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    MCM6 minichromosome maintenance complex component 6 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 4175, updated on 12-Sep-2017
    Official Symbol
    MCM6provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    minichromosome maintenance complex component 6provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:6949
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000076003 MIM:601806; Vega:OTTHUMG00000131739
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    Mis5; P105MCM; MCG40308
    Summary
    The protein encoded by this gene is one of the highly conserved mini-chromosome maintenance proteins (MCM) that are essential for the initiation of eukaryotic genome replication. The hexameric protein complex formed by the MCM proteins is a key component of the pre-replication complex (pre_RC) and may be involved in the formation of replication forks and in the recruitment of other DNA replication related proteins. The MCM complex consisting of this protein and MCM2, 4 and 7 proteins possesses DNA helicase activity, and may act as a DNA unwinding enzyme. The phosphorylation of the complex by CDC2 kinase reduces the helicase activity, suggesting a role in the regulation of DNA replication. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the intron regions of this gene are associated with differential transcriptional activation of the promoter of the neighboring lactase gene and, thereby, influence lactose intolerance in early adulthood. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]
    Orthologs
    Location:
    2q21.3
    Exon count:
    17
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    108 current GRCh38.p7 (GCF_000001405.33) 2 NC_000002.12 (135839626..135876477, complement)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 2 NC_000002.11 (136597196..136634047, complement)

    Chromosome 2 - NC_000002.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC107985946 Neighboring gene UBX domain protein 4 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC100507600 Neighboring gene lactase Neighboring gene mannosidase endo-alpha like pseudogene Neighboring gene aspartyl-tRNA synthetase Neighboring gene DARS antisense RNA 1

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    Protein interactions

    Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
    Pol gag-pol HIV-1 Pol is identified to have a physical interaction with minichromosome maintenance complex component 6 (MCM6) in human HEK293 and/or Jurkat cell lines by using affinity tagging and purification mass spectrometry analyses PubMed
    Tat tat Expression of HIV-1 Tat upregulates the abundance of minichromosome maintenance complex component 6 (MCM6) in the nucleoli of Jurkat T-cells PubMed
    tat Interaction of HIV-1 Tat with MCM6 in T-cells is identified by a proteomic strategy based on affinity chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry PubMed
    Vpr vpr HIV-1 Vpr downregulates MCM6 in HeLa cells within 12 hours of exposure PubMed
    integrase gag-pol HIV-1 IN is identified to have a physical interaction with minichromosome maintenance complex component 6 (MCM6) in human HEK293 and/or Jurkat cell lines by using affinity tagging and purification mass spectrometry analyses PubMed

    Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

    • Activation of ATR in response to replication stress, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Activation of ATR in response to replication stress, organism-specific biosystemGenotoxic stress caused by DNA damage or stalled replication forks can lead to genomic instability. To guard against such instability, genotoxically-stressed cells activate checkpoint factors that ha...
    • Activation of the pre-replicative complex, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Activation of the pre-replicative complex, organism-specific biosystemIn S. cerevisiae, two ORC subunits, Orc1 and Orc5, both bind ATP, and Orc1 in addition has ATPase activity. Both ATP binding and ATP hydrolysis appear to be essential functions in vivo. ATP binding b...
    • Assembly of the pre-replicative complex, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Assembly of the pre-replicative complex, organism-specific biosystemDNA replication pre-initiation in eukaryotic cells begins with the formation of the pre-replicative complex (pre-RC) during the late M phase and continues in the G1 phase of the mitotic cell cycle, a...
    • Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystemThe cell cycle is the series of events that takes place in a cell leading to its division and duplication (replication). Regulation of the cell cycle involves processes crucial to the survival of a c...
    • Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem
      Cell Cycle
    • Cell Cycle Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cell Cycle Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystemA hallmark of the human cell cycle in normal somatic cells is its precision. This remarkable fidelity is achieved by a number of signal transduction pathways, known as checkpoints, which monitor cell...
    • Cell Cycle, Mitotic, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cell Cycle, Mitotic, organism-specific biosystemThe replication of the genome and the subsequent segregation of chromosomes into daughter cells are controlled by a series of events collectively known as the cell cycle. DNA replication is carried o...
    • Cell cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cell cycle, organism-specific biosystemMitotic cell cycle progression is accomplished through a reproducible sequence of events, DNA replication (S phase) and mitosis (M phase) separated temporally by gaps known as G1 and G2 phases. Cycli...
    • Cell cycle, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cell cycle, conserved biosystemMitotic cell cycle progression is accomplished through a reproducible sequence of events, DNA replication (S phase) and mitosis (M phase) separated temporally by gaps known as G1 and G2 phases. Cycli...
    • DNA Replication, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DNA Replication, organism-specific biosystemStudies in the past decade have suggested that the basic mechanism of DNA replication initiation is conserved in all kingdoms of life. Initiation in unicellular eukaryotes, in particular Saccharomyce...
    • DNA Replication, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      DNA Replication, organism-specific biosystemStudies in the past decade have suggested that the basic mechanism of DNA replication initiation is conserved in all kingdoms of life. Initiation in unicellular eukaryotes, in particular Saccharomyce...
    • DNA Replication Pre-Initiation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DNA Replication Pre-Initiation, organism-specific biosystemAlthough, DNA replication occurs in the S phase of the cell cycle, the formation of the DNA replication pre-initiation complex begins during G1 phase.
    • DNA replication, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      DNA replication, organism-specific biosystemA complex network of interacting proteins and enzymes is required for DNA replication. Generally, DNA replication follows a multistep enzymatic pathway. At the DNA replication fork, a DNA helicase (D...
    • DNA replication, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      DNA replication, conserved biosystemA complex network of interacting proteins and enzymes is required for DNA replication. Generally, DNA replication follows a multistep enzymatic pathway. At the DNA replication fork, a DNA helicase (D...
    • DNA strand elongation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DNA strand elongation, organism-specific biosystemAccurate and efficient genome duplication requires coordinated processes to replicate two template strands at eucaryotic replication forks. Knowledge of the fundamental reactions involved in replicat...
    • G1 to S cell cycle control, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      G1 to S cell cycle control, organism-specific biosystemIn the G1 phase there are two types of DNA damage responses, the p53-dependent and the p53-independent pathways. The p53-dependent responses inhibit CDKs through the up-regulation of genes encoding C...
    • G1/S Transition, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      G1/S Transition, organism-specific biosystemCyclin E - Cdk2 complexes control the transition from G1 into S-phase. In this case, the binding of p21Cip1/Waf1 or p27kip1 is inhibitory. Important substrates for Cyclin E - Cdk2 complexes include p...
    • G2/M Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      G2/M Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystemG2/M checkpoints include the checks for damaged DNA, unreplicated DNA, and checks that ensure that the genome is replicated once and only once per cell cycle. If cells pass these checkpoints, they f...
    • M/G1 Transition, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      M/G1 Transition, organism-specific biosystemFinally, progression out of mitosis and division of the cell into two daughters (cytokinesis) requires the inactivation of Cyclin B - Cdc2 by ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis of Cyclin A and B, which ...
    • MCM complex, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      MCM complex, organism-specific biosystemStructural complex; Genetic information processing; Replication system
    • MCM complex, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      MCM complex, conserved biosystemStructural complex; Genetic information processing; Replication system
    • Mitotic G1-G1/S phases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Mitotic G1-G1/S phases, organism-specific biosystem
      Mitotic G1-G1/S phases
    • Orc1 removal from chromatin, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Orc1 removal from chromatin, organism-specific biosystem
      Orc1 removal from chromatin
    • Regulation of DNA replication, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Regulation of DNA replication, organism-specific biosystemDNA replication is regulated at various levels via ORC proteins. This pathway includes annotation of individual events that lead to the regulation of replication.
    • Removal of licensing factors from origins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Removal of licensing factors from origins, organism-specific biosystemLicensing factors are removed from the origin by various means like biochemical modification (phosphorylation) or by physical association with other proteins. This pathway includes the annotations of...
    • Retinoblastoma (RB) in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Retinoblastoma (RB) in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemDescribes the role of retinoblastoma (RB) gene in cancer.
    • S Phase, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      S Phase, organism-specific biosystemDNA synthesis occurs in the S phase, or the synthesis phase, of the cell cycle. The cell duplicates its hereditary material, and two copies of the chromosome are formed. As DNA replication continues,...
    • Switching of origins to a post-replicative state, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Switching of origins to a post-replicative state, organism-specific biosystem
      Switching of origins to a post-replicative state
    • Synthesis of DNA, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Synthesis of DNA, organism-specific biosystemThe actual synthesis of DNA occurs in the S phase of the cell cycle. This includes the initiation of DNA replication, when the first nucleotide of the new strand is laid down during the synthesis of ...
    • Unwinding of DNA, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Unwinding of DNA, organism-specific biosystemDNA Replication is regulated accurately and precisely by various protein complexes. Many members of the MCM protein family are assembled into the pre-Replication Complexes (pre-RC) at the end of M ph...
    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    Markers

    Homology

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    ATP binding NAS
    Non-traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    contributes_to ATP-dependent DNA helicase activity IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    identical protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    single-stranded DNA binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    DNA replication NAS
    Non-traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    DNA replication TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    DNA replication initiation IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    DNA unwinding involved in DNA replication IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    MCM complex IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    nuclear chromosome, telomeric region IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    nucleoplasm IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
     
    nucleoplasm TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    nucleus IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    nucleus NAS
    Non-traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    Preferred Names
    DNA replication licensing factor MCM6
    Names
    MCM6 minichromosome maintenance deficient 6 (MIS5 homolog, S. pombe)
    minichromosome maintenance deficient (mis5, S. pombe) 6
    NP_005906.2

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    Genomic

    1. NG_008958.1 RefSeqGene

      Range
      4965..41816
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_005915.5NP_005906.2  DNA replication licensing factor MCM6

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_005906.2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      AA577398, BC020268, BC032374, CN389677, DA521248
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS2179.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q14566
      Related
      ENSP00000264156.2, OTTHUMP00000162532, ENST00000264156.2, OTTHUMT00000254658
      Conserved Domains (3) summary
      smart00350
      Location:119657
      MCM; minichromosome maintenance proteins
      pfam14551
      Location:29139
      MCM_N; MCM N-terminal domain
      cl21455
      Location:447534
      P-loop_NTPase; P-loop containing Nucleoside Triphosphate Hydrolases

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108 details...Open this link in a new tab

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000002.12 Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

      Range
      135839626..135876477 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Alternate CHM1_1.1

    Genomic

    1. NC_018913.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

      Range
      136602596..136639440 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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