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    VAV1 vav guanine nucleotide exchange factor 1 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 7409, updated on 3-Jan-2019

    Summary

    Official Symbol
    VAV1provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    vav guanine nucleotide exchange factor 1provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:12657
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000141968 MIM:164875
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    VAV
    Summary
    This gene is a member of the VAV gene family. The VAV proteins are guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) for Rho family GTPases that activate pathways leading to actin cytoskeletal rearrangements and transcriptional alterations. The encoded protein is important in hematopoiesis, playing a role in T-cell and B-cell development and activation. The encoded protein has been identified as the specific binding partner of Nef proteins from HIV-1. Coexpression and binding of these partners initiates profound morphological changes, cytoskeletal rearrangements and the JNK/SAPK signaling cascade, leading to increased levels of viral transcription and replication. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2012]
    Expression
    Broad expression in lymph node (RPKM 23.7), appendix (RPKM 21.5) and 16 other tissues See more
    Orthologs

    Genomic context

    See VAV1 in Genome Data Viewer
    Location:
    19p13.3
    Exon count:
    27
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 19 NC_000019.10 (6772668..6857366)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 19 NC_000019.9 (6772679..6857377)

    Chromosome 19 - NC_000019.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC107985302 Neighboring gene thyroid hormone receptor interactor 10 Neighboring gene SH2 domain containing 3A Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105372256 Neighboring gene adhesion G protein-coupled receptor E1 Neighboring gene adhesion G protein-coupled receptor E4, pseudogene

    Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

    Expression

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

    Bibliography

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    HIV-1 interactions

    Protein interactions

    Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
    Envelope surface glycoprotein gp160, precursor env HIV-1 gp160 alone or CD4/gp160 cross-linking induces tyrosine phosphorylation of intracellular substrates p59fyn, zap 70, and p95vav and also leads to ras activation PubMed
    Nef nef The association of HIV-1 Nef with Vav1, Pak2, and Nck1 is greatly reduced in SLP76-deficient T cells PubMed
    nef Nef-mediated microdomain recruitment of Vav1 is associated with the Nef-p21-activated kinase 2 (PAK2) signalosome. Nef residue F195 is identified as critical for Nef-mediated raft recruitment of Vav1 PubMed
    nef The interaction of HIV-1 Nef with Vav is detected by pull-down assays; mutations in the Nef PXXP motif maintain some residual binding capacity to Vav PubMed
    nef The C-terminal SH3 domain of Vav binds to the PXXP motif in HIV-1 Nef and this interaction activates Vav and its downstream effectors, leading to morphological changes, cytoskeletal rearrangements, and the activation of the JNK/SAPK cascade PubMed

    Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

    Pathways from BioSystems

    • Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
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    • Antigen activates B Cell Receptor (BCR) leading to generation of second messengers, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Antigen activates B Cell Receptor (BCR) leading to generation of second messengers, organism-specific biosystemMature B cells express IgM and IgD immunoglobulins which are complexed with Ig-alpha (CD79A, MB-1) and Ig-beta (CD79B, B29) to form the B cell receptor (BCR) (Fu et al. 1974, Fu et al. 1975, Kunkel e...
    • B Cell Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      B Cell Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe functional B-cell receptor is a multi-protein complex consisting of an antigen binding subunit and a signaling subunit. The antigen binding subunit is the membrane bound immunoglobulin and the si...
    • B cell receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
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    • B cell receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      B cell receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystemB cells are an important component of adaptive immunity. They produce and secrete millions of different antibody molecules, each of which recognizes a different (foreign) antigen. The B cell receptor...
    • CD28 co-stimulation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      CD28 co-stimulation, organism-specific biosystemIn naive T cells, CD28 costimulation enhances cell cycle entry, potently stimulates expression of both the mitogenic lymphokine interleukin-2 (IL-2) and its receptor, and stimulates the activation o...
    • CD28 dependent Vav1 pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      CD28 dependent Vav1 pathway, organism-specific biosystemCD28 binds to several intracellular proteins including PI3 kinase, Grb-2, Gads and ITK. Grb-2 specifically co-operates with Vav-1 in the up-regulation of NFAT/AP-1 transcription. CD28 costimulation r...
    • CXCR4-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      CXCR4-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
      CXCR4-mediated signaling events
    • Cell death signalling via NRAGE, NRIF and NADE, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cell death signalling via NRAGE, NRIF and NADE, organism-specific biosystemp75NTR is a key regulator of neuronal apoptosis, both during development and after injury. Apoptosis is triggered by binding of either mature neurotrophin or proneurotrophin (proNGF, proBDNF). ProNG...
    • Chemokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Chemokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemInflammatory immune response requires the recruitment of leukocytes to the site of inflammation upon foreign insult. Chemokines are small chemoattractant peptides that provide directional cues for th...
    • Chemokine signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Chemokine signaling pathway, conserved biosystemInflammatory immune response requires the recruitment of leukocytes to the site of inflammation upon foreign insult. Chemokines are small chemoattractant peptides that provide directional cues for th...
    • Class I PI3K signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      Class I PI3K signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
      Class I PI3K signaling events
    • Constitutive Signaling by Aberrant PI3K in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Constitutive Signaling by Aberrant PI3K in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemSignaling by PI3K/AKT is frequently constitutively activated in cancer via gain-of-function mutations in one of the two PI3K subunits - PI3KCA (encoding the catalytic subunit p110alpha) or PIK3R1 (en...
    • Costimulation by the CD28 family, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Costimulation by the CD28 family, organism-specific biosystemOptimal activation of T-lymphocytes requires at least two signals. A primary one is delivered by the T-cell receptor (TCR) complex after antigen recognition and additional costimulatory signals are d...
    • Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are small proteins that regulate and mediate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They are secreted in response to immune stimuli, and usually act briefly, locally, at very low concen...
    • DAP12 interactions, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DAP12 interactions, organism-specific biosystemDNAX activation protein of 12kDa (DAP12) is an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)-bearing adapter molecule that transduces activating signals in natural killer (NK) and myeloid cel...
    • DAP12 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DAP12 signaling, organism-specific biosystemIn response to receptor ligation, the tyrosine residues in DAP12's immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM) are phosphorylated by Src family kinases. These phosphotyrosines form the dock...
    • Disease, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Disease, organism-specific biosystemBiological processes are captured in Reactome by identifying the molecules (DNA, RNA, protein, small molecules) involved in them and describing the details of their interactions. From this molecular ...
    • Diseases of signal transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Diseases of signal transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignaling processes are central to human physiology (e.g., Pires-da Silva & Sommer 2003), and their disruption by either germ-line and somatic mutation can lead to serious disease. Here, the molecula...
    • Downstream signal transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Downstream signal transduction, organism-specific biosystemThe role of autophosphorylation sites on PDGF receptors are to provide docking sites for downstream signal transduction molecules which contain SH2 domains. The SH2 domain is a conserved motif of aro...
    • Downstream signaling events of B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Downstream signaling events of B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystemSecond messengers (calcium, diacylglycerol, inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, and phosphatidyinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate) trigger signaling pathways: NF-kappaB is activated via protein kinase C beta, RA...
    • EGF/EGFR Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      EGF/EGFR Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemEpidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) also known as ErbB1/HER1 is a member of the ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases which also includes ErbB2 (Neu, HER2), ErbB3 (HER3) and ErbB4 (HER4). Sev...
    • FCERI mediated Ca+2 mobilization, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      FCERI mediated Ca+2 mobilization, organism-specific biosystemIncrease of intracellular calcium in mast cells is most crucial for mast cell degranulation. Elevation of intracellular calcium is achieved by activation of PLC-gamma. Mast cells express both PLC-gam...
    • FCERI mediated MAPK activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      FCERI mediated MAPK activation, organism-specific biosystemFormation of the LAT signaling complex leads to activation of MAPK and production of cytokines. The sequence of events that leads from LAT to cytokine production has not been as clearly defined as th...
    • Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemFc epsilon RI-mediated signaling pathways in mast cells are initiated by the interaction of antigen (Ag) with IgE bound to the extracellular domain of the alpha chain of Fc epsilon RI. The activation...
    • Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway, conserved biosystemFc epsilon RI-mediated signaling pathways in mast cells are initiated by the interaction of antigen (Ag) with IgE bound to the extracellular domain of the alpha chain of Fc epsilon RI. The activation...
    • Fc epsilon receptor (FCERI) signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Fc epsilon receptor (FCERI) signaling, organism-specific biosystemMast cells (MC) are distributed in tissues throughout the human body and have long been recognized as key cells of type I hypersensitivity reactions. They also play important roles in inflammatory an...
    • Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis, organism-specific biosystemPhagocytosis plays an essential role in host-defense mechanisms through the uptake and destruction of infectious pathogens. Specialized cell types including macrophages, neutrophils, and monocytes ta...
    • Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis, conserved biosystemPhagocytosis plays an essential role in host-defense mechanisms through the uptake and destruction of infectious pathogens. Specialized cell types including macrophages, neutrophils, and monocytes ta...
    • Fc-epsilon receptor I signaling in mast cells, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      Fc-epsilon receptor I signaling in mast cells, organism-specific biosystem
      Fc-epsilon receptor I signaling in mast cells
    • Fcgamma receptor (FCGR) dependent phagocytosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Fcgamma receptor (FCGR) dependent phagocytosis, organism-specific biosystemPhagocytosis is one of the important innate immune responses that function to eliminate invading infectious agents. Monocytes, macrophages, and neutrophils are the professional phagocytic cells. Phag...
    • Focal Adhesion, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Focal Adhesion, organism-specific biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
    • Focal adhesion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Focal adhesion, organism-specific biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
    • Focal adhesion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Focal adhesion, conserved biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
    • G alpha (12/13) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      G alpha (12/13) signalling events, organism-specific biosystemThe G12/13 family is probably the least well characterized subtype, partly because G12/13 coupling is difficult to determine when compared with the other subtypes which predominantly rely on assay te...
    • GAB1 signalosome, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      GAB1 signalosome, organism-specific biosystemGAB1 is recruited to the activated EGFR indirectly, through GRB2. GAB1 acts as an adaptor protein that enables formation of an active PIK3, through recruitment of PIK3 regulatory subunit PIK3R1 (also...
    • GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are classically defined as the receptor, G-protein and downstream effectors, the alpha subunit of the G-protein being the primary signaling molecule. However, it h...
    • GPVI-mediated activation cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      GPVI-mediated activation cascade, organism-specific biosystemThe GPVI receptor is a complex of the GPVI protein with Fc epsilon R1 gamma (FcR). The Src family kinases Fyn and Lyn constitutively associate with the GPVI-FcR complex in platelets and initiate plat...
    • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Hematopoietic Stem Cell Differentiation, organism-specific biosystemGrowth factors and miRNA regulating differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) to various blood-related cell types. Note that myeloblasts branch off separately from erythrocytes and megakaryoc...
    • Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystemHemostasis is a physiological response that culminates in the arrest of bleeding from an injured vessel. Under normal conditions the vascular endothelium supports vasodilation, inhibits platelet adhe...
    • IL-3 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      IL-3 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin 3 (IL-3) is a potent growth factor belonging to the super family of cytokines. IL-3 is a 20- 32kDa glycoprotein involved in the process of hematopoiesis. It is involved in the proliferati...
    • IL-6 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      IL-6 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemIL-6 is a pleiotropic cytokine with important role in immune regulation, hematopoiesis, inflammation and oncogenesis. IL-6-type cytokines exert their action via the signal transducer gp130 that assoc...
    • IL6-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      IL6-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
      IL6-mediated signaling events
    • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
    • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystemInnate immunity encompases the nonspecific part of immunity tha are part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
    • Interferon type I signaling pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Interferon type I signaling pathways, organism-specific biosystemThe type I IFNs (IFN? family, IFN?, IFN?, IFN? and IFN?) all bind to and signal via the type I IFN receptor complex. The type I receptor consists of two main IFNAR1, IFNAR2c receptor chains and other...
    • Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe Interleukin-3 (IL-3), IL-5 and Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) receptors form a family of heterodimeric receptors that have specific alpha chains but share a common beta...
    • Kit receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Kit receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemKit is a cytokine receptor that belongs to the type III receptor tyrosine kinase family. It is structurally similar to platelet-derived growth factor recpetors (PDGFRs), colony stimulating factor-1 r...
    • Leukocyte transendothelial migration, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Leukocyte transendothelial migration, organism-specific biosystemLeukocyte migaration from the blood into tissues is vital for immune surveillance and inflammation. During this diapedesis of leukocytes, the leukocytes bind to endothelial cell adhesion molecules (C...
    • Leukocyte transendothelial migration, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Leukocyte transendothelial migration, conserved biosystemLeukocyte migaration from the blood into tissues is vital for immune surveillance and inflammation. During this diapedesis of leukocytes, the leukocytes bind to endothelial cell adhesion molecules (C...
    • NGF signalling via TRKA from the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      NGF signalling via TRKA from the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemTrk receptors signal from the plasma membrane and from intracellular membranes, particularly from early endosomes. Signalling from the plasma membrane is fast but transient; signalling from endosomes...
    • NRAGE signals death through JNK, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      NRAGE signals death through JNK, organism-specific biosystemOnce bound by either NGF or proNGF, p75NTR interacts with NRAGE, thus leading to phosphorylation and activation of JUN Kinase (JNK). JNK controls apoptosis in two ways: it induces transcription of pr...
    • Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, organism-specific biosystemNatural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes of the innate immune system that are involved in early defenses against both allogeneic (nonself) cells and autologous cells undergoing various forms of stre...
    • Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, conserved biosystemNatural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes of the innate immune system that are involved in early defenses against both allogeneic (nonself) cells and autologous cells undergoing various forms of stre...
    • Negative regulation of the PI3K/AKT network, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Negative regulation of the PI3K/AKT network, organism-specific biosystemThe PI3K/AKT network is negatively regulated by phosphatases that dephosphorylate PIP3, thus hampering AKT activation.
    • PDGF Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      PDGF Pathway, organism-specific biosystemPDGF belongs to the PDGF/VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) family, which is characterized by eight strictly conserved cysteine residues with similar spacing in between (Joukov et al., 1997; H...
    • PI3K/AKT Signaling in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PI3K/AKT Signaling in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemClass IA PI3K is a heterodimer of a p85 regulatory subunit (encoded by PIK3R1, PIK3R2 or PIK3R3) and a p110 catalytic subunit (encoded by PIK3CA, PIK3CB or PIK3CD). In the absence of activating signa...
    • PI3K/AKT activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PI3K/AKT activation, organism-specific biosystemPI3K/AKT signalling is a major regulator of neuron survival. It blocks cell death by both impinging on the cytoplasmic cell death machinery and by regulating the expression of genes involved in cell...
    • PI5P, PP2A and IER3 Regulate PI3K/AKT Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PI5P, PP2A and IER3 Regulate PI3K/AKT Signaling, organism-specific biosystemPhosphatidylinositol-5-phosphate (PI5P) may modulate PI3K/AKT signaling in several ways. PI5P is used as a substrate for production of phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate, PI(4,5)P2 (Rameh et al. 1...
    • PIP3 activates AKT signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PIP3 activates AKT signaling, organism-specific biosystemSignaling by AKT is one of the key outcomes of receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) activation. AKT is activated by the cellular second messenger PIP3, a phospholipid that is generated by PI3K. In ustimula...
    • Platelet activation, signaling and aggregation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
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    • Prolactin Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Prolactin Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemProlactin (PRL), a pleiotropic polypeptide hormone, mostly secreted by the lactotrophic cells of anterior pituitary gland and to a lesser extent expressed in numerous extra pituitary tissues such as ...
    • Regulation of Actin Cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Regulation of Actin Cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystemhttp://www.genome.jp/kegg/pathway/hsa/hsa04810.html
    • Regulation of RAC1 activity, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      Regulation of RAC1 activity, organism-specific biosystem
      Regulation of RAC1 activity
    • Regulation of RhoA activity, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      Regulation of RhoA activity, organism-specific biosystem
      Regulation of RhoA activity
    • Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem
      Regulation of actin cytoskeleton
    • Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, conserved biosystem
      Regulation of actin cytoskeleton
    • Regulation of actin dynamics for phagocytic cup formation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Regulation of actin dynamics for phagocytic cup formation, organism-specific biosystemThe actin cytoskeleton is fundamental for phagocytosis and members of the Rho family GTPases RAC and CDC42 are involved in actin cytoskeletal regulation leading to pseudopod extension. Active RAC and...
    • Regulation of signaling by CBL, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Regulation of signaling by CBL, organism-specific biosystemCbl is an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase that negatively regulates signaling pathways by targeting proteins for ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation (Rao et al. 2002). Cbl negatively regulates PI3...
    • Rho GTPase cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Rho GTPase cycle, organism-specific biosystemThe cycling of Rho GTPases is tightly controlled by three classes of protein. These are (1) guanine nucleotide dissociation inhibitors or GDIs, which maintain Rho proteins in an inactive state in the...
    • Role of LAT2/NTAL/LAB on calcium mobilization, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Role of LAT2/NTAL/LAB on calcium mobilization, organism-specific biosystemThe lipid raft resident adaptor molecules LAT1 and Non-T cell activation linker (NTAL), also known as linker for activation of B cells (LAB)/LAT2 are known participants in the regulation of mast cell...
    • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
    • Signaling by EGFR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
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    • Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
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    • Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
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    • Signaling by PDGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
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    • Signaling by Rho GTPases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
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    • Signaling by SCF-KIT, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
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    • Signaling by VEGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
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    • Signaling by the B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by the B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystemMature B cells express IgM and IgD immunoglobulins which are complexed at the plasma membrane with Ig-alpha (CD79A, MB-1) and Ig-beta (CD79B, B29) to form the B cell receptor (BCR) (Fu et al. 1974, F...
    • Signaling events mediated by Stem cell factor receptor (c-Kit), organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      Signaling events mediated by Stem cell factor receptor (c-Kit), organism-specific biosystem
      Signaling events mediated by Stem cell factor receptor (c-Kit)
    • Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystemNeurotrophins (NGF, BDNF, NT-3, NT-4/5) play pivotal roles in survival, differentiation, and plasticity of neurons in the peripheral and central nervous system. They are produced, and secreted in mi...
    • T cell receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      T cell receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemActivation of T lymphocytes is a key event for an efficient response of the immune system. It requires the involvement of the T-cell receptor (TCR) as well as costimulatory molecules such as CD28. En...
    • T cell receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      T cell receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystemActivation of T lymphocytes is a key event for an efficient response of the immune system. It requires the involvement of the T-cell receptor (TCR) as well as costimulatory molecules such as CD28. En...
    • T-Cell antigen Receptor (TCR) Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      T-Cell antigen Receptor (TCR) Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) complex is composed of a ligand-binding subunit, the ? and ? chains, and a signaling subunit, namely the CD3?, ? and ? chains and the TCR? chain. This complex partic...
    • TCR signaling in naive CD4+ T cells, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      TCR signaling in naive CD4+ T cells, organism-specific biosystem
      TCR signaling in naive CD4+ T cells
    • TCR signaling in naive CD8+ T cells, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
      TCR signaling in naive CD8+ T cells, organism-specific biosystem
      TCR signaling in naive CD8+ T cells
    • VEGFA-VEGFR2 Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      VEGFA-VEGFR2 Pathway, organism-specific biosystemAngiogenesis is the formation of new blood vessels from preexisting vasculature. One of the most important proangiogenic factors is vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). VEGF exerts its biologic...
    • VEGFR2 mediated vascular permeability, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      VEGFR2 mediated vascular permeability, organism-specific biosystemThe free radical nitric oxide (NO), produced by endothelial NO synthase (eNOS), is an important vasoactive substance in normal vascular biology and pathophysiology. It plays an important role in vasc...
    • cAMP signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      cAMP signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemcAMP is one of the most common and universal second messengers, and its formation is promoted by adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation after ligation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by ligands incl...
    • cAMP signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      cAMP signaling pathway, conserved biosystemcAMP is one of the most common and universal second messengers, and its formation is promoted by adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation after ligation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by ligands incl...
    • p75 NTR receptor-mediated signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      p75 NTR receptor-mediated signalling, organism-specific biosystemBesides signalling through the tyrosine kinase receptors TRK A, B, and C, the mature neurotrophins NGF, BDNF, and NT3/4 signal through their common receptor p75NTR. NGF binding to p75NTR activates a ...

    Interactions

    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    General gene information

    Markers

    Homology

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    Rac guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    Rho guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity EXP
    Inferred from Experiment
    more info
    PubMed 
    guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    metal ion binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase activity TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    phosphotyrosine residue binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    Fc-epsilon receptor signaling pathway TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    Fc-gamma receptor signaling pathway involved in phagocytosis TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    T cell costimulation TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    T cell differentiation IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    cytokine-mediated signaling pathway TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    immune response IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    integrin-mediated signaling pathway IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    neutrophil chemotaxis IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    phosphatidylinositol phosphorylation IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    platelet activation TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    positive regulation of GTPase activity IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    positive regulation of Ras protein signal transduction TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    positive regulation of apoptotic process TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    positive regulation of natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    reactive oxygen species metabolic process IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    regulation of GTPase activity IGI
    Inferred from Genetic Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    regulation of Rho protein signal transduction IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    regulation of cell size IGI
    Inferred from Genetic Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    NOT regulation of cell size IGI
    Inferred from Genetic Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    regulation of small GTPase mediated signal transduction TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    small GTPase mediated signal transduction IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    cell-cell junction IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    cytosol TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    plasma membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     

    General protein information

    Preferred Names
    proto-oncogene vav
    Names
    vav 1 guanine nucleotide exchange factor
    vav 1 oncogene

    NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_001258206.1NP_001245135.1  proto-oncogene vav isoform 2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (2) lacks an exon in the coding region, but maintains the reading frame, compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (2) is shorter than isoform 1.
      Source sequence(s)
      AK225710, AW105491, BC013361, DC408645
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS59341.1
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      A0A0A0MR07, Q96D37
      Related
      ENSP00000302269.2, ENST00000304076.6
      Conserved Domains (7) summary
      cd10405
      Location:643745
      SH2_Vav1; Src homology 2 (SH2) domain found in the Vav1 proteins
      cd11976
      Location:764817
      SH3_VAV1_2; C-terminal (or second) Src homology 3 domain of VAV1 protein
      cd00160
      Location:195371
      RhoGEF; Guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Rho/Rac/Cdc42-like GTPases; Also called Dbl-homologous (DH) domain. It appears that PH domains invariably occur C-terminal to RhoGEF/DH domains.
      cd01223
      Location:385508
      PH_Vav; Vav pleckstrin homology (PH) domain
      pfam00130
      Location:516567
      C1_1; Phorbol esters/diacylglycerol binding domain (C1 domain)
      cl00030
      Location:18102
      CH; Calponin homology domain; actin-binding domain which may be present as a single copy or in tandem repeats (which increases binding affinity). The CH domain is found in cytoskeletal and signal transduction proteins, including actin-binding proteins like ...
      cl17036
      Location:596639
      SH3; Src Homology 3 domain superfamily
    2. NM_001258207.1NP_001245136.1  proto-oncogene vav isoform 3

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (3) lacks an exon in the coding region, but maintains the reading frame, compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (3) is shorter than isoform 1.
      Source sequence(s)
      AK301128, AW105491, BC013361, DC408645
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS59342.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P15498
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      Q96D37
      Related
      ENSP00000469450.1, ENST00000596764.5
      Conserved Domains (7) summary
      cd10405
      Location:633735
      SH2_Vav1; Src homology 2 (SH2) domain found in the Vav1 proteins
      cd11976
      Location:754807
      SH3_VAV1_2; C-terminal (or second) Src homology 3 domain of VAV1 protein
      cd11979
      Location:564626
      SH3_VAV1_1; First Src homology 3 domain of VAV1 protein
      smart00325
      Location:187340
      RhoGEF; Guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Rho/Rac/Cdc42-like GTPases
      cd01223
      Location:353476
      PH_Vav; Vav pleckstrin homology (PH) domain
      pfam00130
      Location:484535
      C1_1; Phorbol esters/diacylglycerol binding domain (C1 domain)
      cl00030
      Location:18102
      CH; Calponin homology domain; actin-binding domain which may be present as a single copy or in tandem repeats (which increases binding affinity). The CH domain is found in cytoskeletal and signal transduction proteins, including actin-binding proteins like ...
    3. NM_005428.4NP_005419.2  proto-oncogene vav isoform 1

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_005419.2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longest transcript and encodes the longest isoform (1).
      Source sequence(s)
      AK313307, BC013361, DC408645
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS12174.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P15498
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      B2R8B5, Q96D37
      Related
      ENSP00000472929.1, ENST00000602142.5
      Conserved Domains (7) summary
      cd10405
      Location:665767
      SH2_Vav1; Src homology 2 (SH2) domain found in the Vav1 proteins
      cd11976
      Location:786839
      SH3_VAV1_2; C-terminal (or second) Src homology 3 domain of VAV1 protein
      cd11979
      Location:596658
      SH3_VAV1_1; First Src homology 3 domain of VAV1 protein
      cd00160
      Location:195371
      RhoGEF; Guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Rho/Rac/Cdc42-like GTPases; Also called Dbl-homologous (DH) domain. It appears that PH domains invariably occur C-terminal to RhoGEF/DH domains.
      cd01223
      Location:385508
      PH_Vav; Vav pleckstrin homology (PH) domain
      pfam00130
      Location:516567
      C1_1; Phorbol esters/diacylglycerol binding domain (C1 domain)
      cl00030
      Location:18102
      CH; Calponin homology domain; actin-binding domain which may be present as a single copy or in tandem repeats (which increases binding affinity). The CH domain is found in cytoskeletal and signal transduction proteins, including actin-binding proteins like ...

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000019.10 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

      Range
      6772668..6857366
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. XM_005259642.1XP_005259699.1  proto-oncogene vav isoform X1

      Conserved Domains (7) summary
      cd11979
      Location:596658
      SH3_VAV1_1; First Src homology 3 domain of VAV1 protein
      cd00160
      Location:195371
      RhoGEF; Guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Rho/Rac/Cdc42-like GTPases; Also called Dbl-homologous (DH) domain. It appears that PH domains invariably occur C-terminal to RhoGEF/DH domains.
      cd01223
      Location:385508
      PH_Vav; Vav pleckstrin homology (PH) domain
      pfam00130
      Location:516567
      C1_1; Phorbol esters/diacylglycerol binding domain (C1 domain)
      pfam00169
      Location:403504
      PH; PH domain
      pfam00307
      Location:2115
      CH; Calponin homology (CH) domain
      cl15255
      Location:665739
      SH2; Src homology 2 (SH2) domain
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