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    NOTCH3 notch 3 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 4854, updated on 3-Dec-2017
    Official Symbol
    NOTCH3provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    notch 3provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:7883
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000074181 MIM:600276; Vega:OTTHUMG00000183217
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    IMF2; LMNS; CASIL; CADASIL; CADASIL1
    Summary
    This gene encodes the third discovered human homologue of the Drosophilia melanogaster type I membrane protein notch. In Drosophilia, notch interaction with its cell-bound ligands (delta, serrate) establishes an intercellular signalling pathway that plays a key role in neural development. Homologues of the notch-ligands have also been identified in human, but precise interactions between these ligands and the human notch homologues remains to be determined. Mutations in NOTCH3 have been identified as the underlying cause of cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL). [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
    Expression
    Broad expression in fat (RPKM 35.4), placenta (RPKM 33.8) and 22 other tissues See more
    Orthologs
    Location:
    19p13.12
    Exon count:
    33
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    108 current GRCh38.p7 (GCF_000001405.33) 19 NC_000019.10 (15159633..15200981, complement)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 19 NC_000019.9 (15270444..15311792, complement)

    Chromosome 19 - NC_000019.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene RNA, U6 small nuclear 782, pseudogene Neighboring gene olfactory receptor family 10 subfamily B member 1 pseudogene Neighboring gene microRNA 6795 Neighboring gene epoxide hydrolase 3 Neighboring gene bromodomain containing 4

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    • Apelin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Apelin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemApelin is an endogenous peptide capable of binding the apelin receptor (APJ), which was originally described as an orphan G-protein-coupled receptor. Apelin and APJ are widely expressed in various ti...
    • Breast cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Breast cancer, organism-specific biosystemBreast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women worldwide. The vast majority of breast cancers are carcinomas that originate from cells lining the milk-forming ducts of the mammary gla...
    • Breast cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Breast cancer, conserved biosystemBreast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women worldwide. The vast majority of breast cancers are carcinomas that originate from cells lining the milk-forming ducts of the mammary gla...
    • Canonical and Non-canonical Notch signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Canonical and Non-canonical Notch signaling, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway is based on figure 1 of "Alteration of Notch signaling in skeletal development and disease" (see bibliography). In the NOTCH signaling pathway, mammals have 11 ligands (JAG, DLL, DLK, et...
    • Defective LFNG causes SCDO3, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Defective LFNG causes SCDO3, organism-specific biosystemThe Fringe family (CAZy family GT31) of glycosyltransferases in mammals includes LFNG (lunatic fringe; MIM:602576), MFNG (manic fringe; MIM:602577) and RFNG (radical fringe; MIM:602578). Fringe enzym...
    • Disease, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Disease, organism-specific biosystemBiological processes are captured in Reactome by identifying the molecules (DNA, RNA, protein, small molecules) involved in them and describing the details of their interactions. From this molecular ...
    • Diseases associated with O-glycosylation of proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Diseases associated with O-glycosylation of proteins, organism-specific biosystemGlycosylation is the most abundant modification of proteins, variations of which occur in all living cells. Glycosylation can be further categorized into N-linked (where the oligosaccharide is conjug...
    • Diseases of glycosylation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Diseases of glycosylation, organism-specific biosystemDiseases of glycosylation, usually referred to as congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG), are rare inherited disorders ascribing defects of nucleotide-sugar biosynthesis and transport, glycosylt...
    • Dorso-ventral axis formation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Dorso-ventral axis formation, organism-specific biosystem
      Dorso-ventral axis formation
    • Dorso-ventral axis formation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Dorso-ventral axis formation, conserved biosystem
      Dorso-ventral axis formation
    • Endocrine resistance, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Endocrine resistance, organism-specific biosystemEndocrine therapy is a key treatment strategy to control or eradicate hormone-responsive breast cancer. The most commonly used endocrine therapy agents are selective estrogen receptor modulators (SER...
    • Endocrine resistance, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Endocrine resistance, conserved biosystemEndocrine therapy is a key treatment strategy to control or eradicate hormone-responsive breast cancer. The most commonly used endocrine therapy agents are selective estrogen receptor modulators (SER...
    • Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystemGene Expression covers the pathways by which genomic DNA is transcribed to yield RNA, the regulation of these transcription processes, and the pathways by which newly-made RNA Transcripts are process...
    • Generic Transcription Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Generic Transcription Pathway, organism-specific biosystemOVERVIEW OF TRANSCRIPTION REGULATION: Detailed studies of gene transcription regulation in a wide variety of eukaryotic systems has revealed the general principles and mechanisms by which cell- or t...
    • MicroRNAs in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      MicroRNAs in cancer, organism-specific biosystemMicroRNA (miRNA) is a cluster of small non-encoding RNA molecules of 21 - 23 nucleotides in length, which controls gene expression post-transcriptionally either via the degradation of target mRNAs or...
    • MicroRNAs in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      MicroRNAs in cancer, conserved biosystemMicroRNA (miRNA) is a cluster of small non-encoding RNA molecules of 21 - 23 nucleotides in length, which controls gene expression post-transcriptionally either via the degradation of target mRNAs or...
    • Neural Crest Differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Neural Crest Differentiation, organism-specific biosystemGene regulatory network model of cranial neural crest cell (CNCC) development, adaped from PMID: 19575671. Most interactions in the model are proposed to regulate transcription of core factors involv...
    • Notch Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Notch Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Notch signaling pathway is an evolutionarily conserved, intercellular signaling mechanism essential for proper embryonic development in all metazoan organisms in the Animal kingdom. The Notch pro...
    • Notch Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Notch Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Notch pathway is an evolutionally conserved signaling pathway which plays an important role in diverse developmental and physiological processes. These include cell-fate determination, tissue pat...
    • Notch signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Notch signaling, organism-specific biosystemFunctional set; Cellular processes; Cell signaling
    • Notch signaling, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Notch signaling, conserved biosystemFunctional set; Cellular processes; Cell signaling
    • Notch signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Notch signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Notch signaling pathway is an evolutionarily conserved, intercellular signaling mechanism essential for proper embryonic development in all metazoan organisms in the Animal kingdom. The Notch pro...
    • Notch signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      Notch signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      Notch signaling pathway
    • Notch signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Notch signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe Notch signaling pathway is an evolutionarily conserved, intercellular signaling mechanism essential for proper embryonic development in all metazoan organisms in the Animal kingdom. The Notch pro...
    • Notch-HLH transcription pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Notch-HLH transcription pathway, organism-specific biosystemTHE NOTCH-HLH TRANSCRIPTION PATHWAY: Notch signaling was first identified in Drosophila, where it has been studied in detail at the genetic, molecular, biochemical and cellular levels (reviewed in ...
    • Pre-NOTCH Expression and Processing, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Pre-NOTCH Expression and Processing, organism-specific biosystemIn humans and other mammals the NOTCH gene family has four members, NOTCH1, NOTCH2, NOTCH3 and NOTCH4, encoded on four different chromosomes. Their transcription is developmentally regulated and tiss...
    • Pre-NOTCH Processing in Golgi, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Pre-NOTCH Processing in Golgi, organism-specific biosystemNOTCH undergoes final posttranslational processing in the Golgi apparatus (Lardelli et al. 1994, Blaumueller et al. 1997, Weinmaster et al. 1991, Weinmaster et al. 1992, Uyttendaele et al. 1996). Mov...
    • Pre-NOTCH Processing in the Endoplasmic Reticulum, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Pre-NOTCH Processing in the Endoplasmic Reticulum, organism-specific biosystemIn the endoplasmic reticulum, glycosyl transferases modify NOTCH precursors by glycosylating conserved serine and threonine residues in EGF repeats of NOTCH. O-fucosyl transferase POFUT1 fucosylates...
    • Pre-NOTCH Transcription and Translation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Pre-NOTCH Transcription and Translation, organism-specific biosystemIn humans, the NOTCH protein family has four members: NOTCH1, NOTCH2, NOTCH3 and NOTCH4. NOTCH1 protein was identified first, as the product of a chromosome 9 gene translocated in T-cell acute lympho...
    • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
    • Signaling by NOTCH, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by NOTCH, organism-specific biosystemThe Notch Signaling Pathway (NSP) is a highly conserved pathway for cell-cell communication. NSP is involved in the regulation of cellular differentiation, proliferation, and specification. For exam...
    • Signaling by NOTCH3, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by NOTCH3, organism-specific biosystemSimilar to NOTCH1, NOTCH3 is activated by delta-like and jagged ligands (DLL/JAG) expressed in trans on a neighboring cell. The activation triggers cleavage of NOTCH3, first by ADAM10 at the S2 cleav...
    • Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, organism-specific biosystemImmunity to different classes of microorganisms is orchestrated by separate lineages of effector T helper (TH)-cells, which differentiate from naive CD4+ precursor cells in response to cues provided ...
    • Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, conserved biosystemImmunity to different classes of microorganisms is orchestrated by separate lineages of effector T helper (TH)-cells, which differentiate from naive CD4+ precursor cells in response to cues provided ...
    • Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe thyroid hormones (THs) are important regulators of growth, development and metabolism. The action of TH is mainly mediated by T3 (3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine). Thyroid hormones, L-thyroxine (T4) a...
    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    Markers

    Homology

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    cadherin binding IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    calcium ion binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    enzyme binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    identical protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    receptor activity IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    Notch receptor processing TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    Notch signaling pathway TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    artery morphogenesis IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    forebrain development IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    glomerular capillary formation IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    negative regulation of neuron differentiation IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    neuron fate commitment IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    Golgi membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    actin cytoskeleton IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
     
    cytosol IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
     
    cytosol TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    endoplasmic reticulum membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    extracellular region TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    integral component of membrane IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    nucleoplasm IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
     
    nucleoplasm TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    plasma membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    receptor complex IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    Preferred Names
    neurogenic locus notch homolog protein 3
    Names
    Notch homolog 3

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    Genomic

    1. NG_009819.1 RefSeqGene

      Range
      5001..46349
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_000435.2NP_000426.2  neurogenic locus notch homolog protein 3 precursor

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_000426.2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      AC004663, U97669
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS12326.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q9UM47
      Related
      ENSP00000263388.1, OTTHUMP00000271209, ENST00000263388.6, OTTHUMT00000465714
      Conserved Domains (11) summary
      smart00179
      Location:657686
      EGF_CA; Calcium-binding EGF-like domain
      COG0666
      Location:17771893
      ANKYR; Ankyrin repeat [Signal transduction mechanisms]
      cd00054
      Location:158195
      EGF_CA; Calcium-binding EGF-like domain, present in a large number of membrane-bound and extracellular (mostly animal) proteins. Many of these proteins require calcium for their biological function and calcium-binding sites have been found to be located at the ...
      cd00204
      Location:18661992
      ANK; ankyrin repeats; ankyrin repeats mediate protein-protein interactions in very diverse families of proteins. The number of ANK repeats in a protein can range from 2 to over 20 (ankyrins, for example). ANK repeats may occur in combinations with other ...
      pfam00066
      Location:14251459
      Notch; LNR domain
      pfam06816
      Location:15081557
      NOD; NOTCH protein
      pfam07684
      Location:15781637
      NODP; NOTCH protein
      pfam11936
      Location:22122273
      DUF3454; Domain of unknown function (DUF3454)
      pfam12796
      Location:19102002
      Ank_2; Ankyrin repeats (3 copies)
      pfam13857
      Location:18581913
      Ank_5; Ankyrin repeats (many copies)
      sd00045
      Location:19051936
      ANK; ANK repeat [structural motif]

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000019.10 Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

      Range
      15159633..15200981 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. XM_005259924.4XP_005259981.1  neurogenic locus notch homolog protein 3 isoform X1

      Conserved Domains (10) summary
      COG0666
      Location:17251841
      ANKYR; Ankyrin repeat [Signal transduction mechanisms]
      cd00054
      Location:158195
      EGF_CA; Calcium-binding EGF-like domain, present in a large number of membrane-bound and extracellular (mostly animal) proteins. Many of these proteins require calcium for their biological function and calcium-binding sites have been found to be located at the ...
      cd00204
      Location:18141940
      ANK; ankyrin repeats; ankyrin repeats mediate protein-protein interactions in very diverse families of proteins. The number of ANK repeats in a protein can range from 2 to over 20 (ankyrins, for example). ANK repeats may occur in combinations with other ...
      pfam00066
      Location:13731407
      Notch; LNR domain
      pfam06816
      Location:14561505
      NOD; NOTCH protein
      pfam07684
      Location:15261585
      NODP; NOTCH protein
      pfam11936
      Location:21602221
      DUF3454; Domain of unknown function (DUF3454)
      pfam12796
      Location:18581950
      Ank_2; Ankyrin repeats (3 copies)
      pfam13857
      Location:18061861
      Ank_5; Ankyrin repeats (many copies)
      sd00045
      Location:18531884
      ANK; ANK repeat [structural motif]

    Alternate CHM1_1.1

    Genomic

    1. NC_018930.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

      Range
      15269920..15311263 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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