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    GPR39 G protein-coupled receptor 39 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 2863, updated on 15-Apr-2019


    Official Symbol
    GPR39provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    G protein-coupled receptor 39provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000183840 MIM:602886
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    Homo sapiens
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    This gene is a member of the ghrelin receptor family and encodes a rhodopsin-type G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR). The encoded protein is involved in zinc-dependent signaling in epithelial tissue in intestines, prostate and salivary glands. The protein may also be involved in the pathophysiology of depression. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2016]
    Broad expression in brain (RPKM 4.2), colon (RPKM 3.1) and 19 other tissues See more

    Genomic context

    See GPR39 in Genome Data Viewer
    Exon count:
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 2 NC_000002.12 (132415972..132646596)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 2 NC_000002.11 (133174147..133404169)

    Chromosome 2 - NC_000002.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene family with sequence similarity 201 member B Neighboring gene RNA, U6 small nuclear 175, pseudogene Neighboring gene RN7SK pseudogene 103 Neighboring gene Y-box binding protein 1 pseudogene 7 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105373623 Neighboring gene LY6/PLAUR domain containing 1 Neighboring gene NCK associated protein 5 Neighboring gene NCKAP5 antisense RNA 1

    Genomic regions, transcripts, and products


    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018


    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?


    NHGRI GWAS Catalog

    Two-marker association tests yield new disease associations for coronary artery disease and hypertension.
    NHGRI GWA Catalog

    Pathways from BioSystems

    • Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors), organism-specific biosystemRhodopsin-like receptors (class A/1) are the largest group of GPCRs and are the best studied group from a functional and structural point of view. They show great diversity at the sequence level and ...
    • GPCR ligand binding, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      GPCR ligand binding, organism-specific biosystemThere are more than 800 G-protein coupled receptor (GPCRs) in the human genome, making it the largest receptor superfamily. GPCRs are also the largest class of drug targets, involved in virtually all...
    • GPCRs, Class A Rhodopsin-like, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      GPCRs, Class A Rhodopsin-like, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway was created using the GPCRDB (Horn et al., 1998), (originally at The groupings are based on the GPCR phylogenetic tree available fr...
    • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
    • Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs; 7TM receptors; seven transmembrane domain receptors; heptahelical receptors; G protein-linked receptors [GPLR]) are the largest family of transmembrane receptors i...


    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    General gene information



    Clone Names

    • MGC149541

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    G protein-coupled receptor activity IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
    metal ion binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    integral component of plasma membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    plasma membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info

    General protein information

    Preferred Names
    G-protein coupled receptor 39

    NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.


    1. NG_050928.1 RefSeqGene

      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_001508.3NP_001499.1  G-protein coupled receptor 39

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001499.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      AI459805, BC125046, BM981455, DA636860, DA653793
      Consensus CDS
      ENSP00000327417.3, ENST00000329321.4
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      7tmA_GPR39; G protein-coupled receptor 39, member of the class A family of seven-transmembrane G protein-coupled receptors

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly


    1. NC_000002.12 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. XM_011511021.2XP_011509323.1  G-protein coupled receptor 39 isoform X1

      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      7tm_1; 7 transmembrane receptor (rhodopsin family)
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