel homology domain (RHD) of nuclear factor kappa B2 (NF-kappa B2)
      cd08798
      Location:774849
      Death_NFkB2_p100; Death domain of the Nuclear Factor-KappaB2 precursor protein p100
      cd00204
      Location:483620
      ANK; ankyrin repeats; ankyrin repeats mediate protein-protein interactions in very diverse families of proteins. The number of ANK repeats in a protein can range from 2 to over 20 (ankyrins, for example). ANK repeats may occur in combinations with other ...
      cd01177
      Location:228327
      IPT_NFkappaB; IPT domain of the transcription factor NFkappaB and related transcription factors. NFkappaB is considered a central regulator of stress responses, activated by different stressful conditions, including physical stress, oxidative stress, and exposure to ...
      pfam12796
      Location:531629
      Ank_2; Ankyrin repeats (3 copies)
      pfam13637
      Location:488547
      Ank_4; Ankyrin repeats (many copies)
      sd00045
      Location:599630
      ANK; ANK repeat [structural motif]
    2. NM_001261403.2NP_001248332.1  nuclear factor NF-kappa-B p100 subunit isoform b

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001248332.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (4) differs in the 5' UTR and uses an alternate in-frame splice site in the 3' coding region, compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (b) is shorter than isoform a. Variants 2, 3, and 4 encode the same isoform (b).
      Source sequence(s)
      AK292654, AL121928
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS41565.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q00653
      Conserved Domains (7) summary
      cd07934
      Location:38221
      RHD-n_NFkB2; N-terminal sub-domain of the Rel homology domain (RHD) of nuclear factor kappa B2 (NF-kappa B2)
      cd08798
      Location:774849
      Death_NFkB2_p100; Death domain of the Nuclear Factor-KappaB2 precursor protein p100
      cd00204
      Location:483620
      ANK; ankyrin repeats; ankyrin repeats mediate protein-protein interactions in very diverse families of proteins. The number of ANK repeats in a protein can range from 2 to over 20 (ankyrins, for example). ANK repeats may occur in combinations with other ...
      cd01177
      Location:228327
      IPT_NFkappaB; IPT domain of the transcription factor NFkappaB and related transcription factors. NFkappaB is considered a central regulator of stress responses, activated by different stressful conditions, including physical stress, oxidative stress, and exposure to ...
      pfam12796
      Location:531629
      Ank_2; Ankyrin repeats (3 copies)
      pfam13637
      Location:488547
      Ank_4; Ankyrin repeats (many copies)
      sd00045
      Location:599630
      ANK; ANK repeat [structural motif]
    3. NM_001288724.1NP_001275653.1  nuclear factor NF-kappa-B p100 subunit isoform b

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001275653.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (3) differs in the 5' UTR and uses an alternate in-frame splice site in the 3' coding region, compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (b) is shorter than isoform a. Variants 2, 3, and 4 encode the same isoform (b).
      Source sequence(s)
      AL121928, BC002844, DB091090
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS41565.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q00653
      Related
      ENSP00000410256.1, ENST00000428099.5
      Conserved Domains (7) summary
      cd07934
      Location:38221
      RHD-n_NFkB2; N-terminal sub-domain of the Rel homology domain (RHD) of nuclear factor kappa B2 (NF-kappa B2)
      cd08798
      Location:774849
      Death_NFkB2_p100; Death domain of the Nuclear Factor-KappaB2 precursor protein p100
      cd00204
      Location:483620
      ANK; ankyrin repeats; ankyrin repeats mediate protein-protein interactions in very diverse families of proteins. The number of ANK repeats in a protein can range from 2 to over 20 (ankyrins, for example). ANK repeats may occur in combinations with other ...
      cd01177
      Location:228327
      IPT_NFkappaB; IPT domain of the transcription factor NFkappaB and related transcription factors. NFkappaB is considered a central regulator of stress responses, activated by different stressful conditions, including physical stress, oxidative stress, and exposure to ...
      pfam12796
      Location:531629
      Ank_2; Ankyrin repeats (3 copies)
      pfam13637
      Location:488547
      Ank_4; Ankyrin repeats (many copies)
      sd00045
      Location:599630
      ANK; ANK repeat [structural motif]
    4. NM_001322934.1NP_001309863.1  nuclear factor NF-kappa-B p100 subunit isoform a

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (5) and variant 1 both encode the same isoform (a).
      Source sequence(s)
      AL121928, BC002844
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS41564.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q00653
      Conserved Domains (7) summary
      cd07934
      Location:38221
      RHD-n_NFkB2; N-terminal sub-domain of the Rel homology domain (RHD) of nuclear factor kappa B2 (NF-kappa B2)
      cd08798
      Location:774849
      Death_NFkB2_p100; Death domain of the Nuclear Factor-KappaB2 precursor protein p100
      cd00204
      Location:483620
      ANK; ankyrin repeats; ankyrin repeats mediate protein-protein interactions in very diverse families of proteins. The number of ANK repeats in a protein can range from 2 to over 20 (ankyrins, for example). ANK repeats may occur in combinations with other ...
      cd01177
      Location:228327
      IPT_NFkappaB; IPT domain of the transcription factor NFkappaB and related transcription factors. NFkappaB is considered a central regulator of stress responses, activated by different stressful conditions, including physical stress, oxidative stress, and exposure to ...
      pfam12796
      Location:531629
      Ank_2; Ankyrin repeats (3 copies)
      pfam13637
      Location:488547
      Ank_4; Ankyrin repeats (many copies)
      sd00045
      Location:599630
      ANK; ANK repeat [structural motif]
    5. NM_001322935.1NP_001309864.1  nuclear factor NF-kappa-B p100 subunit isoform c

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      AL121928, BC002844
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q00653
    6. NM_002502.5NP_002493.3  nuclear factor NF-kappa-B p100 subunit isoform b

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_002493.3

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (2) differs in the 5' UTR and uses an alternate in-frame splice site in the 3' coding region, compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (b) is shorter than isoform a. Variants 2, 3, and 4 encode the same isoform (b).
      Source sequence(s)
      AL121928, BT009769, DA408461, X61498
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS41565.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q00653
      Related
      ENSP00000189444.6, OTTHUMP00000020371, ENST00000189444.10, OTTHUMT00000050078
      Conserved Domains (7) summary
      cd07934
      Location:38221
      RHD-n_NFkB2; N-terminal sub-domain of the Rel homology domain (RHD) of nuclear factor kappa B2 (NF-kappa B2)
      cd08798
      Location:774849
      Death_NFkB2_p100; Death domain of the Nuclear Factor-KappaB2 precursor protein p100
      cd00204
      Location:483620
      ANK; ankyrin repeats; ankyrin repeats mediate protein-protein interactions in very diverse families of proteins. The number of ANK repeats in a protein can range from 2 to over 20 (ankyrins, for example). ANK repeats may occur in combinations with other ...
      cd01177
      Location:228327
      IPT_NFkappaB; IPT domain of the transcription factor NFkappaB and related transcription factors. NFkappaB is considered a central regulator of stress responses, activated by different stressful conditions, including physical stress, oxidative stress, and exposure to ...
      pfam12796
      Location:531629
      Ank_2; Ankyrin repeats (3 copies)
      pfam13637
      Location:488547
      Ank_4; Ankyrin repeats (many copies)
      sd00045
      Location:599630
      ANK; ANK repeat [structural motif]

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000010.11 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

      Range
      102394110..102402529
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. XM_024448026.1XP_024303794.1  nuclear factor NF-kappa-B p100 subunit isoform X2

      Conserved Domains (5) summary
      cd08798
      Location:732807
      Death_NFkB2_p100; Death domain of the Nuclear Factor-KappaB2 precursor protein p100
      cd00204
      Location:441578
      ANK; ankyrin repeats; ankyrin repeats mediate protein-protein interactions in very diverse families of proteins. The number of ANK repeats in a protein can range from 2 to over 20 (ankyrins, for example). ANK repeats may occur in combinations with other ...
      cd01177
      Location:186285
      IPT_NFkappaB; IPT domain of the transcription factor NFkappaB and related transcription factors. NFkappaB is considered a central regulator of stress responses, activated by different stressful conditions, including physical stress, oxidative stress, and exposure to ...
      sd00045
      Location:557588
      ANK; ANK repeat [structural motif]
      cl08275
      Location:6179
      RHD-n; N-terminal sub-domain of the Rel homology domain (RHD)
    2. XM_024448027.1XP_024303795.1  nuclear factor NF-kappa-B p100 subunit isoform X4

      Conserved Domains (3) summary
      cd08798
      Location:419494
      Death_NFkB2_p100; Death domain of the Nuclear Factor-KappaB2 precursor protein p100
      cd00204
      Location:128265
      ANK; ankyrin repeats; ankyrin repeats mediate protein-protein interactions in very diverse families of proteins. The number of ANK repeats in a protein can range from 2 to over 20 (ankyrins, for example). ANK repeats may occur in combinations with other ...
      sd00045
      Location:244275
      ANK; ANK repeat [structural motif]
    3. XM_017016278.1XP_016871767.1  nuclear factor NF-kappa-B p100 subunit isoform X1

    4. XM_011539830.3XP_011538132.1  nuclear factor NF-kappa-B p100 subunit isoform X3

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_011538132.1

      Conserved Domains (7) summary
      cd08798
      Location:629704
      Death_NFkB2_p100; Death domain of the Nuclear Factor-KappaB2 precursor protein p100
      cd00204
      Location:338475
      ANK; ankyrin repeats; ankyrin repeats mediate protein-protein interactions in very diverse families of proteins. The number of ANK repeats in a protein can range from 2 to over 20 (ankyrins, for example). ANK repeats may occur in combinations with other ...
      cd01177
      Location:83182
      IPT_NFkappaB; IPT domain of the transcription factor NFkappaB and related transcription factors. NFkappaB is considered a central regulator of stress responses, activated by different stressful conditions, including physical stress, oxidative stress, and exposure to ...
      pfam12796
      Location:386484
      Ank_2; Ankyrin repeats (3 copies)
      pfam13637
      Location:343402
      Ank_4; Ankyrin repeats (many copies)
      sd00045
      Location:454485
      ANK; ANK repeat [structural motif]
      cl08275
      Location:176
      RHD-n; N-terminal sub-domain of the Rel homology domain (RHD)
    5. XM_011539831.2XP_011538133.1  nuclear factor NF-kappa-B p100 subunit isoform X3

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_011538133.1

      Conserved Domains (7) summary
      cd08798
      Location:629704
      Death_NFkB2_p100; Death domain of the Nuclear Factor-KappaB2 precursor protein p100
      cd00204
      Location:338475
      ANK; ankyrin repeats; ankyrin repeats mediate protein-protein interactions in very diverse families of proteins. The number of ANK repeats in a protein can range from 2 to over 20 (ankyrins, for example). ANK repeats may occur in combinations with other ...
      cd01177
      Location:83182
      IPT_NFkappaB; IPT domain of the transcription factor NFkappaB and related transcription factors. NFkappaB is considered a central regulator of stress responses, activated by different stressful conditions, including physical stress, oxidative stress, and exposure to ...
      pfam12796
      Location:386484
      Ank_2; Ankyrin repeats (3 copies)
      pfam13637
      Location:343402
      Ank_4; Ankyrin repeats (many copies)
      sd00045
      Location:454485
      ANK; ANK repeat [structural motif]
      cl08275
      Location:176
      RHD-n; N-terminal sub-domain of the Rel homology domain (RHD)
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