Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

Links from PubMed

    • Showing Current items.

    Prkaca protein kinase, cAMP dependent, catalytic, alpha [ Mus musculus (house mouse) ]

    Gene ID: 18747, updated on 15-May-2017
    Official Symbol
    Prkacaprovided by MGI
    Official Full Name
    protein kinase, cAMP dependent, catalytic, alphaprovided by MGI
    Primary source
    MGI:MGI:97592
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSMUSG00000005469 Vega:OTTMUSG00000061189
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Mus musculus
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Glires; Rodentia; Myomorpha; Muroidea; Muridae; Murinae; Mus; Mus
    Also known as
    PKCD; Pkaca
    Summary
    This gene encodes a member of the serine/threonine protein kinase family. The holoenzyme, protein kinase A (also known as cyclic-AMP dependent protein kinase), mediates cellular response to changes in cyclic-AMP levels. This gene encodes the alpha catalytic subunit of protein kinase A. Protein kinase A-mediated signaling is transduced via phosphorylation of target proteins, and is important for many cellular functions, including mammalian sperm maturation and motility. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. A pseudogene of this gene has been defined on the X chromosome. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2013]
    Orthologs
    Location:
    8; 8 C2
    Exon count:
    11
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    106 current GRCm38.p4 (GCF_000001635.24) 8 NC_000074.6 (83972978..83996444)
    Build 37.2 previous assembly MGSCv37 (GCF_000001635.18) 8 NC_000074.5 (86496877..86520344)

    Chromosome 8 - NC_000074.6Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene adhesion G protein-coupled receptor L1 Neighboring gene predicted gene 10644 Neighboring gene anti-silencing function 1B histone chaperone Neighboring gene RIKEN cDNA 1700067K01 gene Neighboring gene sterile alpha motif domain containing 1

    • Project title: Mouse ENCODE transcriptome data
    • Description: RNA profiling data sets generated by the Mouse ENCODE project.
    • BioProject: PRJNA66167
    • Publication: PMID 25409824
    • Analysis date: n/a

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    • AURKA Activation by TPX2, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      AURKA Activation by TPX2, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, organism-specific biosystemCardiac myocytes express at least six subtypes of adrenergic receptor (AR) which include three subtypes of beta-AR (beta-1, beta-2, beta-3) and three subtypes of the alpha-1-AR (alpha-1A, alpha-1B, a...
    • Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, conserved biosystemCardiac myocytes express at least six subtypes of adrenergic receptor (AR) which include three subtypes of beta-AR (beta-1, beta-2, beta-3) and three subtypes of the alpha-1-AR (alpha-1A, alpha-1B, a...
    • Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
    • Alcoholism, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Alcoholism, conserved biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
    • Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, organism-specific biosystemAldosterone is a steroid hormone synthesized in and secreted from the outer layer of the adrenal cortex, the zona glomerulosa. Aldosterone plays an important role in the regulation of systemic blood ...
    • Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, conserved biosystemAldosterone is a steroid hormone synthesized in and secreted from the outer layer of the adrenal cortex, the zona glomerulosa. Aldosterone plays an important role in the regulation of systemic blood ...
    • Amoebiasis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Amoebiasis, organism-specific biosystemEntamoeba histolytica, an extracellular protozoan parasite is a human pathogen that invades the intestinal epithelium. Infection occurs on ingestion of contaminated water and food. The pathogenesis o...
    • Amoebiasis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Amoebiasis, conserved biosystemEntamoeba histolytica, an extracellular protozoan parasite is a human pathogen that invades the intestinal epithelium. Infection occurs on ingestion of contaminated water and food. The pathogenesis o...
    • Amphetamine addiction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Amphetamine addiction, organism-specific biosystemAmphetamine is a psychostimulant drug that exerts persistent addictive effects. Most addictive drugs increase extracellular concentrations of dopamine (DA) in nucleus accumbens (NAc) and medial prefr...
    • Amphetamine addiction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Amphetamine addiction, conserved biosystemAmphetamine is a psychostimulant drug that exerts persistent addictive effects. Most addictive drugs increase extracellular concentrations of dopamine (DA) in nucleus accumbens (NAc) and medial prefr...
    • Anchoring of the basal body to the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Anchoring of the basal body to the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Apelin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Apelin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemApelin is an endogenous peptide capable of binding the apelin receptor (APJ), which was originally described as an orphan G-protein-coupled receptor. Apelin and APJ are widely expressed in various ti...
    • Apoptosis signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from LIPID MAPS)
      Apoptosis signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      Apoptosis signaling pathway
    • Aquaporin-mediated transport, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Aquaporin-mediated transport, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Autophagy - animal, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Autophagy - animal, organism-specific biosystemAutophagy (or macroautophagy) is a cellular catabolic pathway involving in protein degradation, organelle turnover, and non-selective breakdown of cytoplasmic components, which is evolutionarily cons...
    • Autophagy - animal, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Autophagy - animal, conserved biosystemAutophagy (or macroautophagy) is a cellular catabolic pathway involving in protein degradation, organelle turnover, and non-selective breakdown of cytoplasmic components, which is evolutionarily cons...
    • Bile secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Bile secretion, organism-specific biosystemBile is a vital secretion, essential for digestion and absorption of fats and fat-soluble vitamins in the small intestine. Moreover, bile is an important route of elimination for excess cholesterol a...
    • Bile secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Bile secretion, conserved biosystemBile is a vital secretion, essential for digestion and absorption of fats and fat-soluble vitamins in the small intestine. Moreover, bile is an important route of elimination for excess cholesterol a...
    • C-type lectin receptors (CLRs), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      C-type lectin receptors (CLRs), organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • CD209 (DC-SIGN) signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      CD209 (DC-SIGN) signaling, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Ca-dependent events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Ca-dependent events, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • CaM pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      CaM pathway, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Calcium Regulation in the Cardiac Cell, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Calcium Regulation in the Cardiac Cell, organism-specific biosystemCalcium is a common signaling mechanism, as once it enters the cytoplasm it exerts allosteric regulatory affects on many enzymes and proteins. Calcium can act in signal transduction after influx resu...
    • Calcium signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Calcium signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemCa2+ that enters the cell from the outside is a principal source of signal Ca2+. Entry of Ca2+ is driven by the presence of a large electrochemical gradient across the plasma membrane. Cells use this...
    • Calcium signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Calcium signaling pathway, conserved biosystemCa2+ that enters the cell from the outside is a principal source of signal Ca2+. Entry of Ca2+ is driven by the presence of a large electrochemical gradient across the plasma membrane. Cells use this...
    • Calmodulin induced events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Calmodulin induced events, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Cardiac conduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cardiac conduction, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Cell Cycle, Mitotic, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cell Cycle, Mitotic, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Centrosome maturation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Centrosome maturation, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Chemokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Chemokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemInflammatory immune response requires the recruitment of leukocytes to the site of inflammation upon foreign insult. Chemokines are small chemoattractant peptides that provide directional cues for th...
    • Chemokine signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Chemokine signaling pathway, conserved biosystemInflammatory immune response requires the recruitment of leukocytes to the site of inflammation upon foreign insult. Chemokines are small chemoattractant peptides that provide directional cues for th...
    • Chemokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Chemokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemInflammatory immune response requires the recruitment of leukocytes to the site of inflammation upon foreign insult. Chemokines are small chemoattractant peptides that provide directional cues for th...
    • Cholinergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cholinergic synapse, organism-specific biosystemAcetylcholine (ACh) is a neurotransmitter widely distributed in the central (and also peripheral, autonomic and enteric) nervous system (CNS). In the CNS, ACh facilitates many functions, such as lear...
    • Cilium Assembly, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cilium Assembly, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Circadian entrainment, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Circadian entrainment, organism-specific biosystemCircadian entrainment is a fundamental property by which the period of the internal biological clock is entrained by recurring exogenous signals, such that the organism's endocrine and behavioral rhy...
    • Circadian entrainment, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Circadian entrainment, conserved biosystemCircadian entrainment is a fundamental property by which the period of the internal biological clock is entrained by recurring exogenous signals, such that the organism's endocrine and behavioral rhy...
    • Cocaine addiction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cocaine addiction, organism-specific biosystemDrug addiction is a chronic, relapsing disorder in which compulsive drug-seeking and drug-taking behavior persists despite serious negative consequences.There is strong evidence that the dopaminergic...
    • Cocaine addiction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cocaine addiction, conserved biosystemDrug addiction is a chronic, relapsing disorder in which compulsive drug-seeking and drug-taking behavior persists despite serious negative consequences.There is strong evidence that the dopaminergic...
    • Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • DAG and IP3 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DAG and IP3 signaling, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • DAP12 interactions, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DAP12 interactions, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • DAP12 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DAP12 signaling, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • DARPP-32 events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DARPP-32 events, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Degradation of GLI2 by the proteasome, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Degradation of GLI2 by the proteasome, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Dilated cardiomyopathy, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Dilated cardiomyopathy, organism-specific biosystemDilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a heart muscle disease characterised by dilation and impaired contraction of the left or both ventricles that results in progressive heart failure and sudden cardiac d...
    • Dilated cardiomyopathy, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Dilated cardiomyopathy, conserved biosystemDilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a heart muscle disease characterised by dilation and impaired contraction of the left or both ventricles that results in progressive heart failure and sudden cardiac d...
    • Dopaminergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Dopaminergic synapse, organism-specific biosystemDopamine (DA) is an important and prototypical slow neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain, where it controls a variety of functions including locomotor activity, motivation and reward, learning an...
    • Dopaminergic synapse, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Dopaminergic synapse, conserved biosystemDopamine (DA) is an important and prototypical slow neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain, where it controls a variety of functions including locomotor activity, motivation and reward, learning an...
    • Downstream signal transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Downstream signal transduction, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • EGFR interacts with phospholipase C-gamma, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      EGFR interacts with phospholipase C-gamma, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Endochondral Ossification, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Endochondral Ossification, organism-specific biosystem
      Endochondral Ossification
    • Endocrine and other factor-regulated calcium reabsorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Endocrine and other factor-regulated calcium reabsorption, organism-specific biosystemCalcium (Ca2+) is essential for numerous physiological functions including intracellular signalling processes, neuronal excitability, muscle contraction and bone formation. Therefore, its homeostasis...
    • Endocrine and other factor-regulated calcium reabsorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Endocrine and other factor-regulated calcium reabsorption, conserved biosystemCalcium (Ca2+) is essential for numerous physiological functions including intracellular signalling processes, neuronal excitability, muscle contraction and bone formation. Therefore, its homeostasis...
    • Endocrine resistance, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Endocrine resistance, organism-specific biosystemEndocrine therapy is a key treatment strategy to control or eradicate hormone-responsive breast cancer. The most commonly used endocrine therapy agents are selective estrogen receptor modulators (SER...
    • Endocrine resistance, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Endocrine resistance, conserved biosystemEndocrine therapy is a key treatment strategy to control or eradicate hormone-responsive breast cancer. The most commonly used endocrine therapy agents are selective estrogen receptor modulators (SER...
    • Epstein-Barr virus infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Epstein-Barr virus infection, organism-specific biosystemEpstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous human herpesvirus that is associated with oncogenesis. EBV infection to primary human B lymphocytes leads to induction of EBV-specific HLA-restricted cytotoxi...
    • Epstein-Barr virus infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Epstein-Barr virus infection, conserved biosystemEpstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous human herpesvirus that is associated with oncogenesis. EBV infection to primary human B lymphocytes leads to induction of EBV-specific HLA-restricted cytotoxi...
    • Estrogen signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Estrogen signaling, organism-specific biosystemEstrogen receptor refers to a group of receptors which are activated by the hormone 17β-estradiol (estrogen). Two types of estrogen receptor exist: ER which is a member of the nuclear h...
    • Estrogen signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Estrogen signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemEstrogens are steroid hormones that regulate a plethora of physiological processes in mammals, including reproduction, cardiovascular protection, bone integrity, cellular homeostasis, and behavior. E...
    • Estrogen signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Estrogen signaling pathway, conserved biosystemEstrogens are steroid hormones that regulate a plethora of physiological processes in mammals, including reproduction, cardiovascular protection, bone integrity, cellular homeostasis, and behavior. E...
    • Factors involved in megakaryocyte development and platelet production, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Factors involved in megakaryocyte development and platelet production, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • G Protein Signaling Pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      G Protein Signaling Pathways, organism-specific biosystemG proteins, short for guanine nucleotide-binding proteins, are a family of proteins involved in second messenger cascades. G proteins are so called because they function as "molecular switches". They...
    • G-protein mediated events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      G-protein mediated events, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • G2/M Transition, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      G2/M Transition, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • GABAergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      GABAergic synapse, organism-specific biosystemGamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the most abundant inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). When released in the synaptic cleft, GABA binds to three major classes o...
    • GABAergic synapse, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      GABAergic synapse, conserved biosystemGamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the most abundant inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). When released in the synaptic cleft, GABA binds to three major classes o...
    • GLI3 is processed to GLI3R by the proteasome, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      GLI3 is processed to GLI3R by the proteasome, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Gap junction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Gap junction, organism-specific biosystemGap junctions contain intercellular channels that allow direct communication between the cytosolic compartments of adjacent cells. Each gap junction channel is formed by docking of two 'hemichannels'...
    • Gap junction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Gap junction, conserved biosystemGap junctions contain intercellular channels that allow direct communication between the cytosolic compartments of adjacent cells. Each gap junction channel is formed by docking of two 'hemichannels'...
    • Gastric acid secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Gastric acid secretion, organism-specific biosystemGastric acid is a key factor in normal upper gastrointestinal functions, including protein digestion and calcium and iron absorption, as well as providing some protection against bacterial infections...
    • Gastric acid secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Gastric acid secretion, conserved biosystemGastric acid is a key factor in normal upper gastrointestinal functions, including protein digestion and calcium and iron absorption, as well as providing some protection against bacterial infections...
    • Glucagon signaling in metabolic regulation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Glucagon signaling in metabolic regulation, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Glucagon signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Glucagon signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemGlucagon is conventionally regarded as a counterregulatory hormone for insulin and plays a critical anti-hypoglycemic role by maintaining glucose homeostasis in both animals and humans. To increase ...
    • Glucagon signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Glucagon signaling pathway, conserved biosystemGlucagon is conventionally regarded as a counterregulatory hormone for insulin and plays a critical anti-hypoglycemic role by maintaining glucose homeostasis in both animals and humans. To increase ...
    • Glucagon-like Peptide-1 (GLP1) regulates insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Glucagon-like Peptide-1 (GLP1) regulates insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Glutamatergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Glutamatergic synapse, organism-specific biosystemGlutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system(CNS). Glutamate is packaged into synaptic vesicles in the presynaptic terminal. Once released into the synap...
    • Glutamatergic synapse, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Glutamatergic synapse, conserved biosystemGlutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system(CNS). Glutamate is packaged into synaptic vesicles in the presynaptic terminal. Once released into the synap...
    • GnRH signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      GnRH signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemGonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion from the hypothalamus acts upon its receptor in the anterior pituitary to regulate the production and release of the gonadotropins, LH and FSH. The GnR...
    • GnRH signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      GnRH signaling pathway, conserved biosystemGonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion from the hypothalamus acts upon its receptor in the anterior pituitary to regulate the production and release of the gonadotropins, LH and FSH. The GnR...
    • HDL-mediated lipid transport, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      HDL-mediated lipid transport, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
    • HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
    • Hedgehog 'off' state, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Hedgehog 'off' state, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Hedgehog signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Hedgehog signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway has numerous roles in the control of cell proliferation, tissue patterning, stem cell maintenance and development. The primary cilium is an important center for tr...
    • Hedgehog signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Hedgehog signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway has numerous roles in the control of cell proliferation, tissue patterning, stem cell maintenance and development. The primary cilium is an important center for tr...
    • Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL)-mediated triacylglycerol hydrolysis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL)-mediated triacylglycerol hydrolysis, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Hypothetical Network for Drug Addiction, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Hypothetical Network for Drug Addiction, organism-specific biosystemAdapted from figure 2 in [http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pcbi.0040002 Li et al.].
    • IL-3 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      IL-3 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-3 belongs to a family of cytokines, which includes IL-5 and GM-CSF. It signals through a receptor complex comprising of an IL-3 specific IL-3 receptor alpha subunit (IL3RA) and a common b...
    • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Immune System, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, organism-specific biosystemThe TRP channels that exhibit a unique response to temperature have been given the name thermo-TRPs. Among all thermo- TRP channels, TRPV1-4, TRPM8, and TRPA1 are expressed in subsets of nociceptive...
    • Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, conserved biosystemThe TRP channels that exhibit a unique response to temperature have been given the name thermo-TRPs. Among all thermo- TRP channels, TRPV1-4, TRPM8, and TRPA1 are expressed in subsets of nociceptive...
    • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystemPancreatic beta cells are specialised endocrine cells that continuously sense the levels of blood sugar and other fuels and, in response, secrete insulin to maintain normal fuel homeostasis. Glucose-...
    • Insulin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Insulin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemInsulin binding to its receptor results in the tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrates (IRS) by the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase (INSR). This allows association of IRSs with the r...
    • Insulin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Insulin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemInsulin binding to its receptor results in the tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrates (IRS) by the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase (INSR). This allows association of IRSs with the r...
    • Integration of energy metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Integration of energy metabolism, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Ion homeostasis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Ion homeostasis, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Lipid digestion, mobilization, and transport, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Lipid digestion, mobilization, and transport, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Lipoprotein metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Lipoprotein metabolism, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Long-term potentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Long-term potentiation, organism-specific biosystemHippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP), a long-lasting increase in synaptic efficacy, is the molecular basis for learning and memory. Tetanic stimulation of afferents in the CA1 region of the hippo...
    • Long-term potentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Long-term potentiation, conserved biosystemHippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP), a long-lasting increase in synaptic efficacy, is the molecular basis for learning and memory. Tetanic stimulation of afferents in the CA1 region of the hippo...
    • Longevity regulating pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Longevity regulating pathway, organism-specific biosystemRegulation of longevity depends on genetic and environmental factors. Caloric restriction (CR), that is limiting food intake, is recognized in mammals as the best characterized and most reproducible ...
    • Longevity regulating pathway - multiple species, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Longevity regulating pathway - multiple species, organism-specific biosystemAging is a complex process of accumulation of molecular, cellular, and organ damage, leading to loss of function and increased vulnerability to disease and death. Despite the complexity of aging, rec...
    • Longevity regulating pathway - multiple species, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Longevity regulating pathway - multiple species, conserved biosystemAging is a complex process of accumulation of molecular, cellular, and organ damage, leading to loss of function and increased vulnerability to disease and death. Despite the complexity of aging, rec...
    • Loss of Nlp from mitotic centrosomes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Loss of Nlp from mitotic centrosomes, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Loss of proteins required for interphase microtubule organization from the centrosome, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Loss of proteins required for interphase microtubule organization from the centrosome, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • MAPK family signaling cascades, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      MAPK family signaling cascades, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
    • MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
    • MAPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      MAPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
    • MAPK6/MAPK4 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      MAPK6/MAPK4 signaling, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Melanogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Melanogenesis, organism-specific biosystemCutaneous melanin pigment plays a critical role in camouflage, mimicry, social communication, and protection against harmful effects of solar radiation. Melanogenesis is under complex regulatory cont...
    • Melanogenesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Melanogenesis, conserved biosystemCutaneous melanin pigment plays a critical role in camouflage, mimicry, social communication, and protection against harmful effects of solar radiation. Melanogenesis is under complex regulatory cont...
    • Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Metabolism, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Mitotic G2-G2/M phases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Mitotic G2-G2/M phases, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Morphine addiction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Morphine addiction, organism-specific biosystemMorphine is an alkaloid from the plant extracts of opium poppy. Although morphine is highly effective for the treatment of pain, it is also known to be intensely addictive. We now know that the most ...
    • Morphine addiction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Morphine addiction, conserved biosystemMorphine is an alkaloid from the plant extracts of opium poppy. Although morphine is highly effective for the treatment of pain, it is also known to be intensely addictive. We now know that the most ...
    • Muscle contraction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Muscle contraction, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Myometrial Relaxation and Contraction Pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Myometrial Relaxation and Contraction Pathways, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway illustrates signaling networks implicated in uterine muscle contraction at labor and quiescence throughout gestation (pregnancy). The muscle of the uterus, responsible for contractile ac...
    • NGF signalling via TRKA from the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      NGF signalling via TRKA from the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Olfactory transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Olfactory transduction, organism-specific biosystemWithin the compact cilia of the olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) a cascade of enzymatic activity transduces the binding of an odorant molecule to a receptor into an electrical signal that can be tra...
    • Olfactory transduction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Olfactory transduction, conserved biosystemWithin the compact cilia of the olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) a cascade of enzymatic activity transduces the binding of an odorant molecule to a receptor into an electrical signal that can be tra...
    • Oocyte meiosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Oocyte meiosis, organism-specific biosystemDuring meiosis, a single round of DNA replication is followed by two rounds of chromosome segregation, called meiosis I and meiosis II. At meiosis I, homologous chromosomes recombine and then segrega...
    • Oocyte meiosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Oocyte meiosis, conserved biosystemDuring meiosis, a single round of DNA replication is followed by two rounds of chromosome segregation, called meiosis I and meiosis II. At meiosis I, homologous chromosomes recombine and then segrega...
    • Opioid Signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Opioid Signalling, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Organelle biogenesis and maintenance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Organelle biogenesis and maintenance, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Ovarian steroidogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Ovarian steroidogenesis, organism-specific biosystemThe ovarian steroids, 17-beta estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4), are critical for normal uterine function, establishment and maintenance of pregnancy, and mammary gland development. Furthermore, t...
    • Ovarian steroidogenesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Ovarian steroidogenesis, conserved biosystemThe ovarian steroids, 17-beta estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4), are critical for normal uterine function, establishment and maintenance of pregnancy, and mammary gland development. Furthermore, t...
    • Oxytocin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Oxytocin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemOxytocin (OT) is a nonapeptide synthesized by the magno-cellular neurons located in the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei of the hypothalamus. It exerts a wide variety of central and ...
    • Oxytocin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Oxytocin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemOxytocin (OT) is a nonapeptide synthesized by the magno-cellular neurons located in the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei of the hypothalamus. It exerts a wide variety of central and ...
    • PKA activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PKA activation, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • PKA activation in glucagon signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PKA activation in glucagon signalling, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • PKA-mediated phosphorylation of CREB, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PKA-mediated phosphorylation of CREB, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • PKA-mediated phosphorylation of key metabolic factors, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PKA-mediated phosphorylation of key metabolic factors, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • PLC beta mediated events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PLC beta mediated events, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • PLC-gamma1 signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PLC-gamma1 signalling, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Parkinson's disease, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Parkinson's disease, organism-specific biosystemParkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative movement disorder that results primarily from the death of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc). Mutations...
    • Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
      Pathways in cancer
    • Platelet activation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Platelet activation, organism-specific biosystemPlatelets play a key and beneficial role for primary hemostasis on the disruption of the integrity of vessel wall. Platelet adhesion and activation at sites of vascular wall injury is initiated by ad...
    • PluriNetWork, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      PluriNetWork, organism-specific biosystemThe aim of the PluriNetWork is to give an overview of specific mechanisms associated with pluripotency in mouse. Each node represents a gene and its corresponding protein product. As stated, we inten...
    • PodNet: protein-protein interactions in the podocyte, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      PodNet: protein-protein interactions in the podocyte, organism-specific biosystemPodNet is a manually curated network of protein-protein interactions occurring in the podocyte.
    • Prion diseases, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Prion diseases, organism-specific biosystemPrion diseases, also termed transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), are a group of fatal neurodegenerative diseases that affect humans and a number of other animal species. The etiology of ...
    • Prion diseases, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Prion diseases, conserved biosystemPrion diseases, also termed transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), are a group of fatal neurodegenerative diseases that affect humans and a number of other animal species. The etiology of ...
    • Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, organism-specific biosystemXenopus oocytes are naturally arrested at G2 of meiosis I. Exposure to either insulin/IGF-1 or the steroid hormone progesterone breaks this arrest and induces resumption of the two meiotic division c...
    • Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, conserved biosystemXenopus oocytes are naturally arrested at G2 of meiosis I. Exposure to either insulin/IGF-1 or the steroid hormone progesterone breaks this arrest and induces resumption of the two meiotic division c...
    • Proteoglycans in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Proteoglycans in cancer, organism-specific biosystemMany proteoglycans (PGs) in the tumor microenvironment have been shown to be key macromolecules that contribute to biology of various types of cancer including proliferation, adhesion, angiogenesis a...
    • Proteoglycans in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Proteoglycans in cancer, conserved biosystemMany proteoglycans (PGs) in the tumor microenvironment have been shown to be key macromolecules that contribute to biology of various types of cancer including proliferation, adhesion, angiogenesis a...
    • Rap1 signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Rap1 signalling, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Ras signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Ras signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Ras proteins are GTPases that function as molecular switches for signaling pathways regulating cell proliferation, survival, growth, migration, differentiation or cytoskeletal dynamism. Ras prote...
    • Recruitment of mitotic centrosome proteins and complexes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Recruitment of mitotic centrosome proteins and complexes, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Regulation of PLK1 Activity at G2/M Transition, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Regulation of PLK1 Activity at G2/M Transition, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Regulation of insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Regulation of insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Regulation of lipolysis in adipocytes, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Regulation of lipolysis in adipocytes, organism-specific biosystemLipolysis in adipocytes, the hydrolysis of triacylglycerol (TAG) to release fatty acids (FAs) and glycerol for use by other organs as energy substrates, is a unique function of white adipose tissue. ...
    • Renin secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Renin secretion, organism-specific biosystemThe aspartyl-protease renin is the key regulator of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, which is critically involved in extracellular fluid volume and blood pressure homeostasis of the body. R...
    • Renin secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Renin secretion, conserved biosystemThe aspartyl-protease renin is the key regulator of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, which is critically involved in extracellular fluid volume and blood pressure homeostasis of the body. R...
    • Retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, organism-specific biosystemEndogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids) serve as retrograde messengers at synapses in various regions of the brain. The family of endocannabinoids includes at least five derivatives of arachidonic...
    • Retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, conserved biosystemEndogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids) serve as retrograde messengers at synapses in various regions of the brain. The family of endocannabinoids includes at least five derivatives of arachidonic...
    • Salivary secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Salivary secretion, organism-specific biosystemSaliva has manifold functions in maintaining the integrity of the oral tissues, in protecting teeth from caries, in the tasting and ingestion of food, in speech and in the tolerance of tenures, for e...
    • Salivary secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Salivary secretion, conserved biosystemSaliva has manifold functions in maintaining the integrity of the oral tissues, in protecting teeth from caries, in the tasting and ingestion of food, in speech and in the tolerance of tenures, for e...
    • Serotonergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Serotonergic synapse, organism-specific biosystemSerotonin (5-Hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is a monoamine neurotransmitter that plays important roles in physiological functions such as learning and memory, emotion, sleep, pain, motor function and endoc...
    • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Signaling by EGFR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by EGFR, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Signaling by Hedgehog, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by Hedgehog, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Signaling by PDGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by PDGF, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • TNF-alpha NF-kB Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      TNF-alpha NF-kB Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      TNF-alpha NF-kB Signaling Pathway
    • Taste transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Taste transduction, organism-specific biosystemFive basic tastes are recognized by humans and most other animals - bitter, sweet, sour, salty and umami. In vertebrates, taste stimuli are detected by taste receptor cells (TRCs). At least three dis...
    • Taste transduction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Taste transduction, conserved biosystemFive basic tastes are recognized by humans and most other animals - bitter, sweet, sour, salty and umami. In vertebrates, taste stimuli are detected by taste receptor cells (TRCs). At least three dis...
    • Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe thyroid hormones (THs) are important regulators of growth, development and metabolism. The action of TH is mainly mediated by T3 (3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine). Thyroid hormones, L-thyroxine (T4) a...
    • Thyroid hormone synthesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Thyroid hormone synthesis, organism-specific biosystemThyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are essential for normal development, growth and metabolic homeostasis in all vertebrates, and synthesized in the thyroid gland. The function...
    • Thyroid hormone synthesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Thyroid hormone synthesis, conserved biosystemThyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are essential for normal development, growth and metabolic homeostasis in all vertebrates, and synthesized in the thyroid gland. The function...
    • Tight junction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Tight junction, organism-specific biosystemTight junctions (TJs) are essential for establishing a selectively permeable barrier to diffusion through the paracellular space between neighboring cells. TJs are composed of at least three types of...
    • Tight junction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Tight junction, conserved biosystemTight junctions (TJs) are essential for establishing a selectively permeable barrier to diffusion through the paracellular space between neighboring cells. TJs are composed of at least three types of...
    • Transmembrane transport of small molecules, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Transmembrane transport of small molecules, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Vascular smooth muscle contraction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Vascular smooth muscle contraction, organism-specific biosystemThe vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) is a highly specialized cell whose principal function is contraction. On contraction, VSMCs shorten, thereby decreasing the diameter of a blood vessel to regula...
    • Vascular smooth muscle contraction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Vascular smooth muscle contraction, conserved biosystemThe vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) is a highly specialized cell whose principal function is contraction. On contraction, VSMCs shorten, thereby decreasing the diameter of a blood vessel to regula...
    • Vasopressin regulates renal water homeostasis via Aquaporins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Vasopressin regulates renal water homeostasis via Aquaporins, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
    • Vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption, organism-specific biosystemIn the kidney, the antidiuretic hormone vasopressin (AVP) is a critical regulator of water homeostasis by controlling the water movement from lumen to the interstitium for water reabsorption and adju...
    • Vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption, conserved biosystemIn the kidney, the antidiuretic hormone vasopressin (AVP) is a critical regulator of water homeostasis by controlling the water movement from lumen to the interstitium for water reabsorption and adju...
    • Viral carcinogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Viral carcinogenesis, organism-specific biosystemThere is a strong association between viruses and the development of human malignancies. We now know that at least six human viruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C vi...
    • Viral carcinogenesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Viral carcinogenesis, conserved biosystemThere is a strong association between viruses and the development of human malignancies. We now know that at least six human viruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C vi...
    • Wnt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Wnt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemWnt proteins are secreted morphogens that are required for basic developmental processes, such as cell-fate specification, progenitor-cell proliferation and the control of asymmetric cell division, i...
    • Wnt signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Wnt signaling pathway, conserved biosystemWnt proteins are secreted morphogens that are required for basic developmental processes, such as cell-fate specification, progenitor-cell proliferation and the control of asymmetric cell division, i...
    • XPodNet - protein-protein interactions in the podocyte expanded by STRING, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      XPodNet - protein-protein interactions in the podocyte expanded by STRING, organism-specific biosystemXPodNet is a larger version of PodNet. Interactions from STRING database have been added to PodNet to build XPodNet. Hence, not all interactions found in XPodNet do necessarily have to be curated.
    • cAMP signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      cAMP signaling, organism-specific biosystemFunctional set; Cellular processes; Cell signaling
    • cAMP signaling, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      cAMP signaling, conserved biosystemFunctional set; Cellular processes; Cell signaling
    • cAMP signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      cAMP signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemcAMP is one of the most common and universal second messengers, and its formation is promoted by adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation after ligation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by ligands incl...
    • cAMP signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      cAMP signaling pathway, conserved biosystemcAMP is one of the most common and universal second messengers, and its formation is promoted by adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation after ligation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by ligands incl...
    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    Markers

    Homology

    Gene Ontology Provided by MGI

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    ATP binding IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    ATP binding IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    Rab GTPase binding ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    kinase activity IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    magnesium ion binding IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    manganese ion binding IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    nucleotide binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein complex binding ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    protein domain specific binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein kinase A regulatory subunit binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein kinase A regulatory subunit binding ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    protein kinase activity IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein kinase binding ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    protein serine/threonine kinase activity IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein serine/threonine kinase activity IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein serine/threonine kinase activity ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    protein serine/threonine/tyrosine kinase activity ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
    PubMed 
    transferase activity IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    ubiquitin protein ligase binding ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    cellular response to glucose stimulus ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    cellular response to heat ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    cellular response to parathyroid hormone stimulus IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    mRNA processing ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    mesoderm formation IGI
    Inferred from Genetic Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    modulation of synaptic transmission IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    negative regulation of meiotic cell cycle ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    negative regulation of smoothened signaling pathway involved in dorsal/ventral neural tube patterning IGI
    Inferred from Genetic Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    neural tube closure IGI
    Inferred from Genetic Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    peptidyl-serine phosphorylation IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    peptidyl-serine phosphorylation IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    peptidyl-serine phosphorylation ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    peptidyl-threonine phosphorylation IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    phosphorylation IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    positive regulation of cell cycle arrest IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of cell proliferation ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    positive regulation of protein export from nucleus IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein autophosphorylation IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein phosphorylation IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein phosphorylation ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    regulation of bicellular tight junction assembly ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    regulation of cellular respiration ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    regulation of osteoblast differentiation ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    regulation of proteasomal protein catabolic process ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    regulation of protein processing IGI
    Inferred from Genetic Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    regulation of synaptic transmission, glutamatergic ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    sperm capacitation IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    Golgi apparatus ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    acrosomal vesicle IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    cAMP-dependent protein kinase complex IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    cAMP-dependent protein kinase complex ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    cell projection IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    centrosome ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    ciliary base IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    cilium IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    cytoplasm IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    cytoplasm ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    cytoplasmic vesicle IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    cytosol ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    dendritic spine IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    extracellular exosome ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    intercellular bridge ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    membrane ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    colocalizes_with membrane ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    mitochondrion IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    motile cilium IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    neuromuscular junction IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    neuron projection ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    nuclear speck ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    nucleotide-activated protein kinase complex ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    nucleus IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    nucleus ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    perinuclear region of cytoplasm ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    plasma membrane IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    plasma membrane raft ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    protein complex ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    sperm flagellum IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    sperm midpiece ISO
    Inferred from Sequence Orthology
    more info
     
    Preferred Names
    cAMP-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha
    Names
    PKA C-alpha
    sperm cAMP-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit
    NP_001264827.1
    NP_032880.1

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_001277898.1NP_001264827.1  cAMP-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha isoform 2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (2, also known as Cs and Calpha2) contains an alternate 5'-most exon and initiates translation at an alternate start codon, compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (2) has a distinct and shorter N-terminus, compared to isoform 1. This variant is testis-specific and the encoded isoform does not contain the myristylation signal found in isoform 1 (PMID: 10841548 and PMID: 10982398). There are no publicly available full-length transcripts for this variant, but it is supported by publication data, including PMID: 10982398.
      Source sequence(s)
      AF239743, BQ031203, CB248596, CD807077
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS85574.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P05132
      Related
      ENSMUSP00000147256.1, OTTMUSP00000077537, ENSMUST00000211558.1, OTTMUST00000149412
      Conserved Domains (2) summary
      PTZ00426
      Location:8326
      PTZ00426; cAMP-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit; Provisional
      cd14209
      Location:34323
      STKc_PKA; Catalytic subunit of the Serine/Threonine Kinase, cAMP-dependent protein kinase
    2. NM_008854.5NP_032880.1  cAMP-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha isoform 1

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_032880.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (1, also known as Calpha1) represents the longer transcript and encodes the longer isoform (1).
      Source sequence(s)
      AC156028, BQ031203, BU059097, CB248596, CD807077
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS22463.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P05132
      Related
      ENSMUSP00000005606.6, OTTMUSP00000077536, ENSMUST00000005606.7, OTTMUST00000149411
      Conserved Domains (2) summary
      PTZ00426
      Location:16334
      PTZ00426; cAMP-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit; Provisional
      cd14209
      Location:42331
      STKc_PKA; Catalytic subunit of the Serine/Threonine Kinase, cAMP-dependent protein kinase

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Mus musculus Annotation Release 106 details...Open this link in a new tab

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCm38.p4 C57BL/6J

    Genomic

    1. NC_000074.6 Reference GRCm38.p4 C57BL/6J

      Range
      83972978..83996444
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
    Support Center