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    Prkca protein kinase C, alpha [ Mus musculus (house mouse) ]

    Gene ID: 18750, updated on 8-Aug-2017
    Official Symbol
    Prkcaprovided by MGI
    Official Full Name
    protein kinase C, alphaprovided by MGI
    Primary source
    MGI:MGI:97595
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSMUSG00000050965 Vega:OTTMUSG00000003131
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    VALIDATED
    Organism
    Mus musculus
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Glires; Rodentia; Myomorpha; Muroidea; Muridae; Murinae; Mus; Mus
    Also known as
    Pkca; AI875142
    Orthologs
    Location:
    11 E1; 11 70.8 cM
    Exon count:
    17
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    106 current GRCm38.p4 (GCF_000001635.24) 11 NC_000077.6 (107933387..108343888, complement)
    Build 37.2 previous assembly MGSCv37 (GCF_000001635.18) 11 NC_000077.5 (107794701..108205202, complement)

    Chromosome 11 - NC_000077.6Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene calcium channel, voltage-dependent, gamma subunit 4 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC108167931 Neighboring gene calcium channel, voltage-dependent, gamma subunit 5 Neighboring gene microRNA 7223 Neighboring gene predicted gene, 46297 Neighboring gene predicted gene, 36709

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    Alleles

    Alleles of this type are documented at Mouse Genome Informatics  (MGI)
    • AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, organism-specific biosystemAdvanced glycation end products (AGEs) are a complex group of compounds produced through the non-enzymatic glycation and oxidation of proteins, lipids and nucleic acids, primarily due to aging and un...
    • AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, conserved biosystemAdvanced glycation end products (AGEs) are a complex group of compounds produced through the non-enzymatic glycation and oxidation of proteins, lipids and nucleic acids, primarily due to aging and un...
    • Acetylcholine regulates insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Acetylcholine regulates insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, organism-specific biosystemCardiac myocytes express at least six subtypes of adrenergic receptor (AR) which include three subtypes of beta-AR (beta-1, beta-2, beta-3) and three subtypes of the alpha-1-AR (alpha-1A, alpha-1B, a...
    • Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, conserved biosystemCardiac myocytes express at least six subtypes of adrenergic receptor (AR) which include three subtypes of beta-AR (beta-1, beta-2, beta-3) and three subtypes of the alpha-1-AR (alpha-1A, alpha-1B, a...
    • African trypanosomiasis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      African trypanosomiasis, organism-specific biosystemTrypanosoma brucei, the parasite responsible for African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness), are spread by the tsetse fly in sub-Saharan Africa. The parasites are able to pass through the blood-brai...
    • African trypanosomiasis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      African trypanosomiasis, conserved biosystemTrypanosoma brucei, the parasite responsible for African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness), are spread by the tsetse fly in sub-Saharan Africa. The parasites are able to pass through the blood-brai...
    • Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, organism-specific biosystemAldosterone is a steroid hormone synthesized in and secreted from the outer layer of the adrenal cortex, the zona glomerulosa. Aldosterone plays an important role in the regulation of systemic blood ...
    • Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, conserved biosystemAldosterone is a steroid hormone synthesized in and secreted from the outer layer of the adrenal cortex, the zona glomerulosa. Aldosterone plays an important role in the regulation of systemic blood ...
    • Aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, organism-specific biosystemSodium transport across the tight epithelia of Na+ reabsorbing tissues such as the distal part of the kidney nephron and colon is the major factor determining total-body Na+ levels, and thus, long-te...
    • Aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, conserved biosystemSodium transport across the tight epithelia of Na+ reabsorbing tissues such as the distal part of the kidney nephron and colon is the major factor determining total-body Na+ levels, and thus, long-te...
    • Alpha6-Beta4 Integrin Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Alpha6-Beta4 Integrin Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemIntegrins are cell surface heterodimeric protein complex consisting of one alpha and one beta chain. Integrins act as cell adhesion molecules as well as participate in cellular signaling. The ligands...
    • Amoebiasis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Amoebiasis, organism-specific biosystemEntamoeba histolytica, an extracellular protozoan parasite is a human pathogen that invades the intestinal epithelium. Infection occurs on ingestion of contaminated water and food. The pathogenesis o...
    • Amoebiasis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Amoebiasis, conserved biosystemEntamoeba histolytica, an extracellular protozoan parasite is a human pathogen that invades the intestinal epithelium. Infection occurs on ingestion of contaminated water and food. The pathogenesis o...
    • Amphetamine addiction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Amphetamine addiction, organism-specific biosystemAmphetamine is a psychostimulant drug that exerts persistent addictive effects. Most addictive drugs increase extracellular concentrations of dopamine (DA) in nucleus accumbens (NAc) and medial prefr...
    • Amphetamine addiction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Amphetamine addiction, conserved biosystemAmphetamine is a psychostimulant drug that exerts persistent addictive effects. Most addictive drugs increase extracellular concentrations of dopamine (DA) in nucleus accumbens (NAc) and medial prefr...
    • Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystemAxon guidance represents a key stage in the formation of neuronal network. Axons are guided by a variety of guidance factors, such as netrins, ephrins, Slits, and semaphorins. These guidance cues are...
    • Axon guidance, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Axon guidance, conserved biosystemAxon guidance represents a key stage in the formation of neuronal network. Axons are guided by a variety of guidance factors, such as netrins, ephrins, Slits, and semaphorins. These guidance cues are...
    • Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Beta-catenin independent WNT signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Beta-catenin independent WNT signaling, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Ca-dependent events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Ca-dependent events, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • CaM pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      CaM pathway, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Calcium Regulation in the Cardiac Cell, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Calcium Regulation in the Cardiac Cell, organism-specific biosystemCalcium is a common signaling mechanism, as once it enters the cytoplasm it exerts allosteric regulatory affects on many enzymes and proteins. Calcium can act in signal transduction after influx resu...
    • Calcium signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Calcium signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemCa2+ that enters the cell from the outside is a principal source of signal Ca2+. Entry of Ca2+ is driven by the presence of a large electrochemical gradient across the plasma membrane. Cells use this...
    • Calcium signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Calcium signaling pathway, conserved biosystemCa2+ that enters the cell from the outside is a principal source of signal Ca2+. Entry of Ca2+ is driven by the presence of a large electrochemical gradient across the plasma membrane. Cells use this...
    • Calmodulin induced events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Calmodulin induced events, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Cell Cycle, Mitotic, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cell Cycle, Mitotic, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Choline metabolism in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Choline metabolism in cancer, organism-specific biosystemAbnormal choline metabolism is emerging as a metabolic hallmark that is associated with oncogenesis and tumour progression. Following transformation, oncogenic signalling via pathways such as the RAS...
    • Choline metabolism in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Choline metabolism in cancer, conserved biosystemAbnormal choline metabolism is emerging as a metabolic hallmark that is associated with oncogenesis and tumour progression. Following transformation, oncogenic signalling via pathways such as the RAS...
    • Cholinergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cholinergic synapse, organism-specific biosystemAcetylcholine (ACh) is a neurotransmitter widely distributed in the central (and also peripheral, autonomic and enteric) nervous system (CNS). In the CNS, ACh facilitates many functions, such as lear...
    • Circadian entrainment, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Circadian entrainment, organism-specific biosystemCircadian entrainment is a fundamental property by which the period of the internal biological clock is entrained by recurring exogenous signals, such that the organism's endocrine and behavioral rhy...
    • Circadian entrainment, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Circadian entrainment, conserved biosystemCircadian entrainment is a fundamental property by which the period of the internal biological clock is entrained by recurring exogenous signals, such that the organism's endocrine and behavioral rhy...
    • DAG and IP3 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DAG and IP3 signaling, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • DAP12 interactions, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DAP12 interactions, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • DAP12 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DAP12 signaling, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Depolymerisation of the Nuclear Lamina, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Depolymerisation of the Nuclear Lamina, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Disinhibition of SNARE formation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Disinhibition of SNARE formation, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Dopaminergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Dopaminergic synapse, organism-specific biosystemDopamine (DA) is an important and prototypical slow neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain, where it controls a variety of functions including locomotor activity, motivation and reward, learning an...
    • Dopaminergic synapse, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Dopaminergic synapse, conserved biosystemDopamine (DA) is an important and prototypical slow neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain, where it controls a variety of functions including locomotor activity, motivation and reward, learning an...
    • Downstream signal transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Downstream signal transduction, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • EGFR Transactivation by Gastrin, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      EGFR Transactivation by Gastrin, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • EGFR interacts with phospholipase C-gamma, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      EGFR interacts with phospholipase C-gamma, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance, organism-specific biosystemEGFR is a tyrosine kinase that participates in the regulation of cellular homeostasis. EGFR also serves as a stimulus for cancer growth. EGFR gene mutations and protein overexpression, both of which ...
    • EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance, conserved biosystemEGFR is a tyrosine kinase that participates in the regulation of cellular homeostasis. EGFR also serves as a stimulus for cancer growth. EGFR gene mutations and protein overexpression, both of which ...
    • EGFR1 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      EGFR1 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe androgen receptor is a member of the nuclear receptor family of ligand activated transcription factors. These receptors bind to steroid hormones, thyroid hormone, retinoids and vitamin D among ot...
    • Endocrine and other factor-regulated calcium reabsorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Endocrine and other factor-regulated calcium reabsorption, organism-specific biosystemCalcium (Ca2+) is essential for numerous physiological functions including intracellular signalling processes, neuronal excitability, muscle contraction and bone formation. Therefore, its homeostasis...
    • Endocrine and other factor-regulated calcium reabsorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Endocrine and other factor-regulated calcium reabsorption, conserved biosystemCalcium (Ca2+) is essential for numerous physiological functions including intracellular signalling processes, neuronal excitability, muscle contraction and bone formation. Therefore, its homeostasis...
    • ErbB signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      ErbB signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) couples binding of extracellular growth factor ligands to intracellular signaling pathways regulating diverse biologic responses, including prolife...
    • ErbB signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      ErbB signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) couples binding of extracellular growth factor ligands to intracellular signaling pathways regulating diverse biologic responses, including prolife...
    • ErbB signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      ErbB signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe ErbB protein family or epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family is a family of four structurally related receptor tyrosine kinases. Insufficient ErbB signaling in humans is associated with ...
    • Extracellular matrix organization, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Extracellular matrix organization, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemFc epsilon RI-mediated signaling pathways in mast cells are initiated by the interaction of antigen (Ag) with IgE bound to the extracellular domain of the alpha chain of Fc epsilon RI. The activation...
    • Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway, conserved biosystemFc epsilon RI-mediated signaling pathways in mast cells are initiated by the interaction of antigen (Ag) with IgE bound to the extracellular domain of the alpha chain of Fc epsilon RI. The activation...
    • Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis, organism-specific biosystemPhagocytosis plays an essential role in host-defense mechanisms through the uptake and destruction of infectious pathogens. Specialized cell types including macrophages, neutrophils, and monocytes ta...
    • Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis, conserved biosystemPhagocytosis plays an essential role in host-defense mechanisms through the uptake and destruction of infectious pathogens. Specialized cell types including macrophages, neutrophils, and monocytes ta...
    • Focal adhesion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Focal adhesion, organism-specific biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
    • Focal adhesion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Focal adhesion, conserved biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
    • G Protein Signaling Pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      G Protein Signaling Pathways, organism-specific biosystemG proteins, short for guanine nucleotide-binding proteins, are a family of proteins involved in second messenger cascades. G proteins are so called because they function as "molecular switches". They...
    • G-protein mediated events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      G-protein mediated events, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • GABAergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      GABAergic synapse, organism-specific biosystemGamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the most abundant inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). When released in the synaptic cleft, GABA binds to three major classes o...
    • GABAergic synapse, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      GABAergic synapse, conserved biosystemGamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the most abundant inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). When released in the synaptic cleft, GABA binds to three major classes o...
    • Gap junction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Gap junction, organism-specific biosystemGap junctions contain intercellular channels that allow direct communication between the cytosolic compartments of adjacent cells. Each gap junction channel is formed by docking of two 'hemichannels'...
    • Gap junction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Gap junction, conserved biosystemGap junctions contain intercellular channels that allow direct communication between the cytosolic compartments of adjacent cells. Each gap junction channel is formed by docking of two 'hemichannels'...
    • Gastric acid secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Gastric acid secretion, organism-specific biosystemGastric acid is a key factor in normal upper gastrointestinal functions, including protein digestion and calcium and iron absorption, as well as providing some protection against bacterial infections...
    • Gastric acid secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Gastric acid secretion, conserved biosystemGastric acid is a key factor in normal upper gastrointestinal functions, including protein digestion and calcium and iron absorption, as well as providing some protection against bacterial infections...
    • Gastrin-CREB signalling pathway via PKC and MAPK, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Gastrin-CREB signalling pathway via PKC and MAPK, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Glioma, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Glioma, organism-specific biosystemGliomas are the most common of the primary brain tumors and account for more than 40% of all central nervous system neoplasms. Gliomas include tumours that are composed predominantly of astrocytes (a...
    • Glioma, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Glioma, conserved biosystemGliomas are the most common of the primary brain tumors and account for more than 40% of all central nervous system neoplasms. Gliomas include tumours that are composed predominantly of astrocytes (a...
    • Glutamate Binding, Activation of AMPA Receptors and Synaptic Plasticity, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Glutamate Binding, Activation of AMPA Receptors and Synaptic Plasticity, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Glutamatergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Glutamatergic synapse, organism-specific biosystemGlutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system(CNS). Glutamate is packaged into synaptic vesicles in the presynaptic terminal. Once released into the synap...
    • Glutamatergic synapse, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Glutamatergic synapse, conserved biosystemGlutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system(CNS). Glutamate is packaged into synaptic vesicles in the presynaptic terminal. Once released into the synap...
    • GnRH signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      GnRH signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemGonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion from the hypothalamus acts upon its receptor in the anterior pituitary to regulate the production and release of the gonadotropins, LH and FSH. The GnR...
    • GnRH signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      GnRH signaling pathway, conserved biosystemGonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion from the hypothalamus acts upon its receptor in the anterior pituitary to regulate the production and release of the gonadotropins, LH and FSH. The GnR...
    • HIF-1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      HIF-1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemHypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a transcription factor that functions as a master regulator of oxygen homeostasis. It consists of two subunits: an inducibly-expressed HIF-1alpha subunit and a c...
    • Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Hepatitis B, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Hepatitis B, organism-specific biosystemHepatitis B virus (HBV) is an enveloped virus and contains a partially double-stranded relaxed circular DNA (RC-DNA) genome. After entry into hepatocytes, HBV RC-DNA is transported to the nucleus and...
    • HuR (ELAVL1) binds and stabilizes mRNA, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      HuR (ELAVL1) binds and stabilizes mRNA, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • IL-3 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      IL-3 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-3 belongs to a family of cytokines, which includes IL-5 and GM-CSF. It signals through a receptor complex comprising of an IL-3 specific IL-3 receptor alpha subunit (IL3RA) and a common b...
    • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Immune System, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, organism-specific biosystemThe TRP channels that exhibit a unique response to temperature have been given the name thermo-TRPs. Among all thermo- TRP channels, TRPV1-4, TRPM8, and TRPA1 are expressed in subsets of nociceptive...
    • Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, conserved biosystemThe TRP channels that exhibit a unique response to temperature have been given the name thermo-TRPs. Among all thermo- TRP channels, TRPV1-4, TRPM8, and TRPA1 are expressed in subsets of nociceptive...
    • Influenza A, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Influenza A, organism-specific biosystemInfluenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza virus infection. Influenza A virus is responsible for both annual seasonal epidemics and periodic worldwide pandemics. Novel strains ...
    • Influenza A, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Influenza A, conserved biosystemInfluenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza virus infection. Influenza A virus is responsible for both annual seasonal epidemics and periodic worldwide pandemics. Novel strains ...
    • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Insulin Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Insulin Signaling, organism-specific biosystem
      Insulin Signaling
    • Insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystemPancreatic beta cells are specialised endocrine cells that continuously sense the levels of blood sugar and other fuels and, in response, secrete insulin to maintain normal fuel homeostasis. Glucose-...
    • Integration of energy metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Integration of energy metabolism, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Keap1-Nrf2, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Keap1-Nrf2, organism-specific biosystemBased on [http://www.nature.com/nrc/journal/v3/n10/fig_tab/nrc1189_F4.html Surh, 2003, figure 4].
    • Kit Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Kit Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemKit is a receptor protein tyrosine kinase, which is a receptor for stem cell factor or kit ligand. Signaling through Kit is important for formation of red cells, lymphocytes, mast cells and platelets...
    • Leukocyte transendothelial migration, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Leukocyte transendothelial migration, organism-specific biosystemLeukocyte migaration from the blood into tissues is vital for immune surveillance and inflammation. During this diapedesis of leukocytes, the leukocytes bind to endothelial cell adhesion molecules (C...
    • Leukocyte transendothelial migration, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Leukocyte transendothelial migration, conserved biosystemLeukocyte migaration from the blood into tissues is vital for immune surveillance and inflammation. During this diapedesis of leukocytes, the leukocytes bind to endothelial cell adhesion molecules (C...
    • Long-term depression, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Long-term depression, organism-specific biosystemCerebellar long-term depression (LTD), thought to be a molecular and cellular basis for cerebellar learning, is a process involving a decrease in the synaptic strength between parallel fiber (PF) and...
    • Long-term depression, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Long-term depression, conserved biosystemCerebellar long-term depression (LTD), thought to be a molecular and cellular basis for cerebellar learning, is a process involving a decrease in the synaptic strength between parallel fiber (PF) and...
    • Long-term potentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Long-term potentiation, organism-specific biosystemHippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP), a long-lasting increase in synaptic efficacy, is the molecular basis for learning and memory. Tetanic stimulation of afferents in the CA1 region of the hippo...
    • Long-term potentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Long-term potentiation, conserved biosystemHippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP), a long-lasting increase in synaptic efficacy, is the molecular basis for learning and memory. Tetanic stimulation of afferents in the CA1 region of the hippo...
    • M Phase, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      M Phase, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
    • MAPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      MAPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
    • Melanogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Melanogenesis, organism-specific biosystemCutaneous melanin pigment plays a critical role in camouflage, mimicry, social communication, and protection against harmful effects of solar radiation. Melanogenesis is under complex regulatory cont...
    • Melanogenesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Melanogenesis, conserved biosystemCutaneous melanin pigment plays a critical role in camouflage, mimicry, social communication, and protection against harmful effects of solar radiation. Melanogenesis is under complex regulatory cont...
    • Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Metabolism, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • MicroRNAs in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      MicroRNAs in cancer, organism-specific biosystemMicroRNA (miRNA) is a cluster of small non-encoding RNA molecules of 21 - 23 nucleotides in length, which controls gene expression post-transcriptionally either via the degradation of target mRNAs or...
    • MicroRNAs in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      MicroRNAs in cancer, conserved biosystemMicroRNA (miRNA) is a cluster of small non-encoding RNA molecules of 21 - 23 nucleotides in length, which controls gene expression post-transcriptionally either via the degradation of target mRNAs or...
    • Mitotic Prophase, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Mitotic Prophase, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Morphine addiction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Morphine addiction, organism-specific biosystemMorphine is an alkaloid from the plant extracts of opium poppy. Although morphine is highly effective for the treatment of pain, it is also known to be intensely addictive. We now know that the most ...
    • Morphine addiction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Morphine addiction, conserved biosystemMorphine is an alkaloid from the plant extracts of opium poppy. Although morphine is highly effective for the treatment of pain, it is also known to be intensely addictive. We now know that the most ...
    • Myometrial Relaxation and Contraction Pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Myometrial Relaxation and Contraction Pathways, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway illustrates signaling networks implicated in uterine muscle contraction at labor and quiescence throughout gestation (pregnancy). The muscle of the uterus, responsible for contractile ac...
    • NGF signalling via TRKA from the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      NGF signalling via TRKA from the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, organism-specific biosystemNatural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes of the innate immune system that are involved in early defenses against both allogeneic (nonself) cells and autologous cells undergoing various forms of stre...
    • Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, conserved biosystemNatural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes of the innate immune system that are involved in early defenses against both allogeneic (nonself) cells and autologous cells undergoing various forms of stre...
    • Neuronal System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Neuronal System, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Neurotransmitter Receptor Binding And Downstream Transmission In The Postsynaptic Cell, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Neurotransmitter Receptor Binding And Downstream Transmission In The Postsynaptic Cell, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Non-integrin membrane-ECM interactions, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Non-integrin membrane-ECM interactions, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Non-small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Non-small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for approximately 85% of lung cancer and represents a heter...
    • Non-small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Non-small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for approximately 85% of lung cancer and represents a heter...
    • Nuclear Envelope Breakdown, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Nuclear Envelope Breakdown, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Opioid Signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Opioid Signalling, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Oxytocin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Oxytocin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemOxytocin (OT) is a nonapeptide synthesized by the magno-cellular neurons located in the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei of the hypothalamus. It exerts a wide variety of central and ...
    • Oxytocin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Oxytocin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemOxytocin (OT) is a nonapeptide synthesized by the magno-cellular neurons located in the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei of the hypothalamus. It exerts a wide variety of central and ...
    • PCP/CE pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PCP/CE pathway, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
    • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
    • PLC beta mediated events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PLC beta mediated events, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • PLC-gamma1 signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PLC-gamma1 signalling, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Pancreatic secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Pancreatic secretion, organism-specific biosystemThe pancreas performs both exocrine and endocrine functions. The exocrine pancreas consists of two parts, the acinar and duct cells. The primary functions of pancreatic acinar cells are to synthesiz...
    • Pancreatic secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Pancreatic secretion, conserved biosystemThe pancreas performs both exocrine and endocrine functions. The exocrine pancreas consists of two parts, the acinar and duct cells. The primary functions of pancreatic acinar cells are to synthesiz...
    • Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
      Pathways in cancer
    • Phosphatidylinositol signaling system, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Phosphatidylinositol signaling system, organism-specific biosystem
      Phosphatidylinositol signaling system
    • Phosphatidylinositol signaling system, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Phosphatidylinositol signaling system, conserved biosystem
      Phosphatidylinositol signaling system
    • Phospholipase D signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Phospholipase D signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemPhospholipase D (PLD) is an essential enzyme responsible for the production of the lipid second messenger phosphatidic acid (PA), which is involved in fundamental cellular processes, including membra...
    • Phospholipase D signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Phospholipase D signaling pathway, conserved biosystemPhospholipase D (PLD) is an essential enzyme responsible for the production of the lipid second messenger phosphatidic acid (PA), which is involved in fundamental cellular processes, including membra...
    • Platelet activation, signaling and aggregation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Platelet activation, signaling and aggregation, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • PodNet: protein-protein interactions in the podocyte, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      PodNet: protein-protein interactions in the podocyte, organism-specific biosystemPodNet is a manually curated network of protein-protein interactions occurring in the podocyte.
    • Proteoglycans in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Proteoglycans in cancer, organism-specific biosystemMany proteoglycans (PGs) in the tumor microenvironment have been shown to be key macromolecules that contribute to biology of various types of cancer including proliferation, adhesion, angiogenesis a...
    • Proteoglycans in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Proteoglycans in cancer, conserved biosystemMany proteoglycans (PGs) in the tumor microenvironment have been shown to be key macromolecules that contribute to biology of various types of cancer including proliferation, adhesion, angiogenesis a...
    • RET signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      RET signaling, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Rap1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Rap1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemRap1 is a small GTPase that controls diverse processes, such as cell adhesion, cell-cell junction formation and cell polarity. Like all G proteins, Rap1 cycles between an inactive GDP-bound and an ac...
    • Rap1 signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Rap1 signaling pathway, conserved biosystemRap1 is a small GTPase that controls diverse processes, such as cell adhesion, cell-cell junction formation and cell polarity. Like all G proteins, Rap1 cycles between an inactive GDP-bound and an ac...
    • Ras signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Ras signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Ras proteins are GTPases that function as molecular switches for signaling pathways regulating cell proliferation, survival, growth, migration, differentiation or cytoskeletal dynamism. Ras prote...
    • Regulation of KIT signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Regulation of KIT signaling, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Regulation of insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Regulation of insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Regulation of mRNA stability by proteins that bind AU-rich elements, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Regulation of mRNA stability by proteins that bind AU-rich elements, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Response to elevated platelet cytosolic Ca2+, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Response to elevated platelet cytosolic Ca2+, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, organism-specific biosystemEndogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids) serve as retrograde messengers at synapses in various regions of the brain. The family of endocannabinoids includes at least five derivatives of arachidonic...
    • Retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, conserved biosystemEndogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids) serve as retrograde messengers at synapses in various regions of the brain. The family of endocannabinoids includes at least five derivatives of arachidonic...
    • SHC1 events in ERBB2 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      SHC1 events in ERBB2 signaling, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Salivary secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Salivary secretion, organism-specific biosystemSaliva has manifold functions in maintaining the integrity of the oral tissues, in protecting teeth from caries, in the tasting and ingestion of food, in speech and in the tolerance of tenures, for e...
    • Salivary secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Salivary secretion, conserved biosystemSaliva has manifold functions in maintaining the integrity of the oral tissues, in protecting teeth from caries, in the tasting and ingestion of food, in speech and in the tolerance of tenures, for e...
    • Serotonergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Serotonergic synapse, organism-specific biosystemSerotonin (5-Hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is a monoamine neurotransmitter that plays important roles in physiological functions such as learning and memory, emotion, sleep, pain, motor function and endoc...
    • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Signaling by EGFR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by EGFR, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Signaling by ERBB2, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by ERBB2, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Signaling by PDGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by PDGF, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Signaling by SCF-KIT, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by SCF-KIT, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Signaling by VEGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by VEGF, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Signaling by Wnt, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by Wnt, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Sphingolipid signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Sphingolipid signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemSphingomyelin (SM) and its metabolic products are now known to have second messenger functions in a variety of cellular signaling pathways. Particularly, the sphingolipid metabolites, ceramide (Cer) ...
    • Sphingolipid signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Sphingolipid signaling pathway, conserved biosystemSphingomyelin (SM) and its metabolic products are now known to have second messenger functions in a variety of cellular signaling pathways. Particularly, the sphingolipid metabolites, ceramide (Cer) ...
    • Spinal Cord Injury, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Spinal Cord Injury, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway provides an overview of cell types, therapeutic targets, drugs, new proposed targets and pathways implicated in spinal cord injury. Spinal cord injury is a complex multi-step process tha...
    • Syndecan interactions, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Syndecan interactions, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe thyroid hormones (THs) are important regulators of growth, development and metabolism. The action of TH is mainly mediated by T3 (3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine). Thyroid hormones, L-thyroxine (T4) a...
    • Thyroid hormone synthesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Thyroid hormone synthesis, organism-specific biosystemThyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are essential for normal development, growth and metabolic homeostasis in all vertebrates, and synthesized in the thyroid gland. The function...
    • Thyroid hormone synthesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Thyroid hormone synthesis, conserved biosystemThyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are essential for normal development, growth and metabolic homeostasis in all vertebrates, and synthesized in the thyroid gland. The function...
    • Trafficking of AMPA receptors, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Trafficking of AMPA receptors, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Trafficking of GluR2-containing AMPA receptors, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Trafficking of GluR2-containing AMPA receptors, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Transmission across Chemical Synapses, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Transmission across Chemical Synapses, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • VEGF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      VEGF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThere is now much evidence that VEGFR-2 is the major mediator of VEGF-driven responses in endothelial cells and it is considered to be a crucial signal transducer in both physiologic and pathologic a...
    • VEGF signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      VEGF signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThere is now much evidence that VEGFR-2 is the major mediator of VEGF-driven responses in endothelial cells and it is considered to be a crucial signal transducer in both physiologic and pathologic a...
    • VEGFA-VEGFR2 Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      VEGFA-VEGFR2 Pathway, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • VEGFR2 mediated cell proliferation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      VEGFR2 mediated cell proliferation, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Vascular smooth muscle contraction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Vascular smooth muscle contraction, organism-specific biosystemThe vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) is a highly specialized cell whose principal function is contraction. On contraction, VSMCs shorten, thereby decreasing the diameter of a blood vessel to regula...
    • Vascular smooth muscle contraction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Vascular smooth muscle contraction, conserved biosystemThe vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) is a highly specialized cell whose principal function is contraction. On contraction, VSMCs shorten, thereby decreasing the diameter of a blood vessel to regula...
    • WNT5A-dependent internalization of FZD4, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      WNT5A-dependent internalization of FZD4, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Wnt Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Wnt Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemWnt proteins are secreted morphogens that are required for basic developmental processes, such as cell-fate specification, progenitor-cell proliferation and the control of asymmetric cell division, i...
    • Wnt Signaling Pathway NetPath, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Wnt Signaling Pathway NetPath, organism-specific biosystemWnt family of proteins are a large family of cysteine-rich secreted glycoproteins that regulate cell-cell interactions. They bind to members of the Frizzled family of 7 transmembrane receptors. Bindi...
    • Wnt Signaling Pathway and Pluripotency, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Wnt Signaling Pathway and Pluripotency, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway was adapted from several resources and is designed to provide a theoretical frame-work for examining Wnt signaling and interacting components in the context of embryonic stem-cell pluri...
    • Wnt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Wnt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemWnt proteins are secreted morphogens that are required for basic developmental processes, such as cell-fate specification, progenitor-cell proliferation and the control of asymmetric cell division, i...
    • Wnt signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Wnt signaling pathway, conserved biosystemWnt proteins are secreted morphogens that are required for basic developmental processes, such as cell-fate specification, progenitor-cell proliferation and the control of asymmetric cell division, i...
    • XPodNet - protein-protein interactions in the podocyte expanded by STRING, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      XPodNet - protein-protein interactions in the podocyte expanded by STRING, organism-specific biosystemXPodNet is a larger version of PodNet. Interactions from STRING database have been added to PodNet to build XPodNet. Hence, not all interactions found in XPodNet do necessarily have to be curated.
    • mTOR signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      mTOR signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe mammalian (mechanistic) target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a highly conserved serine/threonine protein kinase, which exists in two complexes termed mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and 2 (mTORC2). mTORC1 conta...
    • mTOR signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      mTOR signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe mammalian (mechanistic) target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a highly conserved serine/threonine protein kinase, which exists in two complexes termed mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and 2 (mTORC2). mTORC1 conta...
    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    Markers

    Homology

    Gene Ontology Provided by MGI

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    ATP binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    calcium-dependent protein kinase C activity IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    calcium-dependent protein kinase C activity IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    calcium-dependent protein kinase C activity ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    enzyme binding ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    histone kinase activity (H3-T6 specific) ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    kinase activity IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    metal ion binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    nucleotide binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein kinase C activity IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein kinase C activity IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein kinase C activity ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    protein kinase activity ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    protein serine/threonine kinase activity IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein serine/threonine kinase activity ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    transferase activity IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    zinc ion binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    angiogenesis IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    apoptotic process IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    cell adhesion IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    cellular calcium ion homeostasis IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    cellular response to carbohydrate stimulus IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    central nervous system neuron axonogenesis ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    chondrocyte differentiation IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    desmosome assembly ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    histone H3-T6 phosphorylation ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    inactivation of MAPK activity IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    induction of positive chemotaxis IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    intracellular signal transduction ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    learning or memory ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    negative regulation of anion channel activity IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    negative regulation of cell proliferation IGI
    Inferred from Genetic Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    negative regulation of glial cell apoptotic process ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    negative regulation of glucose import IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    negative regulation of heart contraction ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    negative regulation of insulin receptor signaling pathway IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    negative regulation of protein kinase activity IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    negative regulation of protein phosphorylation IGI
    Inferred from Genetic Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    negative regulation of protein phosphorylation IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    negative regulation of translation ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    neutrophil chemotaxis IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    peptidyl-serine autophosphorylation IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    peptidyl-serine phosphorylation ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    peptidyl-threonine phosphorylation ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    phosphorylation IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    positive regulation of ERK1 and ERK2 cascade ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    positive regulation of angiogenesis ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    positive regulation of blood vessel endothelial cell migration ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    positive regulation of cardiac muscle hypertrophy ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    positive regulation of cell adhesion ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    positive regulation of cell migration ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    positive regulation of dense core granule biogenesis IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of endothelial cell migration ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    positive regulation of endothelial cell proliferation ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    positive regulation of exocytosis ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    positive regulation of inflammatory response IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    positive regulation of macrophage differentiation IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of mitotic cell cycle ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    positive regulation of protein phosphorylation IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    positive regulation of synapse assembly ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    protein autophosphorylation ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    protein phosphorylation IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein phosphorylation ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    regulation of muscle contraction IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    regulation of platelet aggregation IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    regulation of platelet aggregation ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    regulation of receptor-mediated endocytosis ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    regulation of response to osmotic stress IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    regulation of the force of heart contraction IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    response to estradiol ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    response to ethanol ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    response to interleukin-1 ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    response to reactive oxygen species ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    apical part of cell IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    axon IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    cytoplasm IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    cytoplasm ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    cytosol ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    dendrite IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    endoplasmic reticulum ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    extracellular exosome ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    membrane IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    membrane raft ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    mitochondrion IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    mitochondrion ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    neuron projection ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    neuronal cell body IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    nucleus IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    perinuclear region of cytoplasm ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    photoreceptor outer segment IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    plasma membrane IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    plasma membrane ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    protein complex ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    Preferred Names
    protein kinase C alpha type
    Names
    PKC-A
    PKC-alpha
    protein kinase c-alpha
    NP_035231.2

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_011101.3NP_035231.2  protein kinase C alpha type

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_035231.2

      Status: VALIDATED

      Source sequence(s)
      AK147084, AL645535, BF455952
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS25573.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P20444
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      Q4VA93
      Related
      ENSMUSP00000062392.4, OTTMUSP00000003037, ENSMUST00000059595.10, OTTMUST00000006450
      Conserved Domains (4) summary
      cd04026
      Location:159289
      C2_PKC_alpha_gamma; C2 domain in Protein Kinase C (PKC) alpha and gamma
      smart00220
      Location:339597
      S_TKc; Serine/Threonine protein kinases, catalytic domain
      cd05615
      Location:328668
      STKc_cPKC_alpha; Catalytic domain of the Serine/Threonine Kinase, Classical Protein Kinase C alpha
      pfam00130
      Location:3789
      C1_1; Phorbol esters/diacylglycerol binding domain (C1 domain)

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Mus musculus Annotation Release 106 details...Open this link in a new tab

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCm38.p4 C57BL/6J

    Genomic

    1. NC_000077.6 Reference GRCm38.p4 C57BL/6J

      Range
      107933387..108343888 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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