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    MAP2K3 mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 5606, updated on 9-Apr-2017
    Official Symbol
    MAP2K3provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:6843
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000034152 MIM:602315; Vega:OTTHUMG00000134322
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    MEK3; MKK3; MAPKK3; PRKMK3; SAPKK2; SAPKK-2
    Summary
    The protein encoded by this gene is a dual specificity protein kinase that belongs to the MAP kinase kinase family. This kinase is activated by mitogenic and environmental stress, and participates in the MAP kinase-mediated signaling cascade. It phosphorylates and thus activates MAPK14/p38-MAPK. This kinase can be activated by insulin, and is necessary for the expression of glucose transporter. Expression of RAS oncogene is found to result in the accumulation of the active form of this kinase, which thus leads to the constitutive activation of MAPK14, and confers oncogenic transformation of primary cells. The inhibition of this kinase is involved in the pathogenesis of Yersina pseudotuberculosis. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode distinct isoforms have been reported for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
    Orthologs
    Location:
    17p11.2
    Exon count:
    16
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    108 current GRCh38.p7 (GCF_000001405.33) 17 NC_000017.11 (21284656..21315240)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 17 NC_000017.10 (21187968..21218552)

    Chromosome 17 - NC_000017.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene N-acetyltransferase domain containing 1 Neighboring gene eukaryotic translation initiation factor 1 pseudogene 5 Neighboring gene potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily J member 12 Neighboring gene PDZ and LIM domain 1 pseudogene 2

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    Protein interactions

    Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
    Tat tat The interaction of HIV-1 Tat with cellular transcription factors CDK9 and Sp1 is required for Tat activation of MAP2K3-, MAP2K6-, and IRF7-mediated luciferase transcription PubMed
    tat SiRNA-mediated inhibition of MAP2K6 and MAP2K3 reduces HIV-1 Tat-induced modulation of interferon (IFN)-stimulated genes PubMed

    Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

    • 4-hydroxytamoxifen, Dexamethasone, and Retinoic Acids Regulation of p27 Expression, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      4-hydroxytamoxifen, Dexamethasone, and Retinoic Acids Regulation of p27 Expression, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway is modeled after Figure 7 in the article ''Upstream molecular signaling pathways of p27(Kip1) expression: effects of 4-hydroxytamoxifen, dexamethasone, and retinoic acids'' (See Bibliogr...
    • Activated TLR4 signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Activated TLR4 signalling, organism-specific biosystemTLR4 is unique among the TLR family in its ability to recruit four adapters to activate two distinct signaling pathways. One pathway is activated by the pair of the adapters Mal or TIRAP (Toll/inter...
    • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), organism-specific biosystemAmyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive, lethal, degenerative disorder of motor neurons. The hallmark of this disease is the selective death of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord...
    • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), conserved biosystemAmyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive, lethal, degenerative disorder of motor neurons. The hallmark of this disease is the selective death of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord...
    • Angiopoietin Like Protein 8 Regulatory Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Angiopoietin Like Protein 8 Regulatory Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe hepatic ANGPTL8 (Angiopoietin Like Protein 8) regulatory pathway represents an up-to-date curated interactive pathway for all of the interactions from the known regulators of ANGPTL8 and updated ...
    • CDC42 signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      CDC42 signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
      CDC42 signaling events
    • CXCR3-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      CXCR3-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
      CXCR3-mediated signaling events
    • Cardiac Hypertrophic Response, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Cardiac Hypertrophic Response, organism-specific biosystemIntegrated schematic of the more extensively characterized intracellular signal-transduction pathways that coordinate the cardiac hypertrophic response. During development and in response to physiolo...
    • Cellular Senescence, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cellular Senescence, organism-specific biosystemCellular senescence involves irreversible growth arrest accompanied by phenotypic changes such as enlarged morphology, reorganization of chromatin through formation of senescence-associated heterochr...
    • Cellular responses to stress, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cellular responses to stress, organism-specific biosystemCells are subject to external molecular and physical stresses such as foreign molecules that perturb metabolic or signaling processes, and changes in temperature or pH. The ability of cells and tissu...
    • Cellular roles of Anthrax toxin, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      Cellular roles of Anthrax toxin, organism-specific biosystem
      Cellular roles of Anthrax toxin
    • Disease, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Disease, organism-specific biosystemBiological processes are captured in Reactome by identifying the molecules (DNA, RNA, protein, small molecules) involved in them and describing the details of their interactions. From this molecular ...
    • Endoderm Differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Endoderm Differentiation, organism-specific biosystemModel depicting endoderm specification based on the literature and highly enriched gene expression profiles via comparison across dozens of independent induced and embryonic pluripotent stem cell lin...
    • Epstein-Barr virus infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Epstein-Barr virus infection, organism-specific biosystemEpstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous human herpesvirus that is associated with oncogenesis. EBV infection to primary human B lymphocytes leads to induction of EBV-specific HLA-restricted cytotoxi...
    • Epstein-Barr virus infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Epstein-Barr virus infection, conserved biosystemEpstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous human herpesvirus that is associated with oncogenesis. EBV infection to primary human B lymphocytes leads to induction of EBV-specific HLA-restricted cytotoxi...
    • Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemFc epsilon RI-mediated signaling pathways in mast cells are initiated by the interaction of antigen (Ag) with IgE bound to the extracellular domain of the alpha chain of Fc epsilon RI. The activation...
    • Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway, conserved biosystemFc epsilon RI-mediated signaling pathways in mast cells are initiated by the interaction of antigen (Ag) with IgE bound to the extracellular domain of the alpha chain of Fc epsilon RI. The activation...
    • Focal Adhesion, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Focal Adhesion, organism-specific biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
    • GnRH signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      GnRH signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemGonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion from the hypothalamus acts upon its receptor in the anterior pituitary to regulate the production and release of the gonadotropins, LH and FSH. The GnR...
    • GnRH signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      GnRH signaling pathway, conserved biosystemGonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion from the hypothalamus acts upon its receptor in the anterior pituitary to regulate the production and release of the gonadotropins, LH and FSH. The GnR...
    • Human Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Human Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemHuman thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) is a glycoprotein hormone secreted from the anterior pituitary lobe, which plays an important physiological role in regulation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-th...
    • IL-1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      IL-1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe IL-1 family of cytokines currently consists of 11 members which are encoded by distinct genes and includes IL-1?, IL-1?, and the IL-1 Receptor antagonist (IL-1RA). The major role of IL-1 type cyt...
    • IL12-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      IL12-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
      IL12-mediated signaling events
    • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
    • Infectious disease, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Infectious disease, organism-specific biosystem
      Infectious disease
    • Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, organism-specific biosystemThe TRP channels that exhibit a unique response to temperature have been given the name thermo-TRPs. Among all thermo- TRP channels, TRPV1-4, TRPM8, and TRPA1 are expressed in subsets of nociceptive...
    • Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, conserved biosystemThe TRP channels that exhibit a unique response to temperature have been given the name thermo-TRPs. Among all thermo- TRP channels, TRPV1-4, TRPM8, and TRPA1 are expressed in subsets of nociceptive...
    • Influenza A, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Influenza A, organism-specific biosystemInfluenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza virus infection. Influenza A virus is responsible for both annual seasonal epidemics and periodic worldwide pandemics. Novel strains ...
    • Influenza A, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Influenza A, conserved biosystemInfluenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza virus infection. Influenza A virus is responsible for both annual seasonal epidemics and periodic worldwide pandemics. Novel strains ...
    • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystemInnate immunity encompases the nonspecific part of immunity tha are part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
    • Insulin Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Insulin Signaling, organism-specific biosystemInsulin signaling influences energy metabolism as well as growth. The presence of insulin signals the fed state, and this signal is passed via the AKT branch, which leads to the uptake of glucose fro...
    • Integrin-mediated Cell Adhesion, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Integrin-mediated Cell Adhesion, organism-specific biosystemIntegrins are receptors that mediate attachment between a cell and the tissues surrounding it, which may be other cells or the extracellular matrix (ECM). They also play a role in cell signaling and ...
    • Interferon type I signaling pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Interferon type I signaling pathways, organism-specific biosystemThe type I IFNs (IFN? family, IFN?, IFN?, IFN? and IFN?) all bind to and signal via the type I IFN receptor complex. The type I receptor consists of two main IFNAR1, IFNAR2c receptor chains and other...
    • MAP kinase activation in TLR cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      MAP kinase activation in TLR cascade, organism-specific biosystemThe mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade, one of the most ancient and evolutionarily conserved signaling pathways, is involved in many processes of immune responses. The MAP kinases cascad...
    • MAPK (p38) signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      MAPK (p38) signaling, organism-specific biosystemFunctional set; Cellular processes; Cell signaling
    • MAPK (p38) signaling, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      MAPK (p38) signaling, conserved biosystemFunctional set; Cellular processes; Cell signaling
    • MAPK Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      MAPK Cascade, organism-specific biosystem
      MAPK Cascade
    • MAPK Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      MAPK Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
    • MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
    • MAPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      MAPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
    • MicroRNAs in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      MicroRNAs in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway shows the role of microRNAs in the process of cardiac hypertrophy. MicroRNA targets were predicted by the TargetScan algorithm, and the predicted interactions are shown in red dashed lin...
    • MyD88 cascade initiated on plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      MyD88 cascade initiated on plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemMammalian myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) is Toll/interleukin (IL)-1 (TIR)-domain containing adapter protein which plays crucial role in TLR signaling. All TLRs, with only one exception of...
    • MyD88 dependent cascade initiated on endosome, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      MyD88 dependent cascade initiated on endosome, organism-specific biosystemUpon binding of their ligands, TLR7/8 and TLR9 recruit a cytoplasmic adaptor MyD88 and IRAKs, downstream of which the signaling pathways are divided to induce either inflammatory cytokines or type I ...
    • MyD88-independent TLR3/TLR4 cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      MyD88-independent TLR3/TLR4 cascade, organism-specific biosystemMyD88-independent signaling pathway is shared by TLR3 and TLR4 cascades. TIR-domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-beta (TRIF or TICAM1) is a key adapter molecule in transducing signals from ...
    • MyD88:Mal cascade initiated on plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      MyD88:Mal cascade initiated on plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemThe first known downstream component of TLR4 and TLR2 signaling is the adaptor MyD88. Another adapter MyD88-adaptor-like (Mal; also known as TIR-domain-containing adaptor protein or TIRAP) has also b...
    • Oxidative Stress Induced Senescence, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Oxidative Stress Induced Senescence, organism-specific biosystemOxidative stress, caused by increased concentration of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the cell, can happen as a consequence of mitochondrial dysfunction induced by the oncogenic RAS (Moiseeva et al...
    • Photodynamic therapy-induced AP-1 survival signaling., organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Photodynamic therapy-induced AP-1 survival signaling., organism-specific biosystemPhotodynamic therapy may induce an acute stress response mediated by mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 5 (MAP3K5), its downstream MAPKs that target c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK, MAPK8) a...
    • Physiological and Pathological Hypertrophy of the Heart, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Physiological and Pathological Hypertrophy of the Heart, organism-specific biosystemPathways in physiological and pathological hypertrophy of the heart. Largely based on the article from Wang Y; ''Signal transduction in cardiac hypertrophy--dissecting compensatory versus pathologica...
    • RAC1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      RAC1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      RAC1 signaling pathway
    • Rap1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Rap1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemRap1 is a small GTPase that controls diverse processes, such as cell adhesion, cell-cell junction formation and cell polarity. Like all G proteins, Rap1 cycles between an inactive GDP-bound and an ac...
    • Rap1 signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Rap1 signaling pathway, conserved biosystemRap1 is a small GTPase that controls diverse processes, such as cell adhesion, cell-cell junction formation and cell polarity. Like all G proteins, Rap1 cycles between an inactive GDP-bound and an ac...
    • Regulation of p38-alpha and p38-beta, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      Regulation of p38-alpha and p38-beta, organism-specific biosystem
      Regulation of p38-alpha and p38-beta
    • Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway
    • RhoA signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      RhoA signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      RhoA signaling pathway
    • Senescence and Autophagy in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Senescence and Autophagy in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemSenescense and Autophagy Pathways in Cancer
    • Signaling Pathways in Glioblastoma, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Signaling Pathways in Glioblastoma, organism-specific biosystemThe most frequently altered genes in glioblastoma. This pathway originally accompanied the 2008 Nature publication on the comprehensive genomic characterization of human glioblastoma genes and core p...
    • Signaling events mediated by VEGFR1 and VEGFR2, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      Signaling events mediated by VEGFR1 and VEGFR2, organism-specific biosystem
      Signaling events mediated by VEGFR1 and VEGFR2
    • Signaling mediated by p38-gamma and p38-delta, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      Signaling mediated by p38-gamma and p38-delta, organism-specific biosystem
      Signaling mediated by p38-gamma and p38-delta
    • Structural Pathway of Interleukin 1 (IL-1), organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Structural Pathway of Interleukin 1 (IL-1), organism-specific biosystemPathway published in http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pcbi.1003470 IL-1 signaling pathway reconstructed by combining related pathways and information from the litera...
    • TGF-beta Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      TGF-beta Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe signal transduction mechanisms underlying the pathophysiological activities of transforming growth factor-? (TGF-?) have been extensively studied since its discovery nearly 30 years ago. TGF-? li...
    • TNF alpha Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      TNF alpha Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemTumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF?) is a proinflammatory cytokine involved in various biological processes including regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and immune response. T...
    • TNF receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      TNF receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      TNF receptor signaling pathway
    • TNF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      TNF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemTumor necrosis factor (TNF), as a critical cytokine, can induce a wide range of intracellular signal pathways including apoptosis and cell survival as well as inflammation and immunity. Activated TNF...
    • TNF signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      TNF signaling pathway, conserved biosystemTumor necrosis factor (TNF), as a critical cytokine, can induce a wide range of intracellular signal pathways including apoptosis and cell survival as well as inflammation and immunity. Activated TNF...
    • TRAF6 mediated induction of NFkB and MAP kinases upon TLR7/8 or 9 activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TRAF6 mediated induction of NFkB and MAP kinases upon TLR7/8 or 9 activation, organism-specific biosystemTRAF6 mediates NFkB activation via canonical phosphorylation of IKK complex by TAK1. TRAF6 and TAK1 also regulate MAPK cascades leading to the activation of AP-1.
    • TRIF-mediated TLR3/TLR4 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TRIF-mediated TLR3/TLR4 signaling, organism-specific biosystemTRIF(TICAM1) was shown to induce IRF3/7 and NF-?B activation and apoptosis through distinct intracellular signaling pathways [Han KJ et al 2004; Kaiser WJ and Offermann MK et al 2005]. TRIF consists...
    • Toll Like Receptor 10 (TLR10) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 10 (TLR10) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemLittle is known about TLR10 ligands. It has been established that the receptor homodimerizes upon binding and signals in an MyD88-dependent manner (Hasan U et al 2005; Nyman T et al 2008). It may als...
    • Toll Like Receptor 2 (TLR2) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 2 (TLR2) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR2 is involved in recognition of peptidoglycan from gram-positive bacteria, bacterial lipoproteins, mycoplasma lipoprotein and mycobacterial products. It is quite possible that recognition of at le...
    • Toll Like Receptor 3 (TLR3) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 3 (TLR3) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemToll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) as was shown for mammals is expressed on myeloid dendritic cells, respiratory epithelium, macrophages, and appears to play a central role in mediating the antiviral and in...
    • Toll Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemToll-like Receptor 4 is a Microbe Associated Molecular Pattern receptor well known for it's sensitivity to Bacterial Lipopolysaccharides (LPS). LPS is assembled within diverse Gram-negative bacteria,...
    • Toll Like Receptor 5 (TLR5) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 5 (TLR5) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR5 is the receptor for flagellin, the protein that forms bacterial flagella. Unlike most other Pathogen-Associated Molecular Patterns (PAMPs), flagellin does not undergo any posttranslational modif...
    • Toll Like Receptor 7/8 (TLR7/8) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 7/8 (TLR7/8) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemRNA can serve as a danger signal, both in its double-stranded form (that is associated with viral infection), as well as single-stranded RNA (ssRNA). Specifically, guanosine (G)- and uridine (U)-rich...
    • Toll Like Receptor 9 (TLR9) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 9 (TLR9) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemCpG DNA is an unusual Pathogen-Associated Molecular Pattern (PAMP). Cytosine methylation exists in mammalian but not bacterial cells, and most (but not all) CpG in the mammalian genome is methylated....
    • Toll Like Receptor TLR1:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor TLR1:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR1 is expressed by monocytes. TLR1 and TLR2 cotranslationally form heterodimeric complexes on the cell surface and in the cytosol. The TLR2:TLR1 complex recognizes Neisserial PorB and Mycobacterial...
    • Toll Like Receptor TLR6:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor TLR6:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR2 and TLR4 recognize different bacterial cell wall components. While TLR4 is trained onto Gram-negative lipopolysaccharide components, TLR2 - in combination with TLR6 - plays a major role in recog...
    • Toll-Like Receptors Cascades, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll-Like Receptors Cascades, organism-specific biosystemIn human, ten members of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family (TLR1-TLR10) have been identified (TLR11 has been found in mouse, but not in human). All TLRs have a similar Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR) doma...
    • Toll-like Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Toll-like Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
    • Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
    • Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
    • Toxoplasmosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Toxoplasmosis, organism-specific biosystemToxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that is prevalent worldwide. The tachyzoite form acquired by oral ingestion downmodulates proinflammatory signaling pathways via various mechan...
    • Toxoplasmosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Toxoplasmosis, conserved biosystemToxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that is prevalent worldwide. The tachyzoite form acquired by oral ingestion downmodulates proinflammatory signaling pathways via various mechan...
    • Trk receptor signaling mediated by the MAPK pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      Trk receptor signaling mediated by the MAPK pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      Trk receptor signaling mediated by the MAPK pathway
    • Uptake and actions of bacterial toxins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Uptake and actions of bacterial toxins, organism-specific biosystemThe toxic effects of many bacteria on their human hosts are mediated by proteins released from the bacteria that enter human cells and disrupt critical cellular functions (Henkel et al. 2010). All of...
    • Uptake and function of anthrax toxins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Uptake and function of anthrax toxins, organism-specific biosystemBacillus anthracis bacteria target cells in an infected human through the action of three secreted bacterial proteins, LF, EF, and PA (reviews: Turk 2007; Young and Collier 2007). LF (lethal factor) ...
    • activated TAK1 mediates p38 MAPK activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      activated TAK1 mediates p38 MAPK activation, organism-specific biosystemp38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) belongs to a highly conserved family of serine/threonine protein kinases. The p38 MAPK-dependent signaling cascade is activated by pro-inflammatory or stre...
    • p38 MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      p38 MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      p38 MAPK signaling pathway
    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    Markers

    Homology

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    ATP binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    MAP kinase kinase activity IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein kinase binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein tyrosine kinase activity IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    signal transducer, downstream of receptor, with serine/threonine kinase activity IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    MAPK cascade IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    activation of MAPK activity TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    cardiac muscle contraction IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    inflammatory response IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    positive regulation of protein kinase activity IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    proteolysis in other organism TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    regulation of cytokine biosynthetic process IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    signal transduction TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    cytoplasm IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    cytosol TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    membrane IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    nucleoplasm TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    Preferred Names
    dual specificity mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3
    Names
    MAP kinase kinase 3
    MAPK/ERK kinase 3
    MAPKK 3
    MEK 3
    SAPK kinase 2
    stress-activated protein kinase kinase 2
    NP_001303261.1
    NP_002747.2
    NP_659731.1

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    Genomic

    1. NG_028256.1 RefSeqGene

      Range
      5001..35585
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_001316332.1NP_001303261.1  dual specificity mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 isoform A

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (D) contains an alternate 5' exon compared to variant B. This difference results in a distinct 5' UTR and causes translation initiation at a downstream start codon compared to variant B. The resulting isoform (A) is shorter at the N-terminus compared to isoform B. Variants A and D both encode the same isoform (A).
      Source sequence(s)
      AC087294, AI758302, AK093838, DA131175
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS11218.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P46734
      Conserved Domains (2) summary
      cd06617
      Location:33315
      PKc_MKK3_6; Catalytic domain of the dual-specificity Protein Kinases, Mitogen-activated protein Kinase Kinases 3 and 6
      smart00220
      Location:38296
      S_TKc; Serine/Threonine protein kinases, catalytic domain
    2. NM_002756.4NP_002747.2  dual specificity mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 isoform A

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_002747.2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (A) represents use of an alternate promoter and 5' UTR and uses a downstream start codon compared to variant B. The resulting isoform (A) is shorter at the N-terminus compared to isoform B. Variants A and D both encode the same isoform (A).
      Source sequence(s)
      AI758302, BC032478, DA987047
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS11218.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P46734
      Related
      ENSP00000355081.5, ENST00000361818.9
      Conserved Domains (2) summary
      cd06617
      Location:33315
      PKc_MKK3_6; Catalytic domain of the dual-specificity Protein Kinases, Mitogen-activated protein Kinase Kinases 3 and 6
      smart00220
      Location:38296
      S_TKc; Serine/Threonine protein kinases, catalytic domain
    3. NM_145109.2NP_659731.1  dual specificity mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 isoform B

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_659731.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (B) encodes the longer isoform (B).
      Source sequence(s)
      AI758302, BC032478, D87116, DA131175
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS11217.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P46734
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      Q6FI23
      Related
      ENSP00000345083.4, OTTHUMP00000166043, ENST00000342679.8, OTTHUMT00000259374
      Conserved Domains (2) summary
      cd06617
      Location:62344
      PKc_MKK3_6; Catalytic domain of the dual-specificity Protein Kinases, Mitogen-activated protein Kinase Kinases 3 and 6
      smart00220
      Location:67325
      S_TKc; Serine/Threonine protein kinases, catalytic domain

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108 details...Open this link in a new tab

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000017.11 Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

      Range
      21284656..21315240
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. XM_017024859.1XP_016880348.1  dual specificity mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 isoform X3

      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P46734
      Conserved Domains (2) summary
      cd06617
      Location:33315
      PKc_MKK3_6; Catalytic domain of the dual-specificity Protein Kinases, Mitogen-activated protein Kinase Kinases 3 and 6
      smart00220
      Location:38296
      S_TKc; Serine/Threonine protein kinases, catalytic domain
    2. XM_005256723.2XP_005256780.1  dual specificity mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 isoform X3

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_005256780.1

      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P46734
      Conserved Domains (2) summary
      cd06617
      Location:33315
      PKc_MKK3_6; Catalytic domain of the dual-specificity Protein Kinases, Mitogen-activated protein Kinase Kinases 3 and 6
      smart00220
      Location:38296
      S_TKc; Serine/Threonine protein kinases, catalytic domain
    3. XM_017024857.1XP_016880346.1  dual specificity mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 isoform X2

    4. XM_011523959.1XP_011522261.1  dual specificity mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 isoform X3

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_011522261.1

      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P46734
      Related
      ENSP00000478619.1, ENST00000613338.4
      Conserved Domains (2) summary
      cd06617
      Location:33315
      PKc_MKK3_6; Catalytic domain of the dual-specificity Protein Kinases, Mitogen-activated protein Kinase Kinases 3 and 6
      smart00220
      Location:38296
      S_TKc; Serine/Threonine protein kinases, catalytic domain
    5. XM_017024858.1XP_016880347.1  dual specificity mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 isoform X3

      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P46734
      Related
      ENSP00000319139.6, OTTHUMP00000232529, ENST00000316920.10, OTTHUMT00000388999
      Conserved Domains (2) summary
      cd06617
      Location:33315
      PKc_MKK3_6; Catalytic domain of the dual-specificity Protein Kinases, Mitogen-activated protein Kinase Kinases 3 and 6
      smart00220
      Location:38296
      S_TKc; Serine/Threonine protein kinases, catalytic domain
    6. XM_011523958.2XP_011522260.1  dual specificity mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 isoform X1

      Conserved Domains (2) summary
      smart00220
      Location:38240
      S_TKc; Serine/Threonine protein kinases, catalytic domain
      cl21453
      Location:33231
      PKc_like; Protein Kinases, catalytic domain

    Alternate CHM1_1.1

    Genomic

    1. NC_018928.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

      Range
      21197569..21228147
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Suppressed Reference Sequence(s)

    The following Reference Sequences have been suppressed. Explain

    1. NM_145110.1: Suppressed sequence

      Description
      NM_145110.1: This RefSeq was temporarily suppressed because currently there are not sufficient data to support this transcript.
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