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    MAML2 mastermind like transcriptional coactivator 2 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 84441, updated on 8-Oct-2017
    Official Symbol
    MAML2provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    mastermind like transcriptional coactivator 2provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:16259
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000184384 MIM:607537; Vega:OTTHUMG00000167677
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    MAM2; MAM3; MAM-3; MLL-MAML2
    Summary
    The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the Mastermind-like family of proteins. All family members are proline and glutamine-rich, and contain a conserved basic domain that binds the ankyrin repeat domain of the intracellular domain of the Notch receptors (ICN1-4) in their N-terminus, and a transcriptional activation domain in their C-terminus. This protein binds to an extended groove that is formed by the interaction of CBF1, Suppressor of Hairless, LAG-1 (CSL) with ICN, and positively regulates Notch signaling. High levels of expression of this gene have been observed in several B cell-derived lymphomas. Translocations resulting in fusion proteins with both CRTC1 and CRTC3 have been implicated in the development of mucoepidermoid carcinomas, while a translocation event with CXCR4 has been linked with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Copy number variation in the polyglutamine tract has been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2015]
    Orthologs
    Location:
    11q21
    Exon count:
    7
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    108 current GRCh38.p7 (GCF_000001405.33) 11 NC_000011.10 (95976593..96343245, complement)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 11 NC_000011.9 (95711440..96076344, complement)

    Chromosome 11 - NC_000011.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene RNA, 5S ribosomal pseudogene 345 Neighboring gene myotubularin related protein 2 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L32 pseudogene 25 Neighboring gene microRNA 1260b Neighboring gene coiled-coil domain containing 82 Neighboring gene JRK like

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    NHGRI GWAS Catalog

    Description
    Gene-environment interactions and obesity traits among postmenopausal African-American and Hispanic women in the Women's Health Initiative SHARe Study.
    NHGRI GWA Catalog
    Genetic variant predicts bevacizumab-induced hypertension in ECOG-5103 and ECOG-2100.
    NHGRI GWA Catalog
    Genome-wide association study in Han Chinese identifies three novel loci for human height.
    NHGRI GWA Catalog
    Genome-wide interrogation of germline genetic variation associated with treatment response in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
    NHGRI GWA Catalog
    GWAS for discovery and replication of genetic loci associated with sudden cardiac arrest in patients with coronary artery disease.
    NHGRI GWA Catalog
    Host-microbe interactions have shaped the genetic architecture of inflammatory bowel disease.
    NHGRI GWA Catalog
    Identification of a candidate gene for astigmatism.
    NHGRI GWA Catalog

    Protein interactions

    Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
    Vif vif HIV-1 Vif downregulates the expression of mastermind-like 2 (MAML2) in Vif-expression T cells PubMed

    Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

    • Canonical and Non-canonical Notch signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Canonical and Non-canonical Notch signaling, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway is based on figure 1 of "Alteration of Notch signaling in skeletal development and disease" (see bibliography). In the NOTCH signaling pathway, mammals have 11 ligands (JAG, DLL, DLK, et...
    • Constitutive Signaling by NOTCH1 HD+PEST Domain Mutants, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Constitutive Signaling by NOTCH1 HD+PEST Domain Mutants, organism-specific biosystemWhen found in cis, HD and PEST domain mutations act synergistically, increasing NOTCH1 transcriptional activity up to ~40-fold, compared with up to ~10-fold and up to ~2-fold increase with HD mutatio...
    • Constitutive Signaling by NOTCH1 PEST Domain Mutants, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Constitutive Signaling by NOTCH1 PEST Domain Mutants, organism-specific biosystemAs NOTCH1 PEST domain is intracellular, NOTCH1 PEST domain mutants are expected to behave as the wild-type NOTCH1 with respect to ligand binding and proteolytic cleavage mediated activation of signal...
    • Disease, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Disease, organism-specific biosystemBiological processes are captured in Reactome by identifying the molecules (DNA, RNA, protein, small molecules) involved in them and describing the details of their interactions. From this molecular ...
    • Diseases of signal transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Diseases of signal transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignaling processes are central to human physiology (e.g., Pires-da Silva & Sommer 2003), and their disruption by either germ-line and somatic mutation can lead to serious disease. Here, the molecula...
    • Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystemGene Expression covers the pathways by which genomic DNA is transcribed to yield RNA, the regulation of these transcription processes, and the pathways by which newly-made RNA Transcripts are process...
    • Generic Transcription Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Generic Transcription Pathway, organism-specific biosystemOVERVIEW OF TRANSCRIPTION REGULATION: Detailed studies of gene transcription regulation in a wide variety of eukaryotic systems has revealed the general principles and mechanisms by which cell- or t...
    • NOTCH1 Intracellular Domain Regulates Transcription, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      NOTCH1 Intracellular Domain Regulates Transcription, organism-specific biosystemNICD1 produced by activation of NOTCH1 in response to Delta and Jagged ligands (DLL/JAG) presented in trans, traffics to the nucleus where it acts as a transcription regulator. In the nucleus, NICD1 ...
    • NOTCH2 intracellular domain regulates transcription, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      NOTCH2 intracellular domain regulates transcription, organism-specific biosystemIn the nucleus, NICD2 forms a complex with RBPJ (CBF1, CSL) and MAML (mastermind). NICD2:RBPJ:MAML complex activates transcription from RBPJ-binding promoter elements (RBEs) (Wu et al. 2000). Besides...
    • Notch Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Notch Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Notch pathway is an evolutionally conserved signaling pathway which plays an important role in diverse developmental and physiological processes. These include cell-fate determination, tissue pat...
    • Notch signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Notch signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Notch signaling pathway is an evolutionarily conserved, intercellular signaling mechanism essential for proper embryonic development in all metazoan organisms in the Animal kingdom. The Notch pro...
    • Notch signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      Notch signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      Notch signaling pathway
    • Notch signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Notch signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe Notch signaling pathway is an evolutionarily conserved, intercellular signaling mechanism essential for proper embryonic development in all metazoan organisms in the Animal kingdom. The Notch pro...
    • Notch-HLH transcription pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Notch-HLH transcription pathway, organism-specific biosystemTHE NOTCH-HLH TRANSCRIPTION PATHWAY: Notch signaling was first identified in Drosophila, where it has been studied in detail at the genetic, molecular, biochemical and cellular levels (reviewed in ...
    • Notch-mediated HES/HEY network, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      Notch-mediated HES/HEY network, organism-specific biosystem
      Notch-mediated HES/HEY network
    • Pre-NOTCH Expression and Processing, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Pre-NOTCH Expression and Processing, organism-specific biosystemIn humans and other mammals the NOTCH gene family has four members, NOTCH1, NOTCH2, NOTCH3 and NOTCH4, encoded on four different chromosomes. Their transcription is developmentally regulated and tiss...
    • Pre-NOTCH Transcription and Translation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Pre-NOTCH Transcription and Translation, organism-specific biosystemIn humans, the NOTCH protein family has four members: NOTCH1, NOTCH2, NOTCH3 and NOTCH4. NOTCH1 protein was identified first, as the product of a chromosome 9 gene translocated in T-cell acute lympho...
    • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
    • Signaling by NOTCH, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by NOTCH, organism-specific biosystemThe Notch Signaling Pathway (NSP) is a highly conserved pathway for cell-cell communication. NSP is involved in the regulation of cellular differentiation, proliferation, and specification. For exam...
    • Signaling by NOTCH1, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by NOTCH1, organism-specific biosystemNOTCH1 functions as both a transmembrane receptor presented on the cell surface and as a transcriptional regulator in the nucleus.NOTCH1 receptor presented on the plasma membrane is activated by a me...
    • Signaling by NOTCH1 HD+PEST Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by NOTCH1 HD+PEST Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemMutations in the heterodimerization domain (HD) and PEST domain of NOTCH1 are frequently found in cis in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. While HD mutations alone result in up to ~10-fold increas...
    • Signaling by NOTCH1 PEST Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by NOTCH1 PEST Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemNOTCH1 PEST domain mutations are frequently found in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). PEST domain mutations interfere with ubiquitination-mediated NOTCH1 downregulation and result in prol...
    • Signaling by NOTCH1 in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by NOTCH1 in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemHuman NOTCH1 was cloned as a chromosome 9 gene, translocated to the T-cell beta receptor (TCBR) promoter on chromosome 7 in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) (Ellisen et al. 1991). This tra...
    • Signaling by NOTCH2, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by NOTCH2, organism-specific biosystemNOTCH2 is activated by binding Delta-like and Jagged ligands (DLL/JAG) expressed in trans on neighboring cells (Shimizu et al. 1999, Shimizu et al. 2000, Hicks et al. 2000, Ji et al. 2004). In trans ...
    • Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, organism-specific biosystemImmunity to different classes of microorganisms is orchestrated by separate lineages of effector T helper (TH)-cells, which differentiate from naive CD4+ precursor cells in response to cues provided ...
    • Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, conserved biosystemImmunity to different classes of microorganisms is orchestrated by separate lineages of effector T helper (TH)-cells, which differentiate from naive CD4+ precursor cells in response to cues provided ...
    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    Markers

    Homology

    Clone Names

    • KIAA1819, MGC176701, DKFZp686N0150

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    transcription coactivator activity IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    nuclear speck IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    nucleoplasm TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    nucleus IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    Preferred Names
    mastermind-like protein 2
    Names
    mam-2
    mastermind-like 2

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_032427.3NP_115803.1  mastermind-like protein 2

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_115803.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      AB058722, AP000848, AW513171, AY186997, BC152449, CR627398, DA862475
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS44714.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q8IZL2
      Related
      ENSP00000434552.1, OTTHUMP00000236424, ENST00000524717.5, OTTHUMT00000395540
      Conserved Domains (2) summary
      pfam03153
      Location:9161146
      TFIIA; Transcription factor IIA, alpha/beta subunit
      pfam09596
      Location:3388
      MamL-1; MamL-1 domain

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108 details...Open this link in a new tab

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000011.10 Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

      Range
      95976593..96343245 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. XM_011543024.2XP_011541326.1  mastermind-like protein 2 isoform X2

      Related
      ENSP00000483371.1, ENST00000618849.1
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      pfam03153
      Location:688918
      TFIIA; Transcription factor IIA, alpha/beta subunit
    2. XM_011543023.2XP_011541325.1  mastermind-like protein 2 isoform X1

      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      pfam03153
      Location:769999
      TFIIA; Transcription factor IIA, alpha/beta subunit
    3. XM_011543025.1XP_011541327.1  mastermind-like protein 2 isoform X3

      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      pfam09596
      Location:3388
      MamL-1; MamL-1 domain

    Alternate CHM1_1.1

    Genomic

    1. NC_018922.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

      Range
      95592748..95959701 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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