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    RPL26 ribosomal protein L26 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 6154, updated on 5-Nov-2017
    Official Symbol
    RPL26provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    ribosomal protein L26provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:10327
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000161970 MIM:603704; Vega:OTTHUMG00000108191
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    L26; DBA11
    Summary
    Ribosomes, the organelles that catalyze protein synthesis, consist of a small 40S subunit and a large 60S subunit. Together these subunits are composed of 4 RNA species and approximately 80 structurally distinct proteins. This gene encodes a ribosomal protein that is a component of the 60S subunit. The protein belongs to the L24P family of ribosomal proteins. It is located in the cytoplasm. As is typical for genes encoding ribosomal proteins, there are multiple processed pseudogenes of this gene dispersed through the genome. Mutations in this gene result in Diamond-Blackfan anemia. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2015]
    Expression
    Ubiquitous expression in ovary (RPKM 654.6), bone marrow (RPKM 461.4) and 25 other tissues See more
    Orthologs
    Location:
    17p13.1
    Exon count:
    4
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    108 current GRCh38.p7 (GCF_000001405.33) 17 NC_000017.11 (8377516..8383247, complement)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 17 NC_000017.10 (8280834..8286565, complement)

    Chromosome 17 - NC_000017.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC100128288 Neighboring gene KRAB-A domain containing 2 Neighboring gene ring finger protein 222 Neighboring gene nudE neurodevelopment protein 1 like 1

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    Protein interactions

    Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
    nucleocapsid gag HIV-1 NC co-localizes with ribosomal protein RPL26 in the cytoplasm PubMed

    Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

    • Cap-dependent Translation Initiation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cap-dependent Translation Initiation, organism-specific biosystemTranslation initiation is a complex process in which the Met-tRNAi initiator, 40S, and 60S ribosomal subunits are assembled by eukaryotic initiation factors (eIFs) into an 80S ribosome at the start c...
    • Cytoplasmic Ribosomal Proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Cytoplasmic Ribosomal Proteins, organism-specific biosystemThe contents of this pathway represents the ribosomal proteins involved in translation.
    • Disease, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Disease, organism-specific biosystemBiological processes are captured in Reactome by identifying the molecules (DNA, RNA, protein, small molecules) involved in them and describing the details of their interactions. From this molecular ...
    • Eukaryotic Translation Elongation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Eukaryotic Translation Elongation, organism-specific biosystemThe translation elongation cycle adds one amino acid at a time to a growing polypeptide according to the sequence of codons found in the mRNA. The next available codon on the mRNA is exposed in the a...
    • Eukaryotic Translation Initiation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Eukaryotic Translation Initiation, organism-specific biosystemInitiation of translation in the majority of eukaryotic cellular mRNAs depends on the 5'-cap (m7GpppN) and involves ribosomal scanning of the 5' untranslated region (5'-UTR) for an initiating AUG sta...
    • Eukaryotic Translation Termination, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Eukaryotic Translation Termination, organism-specific biosystemThe arrival of any of the three stop codons (UAA, UAG and UGA) into the ribosomal A-site triggers the binding of a release factor (RF) to the ribosome and subsequent polypeptide chain release. In euk...
    • Formation of a pool of free 40S subunits, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Formation of a pool of free 40S subunits, organism-specific biosystemThe 80S ribosome dissociates into free 40S (small) and 60S (large) ribosomal subunits. Each ribosomal subunit is constituted by several individual ribosomal proteins and rRNA.
    • GTP hydrolysis and joining of the 60S ribosomal subunit, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      GTP hydrolysis and joining of the 60S ribosomal subunit, organism-specific biosystemHydrolysis of eIF2-GTP occurs after the Met-tRNAi has recognized the AUG. This reaction is catalyzed by eIF5 (or eIF5B) and is thought to cause dissociation of all other initiation factors and allow ...
    • Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystemGene Expression covers the pathways by which genomic DNA is transcribed to yield RNA, the regulation of these transcription processes, and the pathways by which newly-made RNA Transcripts are process...
    • Infectious disease, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Infectious disease, organism-specific biosystem
      Infectious disease
    • Influenza Infection, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Influenza Infection, organism-specific biosystemFor centuries influenza epidemics have plagued man, and influenza was probably the disease described by Hippocrates in 412 BC. Today it remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide with...
    • Influenza Life Cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Influenza Life Cycle, organism-specific biosystemThe virus particle initially associates with a human host cell by binding to sialic acid-containing receptors on the host cell surface. The bound virus is endocytosed by one of four distinct mechanis...
    • Influenza Viral RNA Transcription and Replication, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Influenza Viral RNA Transcription and Replication, organism-specific biosystemIn the host cell nucleus, the viral negative-strand RNA (vRNA) serves as a template for the synthesis both of capped, polyadenylated viral messenger RNA and of full-length positive-strand RNA or comp...
    • L13a-mediated translational silencing of Ceruloplasmin expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      L13a-mediated translational silencing of Ceruloplasmin expression, organism-specific biosystemWhile circularization of mRNA during translation initiation is thought to contribute to an increase in the efficiency of translation, it also appears to provide a mechanism for translational silencin...
    • Major pathway of rRNA processing in the nucleolus and cytosol, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Major pathway of rRNA processing in the nucleolus and cytosol, organism-specific biosystemIn humans, a 47S precursor rRNA (pre-rRNA) is transcribed by RNA polymerase I from rRNA-encoding genes (rDNA) at the boundary of the fibrillar center and the dense fibrillar components of the nucleol...
    • Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Metabolism, organism-specific biosystemMetabolic processes in human cells generate energy through the oxidation of molecules consumed in the diet and mediate the synthesis of diverse essential molecules not taken in the diet as well as th...
    • Metabolism of amino acids and derivatives, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Metabolism of amino acids and derivatives, organism-specific biosystemThis group of reactions is responsible for: 1) the breakdown of amino acids; 2) the synthesis of urea from ammonia and amino groups generated by amino acid breakdown; 3) the synthesis of the ten amin...
    • Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystemProtein metabolism comprises the pathways of translation, post-translational modification and protein folding.
    • Nonsense Mediated Decay (NMD) enhanced by the Exon Junction Complex (EJC), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Nonsense Mediated Decay (NMD) enhanced by the Exon Junction Complex (EJC), organism-specific biosystemDuring normal translation termination eRF3 associates with the ribosome and then interacts with PABP bound to the polyadenylate tail of the mRNA to release the ribosome and allow a new round of trans...
    • Nonsense Mediated Decay (NMD) independent of the Exon Junction Complex (EJC), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Nonsense Mediated Decay (NMD) independent of the Exon Junction Complex (EJC), organism-specific biosystemNonsense-mediated decay has been observed with mRNAs that do not have an exon junction complex (EJC) downstream of the termination codon (reviewed in Isken and Maquat 2007, Chang et al. 2007, Behm-An...
    • Nonsense-Mediated Decay (NMD), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Nonsense-Mediated Decay (NMD), organism-specific biosystemThe Nonsense-Mediated Decay (NMD) pathway activates the destruction of mRNAs containing premature termination codons (PTCs) (reviewed in Isken and Maquat 2007, Chang et al. 2007, Behm-Ansmant et al. ...
    • Peptide chain elongation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Peptide chain elongation, organism-specific biosystemThe mechanism of a peptide bond requires the movement of three protons. First the deprotonation of the ammonium ion generates a reactive amine, allowing a nucleophilic attack on the carbonyl group. ...
    • Ribosome, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Ribosome, organism-specific biosystem
      Ribosome
    • Ribosome, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Ribosome, conserved biosystem
      Ribosome
    • Ribosome, eukaryotes, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Ribosome, eukaryotes, organism-specific biosystemStructural complex; Genetic information processing; Ribosome
    • Ribosome, eukaryotes, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Ribosome, eukaryotes, conserved biosystemStructural complex; Genetic information processing; Ribosome
    • SRP-dependent cotranslational protein targeting to membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      SRP-dependent cotranslational protein targeting to membrane, organism-specific biosystemThe process for translation of a protein destined for the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) branches from the canonical cytoslic translation process at the point when a nascent polypeptide containing a hydr...
    • Selenoamino acid metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Selenoamino acid metabolism, organism-specific biosystemSelenium (Se) is a trace element essential for the normal function of the body. Selenoamino acids are defined as those amino acids where selenium has been substituted for sulphur. Selenium and sulp...
    • Selenocysteine synthesis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Selenocysteine synthesis, organism-specific biosystemSelenocysteine, the 21st genetically encoded amino acid, is the major form of the antioxidant trace element selenium in the human body. In eukaryotes and archaea its synthesis proceeds through a phos...
    • Translation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Translation, organism-specific biosystemProtein synthesis is accomplished through the process of translation of an mRNA sequence into a polypeptide chain. This process can be divided into three distinct stages: initiation, elongation and ...
    • Viral mRNA Translation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Viral mRNA Translation, organism-specific biosystemSpliced and unspliced viral mRNA in the cytoplasm are translated by host cell ribosomal translation machinery (reviewed in Kash, 2006). At least ten viral proteins are synthesized: HA, NA, PB1, PB2...
    • rRNA processing, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      rRNA processing, organism-specific biosystemEach eukaryotic cytosolic ribosome contains 4 molecules of RNA: 28S rRNA (25S rRNA in yeast), 5.8S rRNA, and 5S rRNA in the 60S subunit and 18S rRNA in the 40S subunit. The 18S rRNA, 5.8S rRNA, and 2...
    • rRNA processing in the nucleus and cytosol, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      rRNA processing in the nucleus and cytosol, organism-specific biosystemEach eukaryotic cytosolic ribosome contains 4 molecules of RNA: 28S rRNA (25S rRNA in yeast), 5.8S rRNA, and 5S rRNA in the 60S subunit and 18S rRNA in the 40S subunit. The 18S rRNA, 5.8S rRNA, and 2...
    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    Markers

    Homology

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    RNA binding IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    mRNA 5'-UTR binding IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    structural constituent of ribosome IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    structural constituent of ribosome NAS
    Non-traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    DNA damage response, signal transduction by p53 class mediator resulting in cell cycle arrest IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    SRP-dependent cotranslational protein targeting to membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    cellular response to UV IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    cellular response to gamma radiation IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    cytoplasmic translation IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    nuclear-transcribed mRNA catabolic process, nonsense-mediated decay TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    positive regulation of DNA damage response, signal transduction by p53 class mediator resulting in transcription of p21 class mediator IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to DNA damage by p53 class mediator IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of translation IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    rRNA processing IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    rRNA processing TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    regulation of translation involved in cellular response to UV IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    ribosomal large subunit biogenesis IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    translation NAS
    Non-traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    translational initiation TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    viral transcription TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    cytoplasm IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    cytosol TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    cytosolic large ribosomal subunit IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    cytosolic ribosome IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    extracellular exosome IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    membrane IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    nucleolus IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    nucleoplasm IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    ribonucleoprotein complex IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    Preferred Names
    60S ribosomal protein L26
    Names
    large ribosomal subunit protein uL24

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    Genomic

    1. NG_031989.1 RefSeqGene

      Range
      4998..10732
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_000987.4NP_000978.1  60S ribosomal protein L26

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_000978.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (2) differs in the 5' UTR compared to variant 1. Variants 1, 2 and 3 encode the same protein.
      Source sequence(s)
      AK311804, BC071664, BM928617, BU954679
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS11142.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P61254
      Related
      ENSP00000293842.5, OTTHUMP00000135333, ENST00000293842.9
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      pfam16906
      Location:8122
      Ribosomal_L26; Ribosomal proteins L26 eukaryotic, L24P archaeal
    2. NM_001315530.1NP_001302459.1  60S ribosomal protein L26

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longest transcript. Variants 1, 2 and 3 encode the same protein.
      Source sequence(s)
      BC071664, BI603704, BM928617
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS11142.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P61254
      Related
      ENSP00000463784.1, OTTHUMP00000259605, ENST00000584164.5, OTTHUMT00000442322
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      pfam16906
      Location:8122
      Ribosomal_L26; Ribosomal proteins L26 eukaryotic, L24P archaeal
    3. NM_001315531.1NP_001302460.1  60S ribosomal protein L26

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (3) differs in the 5' UTR compared to variant 1. Variants 1, 2 and 3 encode the same protein.
      Source sequence(s)
      BC071664, BI596427, BM928617
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS11142.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P61254
      Related
      ENSP00000463470.1, OTTHUMP00000259606, ENST00000582556.5, OTTHUMT00000442323
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      pfam16906
      Location:8122
      Ribosomal_L26; Ribosomal proteins L26 eukaryotic, L24P archaeal

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000017.11 Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

      Range
      8377516..8383247 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Alternate CHM1_1.1

    Genomic

    1. NC_018928.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

      Range
      8289725..8295454 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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