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    FAM175A family with sequence similarity 175 member A [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 84142, updated on 22-Apr-2017
    Official Symbol
    FAM175Aprovided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    family with sequence similarity 175 member Aprovided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:25829
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000163322 MIM:611143; Vega:OTTHUMG00000130429
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    ABRA1; CCDC98
    Summary
    This gene encodes a protein that binds to the C-terminal repeats of breast cancer 1 (BRCA1) through a phospho-SXXF motif. The encoded protein recruits ubiquitin interaction motif containing 1 protein to BRCA1 protein and is required for DNA damage resistance, DNA repair, and cell cycle checkpoint control. Pseudogenes of this gene are found on chromosomes 3 and 8. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2016]
    Orthologs
    Location:
    4q21.23
    Exon count:
    11
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    108 current GRCh38.p7 (GCF_000001405.33) 4 NC_000004.12 (83459515..83485181, complement)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 4 NC_000004.11 (84382092..84406290, complement)

    Chromosome 4 - NC_000004.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene chromosome 18 open reading frame 21 pseudogene Neighboring gene helicase, POLQ-like Neighboring gene mitochondrial ribosomal protein S18C Neighboring gene solute carrier family 25 member 14 pseudogene 1 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L30 pseudogene 5 Neighboring gene glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase 3

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    NHGRI GWAS Catalog

    Description
    A genome-wide association study of upper aerodigestive tract cancers conducted within the INHANCE consortium.
    NHGRI GWA Catalog
    • Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem
      Cell Cycle
    • Cell Cycle Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cell Cycle Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystemA hallmark of the human cell cycle in normal somatic cells is its precision. This remarkable fidelity is achieved by a number of signal transduction pathways, known as checkpoints, which monitor cell...
    • DNA Double Strand Break Response, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DNA Double Strand Break Response, organism-specific biosystemDNA double strand break (DSB) response involves sensing of DNA DSBs by the MRN complex which triggers ATM activation. ATM phosphorylates a number of proteins involved in DNA damage checkpoint signali...
    • DNA Double-Strand Break Repair, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DNA Double-Strand Break Repair, organism-specific biosystemNumerous types of DNA damage can occur within a cell due to the endogenous production of oxygen free radicals, normal alkylation reactions, or exposure to exogenous radiations and chemicals. Double-s...
    • DNA Repair, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DNA Repair, organism-specific biosystemDNA repair is a phenomenal multi-enzyme, multi-pathway system required to ensure the integrity of the cellular genome. Living organisms are constantly exposed to harmful metabolic by-products, enviro...
    • Deubiquitination, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Deubiquitination, organism-specific biosystemUbiquitination, the modification of proteins by the covalent attachment of ubiquitin (Ub), is a key regulatory mechanism for many many cellular processes, including protein degradation by the 26S pro...
    • G2/M Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      G2/M Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystemG2/M checkpoints include the checks for damaged DNA, unreplicated DNA, and checks that ensure that the genome is replicated once and only once per cell cycle. If cells pass these checkpoints, they f...
    • G2/M DNA damage checkpoint, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      G2/M DNA damage checkpoint, organism-specific biosystemThroughout the cell cycle, the genome is constantly monitored for damage, resulting either from errors of replication, by-products of metabolism or through extrinsic sources such as ultra-violet or i...
    • HDR through Homologous Recombination (HR) or Single Strand Annealing (SSA), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      HDR through Homologous Recombination (HR) or Single Strand Annealing (SSA), organism-specific biosystemHomology directed repair (HDR) of replication-independent DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) via homologous recombination repair (HRR) or single strand annealing (SSA) requires the activation of ATM fol...
    • Homologous recombination, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Homologous recombination, organism-specific biosystemHomologous recombination (HR) is essential for the accurate repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), potentially lethal lesions. HR takes place in the late S-G2 phase of the cell cycle and involves...
    • Homologous recombination, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Homologous recombination, conserved biosystemHomologous recombination (HR) is essential for the accurate repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), potentially lethal lesions. HR takes place in the late S-G2 phase of the cell cycle and involves...
    • Homology Directed Repair, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Homology Directed Repair, organism-specific biosystemHomology directed repair (HDR) of DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) requires resection of DNA DSB ends. Resection creates 3'-ssDNA overhangs which then anneal with a homologous DNA sequence. This homol...
    • Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystemProtein metabolism comprises the pathways of translation, post-translational modification and protein folding.
    • Metalloprotease DUBs, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Metalloprotease DUBs, organism-specific biosystemThe JAB1/MPN +/MOV34 (JAMM) domain metalloproteases cleave the isopeptide bond at or near the the attachment point of polyubiquitin and substrate. PSMD14 (RPN11), STAMBP (AMSH), STAMBPL1 (AMSH-LP), a...
    • Nonhomologous End-Joining (NHEJ), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Nonhomologous End-Joining (NHEJ), organism-specific biosystemThe nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) pathway is initiated in response to the formation of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) induced by DNA-damaging agents, such as ionizing radiation. DNA DSBs are reco...
    • Post-translational protein modification, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Post-translational protein modification, organism-specific biosystemAfter translation, many newly formed proteins undergo further covalent modifications that alter their functional properties and that are essentially irreversible under physiological conditions in the...
    • Processing of DNA double-strand break ends, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Processing of DNA double-strand break ends, organism-specific biosystemHomology directed repair (HDR) through homologous recombination (HRR) or single strand annealing (SSA) requires extensive resection of DNA double strand break (DSB) ends (Thompson and Limoli 2003, Ci...
    • Recruitment and ATM-mediated phosphorylation of repair and signaling proteins at DNA double strand breaks, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Recruitment and ATM-mediated phosphorylation of repair and signaling proteins at DNA double strand breaks, organism-specific biosystemActivated ATM phosphorylates a number of proteins involved in the DNA damage checkpoint and DNA repair (Thompson and Schild 2002, Ciccia and Elledge 2010), thereby triggering and coordinating accumul...
    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    Markers

    Homology

    Clone Names

    • FLJ11520, FLJ12642, FLJ13614

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    polyubiquitin binding IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    G2 DNA damage checkpoint IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    covalent chromatin modification IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    double-strand break repair IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    double-strand break repair via nonhomologous end joining TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    positive regulation of DNA repair IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein deubiquitination TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    response to ionizing radiation IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    BRCA1-A complex IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    nuclear body IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
     
    nucleoplasm TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    nucleus IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    Preferred Names
    BRCA1-A complex subunit Abraxas
    Names
    abraxas protein
    coiled-coil domain containing 98

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    Genomic

    1. NG_051599.1 RefSeqGene

      Range
      5042..29240
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_001345962.1NP_001332891.1  BRCA1-A complex subunit Abraxas isoform 2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      AK023676, BQ775596, HY040546
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q6UWZ7
    2. NM_139076.2NP_620775.2  BRCA1-A complex subunit Abraxas isoform 1

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_620775.2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      AY358576, BC039573, BQ775930, DA765424
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS3605.2
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q6UWZ7
      Related
      ENSP00000369857.3, OTTHUMP00000160985, ENST00000321945.11, OTTHUMT00000252818
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      pfam15908
      Location:211295
      HMMR_C; Hyaluronan mediated motility receptor C-terminal

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108 details...Open this link in a new tab

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000004.12 Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

      Range
      83459515..83485181 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. XM_017008694.1XP_016864183.1  BRCA1-A complex subunit Abraxas isoform X2

      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      pfam15908
      Location:102186
      HMMR_C; Hyaluronan mediated motility receptor C-terminal
    2. XM_005263280.4XP_005263337.1  BRCA1-A complex subunit Abraxas isoform X1

      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      D6REL5
      Related
      ENSP00000426763.1, OTTHUMP00000221470, ENST00000506553.5, OTTHUMT00000367683
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      pfam15908
      Location:162246
      HMMR_C; Hyaluronan mediated motility receptor C-terminal

    RNA

    1. XR_001741334.1 RNA Sequence

    Alternate CHM1_1.1

    Genomic

    1. NC_018915.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

      Range
      84358666..84382863 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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