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    IKBKG inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B kinase subunit gamma [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 8517, updated on 6-Aug-2017
    Official Symbol
    IKBKGprovided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B kinase subunit gammaprovided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:5961
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000269335 MIM:300248; Vega:OTTHUMG00000024234
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    IP; IP1; IP2; FIP3; IKKG; IPD2; NEMO; FIP-3; Fip3p; IMD33; AMCBX1; IKKAP1; ZC2HC9; IKK-gamma
    Summary
    This gene encodes the regulatory subunit of the inhibitor of kappaB kinase (IKK) complex, which activates NF-kappaB resulting in activation of genes involved in inflammation, immunity, cell survival, and other pathways. Mutations in this gene result in incontinentia pigmenti, hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia, and several other types of immunodeficiencies. A pseudogene highly similar to this locus is located in an adjacent region of the X chromosome. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2016]
    Orthologs
    Location:
    Xq28
    Exon count:
    12
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    108 current GRCh38.p7 (GCF_000001405.33) X NC_000023.11 (154542240..154565046)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) X NC_000023.10 (153769419..153796804)

    Chromosome X - NC_000023.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene RNA, 7SL, cytoplasmic 697, pseudogene Neighboring gene family with sequence similarity 3 member A Neighboring gene glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase Neighboring gene family with sequence similarity 223 member A (non-protein coding) Neighboring gene activating transcription factor 4 pseudogene 2

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    Replication interactions

    Interaction Pubs
    Knockdown of inhibitor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells, kinase gamma (IKBKG) by siRNA inhibits HIV-1 replication in HeLa-derived TZM-bl cells PubMed

    Protein interactions

    Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
    Envelope transmembrane glycoprotein gp41 env The HIV-1 gp41 cytoplasmic domain-induced NFkappaB activation requires TAK1, RelA, and NEMO proteins PubMed

    Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

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      NOD-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting various pathogens and generating innate immune responses. The intracellular NOD-like receptor (NLR) family contains mo...
    • NOD-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      NOD-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting various pathogens and generating innate immune responses. The intracellular NOD-like receptor (NLR) family contains mo...
    • NOD1/2 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      NOD1/2 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemNOD1 is ubiquitously expressed, while NOD2 expression is restricted to monocytes, macrophages, dendritic cells, and intestinal Paneth cells (Inohara et al. 2005). NOD1 and NOD2 activation induces tra...
    • Nucleotide-binding Oligomerization Domain (NOD) pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Nucleotide-binding Oligomerization Domain (NOD) pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe NOD (nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain) proteins NOD1 and NOD2 have important roles in innate immunity as sensors of microbial components derived from bacterial peptidoglycan. The importa...
    • Nucleotide-binding domain, leucine rich repeat containing receptor (NLR) signaling pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Nucleotide-binding domain, leucine rich repeat containing receptor (NLR) signaling pathways, organism-specific biosystemThe innate immune system is the first line of defense against invading microorganisms, a broad specificity response characterized by the recruitment and activation of phagocytes and the release of an...
    • Osteoclast differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Osteoclast differentiation, organism-specific biosystemThe osteoclasts, multinucleared cells originating from the hematopoietic monocyte-macrophage lineage, are responsible for bone resorption. Osteoclastogenesis is mainly regulated by signaling pathways...
    • Osteoclast differentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Osteoclast differentiation, conserved biosystemThe osteoclasts, multinucleared cells originating from the hematopoietic monocyte-macrophage lineage, are responsible for bone resorption. Osteoclastogenesis is mainly regulated by signaling pathways...
    • Ovarian tumor domain proteases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Ovarian tumor domain proteases, organism-specific biosystemHumans have 16 Overian tumour domain (OTU) family DUBs that can be evolutionally divided into three classes, the OTUs, the Otubains (OTUBs), and the A20-like OTUs (Komander et al. 2009). OTU family ...
    • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
    • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
    • Pancreatic cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Pancreatic cancer, organism-specific biosystemInfiltrating ductal adenocarcinoma is the most common malignancy of the pancreas. When most investigators use the term 'pancreatic cancer' they are referring to pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA)...
    • Pancreatic cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Pancreatic cancer, conserved biosystemInfiltrating ductal adenocarcinoma is the most common malignancy of the pancreas. When most investigators use the term 'pancreatic cancer' they are referring to pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA)...
    • Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
      Pathways in cancer
    • Post-translational protein modification, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Post-translational protein modification, organism-specific biosystemAfter translation, many newly formed proteins undergo further covalent modifications that alter their functional properties and that are essentially irreversible under physiological conditions in the...
    • Primary immunodeficiency, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Primary immunodeficiency, organism-specific biosystemPrimary immunodeficiencies (PIs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders, which affect cellular and humoral immunity or non-specific host defense mechanisms mediated by complement proteins, and cells ...
    • Primary immunodeficiency, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Primary immunodeficiency, conserved biosystemPrimary immunodeficiencies (PIs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders, which affect cellular and humoral immunity or non-specific host defense mechanisms mediated by complement proteins, and cells ...
    • Prostate cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Prostate cancer, organism-specific biosystemProstate cancer constitutes a major health problem in Western countries. It is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among men and the second leading cause of male cancer deaths. The identification of...
    • Prostate cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Prostate cancer, conserved biosystemProstate cancer constitutes a major health problem in Western countries. It is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among men and the second leading cause of male cancer deaths. The identification of...
    • RANKL/RANK (Receptor activator of NFKB (ligand)) Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      RANKL/RANK (Receptor activator of NFKB (ligand)) Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemRANKL (Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand), RANK (Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B) and the natural decoy receptor of RANKL, OPG (Osteoprotegerin) are three important mol...
    • RIG-I-like Receptor Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      RIG-I-like Receptor Signaling, organism-specific biosystemViral pathogen RNA are recognized by host helicases called RIG-I-like receptors (RLRs) that include DDX58 (RIG-I), DHX58 (LGP2), IFIH1 (MDA5), SNW1, and DDX17. These RLR proteins then go on to initia...
    • RIG-I-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      RIG-I-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting viral pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Non-self RNA appearing in a cell as a result of intracellular ...
    • RIG-I-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      RIG-I-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting viral pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Non-self RNA appearing in a cell as a result of intracellular ...
    • RIG-I/MDA5 mediated induction of IFN-alpha/beta pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      RIG-I/MDA5 mediated induction of IFN-alpha/beta pathways, organism-specific biosystemRIG-I-like helicases (RLHs) the retinoic acid inducible gene-I (RIG-I) and melanoma differentiation associated gene 5 (MDA5) are RNA helicases that recognize viral RNA present within the cytoplasm. F...
    • RIP-mediated NFkB activation via ZBP1, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      RIP-mediated NFkB activation via ZBP1, organism-specific biosystemOverexpression of human or murine ZBP1 (DAI) in human embryonic kidney 293T cells (HEK293T) activated NF-kB-dependent promoter in a dose-dependent manner. Two RHIM-contaning kinases RIP1 and RIP3 are...
    • Rac1/Pak1/p38/MMP-2 pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Rac1/Pak1/p38/MMP-2 pathway, organism-specific biosystemRac1/p38 pathway from Ingenuity Pathway Analysis.
    • Ras signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Ras signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Ras proteins are GTPases that function as molecular switches for signaling pathways regulating cell proliferation, survival, growth, migration, differentiation or cytoskeletal dynamism. Ras prote...
    • Regulation of TNFR1 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Regulation of TNFR1 signaling, organism-specific biosystemTumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) is an inflammatory cytokine, that activates either cell survival (e.g.,inflammation, proliferation) or cell death upon association with TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1). ...
    • Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway
    • Shigellosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Shigellosis, organism-specific biosystemShigellosis, or bacillary dysentery, is an intestinal infection caused by Shigella, a genus of enterobacteria. Shigella are potential food-borne pathogens that are capable of colonizing the intestina...
    • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
    • Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystemInterleukins are low molecular weight proteins that bind to cell surface receptors and act in an autocrine and/or paracrine fashion. They were first identified as factors produced by leukocytes but a...
    • Signaling by the B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by the B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystemMature B cells express IgM and IgD immunoglobulins which are complexed at the plasma membrane with Ig-alpha (CD79A, MB-1) and Ig-beta (CD79B, B29) to form the B cell receptor (BCR) (Fu et al. 1974, F...
    • Small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is a highly aggressive neoplasm, which accounts for approximately 25% ...
    • Small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is a highly aggressive neoplasm, which accounts for approximately 25% ...
    • T cell receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      T cell receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemActivation of T lymphocytes is a key event for an efficient response of the immune system. It requires the involvement of the T-cell receptor (TCR) as well as costimulatory molecules such as CD28. En...
    • T cell receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      T cell receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystemActivation of T lymphocytes is a key event for an efficient response of the immune system. It requires the involvement of the T-cell receptor (TCR) as well as costimulatory molecules such as CD28. En...
    • T-Cell antigen Receptor (TCR) Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      T-Cell antigen Receptor (TCR) Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) complex is composed of a ligand-binding subunit, the ? and ? chains, and a signaling subunit, namely the CD3?, ? and ? chains and the TCR? chain. This complex partic...
    • T-Cell antigen Receptor (TCR) pathway during Staphylococcus aureus infection, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      T-Cell antigen Receptor (TCR) pathway during Staphylococcus aureus infection, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway is based on Figure 4 of "A Model of an Integrated Immune System Pathway in Homo sapiens and Its Interaction with Superantigen Producing Expression Regulatory Pathway in Staphylococcus au...
    • TAK1 activates NFkB by phosphorylation and activation of IKKs complex, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TAK1 activates NFkB by phosphorylation and activation of IKKs complex, organism-specific biosystemNF-kappaB is sequestered in the cytoplasm in a complex with inhibitor of NF-kappaB (IkB). Almost all NF-kappaB activation pathways are mediated by IkB kinase (IKK), which phosphorylates IkB resulting...
    • TCR signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TCR signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe TCR is a multisubunit complex that consists of clonotypic alpha/beta chains noncovalently associated with the invariant CD3 delta/epsilon/gamma and TCR zeta chains. T cell activation by antigen p...
    • TCR signaling in naive CD4+ T cells, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      TCR signaling in naive CD4+ T cells, organism-specific biosystem
      TCR signaling in naive CD4+ T cells
    • TCR signaling in naive CD8+ T cells, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      TCR signaling in naive CD8+ T cells, organism-specific biosystem
      TCR signaling in naive CD8+ T cells
    • TLR4 Signaling and Tolerance, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      TLR4 Signaling and Tolerance, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway is based on the figure 2 of "Toll-like Receptors: Novel Pharmacological Targets for the Treatment of Neurological Diseases" and figure 2 of "Toll-like receptor and its roles in myocardia...
    • TNF alpha Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      TNF alpha Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemTumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF?) is a proinflammatory cytokine involved in various biological processes including regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and immune response. T...
    • TNF receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      TNF receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      TNF receptor signaling pathway
    • TNF signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TNF signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) is expressed in immune and nonimmune cell types including macrophages, T cells, mast cells, granulocytes, natural killer (NK) cells, ...
    • TNF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      TNF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemTumor necrosis factor (TNF), as a critical cytokine, can induce a wide range of intracellular signal pathways including apoptosis and cell survival as well as inflammation and immunity. Activated TNF...
    • TNF signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      TNF signaling pathway, conserved biosystemTumor necrosis factor (TNF), as a critical cytokine, can induce a wide range of intracellular signal pathways including apoptosis and cell survival as well as inflammation and immunity. Activated TNF...
    • TNFR1-induced NFkappaB signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TNFR1-induced NFkappaB signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemActivation of tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1) can trigger multiple signal transduction pathways to induce inflammation, cell proliferation, survival or cell death (Ward C et al. 1999; Michea...
    • TRAF6 mediated NF-kB activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TRAF6 mediated NF-kB activation, organism-specific biosystemThe TRAF6/TAK1 signal activates a canonical IKK complex, resulting in the activation of NF-kB as well as MAPK cascades leading to the activation of AP-1. Although TRAF6/TAK1 has been implicated in To...
    • TRAF6 mediated induction of NFkB and MAP kinases upon TLR7/8 or 9 activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TRAF6 mediated induction of NFkB and MAP kinases upon TLR7/8 or 9 activation, organism-specific biosystemTRAF6 mediates NFkB activation via canonical phosphorylation of IKK complex by TAK1. TRAF6 and TAK1 also regulate MAPK cascades leading to the activation of AP-1.
    • TRAIL signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      TRAIL signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      TRAIL signaling pathway
    • TRIF-mediated TLR3/TLR4 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TRIF-mediated TLR3/TLR4 signaling, organism-specific biosystemTRIF(TICAM1) was shown to induce IRF3/7 and NF-?B activation and apoptosis through distinct intracellular signaling pathways [Han KJ et al 2004; Kaiser WJ and Offermann MK et al 2005]. TRIF consists...
    • Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, organism-specific biosystemImmunity to different classes of microorganisms is orchestrated by separate lineages of effector T helper (TH)-cells, which differentiate from naive CD4+ precursor cells in response to cues provided ...
    • Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, conserved biosystemImmunity to different classes of microorganisms is orchestrated by separate lineages of effector T helper (TH)-cells, which differentiate from naive CD4+ precursor cells in response to cues provided ...
    • Th17 cell differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Th17 cell differentiation, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin (IL)-17-producing helper T (Th17) cells serve as a subset of CD4+ T cells involved in epithelial cell- and neutrophil mediated immune responses against extracellular microbes and in the p...
    • Th17 cell differentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Th17 cell differentiation, conserved biosystemInterleukin (IL)-17-producing helper T (Th17) cells serve as a subset of CD4+ T cells involved in epithelial cell- and neutrophil mediated immune responses against extracellular microbes and in the p...
    • Toll Like Receptor 10 (TLR10) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 10 (TLR10) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemLittle is known about TLR10 ligands. It has been established that the receptor homodimerizes upon binding and signals in an MyD88-dependent manner (Hasan U et al 2005; Nyman T et al 2008). It may als...
    • Toll Like Receptor 2 (TLR2) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 2 (TLR2) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR2 is involved in recognition of peptidoglycan from gram-positive bacteria, bacterial lipoproteins, mycoplasma lipoprotein and mycobacterial products. It is quite possible that recognition of at le...
    • Toll Like Receptor 3 (TLR3) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 3 (TLR3) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemToll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) as was shown for mammals is expressed on myeloid dendritic cells, respiratory epithelium, macrophages, and appears to play a central role in mediating the antiviral and in...
    • Toll Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemToll-like Receptor 4 is a Microbe Associated Molecular Pattern receptor well known for it's sensitivity to Bacterial Lipopolysaccharides (LPS). LPS is assembled within diverse Gram-negative bacteria,...
    • Toll Like Receptor 5 (TLR5) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 5 (TLR5) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR5 is the receptor for flagellin, the protein that forms bacterial flagella. Unlike most other Pathogen-Associated Molecular Patterns (PAMPs), flagellin does not undergo any posttranslational modif...
    • Toll Like Receptor 7/8 (TLR7/8) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 7/8 (TLR7/8) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemRNA can serve as a danger signal, both in its double-stranded form (that is associated with viral infection), as well as single-stranded RNA (ssRNA). Specifically, guanosine (G)- and uridine (U)-rich...
    • Toll Like Receptor 9 (TLR9) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 9 (TLR9) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemCpG DNA is an unusual Pathogen-Associated Molecular Pattern (PAMP). Cytosine methylation exists in mammalian but not bacterial cells, and most (but not all) CpG in the mammalian genome is methylated....
    • Toll Like Receptor TLR1:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor TLR1:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR1 is expressed by monocytes. TLR1 and TLR2 cotranslationally form heterodimeric complexes on the cell surface and in the cytosol. The TLR2:TLR1 complex recognizes Neisserial PorB and Mycobacterial...
    • Toll Like Receptor TLR6:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor TLR6:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR2 and TLR4 recognize different bacterial cell wall components. While TLR4 is trained onto Gram-negative lipopolysaccharide components, TLR2 - in combination with TLR6 - plays a major role in recog...
    • Toll-Like Receptors Cascades, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll-Like Receptors Cascades, organism-specific biosystemIn human, ten members of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family (TLR1-TLR10) have been identified (TLR11 has been found in mouse, but not in human). All TLRs have a similar Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR) doma...
    • Toll-like Receptor Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Toll-like Receptor Signaling, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway is based on the figure 1 of "Genetic variation in TLR or NFkappaB pathways and the risk of breast cancer: a case-control study" (see bibliography). TLR and NFkB are important in inflamma...
    • Toll-like Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Toll-like Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
    • Toll-like receptor signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Toll-like receptor signaling, organism-specific biosystemFunctional set; Cellular processes; Cell signaling
    • Toll-like receptor signaling, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Toll-like receptor signaling, conserved biosystemFunctional set; Cellular processes; Cell signaling
    • Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
    • Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
    • Toxoplasmosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Toxoplasmosis, organism-specific biosystemToxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that is prevalent worldwide. The tachyzoite form acquired by oral ingestion downmodulates proinflammatory signaling pathways via various mechan...
    • Toxoplasmosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Toxoplasmosis, conserved biosystemToxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that is prevalent worldwide. The tachyzoite form acquired by oral ingestion downmodulates proinflammatory signaling pathways via various mechan...
    • Ub-specific processing proteases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Ub-specific processing proteases, organism-specific biosystemUb-specific processing proteases (USPs) are the largest of the DUB families with more than 50 members in humans. The USP catalytic domain varies considerably in size and consists of six conserved mo...
    • Viral carcinogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Viral carcinogenesis, organism-specific biosystemThere is a strong association between viruses and the development of human malignancies. We now know that at least six human viruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C vi...
    • Viral carcinogenesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Viral carcinogenesis, conserved biosystemThere is a strong association between viruses and the development of human malignancies. We now know that at least six human viruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C vi...
    • ZBP1(DAI) mediated induction of type I IFNs, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      ZBP1(DAI) mediated induction of type I IFNs, organism-specific biosystemZ-DNA-binding protein-1 (ZBP1), also known as, DNA-dependent activator of IFN-regulatory factors (DAI) was reported to initiate innate immune responses in murine L929 cells upon stimulation by multip...
    • activated TAK1 mediates p38 MAPK activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      activated TAK1 mediates p38 MAPK activation, organism-specific biosystemp38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) belongs to a highly conserved family of serine/threonine protein kinases. The p38 MAPK-dependent signaling cascade is activated by pro-inflammatory or stre...
    • p75(NTR)-mediated signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      p75(NTR)-mediated signaling, organism-specific biosystem
      p75(NTR)-mediated signaling
    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    Markers

    Homology

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    K63-linked polyubiquitin modification-dependent protein binding IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    linear polyubiquitin binding IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    metal ion binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    peroxisome proliferator activated receptor binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein domain specific binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein heterodimerization activity IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein homodimerization activity IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    signal transducer activity TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    ubiquitin protein ligase binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    Fc-epsilon receptor signaling pathway TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB signaling TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    JNK cascade TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    T cell receptor signaling pathway NAS
    Non-traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    T cell receptor signaling pathway TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    TRIF-dependent toll-like receptor signaling pathway TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    activation of MAPK activity TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    anoikis ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    antigen processing and presentation of exogenous peptide antigen via MHC class I, TAP-dependent TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    apoptotic process TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    cellular response to DNA damage stimulus IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    cellular response to DNA damage stimulus IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    establishment of vesicle localization IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    immune response TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    inflammatory response TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    innate immune response TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    negative regulation of neuron death TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain containing signaling pathway TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    positive regulation of I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB signaling IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB signaling TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activity IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activity TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of macroautophagy ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein deubiquitination TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    regulation of tumor necrosis factor-mediated signaling pathway TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    response to virus TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    stimulatory C-type lectin receptor signaling pathway TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    stress-activated MAPK cascade TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    transcription, DNA-templated IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    viral process IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    IkappaB kinase complex IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    IkappaB kinase complex TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    colocalizes_with IkappaB kinase complex TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    cytoplasm IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    cytosol IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
     
    cytosol TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    intracellular IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
     
    mitotic spindle IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    nucleus IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    spindle pole IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    ubiquitin ligase complex IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    Preferred Names
    NF-kappa-B essential modulator
    Names
    I-kappa-B kinase subunit gamma
    NF-kappa-B essential modifier
    ikB kinase subunit gamma
    ikB kinase-associated protein 1
    incontinentia pigmenti
    inhibitor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells, kinase gamma

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    Genomic

    1. NG_009896.1 RefSeqGene

      Range
      5001..27803
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics), LRG_70

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_001099856.4NP_001093326.2  NF-kappa-B essential modulator isoform b

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001093326.2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (2) uses an alternate promoter and initiates translation from an alternate in-frame upstream start codon compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (b) has a longer N-terminus compared to isoform a.
      Source sequence(s)
      AF062089, AY114157, BC000299, BM473416
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS48196.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q9Y6K9
      Related
      ENSP00000483825.1, OTTHUMP00000276767, ENST00000618670.4, OTTHUMT00000061154
      Conserved Domains (2) summary
      pfam11577
      Location:112179
      NEMO; NF-kappa-B essential modulator NEMO
      pfam16516
      Location:327412
      CC2-LZ; Leucine zipper of domain CC2 of NEMO, NF-kappa-B essential modulator
    2. NM_001099857.2NP_001093327.1  NF-kappa-B essential modulator isoform a

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001093327.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longest transcript and encodes isoform a. Variants 1, 3 and 5 encode the same isoform.
      Source sequence(s)
      AF062089, AK308366, BC000299, BC050612
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS14757.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q9Y6K9
      Related
      ENSP00000471166.1, OTTHUMP00000276782, ENST00000594239.5, OTTHUMT00000061156
      Conserved Domains (2) summary
      pfam11577
      Location:44111
      NEMO; NF-kappa-B essential modulator NEMO
      pfam16516
      Location:259344
      CC2-LZ; Leucine zipper of domain CC2 of NEMO, NF-kappa-B essential modulator
    3. NM_001145255.2NP_001138727.1  NF-kappa-B essential modulator isoform c

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (4) lacks two in-frame exons in the central coding region compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (c) lacks two internal protein segments compared to isoform a.
      Source sequence(s)
      AF062089, AK000593, AK308366, BC000299
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS48197.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q9Y6K9
      Related
      ENSP00000478616.1, OTTHUMP00000276786, ENST00000611176.4, OTTHUMT00000061158
      Conserved Domains (2) summary
      pfam11577
      Location:44111
      NEMO; NF-kappa-B essential modulator NEMO
      cl15254
      Location:203245
      UBAN; polyubiquitin binding domain of NEMO and related proteins
    4. NM_001321396.1NP_001308325.1  NF-kappa-B essential modulator isoform a

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: Variants 1, 3 and 5 encode the same isoform (a).
      Source sequence(s)
      AC244090, AF062089, AF074382, BM473416
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS14757.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q9Y6K9
      Conserved Domains (2) summary
      pfam11577
      Location:44111
      NEMO; NF-kappa-B essential modulator NEMO
      pfam16516
      Location:259344
      CC2-LZ; Leucine zipper of domain CC2 of NEMO, NF-kappa-B essential modulator
    5. NM_001321397.1NP_001308326.1  NF-kappa-B essential modulator isoform d

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      AF062089, AK308366, BC000299, CA916723
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS83513.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q9Y6K9
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      A0A087X1B1
      Related
      ENSP00000484023.1, OTTHUMP00000276785, ENST00000617207.4, OTTHUMT00000348893
      Conserved Domains (2) summary
      pfam11577
      Location:44111
      NEMO; NF-kappa-B essential modulator NEMO
      pfam16516
      Location:258343
      CC2-LZ; Leucine zipper of domain CC2 of NEMO, NF-kappa-B essential modulator
    6. NM_003639.4NP_003630.1  NF-kappa-B essential modulator isoform a

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_003630.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (3) differs in the 5' UTR compared to variant 1. Variants 1, 3 and 5 encode the same isoform (a).
      Source sequence(s)
      AF062089, AF261086, BC000299
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS14757.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q9Y6K9
      Related
      ENSP00000479662.1, OTTHUMP00000276788, ENST00000611071.4, OTTHUMT00000061157
      Conserved Domains (2) summary
      pfam11577
      Location:44111
      NEMO; NF-kappa-B essential modulator NEMO
      pfam16516
      Location:259344
      CC2-LZ; Leucine zipper of domain CC2 of NEMO, NF-kappa-B essential modulator

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108 details...Open this link in a new tab

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000023.11 Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

      Range
      154542240..154565046
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Alternate CHM1_1.1

    Genomic

    1. NC_018934.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

      Range
      153682224..153705030
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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