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    FOS Fos proto-oncogene, AP-1 transcription factor subunit [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 2353, updated on 10-Sep-2017
    Official Symbol
    FOSprovided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    Fos proto-oncogene, AP-1 transcription factor subunitprovided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:3796
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000170345 MIM:164810; Vega:OTTHUMG00000171774
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    p55; AP-1; C-FOS
    Summary
    The Fos gene family consists of 4 members: FOS, FOSB, FOSL1, and FOSL2. These genes encode leucine zipper proteins that can dimerize with proteins of the JUN family, thereby forming the transcription factor complex AP-1. As such, the FOS proteins have been implicated as regulators of cell proliferation, differentiation, and transformation. In some cases, expression of the FOS gene has also been associated with apoptotic cell death. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
    Orthologs
    Location:
    14q24.3
    Exon count:
    4
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    108 current GRCh38.p7 (GCF_000001405.33) 14 NC_000014.9 (75278778..75282234)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 14 NC_000014.8 (75745477..75748937)

    Chromosome 14 - NC_000014.9Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene RNA, U4atac small nuclear 14, pseudogene Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105370571 Neighboring gene long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1220 Neighboring gene developmental pluripotency associated 5 pseudogene 4

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    NHGRI GWAS Catalog

    Description
    Genome-wide association study of periodontal pathogen colonization.
    NHGRI GWA Catalog
    Host-microbe interactions have shaped the genetic architecture of inflammatory bowel disease.
    NHGRI GWA Catalog

    Protein interactions

    Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
    Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env HIV-1 envelope protein gp120 is able to induce COX-2 mRNA and protein in human neuroblastoma cell lines that express CXCR4 and CCR5 but not CD4; gp120 induces COX-2 promoter transcription through NF-kappaB and activating protein-1 (AP-1) sites PubMed
    env Treatment of cells with HIV-1 gp120 induces increased levels of endogenous c-fos and c-jun mRNA and proteins, an activation of both c-fos and c-jun promoters, and a very rapid stimulation of the MAPK/ERK pathway PubMed
    env HIV-1 gp120 and anti-CD4 antibodies induce a specific, significant decrease in the binding activity of NF-AT, NF-kappa B and AP-1, which leads to an inhibition of IL-2 production and cell proliferation PubMed
    env Binding of heat-inactivated HIV-1 (iHIV-1) or HIV-1 gp120 to infected resting PBMCs is sufficient to activate NF-kappa B and AP-1, to induce cell surface expression of CD25, and to commit cells to produce virus PubMed
    Envelope surface glycoprotein gp160, precursor env HIV-1 gp160 induces activation of transcription factor, activated protein-1 (AP-1), comprised of Fos and Jun proteins, in CD4 positive T cell lines PubMed
    Nef nef Knockdown of C/EBPalpha, C/EBPgamma, and AP-1 by siRNA shows significant reduction of CCL5 levels, suggesting that C/EBPalpha, C/EBPgamma, and AP-1 proteins are involved in Nef-mediated upregulation of CCL5 PubMed
    nef HIV-1 Nef expression in human (THP-1) monocyte-macrophages induces both DNA binding and transcriptional activities of the activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factor, c-fos and c-jun; this induction requires the proline-rich PxxP motif of Nef PubMed
    nef HIV-1 Nef inhibits the recruitment of AP-1 DNA binding activity by downregulating the transcription of c-fos in mitogen-stimulated human T cells PubMed
    Tat tat HIV-1 Tat activates AP-1 (c-Jun/c-Fos) activity in human astroglioma cells PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat-mediated upregulation of CCL5 involves JAK2/3, AKT2/3, p38delta, NF-kappaB (p65/p50), C/EBP alpha/gamma, and AP-1 proteins PubMed
    tat Co-treatment of osteoblastic cells with HIV-1 Tat and RANKL/M-CSF upregulates c-fos expression and AP-1 activity PubMed
    tat The CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain-containing family 2 (CMTM2) blocks HIV-1 Tat-induced AP-1 and CREB activation, which leads to suppress HIV-1 provirus transcription PubMed
    tat Transcription factors NFAT and AP-1 (c-Jun/c-Fos) are required for HIV-1 Tat-induced upregulation of COX-2 PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat expression in Jurkat T cells enhances cooperative NFAT/AP-1- but not AP-1-dependent transcription independent of its ability to transactivate the HIV-1 LTR PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat activates the AP-1 complex containing c-fos through a p56lck dependent mechanism PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat contributes to the super-induction of IL-2 promoter activity through transcription factors such as NF-kappaB and AP-1 (c-Jun and c-Fos) PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat upregulates c-Fos expression and c-Fos protein has been shown to be essential for optimal transactivation of the HIV-1 LTR promoter by Tat PubMed
    Vpr vpr HIV-1 Vpr-induced upregulation of CCL5 requires p50 and p65 subunits of NF-kappaB, p38delta MAPK, Akt-2 and Akt-3, and AP-1 transcription factor in HIV-1 Vpr transfected astrocytes PubMed
    vpr Synthetic HIV-1 Vpr protein activates AP-1 (Jun/Fos), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), NF-kappaB, and MKK7 in both U937 cells and primary macrophages. PubMed
    Vpu vpu HIV-1 Vpu-expressing U937 monocytes coculture with LX2 stellate cells to activate release of transforming growth factor beta to culture supernatant, which correlates with increased activity of the AP-1 transcription factor PubMed
    matrix gag HIV-1 matrix activates monocytes to produce MCP-1, which depends on the binding activity of AP-1 complexes (c-Fos/JunB) in the MCP-1 promoter PubMed

    Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

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      Oncostatin M Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemOncostatin M (OSM) is a member of the multifunctional cytokine interleukin 6 (IL6) - type cytokine family. It is mainly produced in cell types such as activated T lymphocytes, macrophages, monocytes,...
    • Osteoclast differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Osteoclast differentiation, organism-specific biosystemThe osteoclasts, multinucleared cells originating from the hematopoietic monocyte-macrophage lineage, are responsible for bone resorption. Osteoclastogenesis is mainly regulated by signaling pathways...
    • Osteoclast differentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Osteoclast differentiation, conserved biosystemThe osteoclasts, multinucleared cells originating from the hematopoietic monocyte-macrophage lineage, are responsible for bone resorption. Osteoclastogenesis is mainly regulated by signaling pathways...
    • Osteopontin-mediated events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      Osteopontin-mediated events, organism-specific biosystem
      Osteopontin-mediated events
    • Oxidative Stress, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Oxidative Stress, organism-specific biosystemOxidative stress represents an imbalance between the production and manifestation of reactive oxygen species and a biological system's ability to readily detoxify the reactive intermediates or to rep...
    • Oxidative Stress Induced Senescence, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Oxidative Stress Induced Senescence, organism-specific biosystemOxidative stress, caused by increased concentration of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the cell, can happen as a consequence of mitochondrial dysfunction induced by the oncogenic RAS (Moiseeva et al...
    • Oxytocin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Oxytocin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemOxytocin (OT) is a nonapeptide synthesized by the magno-cellular neurons located in the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei of the hypothalamus. It exerts a wide variety of central and ...
    • Oxytocin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Oxytocin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemOxytocin (OT) is a nonapeptide synthesized by the magno-cellular neurons located in the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei of the hypothalamus. It exerts a wide variety of central and ...
    • PDGF Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      PDGF Pathway, organism-specific biosystemPDGF belongs to the PDGF/VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) family, which is characterized by eight strictly conserved cysteine residues with similar spacing in between (Joukov et al., 1997; H...
    • PDGFR-alpha signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      PDGFR-alpha signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      PDGFR-alpha signaling pathway
    • Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
      Pathways in cancer
    • Pertussis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Pertussis, organism-specific biosystemPertussis, also known as whooping cough, is an acute respiratory infectious disease caused by a bacteria called Bordetella Pertussis. The characteristic symptoms are paroxysmal cough, inspiratory whe...
    • Pertussis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Pertussis, conserved biosystemPertussis, also known as whooping cough, is an acute respiratory infectious disease caused by a bacteria called Bordetella Pertussis. The characteristic symptoms are paroxysmal cough, inspiratory whe...
    • Photodynamic therapy-induced AP-1 survival signaling., organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Photodynamic therapy-induced AP-1 survival signaling., organism-specific biosystemPhotodynamic therapy may induce an acute stress response mediated by mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 5 (MAP3K5), its downstream MAPKs that target c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK, MAPK8) a...
    • Photodynamic therapy-induced NFE2L2 (NRF2) survival signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Photodynamic therapy-induced NFE2L2 (NRF2) survival signaling, organism-specific biosystemPhotodynamic therapy may induce an antioxidant response mediated by NFE2L2.
    • Physiological and Pathological Hypertrophy of the Heart, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Physiological and Pathological Hypertrophy of the Heart, organism-specific biosystemPathways in physiological and pathological hypertrophy of the heart. Largely based on the article from Wang Y; ''Signal transduction in cardiac hypertrophy--dissecting compensatory versus pathologica...
    • Presenilin action in Notch and Wnt signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      Presenilin action in Notch and Wnt signaling, organism-specific biosystem
      Presenilin action in Notch and Wnt signaling
    • Prolactin Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Prolactin Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemProlactin (PRL), a pleiotropic polypeptide hormone, mostly secreted by the lactotrophic cells of anterior pituitary gland and to a lesser extent expressed in numerous extra pituitary tissues such as ...
    • Prolactin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Prolactin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemProlactin (PRL) is a polypeptide hormone known to be involved in a wide range of biological functions including osmoregulation, lactation, reproduction, growth and development, endocrinology and meta...
    • Prolactin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Prolactin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemProlactin (PRL) is a polypeptide hormone known to be involved in a wide range of biological functions including osmoregulation, lactation, reproduction, growth and development, endocrinology and meta...
    • Quercetin and Nf-kB/ AP-1 Induced Cell Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Quercetin and Nf-kB/ AP-1 Induced Cell Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem
      Quercetin and Nf-kB/ AP-1 Induced Cell Apoptosis
    • RANKL/RANK (Receptor activator of NFKB (ligand)) Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      RANKL/RANK (Receptor activator of NFKB (ligand)) Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemRANKL (Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand), RANK (Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B) and the natural decoy receptor of RANKL, OPG (Osteoprotegerin) are three important mol...
    • Ras signaling in the CD4+ TCR pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      Ras signaling in the CD4+ TCR pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      Ras signaling in the CD4+ TCR pathway
    • Regulation of Telomerase, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      Regulation of Telomerase, organism-specific biosystem
      Regulation of Telomerase
    • Regulation of nuclear SMAD2/3 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      Regulation of nuclear SMAD2/3 signaling, organism-specific biosystem
      Regulation of nuclear SMAD2/3 signaling
    • Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway
    • Rheumatoid arthritis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Rheumatoid arthritis, organism-specific biosystemRheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune joint disease where persistent inflammation affects bone remodeling leading to progressive bone destruction. In RA, abnormal activation of the immune...
    • Rheumatoid arthritis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Rheumatoid arthritis, conserved biosystemRheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune joint disease where persistent inflammation affects bone remodeling leading to progressive bone destruction. In RA, abnormal activation of the immune...
    • RhoA signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      RhoA signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      RhoA signaling pathway
    • S1P2 pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      S1P2 pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      S1P2 pathway
    • Salmonella infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Salmonella infection, organism-specific biosystemSalmonella infection usually presents as a self-limiting gastroenteritis or the more severe typhoid fever and bacteremia. The common disease-causing Salmonella species in human is a single species, S...
    • Salmonella infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Salmonella infection, conserved biosystemSalmonella infection usually presents as a self-limiting gastroenteritis or the more severe typhoid fever and bacteremia. The common disease-causing Salmonella species in human is a single species, S...
    • Selenium Metabolism and Selenoproteins, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Selenium Metabolism and Selenoproteins, organism-specific biosystem* Comments belonging to specific genes on the Selenoprotein pathway ** TRXND3 gene: Although the geneID is correct, the sequence of this gene was guessed by analogy. ** Cystathionine gamma-lyase is t...
    • Senescence-Associated Secretory Phenotype (SASP), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Senescence-Associated Secretory Phenotype (SASP), organism-specific biosystemThe culture medium of senescent cells in enriched in secreted proteins when compared with the culture medium of quiescent i.e. presenescent cells and these secreted proteins constitute the so-called ...
    • Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystemInterleukins are low molecular weight proteins that bind to cell surface receptors and act in an autocrine and/or paracrine fashion. They were first identified as factors produced by leukocytes but a...
    • Signaling of Hepatocyte Growth Factor Receptor, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Signaling of Hepatocyte Growth Factor Receptor, organism-specific biosystem
      Signaling of Hepatocyte Growth Factor Receptor
    • Spinal Cord Injury, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Spinal Cord Injury, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway provides an overview of cell types, therapeutic targets, drugs, new proposed targets and pathways implicated in spinal cord injury. Spinal cord injury is a complex multistep process that...
    • Structural Pathway of Interleukin 1 (IL-1), organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Structural Pathway of Interleukin 1 (IL-1), organism-specific biosystemPathway published in http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pcbi.1003470 IL-1 signaling pathway reconstructed by combining related pathways and information from the litera...
    • T cell receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      T cell receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemActivation of T lymphocytes is a key event for an efficient response of the immune system. It requires the involvement of the T-cell receptor (TCR) as well as costimulatory molecules such as CD28. En...
    • T cell receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      T cell receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystemActivation of T lymphocytes is a key event for an efficient response of the immune system. It requires the involvement of the T-cell receptor (TCR) as well as costimulatory molecules such as CD28. En...
    • T-Cell antigen Receptor (TCR) Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      T-Cell antigen Receptor (TCR) Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) complex is composed of a ligand-binding subunit, the ? and ? chains, and a signaling subunit, namely the CD3?, ? and ? chains and the TCR? chain. This complex partic...
    • T-Cell antigen Receptor (TCR) pathway during Staphylococcus aureus infection, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      T-Cell antigen Receptor (TCR) pathway during Staphylococcus aureus infection, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway is based on Figure 4 of "A Model of an Integrated Immune System Pathway in Homo sapiens and Its Interaction with Superantigen Producing Expression Regulatory Pathway in Staphylococcus au...
    • TGF-beta Receptor Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      TGF-beta Receptor Signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe Transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) signaling pathway is involved in many cellular processes in both the adult organism and the developing embryo including cell growth, cell differentiat...
    • TGF-beta Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      TGF-beta Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe signal transduction mechanisms underlying the pathophysiological activities of transforming growth factor-? (TGF-?) have been extensively studied since its discovery nearly 30 years ago. TGF-? li...
    • TNF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      TNF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemTumor necrosis factor (TNF), as a critical cytokine, can induce a wide range of intracellular signal pathways including apoptosis and cell survival as well as inflammation and immunity. Activated TNF...
    • TNF signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      TNF signaling pathway, conserved biosystemTumor necrosis factor (TNF), as a critical cytokine, can induce a wide range of intracellular signal pathways including apoptosis and cell survival as well as inflammation and immunity. Activated TNF...
    • TP53 Regulates Transcription of DNA Repair Genes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TP53 Regulates Transcription of DNA Repair Genes, organism-specific biosystemSeveral DNA repair genes contain p53 response elements and their transcription is positively regulated by TP53 (p53). TP53-mediated regulation probably ensures increased protein level of DNA repair g...
    • TRAF6 mediated induction of NFkB and MAP kinases upon TLR7/8 or 9 activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TRAF6 mediated induction of NFkB and MAP kinases upon TLR7/8 or 9 activation, organism-specific biosystemTRAF6 mediates NFkB activation via canonical phosphorylation of IKK complex by TAK1. TRAF6 and TAK1 also regulate MAPK cascades leading to the activation of AP-1.
    • TRIF-mediated TLR3/TLR4 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TRIF-mediated TLR3/TLR4 signaling, organism-specific biosystemTRIF(TICAM1) was shown to induce IRF3/7 and NF-?B activation and apoptosis through distinct intracellular signaling pathways [Han KJ et al 2004; Kaiser WJ and Offermann MK et al 2005]. TRIF consists...
    • Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, organism-specific biosystemImmunity to different classes of microorganisms is orchestrated by separate lineages of effector T helper (TH)-cells, which differentiate from naive CD4+ precursor cells in response to cues provided ...
    • Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, conserved biosystemImmunity to different classes of microorganisms is orchestrated by separate lineages of effector T helper (TH)-cells, which differentiate from naive CD4+ precursor cells in response to cues provided ...
    • Th17 cell differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Th17 cell differentiation, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin (IL)-17-producing helper T (Th17) cells serve as a subset of CD4+ T cells involved in epithelial cell- and neutrophil mediated immune responses against extracellular microbes and in the p...
    • Th17 cell differentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Th17 cell differentiation, conserved biosystemInterleukin (IL)-17-producing helper T (Th17) cells serve as a subset of CD4+ T cells involved in epithelial cell- and neutrophil mediated immune responses against extracellular microbes and in the p...
    • Toll Like Receptor 10 (TLR10) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 10 (TLR10) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemLittle is known about TLR10 ligands. It has been established that the receptor homodimerizes upon binding and signals in an MyD88-dependent manner (Hasan U et al 2005; Nyman T et al 2008). It may als...
    • Toll Like Receptor 2 (TLR2) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 2 (TLR2) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR2 is involved in recognition of peptidoglycan from gram-positive bacteria, bacterial lipoproteins, mycoplasma lipoprotein and mycobacterial products. It is quite possible that recognition of at le...
    • Toll Like Receptor 3 (TLR3) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 3 (TLR3) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemToll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) as was shown for mammals is expressed on myeloid dendritic cells, respiratory epithelium, macrophages, and appears to play a central role in mediating the antiviral and in...
    • Toll Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemToll-like Receptor 4 is a Microbe Associated Molecular Pattern receptor well known for it's sensitivity to Bacterial Lipopolysaccharides (LPS). LPS is assembled within diverse Gram-negative bacteria,...
    • Toll Like Receptor 5 (TLR5) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 5 (TLR5) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR5 is the receptor for flagellin, the protein that forms bacterial flagella. Unlike most other Pathogen-Associated Molecular Patterns (PAMPs), flagellin does not undergo any posttranslational modif...
    • Toll Like Receptor 7/8 (TLR7/8) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 7/8 (TLR7/8) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemRNA can serve as a danger signal, both in its double-stranded form (that is associated with viral infection), as well as single-stranded RNA (ssRNA). Specifically, guanosine (G)- and uridine (U)-rich...
    • Toll Like Receptor 9 (TLR9) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor 9 (TLR9) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemCpG DNA is an unusual Pathogen-Associated Molecular Pattern (PAMP). Cytosine methylation exists in mammalian but not bacterial cells, and most (but not all) CpG in the mammalian genome is methylated....
    • Toll Like Receptor TLR1:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor TLR1:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR1 is expressed by monocytes. TLR1 and TLR2 cotranslationally form heterodimeric complexes on the cell surface and in the cytosol. The TLR2:TLR1 complex recognizes Neisserial PorB and Mycobacterial...
    • Toll Like Receptor TLR6:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll Like Receptor TLR6:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR2 and TLR4 recognize different bacterial cell wall components. While TLR4 is trained onto Gram-negative lipopolysaccharide components, TLR2 - in combination with TLR6 - plays a major role in recog...
    • Toll-Like Receptors Cascades, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Toll-Like Receptors Cascades, organism-specific biosystemIn human, ten members of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family (TLR1-TLR10) have been identified (TLR11 has been found in mouse, but not in human). All TLRs have a similar Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR) doma...
    • Toll-like Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Toll-like Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
    • Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
    • Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
    • Transcriptional Regulation by TP53, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Transcriptional Regulation by TP53, organism-specific biosystemThe tumor suppressor TP53 (encoded by the gene p53) is a transcription factor. Under stress conditions, it recognizes specific responsive DNA elements and thus regulates the transcription of many gen...
    • Trk receptor signaling mediated by the MAPK pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      Trk receptor signaling mediated by the MAPK pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      Trk receptor signaling mediated by the MAPK pathway
    • cAMP signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      cAMP signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemcAMP is one of the most common and universal second messengers, and its formation is promoted by adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation after ligation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by ligands incl...
    • cAMP signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      cAMP signaling pathway, conserved biosystemcAMP is one of the most common and universal second messengers, and its formation is promoted by adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation after ligation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by ligands incl...
    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    Markers

    Homology

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    DNA methylation TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    Fc-epsilon receptor signaling pathway TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    SMAD protein signal transduction IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    aging IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    cellular response to cadmium ion IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    cellular response to calcium ion IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    cellular response to extracellular stimulus IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    cellular response to hormone stimulus IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    cellular response to reactive oxygen species IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    cellular response to reactive oxygen species IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    conditioned taste aversion IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    female pregnancy IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    inflammatory response TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    nervous system development IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    positive regulation of neuron death ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    positive regulation of osteoclast differentiation IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    positive regulation of pri-miRNA transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IGI
    Inferred from Genetic Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    regulation of sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    response to cAMP IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    response to cold IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    response to corticosterone IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    response to cytokine IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    response to drug IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    response to gravity IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    response to immobilization stress IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    response to light stimulus IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    response to lipopolysaccharide IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    response to muscle stretch IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    response to progesterone IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    response to toxic substance IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    skeletal muscle cell differentiation IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    sleep IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathway IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    cytosol IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    endoplasmic reticulum IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    membrane IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    neuron projection IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    nucleoplasm IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
     
    nucleoplasm TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    nucleus IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein-DNA complex IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    transcription factor AP-1 complex IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    transcription factor AP-1 complex IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    Preferred Names
    proto-oncogene c-Fos
    Names
    FBJ murine osteosarcoma viral (v-fos) oncogene homolog (oncogene FOS)
    FBJ murine osteosarcoma viral oncogene homolog
    Fos proto-oncogene, AP-1 trancription factor subunit
    G0/G1 switch regulatory protein 7
    activator protein 1
    cellular oncogene c-fos

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    Genomic

    1. NG_029673.1 RefSeqGene

      Range
      5001..8457
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_005252.3NP_005243.1  proto-oncogene c-Fos

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_005243.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      AF111167, AK291326
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS9841.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P01100
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      Q6FG41
      Related
      ENSP00000306245.4, OTTHUMP00000246818, ENST00000303562.8, OTTHUMT00000415044
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      cd14721
      Location:147200
      bZIP_Fos; Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) domain of the oncogene Fos (Fos): a DNA-binding and dimerization domain

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108 details...Open this link in a new tab

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000014.9 Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

      Range
      75278778..75282234
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Alternate CHM1_1.1

    Genomic

    1. NC_018925.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

      Range
      75683266..75686721
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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