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    PMCH pro-melanin concentrating hormone [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 5367, updated on 7-May-2017
    Official Symbol
    PMCHprovided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    pro-melanin concentrating hormoneprovided by HGNC
    Primary source
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000183395 MIM:176795; Vega:OTTHUMG00000170479
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    Homo sapiens
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    MCH; ppMCH
    This gene encodes a preproprotein that is proteolytically processed to generate multiple protein products. These products include melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH), neuropeptide-glutamic acid-isoleucine (NEI), and neuropeptide-glycine-glutamic acid (NGE). Melanin-concentrating hormone is a 19-amino acid neuropeptide that stimulates hunger and may additionally regulate energy homeostasis, reproductive function, and sleep. Pseudogenes of this gene have been identified on chromosome 5. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2015]
    Exon count:
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    108 current GRCh38.p7 (GCF_000001405.33) 12 NC_000012.12 (102196459..102199540, complement)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 12 NC_000012.11 (102590237..102591614, complement)

    Chromosome 12 - NC_000012.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene WASH complex subunit 3 Neighboring gene nucleoporin 37 Neighboring gene PARP1 binding protein Neighboring gene reticulon 3 pseudogene Neighboring gene RNA, 7SL, cytoplasmic 793, pseudogene

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    • Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors), organism-specific biosystemRhodopsin-like receptors (class A/1) are the largest group of GPCRs and are the best studied group from a functional and structural point of view. They show great diversity at the sequence level and ...
    • G alpha (i) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      G alpha (i) signalling events, organism-specific biosystemThe classical signalling mechanism for G alpha (i) is inhibition of the cAMP dependent pathway through inhibition of adenylate cyclase. Decreased production of cAMP from ATP results in decreased act...
    • G alpha (q) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      G alpha (q) signalling events, organism-specific biosystemThe classic signalling route for G alpha (q) is activation of phospholipase C beta thereby triggering phosphoinositide hydrolysis, calcium mobilization and protein kinase C activation. This provides ...
    • GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are classically defined as the receptor, G-protein and downstream effectors, the alpha subunit of the G-protein being the primary signaling molecule. However, it h...
    • GPCR ligand binding, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      GPCR ligand binding, organism-specific biosystemThere are more than 800 G-protein coupled receptor (GPCRs) in the human genome, making it the largest receptor superfamily. GPCRs are also the largest class of drug targets, involved in virtually all...
    • Gastrin-CREB signalling pathway via PKC and MAPK, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Gastrin-CREB signalling pathway via PKC and MAPK, organism-specific biosystemGastrin is a hormone whose main function is to stimulate secretion of hydrochloric acid by the gastric mucosa, which results in gastrin formation inhibition. This hormone also acts as a mitogenic fac...
    • Peptide ligand-binding receptors, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Peptide ligand-binding receptors, organism-specific biosystemThese receptors, a subset of the Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like) family, all bind peptide ligands which include the chemokines, opioids and somatostatins.
    • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
    • Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs; 7TM receptors; seven transmembrane domain receptors; heptahelical receptors; G protein-linked receptors [GPLR]) are the largest family of transmembrane receptors i...
    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description



    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    melanin-concentrating hormone activity IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    cell differentiation IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
    chemical synaptic transmission IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
    feeding behavior ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
    multicellular organism development IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
    neuropeptide signaling pathway IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
    spermatogenesis IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    extracellular region NAS
    Non-traceable Author Statement
    more info
    extracellular region TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    nucleus IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
    Preferred Names
    prepro-melanin-concentrating hormone

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_002674.3NP_002665.2  pro-MCH preproprotein

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_002665.2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      CB047052, CB047053
      Consensus CDS
      ENSP00000332225.4, OTTHUMP00000243909, ENST00000329406.4, OTTHUMT00000409337
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      Pro-MCH; Pro-melanin-concentrating hormone (Pro-MCH)

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108 details...Open this link in a new tab

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly


    1. NC_000012.12 Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

      102196459..102199540 complement
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. XM_017019483.1XP_016874972.1  pro-MCH isoform X1

    Alternate CHM1_1.1


    1. NC_018923.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

      102556902..102558288 complement
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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