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    CXCL10 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 10 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 3627, updated on 27-Mar-2017
    Official Symbol
    CXCL10provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 10provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:10637
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000169245 MIM:147310; Vega:OTTHUMG00000160887
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    C7; IFI10; INP10; IP-10; crg-2; mob-1; SCYB10; gIP-10
    Summary
    This antimicrobial gene encodes a chemokine of the CXC subfamily and ligand for the receptor CXCR3. Binding of this protein to CXCR3 results in pleiotropic effects, including stimulation of monocytes, natural killer and T-cell migration, and modulation of adhesion molecule expression. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2014]
    Orthologs
    Location:
    4q21.1
    Exon count:
    4
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    108 current GRCh38.p7 (GCF_000001405.33) 4 NC_000004.12 (76021116..76023536, complement)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 4 NC_000004.11 (76942269..76944689, complement)

    Chromosome 4 - NC_000004.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene SDA1 domain containing 1 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC101928809 Neighboring gene C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 9 Neighboring gene ADP-ribosyltransferase 3 Neighboring gene C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 11 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L36 pseudogene 8

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    Protein interactions

    Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
    Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env Curcumin, a potent and safe anti-inflammatory compound, inhibits HIV-1 gp120-mediated upregulation of the proinflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha and IL-6, and the chemokines IL-8, RANTES, and IP-10 in primary human genital epithelial cells PubMed
    env Upregulation of the human proteins CCL2, CX3CL1, IL-1beta, and CXCL10 by HIV-1 gp120 involves CB2 receptor in mesencephalic neuronal/glial culture model PubMed
    env HIV-1 gp120 inhibits CpG-A-induced secretion of TNF-alpha, IL-6, and IP-10 proteins in plasmacytoid dendritic cells and PBMCs PubMed
    env CXCR4-tropic HIV-1 gp120 augments the expression of RANTES, IP-10, MCP-1, and LTN in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), while CCR5-tropic HIV-1 gp120 also induces an increase in both IP-10 and MCP-1 production PubMed
    env HIV-1 gp120 inhibits TLR9-mediated upregulation of CD83 and the secretion of inflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha and IL-6, and chemokine IP10 in plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) PubMed
    Envelope transmembrane glycoprotein gp41 env A synthetic peptide corresponding to the immunosuppressive domain (amino acids 574-592) of HIV-1 gp41 downregulates the expression of chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 10 (CXCL10) in peptide-treated PBMCs PubMed
    Nef nef Nef from the brain-derived HIV-1 isolate YU-2 remarkably upregulates IP-10 expression, which leads to neural cell death PubMed
    Tat tat HIV-1 Tat upregulates CXCL10 mRNA and protein expression in CRT-MG human astroglioma cells PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat upregulates IP-10 expression through a MAPK dependent mechanism in astrocytes and also induces IP-10 expression in immature dendritic cells, an effect that may facilitate expansion of HIV-1 infection PubMed
    tat HIV-1 and the viral protein Tat modulate the expression of chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 10 (CXCL10; IP-10) in immature dendritic cells and monocyte-derived macrophages PubMed
    tat The synergistic upregulation of CXCL10 expression by HIV-1 Tat and IFN-gamma is inhibited by mu-opioid receptor (MOR) antagonist beta-funaltrexamine in human astrocytes PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat inhibits CpG-A-induced secretion of TNF-alpha, IL-6, and IP-10 proteins in plasmacytoid dendritic cells and PBMCs PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat in combination with IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha increases CXCL10 mRNA and protein in human astrocytes through the activation of the p38, Jnk, and Akt signaling pathways and their downstream transcription factors, NF-kappaB and STAT-1alpha PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat increases CXCL10 expression in IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha stimulated human astrocytes via NADPH oxidase PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat increases IP-10 protein production in a time-dependent manner in both HCV-infected and uninfected human Huh7.5.1 cells PubMed
    tat JAK/STAT pathway plays a major role in Tat/IFN-gamma-mediated CXCL10 induction in macrophages PubMed
    tat Tat and IFN-gamma synergistically induce the expression of CXCL10, which is inhibited by MEK1/2 inhibitor and the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitor PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat can downregulate CXCR3-mediated functions by inhibiting the chemotactic activity of IP-10/CXCL10, an effect mediated by Tat amino acids 25-31 PubMed
    Vpr vpr HIV-1 Vpr upregulates the expression of CXCL10 in human monocyte-derived dendritic cells PubMed
    capsid gag Infection with HIV-1 CA mutant N74D upregulates the expression of CXCL10 in primary human monocyte-derived macrophages PubMed

    Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

    • CXCR3-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      CXCR3-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
      CXCR3-mediated signaling events
    • Chemokine receptors bind chemokines, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
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    • Chemokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
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    • Chemokine signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
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    • Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors), organism-specific biosystemRhodopsin-like receptors (class A/1) are the largest group of GPCRs and are the best studied group from a functional and structural point of view. They show great diversity at the sequence level and ...
    • Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are small proteins that regulate and mediate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They are secreted in response to immune stimuli, and usually act briefly, locally, at very low concen...
    • Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are soluble extracellular proteins or glycoproteins that are crucial intercellular regulators and mobilizers of cells engaged in innate as well as adaptive inflammatory host defenses, cell ...
    • Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, conserved biosystemCytokines are soluble extracellular proteins or glycoproteins that are crucial intercellular regulators and mobilizers of cells engaged in innate as well as adaptive inflammatory host defenses, cell ...
    • Cytosolic DNA-sensing pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cytosolic DNA-sensing pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting foreign DNA from invading microbes or host cells and generating innate immune responses. DAI is the first identified s...
    • Cytosolic DNA-sensing pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cytosolic DNA-sensing pathway, conserved biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting foreign DNA from invading microbes or host cells and generating innate immune responses. DAI is the first identified s...
    • G alpha (i) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      G alpha (i) signalling events, organism-specific biosystemThe classical signalling mechanism for G alpha (i) is inhibition of the cAMP dependent pathway through inhibition of adenylate cyclase. Decreased production of cAMP from ATP results in decreased act...
    • GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are classically defined as the receptor, G-protein and downstream effectors, the alpha subunit of the G-protein being the primary signaling molecule. However, it h...
    • GPCR ligand binding, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      GPCR ligand binding, organism-specific biosystemThere are more than 800 G-protein coupled receptor (GPCRs) in the human genome, making it the largest receptor superfamily. GPCRs are also the largest class of drug targets, involved in virtually all...
    • IL-17 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      IL-17 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe interleukin 17 (IL-17) family, a subset of cytokines consisting of IL-17A-F, plays crucial roles in both acute and chronic inflammatory responses. IL-17A, the hallmark cytokine of the newly defi...
    • IL-17 signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      IL-17 signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe interleukin 17 (IL-17) family, a subset of cytokines consisting of IL-17A-F, plays crucial roles in both acute and chronic inflammatory responses. IL-17A, the hallmark cytokine of the newly defi...
    • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
    • Influenza A, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Influenza A, organism-specific biosystemInfluenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza virus infection. Influenza A virus is responsible for both annual seasonal epidemics and periodic worldwide pandemics. Novel strains ...
    • Influenza A, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Influenza A, conserved biosystemInfluenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza virus infection. Influenza A virus is responsible for both annual seasonal epidemics and periodic worldwide pandemics. Novel strains ...
    • Interleukin-10 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Interleukin-10 signaling, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-10 (IL10) was originally described as a factor named cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor that inhibited T-helper (Th) 1 activation and Th1 cytokine production (Fiorentino et al. 1989). ...
    • Peptide ligand-binding receptors, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Peptide ligand-binding receptors, organism-specific biosystemThese receptors, a subset of the Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like) family, all bind peptide ligands which include the chemokines, opioids and somatostatins.
    • RIG-I-like Receptor Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      RIG-I-like Receptor Signaling, organism-specific biosystemViral pathogen RNA are recognized by host helicases called RIG-I-like receptors (RLRs) that include DDX58 (RIG-I), DHX58 (LGP2), IFIH1 (MDA5), SNW1, and DDX17. These RLR proteins then go on to initia...
    • RIG-I-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      RIG-I-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting viral pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Non-self RNA appearing in a cell as a result of intracellular ...
    • RIG-I-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      RIG-I-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting viral pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Non-self RNA appearing in a cell as a result of intracellular ...
    • Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway
    • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
    • Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
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    • Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystemInterleukins are low molecular weight proteins that bind to cell surface receptors and act in an autocrine and/or paracrine fashion. They were first identified as factors produced by leukocytes but a...
    • Spinal Cord Injury, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Spinal Cord Injury, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway provides an overview of cell types, therapeutic targets, drugs, new proposed targets and pathways implicated in spinal cord injury. Spinal cord injury is a complex multistep process that...
    • TNF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      TNF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemTumor necrosis factor (TNF), as a critical cytokine, can induce a wide range of intracellular signal pathways including apoptosis and cell survival as well as inflammation and immunity. Activated TNF...
    • TNF signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      TNF signaling pathway, conserved biosystemTumor necrosis factor (TNF), as a critical cytokine, can induce a wide range of intracellular signal pathways including apoptosis and cell survival as well as inflammation and immunity. Activated TNF...
    • Toll-like Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Toll-like Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
    • Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
    • Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
    • Type II interferon signaling (IFNG), organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Type II interferon signaling (IFNG), organism-specific biosystemAdapted from Raza et al. (2008). This pathway is initiated by IFNG binding to its receptor and a subsequent phosphorylation cascade involving a number of the JAK and STAT family of proteins. Several ...
    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    Markers

    Homology

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    CXCR3 chemokine receptor binding IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    cAMP-dependent protein kinase regulator activity TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    chemokine activity IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    heparin binding IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    receptor binding TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    T cell chemotaxis IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    blood circulation TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    cell surface receptor signaling pathway TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    cell-cell signaling TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    cellular response to heat IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    cellular response to lipopolysaccharide IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    chemokine-mediated signaling pathway IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    chemotaxis IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    defense response to virus IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    endothelial cell activation IGI
    Inferred from Genetic Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    immune response IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    inflammatory response IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    muscle organ development TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    negative regulation of angiogenesis IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    negative regulation of myoblast differentiation IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    negative regulation of myoblast fusion IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    positive regulation of T cell migration IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of cAMP metabolic process IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of cAMP-mediated signaling IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of cell proliferation IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    positive regulation of monocyte chemotaxis IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of release of sequestered calcium ion into cytosol IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    regulation of T cell chemotaxis IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    regulation of cell proliferation IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    regulation of endothelial tube morphogenesis IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    regulation of protein kinase activity IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    response to auditory stimulus IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    response to cold IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    response to gamma radiation IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    response to vitamin D IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    signal transduction TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    external side of plasma membrane IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    extracellular region IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    extracellular region TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    extracellular space IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    Preferred Names
    C-X-C motif chemokine 10
    Names
    10 kDa interferon gamma-induced protein
    chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 10
    gamma IP10
    interferon-inducible cytokine IP-10
    protein 10 from interferon (gamma)-induced cell line
    small inducible cytokine subfamily B (Cys-X-Cys), member 10
    small-inducible cytokine B10

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_001565.3NP_001556.2  C-X-C motif chemokine 10 precursor

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001556.2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      AA321649, AA505379, BC010954
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS43240.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P02778
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      A0A024RDA4
      Related
      ENSP00000305651, OTTHUMP00000219215, ENST00000306602, OTTHUMT00000362817
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      cd00273
      Location:2791
      Chemokine_CXC; Chemokine_CXC: 1 of 4 subgroup designations based on the arrangement of the two N-terminal cysteine residues; includes a number of secreted growth factors and interferons involved in mitogenic, chemotactic, and inflammatory activity; many members ...

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108 details...Open this link in a new tab

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000004.12 Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

      Range
      76021116..76023536 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Alternate CHM1_1.1

    Genomic

    1. NC_018915.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

      Range
      76918847..76921265 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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