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    PIK3CD phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 5293, updated on 7-Oct-2018

    Summary

    Official Symbol
    PIK3CDprovided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit deltaprovided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:8977
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000171608 MIM:602839; Vega:OTTHUMG00000001450
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    APDS; PI3K; IMD14; p110D; P110DELTA
    Summary
    Phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3Ks) phosphorylate inositol lipids and are involved in the immune response. The protein encoded by this gene is a class I PI3K found primarily in leukocytes. Like other class I PI3Ks (p110-alpha p110-beta, and p110-gamma), the encoded protein binds p85 adapter proteins and GTP-bound RAS. However, unlike the other class I PI3Ks, this protein phosphorylates itself, not p85 protein.[provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]
    Expression
    Broad expression in lymph node (RPKM 21.4), bone marrow (RPKM 20.0) and 22 other tissues See more
    Orthologs

    Genomic context

    See PIK3CD in Genome Data Viewer
    Location:
    1p36.22
    Exon count:
    30
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 1 NC_000001.11 (9629889..9728925)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 1 NC_000001.10 (9711789..9789172)

    Chromosome 1 - NC_000001.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene nonconserved acetylation island sequence 67 enhancer Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105376712 Neighboring gene PIK3CD antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene PIK3CD antisense RNA 2 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L26 pseudogene 7 Neighboring gene calsyntenin 1 Neighboring gene mitotic spindle organizing protein 1 pseudogene 1 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105376717 Neighboring gene catenin beta interacting protein 1

    Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

    Expression

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

    Bibliography

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    HIV-1 interactions

    Protein interactions

    Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
    Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env HIV-1 gp120 upregulates the expression of IL-6 and IL-8 via the p38 signaling pathway and the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in astrocytes PubMed
    env HIV-1 gp120-induced PI3-kinase activity and calcium mobilization are inhibited by pertussis toxin and blocking antibodies directed against CCR5 and CXCR4, suggesting that this signaling is mediated through these chemokine receptors PubMed
    env CD45 modulates HIV-1 gp120-induced apoptosis by regulating Fas ligand induction and activation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt pathway PubMed
    env HIV-1 gp120-induced TNF-alpha production by primary human macrophages is mediated by phosphatidylinositol-3 (PI-3) kinase and mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathways PubMed
    env CCR5 activation by gp120 triggers the assembly of endogenous Lyn, PI3K, and Pyk2 and is associated with PI3K and Pyk2 translocation from the cytoplasm to the membrane where they colocalized with Lyn PubMed
    env Concomitant activation of Lyn, Pyk2, and class IA PI3K are required for gp120-induced IL-1beta production PubMed
    env Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and erythropoietin treatment protect against HIV/gp120-mediated neuronal damage in culture and in vivo, in part, through cooperative activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt/GSK-3beta signaling PubMed
    env Pre-treatment of endothelial cells with fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) protects cells from HIV-1 gp120 angiotoxicity; this protection is regulated by crosstalk among the ERK, PI3K-AKT and PKC signaling pathways PubMed
    Envelope surface glycoprotein gp160, precursor env HIV-1 gp160 disrupts the association between phospholipase C gamma-1 and phosphoinositide 3 kinase (PI3-kinase), and this effect is dependent on PI3-kinase activity PubMed
    env PI3-kinase activation induced by HIV-1 gp160 leads to downregulation of LFA-1-mediated T cell adhesion to B cells PubMed
    Nef nef HIV-1 Nef involves the PI3K-PKC pathway for induction of IL6 and CXCL8 (IL8) expression PubMed
    nef HIV-1 Nef synergizes with KSHV oncoprotein K1 to activate PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway, and induces cell proliferation and microtubule formation in endothelial cells PubMed
    nef Downregulation of cell surface major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) protein expression by HIV-1 Nef depends on a phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-regulated signaling pathway, suggesting an interaction between Nef and PI3K PubMed
    nef In the context of Nef-associated kinase complex (NAKC), hnRNP-K interacts with HIV-1 Nef and recruits LCK, PKCdelta, and PI-3 kinase PubMed
    nef The presence of HIV-1 Nef in Jurkat cells stimulated with a combination of PMA and anti-CD28 upregulates the levels of PI3K production PubMed
    nef The association of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase with platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) activated receptor was downregulated by HIV-1 nef expression PubMed
    Tat tat HIV-1 Tat induces phosphorylation of PI3K, AKT, PTEN, and GSK-3beta activating PI3K and AKT and inactivating PTEN and GSK-3beta in vIL-6 expressing cells PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat-induced upregulation of IDO production requires the activity of IFN-gamma signaling pathway such as JAK and PI3K in human monocyte derived-dendritic cells PubMed
    tat PI3K/Akt, TRPC, and GSK3beta signaling pathways are all involved in PDGF-C mediated neuroprotection against HIV-1 Tat in human neuroblastoma cells PubMed
    tat Arctigenin regulates the upstream PI3K enzyme from converting PIP2 to PIP3 in Tat-expressing CHME5 cells PubMed
    tat Pro-survival effects of intracellular HIV-1 Tat in a microglial cell line is attributed to activation of the PI-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway via decreasing expression of PTEN, a negative regulator of the PI-3-K pathway PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat in combination with KSHV kaposin A activates the MEK/ERK, STAT3, and PI3K/Akt signals in NIH3T3 cells PubMed
    tat Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt signaling pathway is involved in HIV-1 Tat-induced NADPH oxidase stimulation and LTR transactivation PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat activates phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), leading to the activation of Akt/PKB, decreased levels of cAMP and CREB phosphorylation, and the protection of cells from apoptosis PubMed
    tat Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibits HIV-1 Tat-mediated transactivation of the HIV-1 LTR promoter by affecting the formation of the Tat-associated kinase transactivating complex PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat induced release of MCP-1 from human lung microvascular endothelial cells involves an interaction between Tat and PI3 kinase PubMed
    tat Activation of protein kinase C-epsilon by HIV-1 Tat involves an interaction with PI 3-kinase PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat-mediated cytopathic changes in human brain micro vascular endothelial cells involves its interaction with phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) PubMed
    Vpr vpr HIV-1 Vpr induced upregulation of IL6 involves PI3K/Akt mediated activation of NFKB1 (NF-kappa-B) in astrocytes PubMed
    vpr HIV-1 Vpr induced upregulation of CXCL8 (IL8) involves PI3K/Akt mediated activation of NFKB1 (NF-kappa-B) in astrocytes PubMed

    Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

    Pathways from BioSystems

    • 3-phosphoinositide biosynthesis, organism-specific biosystem (from BIOCYC)
      3-phosphoinositide biosynthesis, organism-specific biosystem: Phosphoinositides "Phosphoinositides" play a key role in signal transduction, transmitting signals from the cell surface to modulate intracellular processes. One well known phosphoinositide pathway...
    • 3-phosphoinositide biosynthesis, conserved biosystem (from BIOCYC)
      3-phosphoinositide biosynthesis, conserved biosystem|FRAME: Phosphoinositides "Phosphoinositides"| play a key role in signal transduction in the eukaryotic cell, transmitting signals from the cell surface to modulate intracellular processes. One well ...
    • AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, organism-specific biosystemAdvanced glycation end products (AGEs) are a complex group of compounds produced through the non-enzymatic glycation and oxidation of proteins, lipids and nucleic acids, primarily due to aging and un...
    • AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, conserved biosystemAdvanced glycation end products (AGEs) are a complex group of compounds produced through the non-enzymatic glycation and oxidation of proteins, lipids and nucleic acids, primarily due to aging and un...
    • AMP-activated Protein Kinase (AMPK) Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      AMP-activated Protein Kinase (AMPK) Signaling, organism-specific biosystemAMPK signaling pathway, a fuel sensor and regulator, promotes ATP-producing and inhibits ATP-consuming pathways in various tissues. AMPK is a heterotrimer composed of alpha-catalytic and beta and gam...
    • AMPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      AMPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemAMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a serine threonine kinase that is highly conserved through evolution. AMPK system acts as a sensor of cellular energy status. It is activated by increases in th...
    • AMPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      AMPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystemAMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a serine threonine kinase that is highly conserved through evolution. AMPK system acts as a sensor of cellular energy status. It is activated by increases in th...
    • Acute myeloid leukemia, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Acute myeloid leukemia, organism-specific biosystemAcute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a disease that is characterized by uncontrolled proliferation of clonal neoplastic cells and accumulation in the bone marrow of blasts with an impaired differentiation...
    • Acute myeloid leukemia, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Acute myeloid leukemia, conserved biosystemAcute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a disease that is characterized by uncontrolled proliferation of clonal neoplastic cells and accumulation in the bone marrow of blasts with an impaired differentiation...
    • Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystemAdaptive immunity refers to antigen-specific immune response efficiently involved in clearing the pathogens. The adaptive immune system is comprised of B and T lymphocytes that express receptors with...
    • Aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, organism-specific biosystemSodium transport across the tight epithelia of Na+ reabsorbing tissues such as the distal part of the kidney nephron and colon is the major factor determining total-body Na+ levels, and thus, long-te...
    • Aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, conserved biosystemSodium transport across the tight epithelia of Na+ reabsorbing tissues such as the distal part of the kidney nephron and colon is the major factor determining total-body Na+ levels, and thus, long-te...
    • Amoebiasis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Amoebiasis, organism-specific biosystemEntamoeba histolytica, an extracellular protozoan parasite is a human pathogen that invades the intestinal epithelium. Infection occurs on ingestion of contaminated water and food. The pathogenesis o...
    • Amoebiasis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Amoebiasis, conserved biosystemEntamoeba histolytica, an extracellular protozoan parasite is a human pathogen that invades the intestinal epithelium. Infection occurs on ingestion of contaminated water and food. The pathogenesis o...
    • Angiopoietin Like Protein 8 Regulatory Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Angiopoietin Like Protein 8 Regulatory Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe hepatic ANGPTL8 (Angiopoietin Like Protein 8) regulatory pathway represents an up-to-date curated interactive pathway for all of the interactions from the known regulators of ANGPTL8 and updated ...
    • Antigen activates B Cell Receptor (BCR) leading to generation of second messengers, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Antigen activates B Cell Receptor (BCR) leading to generation of second messengers, organism-specific biosystemMature B cells express IgM and IgD immunoglobulins which are complexed with Ig-alpha (CD79A, MB-1) and Ig-beta (CD79B, B29) to form the B cell receptor (BCR) (Fu et al. 1974, Fu et al. 1975, Kunkel e...
    • Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis is a genetically programmed process for the elimination of damaged or redundant cells by activation of caspases (aspartate-specific cysteine proteases). The onset of apoptosis is controlled...
    • Apoptosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Apoptosis, conserved biosystemApoptosis is a genetically programmed process for the elimination of damaged or redundant cells by activation of caspases (aspartate-specific cysteine proteases). The onset of apoptosis is controlled...
    • Autophagy - animal, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Autophagy - animal, organism-specific biosystemAutophagy (or macroautophagy) is a cellular catabolic pathway involving in protein degradation, organelle turnover, and non-selective breakdown of cytoplasmic components, which is evolutionarily cons...
    • Autophagy - animal, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Autophagy - animal, conserved biosystemAutophagy (or macroautophagy) is a cellular catabolic pathway involving in protein degradation, organelle turnover, and non-selective breakdown of cytoplasmic components, which is evolutionarily cons...
    • Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystemAxon guidance represents a key stage in the formation of neuronal network. Axons are guided by a variety of guidance factors, such as netrins, ephrins, Slits, and semaphorins. These guidance cues are...
    • Axon guidance, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Axon guidance, conserved biosystemAxon guidance represents a key stage in the formation of neuronal network. Axons are guided by a variety of guidance factors, such as netrins, ephrins, Slits, and semaphorins. These guidance cues are...
    • Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystemAxon guidance / axon pathfinding is the process by which neurons send out axons to reach the correct targets. Growing axons have a highly motile structure at the growing tip called the growth cone, w...
    • B cell receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      B cell receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemB cells are an important component of adaptive immunity. They produce and secrete millions of different antibody molecules, each of which recognizes a different (foreign) antigen. The B cell receptor...
    • B cell receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      B cell receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystemB cells are an important component of adaptive immunity. They produce and secrete millions of different antibody molecules, each of which recognizes a different (foreign) antigen. The B cell receptor...
    • Bacterial invasion of epithelial cells, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Bacterial invasion of epithelial cells, organism-specific biosystemMany pathogenic bacteria can invade phagocytic and non-phagocytic cells and colonize them intracellularly, then become disseminated to other cells. Invasive bacteria induce their own uptake by non-ph...
    • Bacterial invasion of epithelial cells, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Bacterial invasion of epithelial cells, conserved biosystemMany pathogenic bacteria can invade phagocytic and non-phagocytic cells and colonize them intracellularly, then become disseminated to other cells. Invasive bacteria induce their own uptake by non-ph...
    • Breast cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Breast cancer, organism-specific biosystemBreast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women worldwide. The vast majority of breast cancers are carcinomas that originate from cells lining the milk-forming ducts of the mammary gla...
    • Breast cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Breast cancer, conserved biosystemBreast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women worldwide. The vast majority of breast cancers are carcinomas that originate from cells lining the milk-forming ducts of the mammary gla...
    • Carbohydrate digestion and absorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Carbohydrate digestion and absorption, organism-specific biosystemDietary carbohydrate in humans and omnivorous animals is a major nutrient. The carbohydrates that we ingest vary from the lactose in milk to complex carbohydrates. These carbohydrates are digested t...
    • Carbohydrate digestion and absorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Carbohydrate digestion and absorption, conserved biosystemDietary carbohydrate in humans and omnivorous animals is a major nutrient. The carbohydrates that we ingest vary from the lactose in milk to complex carbohydrates. These carbohydrates are digested t...
    • Central carbon metabolism in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Central carbon metabolism in cancer, organism-specific biosystemMalignant transformation of cells requires specific adaptations of cellular metabolism to support growth and survival. In the early twentieth century, Otto Warburg established that there are fundamen...
    • Central carbon metabolism in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Central carbon metabolism in cancer, conserved biosystemMalignant transformation of cells requires specific adaptations of cellular metabolism to support growth and survival. In the early twentieth century, Otto Warburg established that there are fundamen...
    • Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis), organism-specific biosystemTrypanosoma cruzi is an intracellular protozoan parasite that causes Chagas disease. The parasite life cycle involves hematophagous reduviid bugs as vectors. Once parasites enter the host body, they ...
    • Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis), conserved biosystemTrypanosoma cruzi is an intracellular protozoan parasite that causes Chagas disease. The parasite life cycle involves hematophagous reduviid bugs as vectors. Once parasites enter the host body, they ...
    • Chemokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Chemokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemInflammatory immune response requires the recruitment of leukocytes to the site of inflammation upon foreign insult. Chemokines are small chemoattractant peptides that provide directional cues for th...
    • Chemokine signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Chemokine signaling pathway, conserved biosystemInflammatory immune response requires the recruitment of leukocytes to the site of inflammation upon foreign insult. Chemokines are small chemoattractant peptides that provide directional cues for th...
    • Choline metabolism in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Choline metabolism in cancer, organism-specific biosystemAbnormal choline metabolism is emerging as a metabolic hallmark that is associated with oncogenesis and tumour progression. Following transformation, oncogenic signalling via pathways such as the RAS...
    • Choline metabolism in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Choline metabolism in cancer, conserved biosystemAbnormal choline metabolism is emerging as a metabolic hallmark that is associated with oncogenesis and tumour progression. Following transformation, oncogenic signalling via pathways such as the RAS...
    • Cholinergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cholinergic synapse, organism-specific biosystemAcetylcholine (ACh) is a neurotransmitter widely distributed in the central (and also peripheral, autonomic and enteric) nervous system (CNS). In the CNS, ACh facilitates many functions, such as lear...
    • Chronic myeloid leukemia, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Chronic myeloid leukemia, organism-specific biosystemChronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a clonal myeloproliferative disorder of a pluripotent stem cell. The natural history of CML has a triphasic clinical course comprising of an initial chronic phase (C...
    • Chronic myeloid leukemia, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Chronic myeloid leukemia, conserved biosystemChronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a clonal myeloproliferative disorder of a pluripotent stem cell. The natural history of CML has a triphasic clinical course comprising of an initial chronic phase (C...
    • Colorectal cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Colorectal cancer, organism-specific biosystemColorectal cancer (CRC) is the second largest cause of cancer-related deaths in Western countries. CRC arises from the colorectal epithelium as a result of the accumulation of genetic alterations in ...
    • Colorectal cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Colorectal cancer, conserved biosystemColorectal cancer (CRC) is the second largest cause of cancer-related deaths in Western countries. CRC arises from the colorectal epithelium as a result of the accumulation of genetic alterations in ...
    • Constitutive Signaling by Aberrant PI3K in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Constitutive Signaling by Aberrant PI3K in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemSignaling by PI3K/AKT is frequently constitutively activated in cancer via gain-of-function mutations in one of the two PI3K subunits - PI3KCA (encoding the catalytic subunit p110alpha) or PIK3R1 (en...
    • Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are small proteins that regulate and mediate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They are secreted in response to immune stimuli, and usually act briefly, locally, at very low concen...
    • DAP12 interactions, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DAP12 interactions, organism-specific biosystemDNAX activation protein of 12kDa (DAP12) is an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)-bearing adapter molecule that transduces activating signals in natural killer (NK) and myeloid cel...
    • DAP12 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DAP12 signaling, organism-specific biosystemIn response to receptor ligation, the tyrosine residues in DAP12's immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM) are phosphorylated by Src family kinases. These phosphotyrosines form the dock...
    • DNA Damage Response (only ATM dependent), organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      DNA Damage Response (only ATM dependent), organism-specific biosystemThis is the second pathway out of two pathways which deals with DNA damage response. It has two central gene products (ATM and TP53) which are connected with the first DNA damage response pathway. In...
    • Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystemAs a first step towards capturing the array of processes by which a fertilized egg gives rise to the diverse tissues of the body, examples of three kinds of processes have been annotated. These are a...
    • Disease, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Disease, organism-specific biosystemBiological processes are captured in Reactome by identifying the molecules (DNA, RNA, protein, small molecules) involved in them and describing the details of their interactions. From this molecular ...
    • Diseases of signal transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Diseases of signal transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignaling processes are central to human physiology (e.g., Pires-da Silva & Sommer 2003), and their disruption by either germ-line and somatic mutation can lead to serious disease. Here, the molecula...
    • Downstream signal transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Downstream signal transduction, organism-specific biosystemThe role of autophosphorylation sites on PDGF receptors are to provide docking sites for downstream signal transduction molecules which contain SH2 domains. The SH2 domain is a conserved motif of aro...
    • Downstream signaling events of B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Downstream signaling events of B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystemSecond messengers (calcium, diacylglycerol, inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, and phosphatidyinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate) trigger signaling pathways: NF-kappaB is activated via protein kinase C beta, RA...
    • EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance, organism-specific biosystemEGFR is a tyrosine kinase that participates in the regulation of cellular homeostasis. EGFR also serves as a stimulus for cancer growth. EGFR gene mutations and protein overexpression, both of which ...
    • EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance, conserved biosystemEGFR is a tyrosine kinase that participates in the regulation of cellular homeostasis. EGFR also serves as a stimulus for cancer growth. EGFR gene mutations and protein overexpression, both of which ...
    • Endocrine resistance, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Endocrine resistance, organism-specific biosystemEndocrine therapy is a key treatment strategy to control or eradicate hormone-responsive breast cancer. The most commonly used endocrine therapy agents are selective estrogen receptor modulators (SER...
    • Endocrine resistance, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Endocrine resistance, conserved biosystemEndocrine therapy is a key treatment strategy to control or eradicate hormone-responsive breast cancer. The most commonly used endocrine therapy agents are selective estrogen receptor modulators (SER...
    • Endometrial cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Endometrial cancer, organism-specific biosystemEndometrial cancer (EC) is the most common gynaecological malignancy and the fourth most common malignancy in women in the developed world after breast, colorectal and lung cancer. Two types of endom...
    • Endometrial cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Endometrial cancer, conserved biosystemEndometrial cancer (EC) is the most common gynaecological malignancy and the fourth most common malignancy in women in the developed world after breast, colorectal and lung cancer. Two types of endom...
    • Epstein-Barr virus infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Epstein-Barr virus infection, organism-specific biosystemEpstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous human herpesvirus that is associated with oncogenesis. EBV infection to primary human B lymphocytes leads to induction of EBV-specific HLA-restricted cytotoxi...
    • Epstein-Barr virus infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Epstein-Barr virus infection, conserved biosystemEpstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous human herpesvirus that is associated with oncogenesis. EBV infection to primary human B lymphocytes leads to induction of EBV-specific HLA-restricted cytotoxi...
    • ErbB signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      ErbB signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) couples binding of extracellular growth factor ligands to intracellular signaling pathways regulating diverse biologic responses, including prolife...
    • ErbB signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      ErbB signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) couples binding of extracellular growth factor ligands to intracellular signaling pathways regulating diverse biologic responses, including prolife...
    • Estrogen signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Estrogen signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemEstrogens are steroid hormones that regulate a plethora of physiological processes in mammals, including reproduction, cardiovascular protection, bone integrity, cellular homeostasis, and behavior. E...
    • Estrogen signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Estrogen signaling pathway, conserved biosystemEstrogens are steroid hormones that regulate a plethora of physiological processes in mammals, including reproduction, cardiovascular protection, bone integrity, cellular homeostasis, and behavior. E...
    • Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemFc epsilon RI-mediated signaling pathways in mast cells are initiated by the interaction of antigen (Ag) with IgE bound to the extracellular domain of the alpha chain of Fc epsilon RI. The activation...
    • Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway, conserved biosystemFc epsilon RI-mediated signaling pathways in mast cells are initiated by the interaction of antigen (Ag) with IgE bound to the extracellular domain of the alpha chain of Fc epsilon RI. The activation...
    • Fc epsilon receptor (FCERI) signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Fc epsilon receptor (FCERI) signaling, organism-specific biosystemMast cells (MC) are distributed in tissues throughout the human body and have long been recognized as key cells of type I hypersensitivity reactions. They also play important roles in inflammatory an...
    • Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis, organism-specific biosystemPhagocytosis plays an essential role in host-defense mechanisms through the uptake and destruction of infectious pathogens. Specialized cell types including macrophages, neutrophils, and monocytes ta...
    • Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis, conserved biosystemPhagocytosis plays an essential role in host-defense mechanisms through the uptake and destruction of infectious pathogens. Specialized cell types including macrophages, neutrophils, and monocytes ta...
    • Fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, organism-specific biosystemShear stress represents the frictional force that the flow of blood exerts at the endothelial surface of the vessel wall and plays a central role in vascular biology and contributes to the progress o...
    • Fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, conserved biosystemShear stress represents the frictional force that the flow of blood exerts at the endothelial surface of the vessel wall and plays a central role in vascular biology and contributes to the progress o...
    • Focal Adhesion, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Focal Adhesion, organism-specific biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
    • Focal adhesion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Focal adhesion, organism-specific biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
    • Focal adhesion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Focal adhesion, conserved biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
    • FoxO signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      FoxO signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe forkhead box O (FOXO) family of transcription factors regulates the expression of genes in cellular physiological events including apoptosis, cell-cycle control, glucose metabolism, oxidative str...
    • G beta:gamma signalling through PI3Kgamma, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      G beta:gamma signalling through PI3Kgamma, organism-specific biosystemPI3K gamma (PI3KG) is a heterodimer consisting of a p110 catalytic subunit associated with a regulatory p101 or p84 subunit. PI3KG is most highly expressed in neutrophils, where the p101 form predomi...
    • G-protein beta:gamma signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      G-protein beta:gamma signalling, organism-specific biosystemThe classical role of the G-protein beta/gamma dimer was believed to be the inactivation of the alpha subunit, Gbeta/gamma was viewed as a negative regulator of Galpha signalling. It is now known tha...
    • G13 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      G13 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe G13 subunit is an alpha unit of heterotrimeric G proteins that regulates cell processes through the use of guanine nucleotide exchange factors. G13 regulates actin cytoskeletal remodeling in cell...
    • GAB1 signalosome, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      GAB1 signalosome, organism-specific biosystemGAB1 is recruited to the activated EGFR indirectly, through GRB2. GAB1 acts as an adaptor protein that enables formation of an active PIK3, through recruitment of PIK3 regulatory subunit PIK3R1 (also...
    • GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are classically defined as the receptor, G-protein and downstream effectors, the alpha subunit of the G-protein being the primary signaling molecule. However, it h...
    • GPVI-mediated activation cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      GPVI-mediated activation cascade, organism-specific biosystemThe GPVI receptor is a complex of the GPVI protein with Fc epsilon R1 gamma (FcR). The Src family kinases Fyn and Lyn constitutively associate with the GPVI-FcR complex in platelets and initiate plat...
    • Glioma, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Glioma, organism-specific biosystemGliomas are the most common of the primary brain tumors and account for more than 40% of all central nervous system neoplasms. Gliomas include tumours that are composed predominantly of astrocytes (a...
    • Glioma, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Glioma, conserved biosystemGliomas are the most common of the primary brain tumors and account for more than 40% of all central nervous system neoplasms. Gliomas include tumours that are composed predominantly of astrocytes (a...
    • HIF-1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      HIF-1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemHypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a transcription factor that functions as a master regulator of oxygen homeostasis. It consists of two subunits: an inducibly-expressed HIF-1alpha subunit and a c...
    • HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
    • HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
    • Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystemHemostasis is a physiological response that culminates in the arrest of bleeding from an injured vessel. Under normal conditions the vascular endothelium supports vasodilation, inhibits platelet adhe...
    • Hepatitis B, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Hepatitis B, organism-specific biosystemHepatitis B virus (HBV) is an enveloped virus and contains a partially double-stranded relaxed circular DNA (RC-DNA) genome. After entry into hepatocytes, HBV RC-DNA is transported to the nucleus and...
    • Hepatitis C, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Hepatitis C, organism-specific biosystemHepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of chronic liver disease. The HCV employ several strategies to perturb host cell immunity. After invasion, HCV RNA genome functions directly as an mRNA in the...
    • Hepatitis C, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Hepatitis C, conserved biosystemHepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of chronic liver disease. The HCV employ several strategies to perturb host cell immunity. After invasion, HCV RNA genome functions directly as an mRNA in the...
    • IL-3 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      IL-3 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin 3 (IL-3) is a potent growth factor belonging to the super family of cytokines. IL-3 is a 20- 32kDa glycoprotein involved in the process of hematopoiesis. It is involved in the proliferati...
    • IL-4 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      IL-4 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemIL-4 is a glycoprotein which is composed of 129 amino acids and has a molecular weight of 20kDa. IL-4 and IL-13 are produced by CD4+ cells and exhibit significant functional overlap. Both these cytok...
    • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
    • Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, organism-specific biosystemThe TRP channels that exhibit a unique response to temperature have been given the name thermo-TRPs. Among all thermo- TRP channels, TRPV1-4, TRPM8, and TRPA1 are expressed in subsets of nociceptive...
    • Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, conserved biosystemThe TRP channels that exhibit a unique response to temperature have been given the name thermo-TRPs. Among all thermo- TRP channels, TRPV1-4, TRPM8, and TRPA1 are expressed in subsets of nociceptive...
    • Influenza A, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Influenza A, organism-specific biosystemInfluenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza virus infection. Influenza A virus is responsible for both annual seasonal epidemics and periodic worldwide pandemics. Novel strains ...
    • Influenza A, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Influenza A, conserved biosystemInfluenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza virus infection. Influenza A virus is responsible for both annual seasonal epidemics and periodic worldwide pandemics. Novel strains ...
    • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystemInnate immunity encompases the nonspecific part of immunity tha are part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
    • Inositol phosphate metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Inositol phosphate metabolism, organism-specific biosystem
      Inositol phosphate metabolism
    • Inositol phosphate metabolism, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Inositol phosphate metabolism, conserved biosystem
      Inositol phosphate metabolism
    • Insulin Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Insulin Signaling, organism-specific biosystemInsulin signaling influences energy metabolism as well as growth. The presence of insulin signals the fed state, and this signal is passed via the AKT branch, which leads to the uptake of glucose fro...
    • Insulin resistance, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Insulin resistance, organism-specific biosystemInsulin resistance is a condition where cells become resistant to the effects of insulin. It is often found in people with health disorders, including obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, non-alcoholic...
    • Insulin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Insulin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemInsulin binding to its receptor results in the tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrates (IRS) by the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase (INSR). This allows association of IRSs with the r...
    • Insulin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Insulin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemInsulin binding to its receptor results in the tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrates (IRS) by the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase (INSR). This allows association of IRSs with the r...
    • Interferon type I signaling pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Interferon type I signaling pathways, organism-specific biosystemThe type I IFNs (IFN? family, IFN?, IFN?, IFN? and IFN?) all bind to and signal via the type I IFN receptor complex. The type I receptor consists of two main IFNAR1, IFNAR2c receptor chains and other...
    • Interleukin receptor SHC signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Interleukin receptor SHC signaling, organism-specific biosystemPhosphorylation of Shc at three tyrosine residues, 239, 240 (Gotoh et al. 1996) and 317 (Salcini et al. 1994) involves unidentified tyrosine kinases presumed to be part of the activated receptor comp...
    • Interleukin-2 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Interleukin-2 signaling, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-2 (IL-2) is a cytokine that is produced by T cells in response to antigen stimulation. Originally, IL-2 was discovered because of its potent growth factor activity on activated T cells in...
    • Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe Interleukin-3 (IL-3), IL-5 and Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) receptors form a family of heterodimeric receptors that have specific alpha chains but share a common beta...
    • Jak-STAT signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Jak-STAT signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway is one of a handful of pleiotropic cascades used to transduce a multitude of signals for development and homeost...
    • Jak-STAT signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Jak-STAT signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway is one of a handful of pleiotropic cascades used to transduce a multitude of signals for development and homeost...
    • Leukocyte transendothelial migration, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Leukocyte transendothelial migration, organism-specific biosystemLeukocyte migaration from the blood into tissues is vital for immune surveillance and inflammation. During this diapedesis of leukocytes, the leukocytes bind to endothelial cell adhesion molecules (C...
    • Leukocyte transendothelial migration, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Leukocyte transendothelial migration, conserved biosystemLeukocyte migaration from the blood into tissues is vital for immune surveillance and inflammation. During this diapedesis of leukocytes, the leukocytes bind to endothelial cell adhesion molecules (C...
    • Longevity regulating pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Longevity regulating pathway, organism-specific biosystemRegulation of longevity depends on genetic and environmental factors. Caloric restriction (CR), that is limiting food intake, is recognized in mammals as the best characterized and most reproducible ...
    • Longevity regulating pathway - multiple species, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Longevity regulating pathway - multiple species, organism-specific biosystemAging is a complex process of accumulation of molecular, cellular, and organ damage, leading to loss of function and increased vulnerability to disease and death. Despite the complexity of aging, rec...
    • Longevity regulating pathway - multiple species, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Longevity regulating pathway - multiple species, conserved biosystemAging is a complex process of accumulation of molecular, cellular, and organ damage, leading to loss of function and increased vulnerability to disease and death. Despite the complexity of aging, rec...
    • Measles, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Measles, organism-specific biosystemMeasles virus (MV) is highly contagious virus that leads infant death worldwide. Humans are the unique natural reservoir for this virus. It causes severe immunosuppression favouring secondary bacteri...
    • Measles, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Measles, conserved biosystemMeasles virus (MV) is highly contagious virus that leads infant death worldwide. Humans are the unique natural reservoir for this virus. It causes severe immunosuppression favouring secondary bacteri...
    • Melanoma, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Melanoma, organism-specific biosystemMelanoma is a form of skin cancer that has a poor prognosis and which is on the rise in Western populations. Melanoma arises from the malignant transformation of pigment-producing cells, melanocytes...
    • Melanoma, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Melanoma, conserved biosystemMelanoma is a form of skin cancer that has a poor prognosis and which is on the rise in Western populations. Melanoma arises from the malignant transformation of pigment-producing cells, melanocytes...
    • Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Metabolism, organism-specific biosystemMetabolic processes in human cells generate energy through the oxidation of molecules consumed in the diet and mediate the synthesis of diverse essential molecules not taken in the diet as well as th...
    • Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins, organism-specific biosystemLipids are hydrophobic but otherwise chemically diverse molecules that play a wide variety of roles in human biology. They include ketone bodies, fatty acids, triacylglycerols, phospholipids and sphi...
    • MicroRNAs in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      MicroRNAs in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway shows the role of microRNAs in the process of cardiac hypertrophy. MicroRNA targets were predicted by the TargetScan algorithm, and the predicted interactions are shown in red dashed lin...
    • NGF signalling via TRKA from the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      NGF signalling via TRKA from the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemTrk receptors signal from the plasma membrane and from intracellular membranes, particularly from early endosomes. Signalling from the plasma membrane is fast but transient; signalling from endosomes...
    • Nanoparticle-mediated activation of receptor signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Nanoparticle-mediated activation of receptor signaling, organism-specific biosystemNanoparticle-mediated activation of receptor signaling. Several NP formulations were shown to interact with cellular receptors such as the EGFR and integrins, inducing cellular phenotypes such as pro...
    • Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, organism-specific biosystemNatural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes of the innate immune system that are involved in early defenses against both allogeneic (nonself) cells and autologous cells undergoing various forms of stre...
    • Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, conserved biosystemNatural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes of the innate immune system that are involved in early defenses against both allogeneic (nonself) cells and autologous cells undergoing various forms of stre...
    • Negative regulation of the PI3K/AKT network, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Negative regulation of the PI3K/AKT network, organism-specific biosystemThe PI3K/AKT network is negatively regulated by phosphatases that dephosphorylate PIP3, thus hampering AKT activation.
    • Neurotrophin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Neurotrophin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemNeurotrophins are a family of trophic factors involved in differentiation and survival of neural cells. The neurotrophin family consists of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain derived neurotrophic facto...
    • Neurotrophin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Neurotrophin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemNeurotrophins are a family of trophic factors involved in differentiation and survival of neural cells. The neurotrophin family consists of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain derived neurotrophic facto...
    • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), organism-specific biosystemNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to more severe steatohepatitis with hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, known as nonalcoholic steatohepati...
    • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), conserved biosystemNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to more severe steatohepatitis with hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, known as nonalcoholic steatohepati...
    • Non-small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Non-small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for approximately 85% of lung cancer and represents a heter...
    • Non-small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Non-small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for approximately 85% of lung cancer and represents a heter...
    • Osteoclast differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Osteoclast differentiation, organism-specific biosystemThe osteoclasts, multinucleared cells originating from the hematopoietic monocyte-macrophage lineage, are responsible for bone resorption. Osteoclastogenesis is mainly regulated by signaling pathways...
    • Osteoclast differentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Osteoclast differentiation, conserved biosystemThe osteoclasts, multinucleared cells originating from the hematopoietic monocyte-macrophage lineage, are responsible for bone resorption. Osteoclastogenesis is mainly regulated by signaling pathways...
    • Overview of nanoparticle effects, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Overview of nanoparticle effects, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway is giving a summary of currently known nanoparticle effects on cells and organisms. Although there is currently no nanoparticle specific effect known, there is a cascade of effects trigg...
    • PI Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PI Metabolism, organism-specific biosystemPhosphatidylinositol (PI), a membrane phospholipid, can be reversibly phosphorylated at the 3, 4, and 5 positions of the inositol ring to generate seven phosphoinositides: phosphatidylinositol 3-phos...
    • PI3K-Akt signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      PI3K-Akt signaling, organism-specific biosystemFunctional set; Cellular processes; Cell signaling
    • PI3K-Akt signaling, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      PI3K-Akt signaling, conserved biosystemFunctional set; Cellular processes; Cell signaling
    • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
    • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
    • PI3K/AKT Signaling in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PI3K/AKT Signaling in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemClass IA PI3K is a heterodimer of a p85 regulatory subunit (encoded by PIK3R1, PIK3R2 or PIK3R3) and a p110 catalytic subunit (encoded by PIK3CA, PIK3CB or PIK3CD). In the absence of activating signa...
    • PI3K/AKT activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PI3K/AKT activation, organism-specific biosystemPI3K/AKT signalling is a major regulator of neuron survival. It blocks cell death by both impinging on the cytoplasmic cell death machinery and by regulating the expression of genes involved in cell...
    • PI5P, PP2A and IER3 Regulate PI3K/AKT Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PI5P, PP2A and IER3 Regulate PI3K/AKT Signaling, organism-specific biosystemPhosphatidylinositol-5-phosphate (PI5P) may modulate PI3K/AKT signaling in several ways. PI5P is used as a substrate for production of phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate, PI(4,5)P2 (Rameh et al. 1...
    • PIP3 activates AKT signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PIP3 activates AKT signaling, organism-specific biosystemSignaling by AKT is one of the key outcomes of receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) activation. AKT is activated by the cellular second messenger PIP3, a phospholipid that is generated by PI3K. In ustimula...
    • Pancreatic cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Pancreatic cancer, organism-specific biosystemInfiltrating ductal adenocarcinoma is the most common malignancy of the pancreas. When most investigators use the term 'pancreatic cancer' they are referring to pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA)...
    • Pancreatic cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Pancreatic cancer, conserved biosystemInfiltrating ductal adenocarcinoma is the most common malignancy of the pancreas. When most investigators use the term 'pancreatic cancer' they are referring to pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA)...
    • Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
      Pathways in cancer
    • Phosphatidylinositol signaling system, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Phosphatidylinositol signaling system, organism-specific biosystem
      Phosphatidylinositol signaling system
    • Phosphatidylinositol signaling system, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Phosphatidylinositol signaling system, conserved biosystem
      Phosphatidylinositol signaling system
    • Phospholipase D signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Phospholipase D signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemPhospholipase D (PLD) is an essential enzyme responsible for the production of the lipid second messenger phosphatidic acid (PA), which is involved in fundamental cellular processes, including membra...
    • Phospholipase D signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Phospholipase D signaling pathway, conserved biosystemPhospholipase D (PLD) is an essential enzyme responsible for the production of the lipid second messenger phosphatidic acid (PA), which is involved in fundamental cellular processes, including membra...
    • Phospholipid metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Phospholipid metabolism, organism-specific biosystemPhospholipids contain a polar head group and two long-chain fatty acyl moieties, one of which is generally unsaturated. The head group is a glycerol or serine phosphate attached to a polar group such...
    • Platelet activation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Platelet activation, organism-specific biosystemPlatelets play a key and beneficial role for primary hemostasis on the disruption of the integrity of vessel wall. Platelet adhesion and activation at sites of vascular wall injury is initiated by ad...
    • Platelet activation, signaling and aggregation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Platelet activation, signaling and aggregation, organism-specific biosystemPlatelet activation begins with the initial binding of adhesive ligands and of the excitatory platelet agonists (released or generated at the sites of vascular trauma) to cognate receptors on the pla...
    • Platinum drug resistance, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Platinum drug resistance, organism-specific biosystemPlatinum-based drugs cisplatin, carboplatin and oxaliplatin are widely used in the therapy of solid malignancies, including testicular, ovarian, head and neck, colorectal, bladder and lung cancers. T...
    • Platinum drug resistance, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Platinum drug resistance, conserved biosystemPlatinum-based drugs cisplatin, carboplatin and oxaliplatin are widely used in the therapy of solid malignancies, including testicular, ovarian, head and neck, colorectal, bladder and lung cancers. T...
    • Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, organism-specific biosystemXenopus oocytes are naturally arrested at G2 of meiosis I. Exposure to either insulin/IGF-1 or the steroid hormone progesterone breaks this arrest and induces resumption of the two meiotic division c...
    • Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, conserved biosystemXenopus oocytes are naturally arrested at G2 of meiosis I. Exposure to either insulin/IGF-1 or the steroid hormone progesterone breaks this arrest and induces resumption of the two meiotic division c...
    • Prolactin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Prolactin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemProlactin (PRL) is a polypeptide hormone known to be involved in a wide range of biological functions including osmoregulation, lactation, reproduction, growth and development, endocrinology and meta...
    • Prolactin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Prolactin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemProlactin (PRL) is a polypeptide hormone known to be involved in a wide range of biological functions including osmoregulation, lactation, reproduction, growth and development, endocrinology and meta...
    • Prostate cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Prostate cancer, organism-specific biosystemProstate cancer constitutes a major health problem in Western countries. It is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among men and the second leading cause of male cancer deaths. The identification of...
    • Prostate cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Prostate cancer, conserved biosystemProstate cancer constitutes a major health problem in Western countries. It is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among men and the second leading cause of male cancer deaths. The identification of...
    • Proteoglycans in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Proteoglycans in cancer, organism-specific biosystemMany proteoglycans (PGs) in the tumor microenvironment have been shown to be key macromolecules that contribute to biology of various types of cancer including proliferation, adhesion, angiogenesis a...
    • Proteoglycans in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Proteoglycans in cancer, conserved biosystemMany proteoglycans (PGs) in the tumor microenvironment have been shown to be key macromolecules that contribute to biology of various types of cancer including proliferation, adhesion, angiogenesis a...
    • RET signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      RET signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe RET proto-oncogene encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase expressed primarily in urogenital precursor cells, spermatogonocytes, dopaminergic neurons, motor neurons and neural crest progenitors and de...
    • Rap1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Rap1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemRap1 is a small GTPase that controls diverse processes, such as cell adhesion, cell-cell junction formation and cell polarity. Like all G proteins, Rap1 cycles between an inactive GDP-bound and an ac...
    • Rap1 signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Rap1 signaling pathway, conserved biosystemRap1 is a small GTPase that controls diverse processes, such as cell adhesion, cell-cell junction formation and cell polarity. Like all G proteins, Rap1 cycles between an inactive GDP-bound and an ac...
    • Ras signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Ras signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Ras proteins are GTPases that function as molecular switches for signaling pathways regulating cell proliferation, survival, growth, migration, differentiation or cytoskeletal dynamism. Ras prote...
    • Regulation of Actin Cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Regulation of Actin Cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystemhttp://www.genome.jp/kegg/pathway/hsa/hsa04810.html
    • Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem
      Regulation of actin cytoskeleton
    • Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, conserved biosystem
      Regulation of actin cytoskeleton
    • Regulation of lipolysis in adipocytes, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Regulation of lipolysis in adipocytes, organism-specific biosystemLipolysis in adipocytes, the hydrolysis of triacylglycerol (TAG) to release fatty acids (FAs) and glycerol for use by other organs as energy substrates, is a unique function of white adipose tissue. ...
    • Regulation of signaling by CBL, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Regulation of signaling by CBL, organism-specific biosystemCbl is an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase that negatively regulates signaling pathways by targeting proteins for ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation (Rao et al. 2002). Cbl negatively regulates PI3...
    • Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway
    • Renal cell carcinoma, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Renal cell carcinoma, organism-specific biosystemRenal cell cancer (RCC) accounts for ~3% of human malignancies and its incidence appears to be rising. Although most cases of RCC seem to occur sporadically, an inherited predisposition to renal canc...
    • Renal cell carcinoma, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Renal cell carcinoma, conserved biosystemRenal cell cancer (RCC) accounts for ~3% of human malignancies and its incidence appears to be rising. Although most cases of RCC seem to occur sporadically, an inherited predisposition to renal canc...
    • Role of LAT2/NTAL/LAB on calcium mobilization, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Role of LAT2/NTAL/LAB on calcium mobilization, organism-specific biosystemThe lipid raft resident adaptor molecules LAT1 and Non-T cell activation linker (NTAL), also known as linker for activation of B cells (LAB)/LAT2 are known participants in the regulation of mast cell...
    • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
    • Signaling Pathways in Glioblastoma, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Signaling Pathways in Glioblastoma, organism-specific biosystemThe most frequently altered genes in glioblastoma. This pathway originally accompanied the 2008 Nature publication on the comprehensive genomic characterization of human glioblastoma genes and core p...
    • Signaling by EGFR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by EGFR, organism-specific biosystemThe epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is one member of the ERBB family of transmembrane glycoprotein tyrosine receptor kinases (RTK). Binding of EGFR to its ligands induces conformational chang...
    • Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs; 7TM receptors; seven transmembrane domain receptors; heptahelical receptors; G protein-linked receptors [GPLR]) are the largest family of transmembrane receptors i...
    • Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystemInterleukins are low molecular weight proteins that bind to cell surface receptors and act in an autocrine and/or paracrine fashion. They were first identified as factors produced by leukocytes but a...
    • Signaling by PDGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by PDGF, organism-specific biosystemPlatelet-derived Growth Factor (PDGF) is a potent stimulator of growth and motility of connective tissue cells such as fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells as well as other cells such as capillary end...
    • Signaling by SCF-KIT, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by SCF-KIT, organism-specific biosystemStem cell factor (SCF) is a growth factor with membrane bound and soluble forms. It is expressed by fibroblasts and endothelial cells throughout the body, promoting proliferation, migration, survival...
    • Signaling by the B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by the B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystemMature B cells express IgM and IgD immunoglobulins which are complexed at the plasma membrane with Ig-alpha (CD79A, MB-1) and Ig-beta (CD79B, B29) to form the B cell receptor (BCR) (Fu et al. 1974, F...
    • Signaling pathways regulating pluripotency of stem cells, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Signaling pathways regulating pluripotency of stem cells, organism-specific biosystemPluripotent stem cells (PSCs) are basic cells with an indefinite self-renewal capacity and the potential to generate all the cell types of the three germinal layers. The types of PSCs known to date i...
    • Signaling pathways regulating pluripotency of stem cells, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Signaling pathways regulating pluripotency of stem cells, conserved biosystemPluripotent stem cells (PSCs) are basic cells with an indefinite self-renewal capacity and the potential to generate all the cell types of the three germinal layers. The types of PSCs known to date i...
    • Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystemNeurotrophins (NGF, BDNF, NT-3, NT-4/5) play pivotal roles in survival, differentiation, and plasticity of neurons in the peripheral and central nervous system. They are produced, and secreted in mi...
    • Small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is a highly aggressive neoplasm, which accounts for approximately 25% ...
    • Small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is a highly aggressive neoplasm, which accounts for approximately 25% ...
    • Sphingolipid signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Sphingolipid signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemSphingomyelin (SM) and its metabolic products are now known to have second messenger functions in a variety of cellular signaling pathways. Particularly, the sphingolipid metabolites, ceramide (Cer) ...
    • Sphingolipid signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Sphingolipid signaling pathway, conserved biosystemSphingomyelin (SM) and its metabolic products are now known to have second messenger functions in a variety of cellular signaling pathways. Particularly, the sphingolipid metabolites, ceramide (Cer) ...
    • Synthesis of PIPs at the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Synthesis of PIPs at the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemAt the plasma membrane, subsequent phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P) produces phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P2) and phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (...
    • T cell receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      T cell receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemActivation of T lymphocytes is a key event for an efficient response of the immune system. It requires the involvement of the T-cell receptor (TCR) as well as costimulatory molecules such as CD28. En...
    • T cell receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      T cell receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystemActivation of T lymphocytes is a key event for an efficient response of the immune system. It requires the involvement of the T-cell receptor (TCR) as well as costimulatory molecules such as CD28. En...
    • TNF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      TNF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemTumor necrosis factor (TNF), as a critical cytokine, can induce a wide range of intracellular signal pathways including apoptosis and cell survival as well as inflammation and immunity. Activated TNF...
    • TNF signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      TNF signaling pathway, conserved biosystemTumor necrosis factor (TNF), as a critical cytokine, can induce a wide range of intracellular signal pathways including apoptosis and cell survival as well as inflammation and immunity. Activated TNF...
    • Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe thyroid hormones (THs) are important regulators of growth, development and metabolism. The action of TH is mainly mediated by T3 (3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine). Thyroid hormones, L-thyroxine (T4) a...
    • Toll-like Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Toll-like Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
    • Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
    • Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
    • Type II diabetes mellitus, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Type II diabetes mellitus, organism-specific biosystemInsulin resistance is strongly associated with type II diabetes. "Diabetogenic" factors including FFA, TNFalpha and cellular stress induce insulin resistance through inhibition of IRS1 functions. Ser...
    • Type II diabetes mellitus, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Type II diabetes mellitus, conserved biosystemInsulin resistance is strongly associated with type II diabetes. "Diabetogenic" factors including FFA, TNFalpha and cellular stress induce insulin resistance through inhibition of IRS1 functions. Ser...
    • VEGF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      VEGF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThere is now much evidence that VEGFR-2 is the major mediator of VEGF-driven responses in endothelial cells and it is considered to be a crucial signal transducer in both physiologic and pathologic a...
    • VEGF signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      VEGF signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThere is now much evidence that VEGFR-2 is the major mediator of VEGF-driven responses in endothelial cells and it is considered to be a crucial signal transducer in both physiologic and pathologic a...
    • Viral carcinogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Viral carcinogenesis, organism-specific biosystemThere is a strong association between viruses and the development of human malignancies. We now know that at least six human viruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C vi...
    • Viral carcinogenesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Viral carcinogenesis, conserved biosystemThere is a strong association between viruses and the development of human malignancies. We now know that at least six human viruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C vi...
    • cAMP signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      cAMP signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemcAMP is one of the most common and universal second messengers, and its formation is promoted by adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation after ligation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by ligands incl...
    • cAMP signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      cAMP signaling pathway, conserved biosystemcAMP is one of the most common and universal second messengers, and its formation is promoted by adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation after ligation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by ligands incl...
    • mTOR signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      mTOR signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe mammalian (mechanistic) target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a highly conserved serine/threonine protein kinase, which exists in two complexes termed mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and 2 (mTORC2). mTORC1 conta...
    • mTOR signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      mTOR signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe mammalian (mechanistic) target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a highly conserved serine/threonine protein kinase, which exists in two complexes termed mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and 2 (mTORC2). mTORC1 conta...
    • superpathway of inositol phosphate compounds, organism-specific biosystem (from BIOCYC)
      superpathway of inositol phosphate compounds, organism-specific biosystem
      superpathway of inositol phosphate compounds

    Interactions

    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    General gene information

    Markers

    Homology

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    1-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase activity IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    1-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase activity NAS
    Non-traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    1-phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 3-kinase activity IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    ATP binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    kinase activity IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase activity TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    B cell activation TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    B cell chemotaxis TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    B cell receptor signaling pathway TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    T cell activation TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    T cell chemotaxis TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    T cell differentiation TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    T cell receptor signaling pathway TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    adaptive immune response TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    axon guidance TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    cell migration IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    cytokine production TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    cytokine-mediated signaling pathway TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    inflammatory response TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    innate immune response TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    mast cell chemotaxis TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    mast cell degranulation TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    mast cell differentiation TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    natural killer cell activation TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    natural killer cell chemotaxis TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    natural killer cell differentiation TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    negative regulation of gene expression IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    neutrophil chemotaxis TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    neutrophil extravasation TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    phosphatidylinositol phosphorylation IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate biosynthetic process IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    phosphatidylinositol-mediated signaling IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    phosphorylation IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    platelet activation IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of cell migration IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of gene expression IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of neutrophil apoptotic process IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    protein phosphorylation IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein phosphorylation NAS
    Non-traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    respiratory burst involved in defense response TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    signal transduction NAS
    Non-traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    cytoplasm IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    cytosol TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    mast cell granule IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    membrane IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase complex IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase complex NAS
    Non-traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    plasma membrane IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    plasma membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     

    General protein information

    Preferred Names
    phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoform
    Names
    PI3-kinase p110 subunit delta
    PI3Kdelta
    phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase 110 kDa catalytic subunit delta
    phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoform
    phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta short variant 20
    phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta short variant 8
    phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta short variant 8/20
    phosphoinositide-3-kinase C
    phosphoinositide-3-kinase, catalytic, delta polypeptide variant p37delta
    ptdIns-3-kinase subunit p110-delta
    NP_001337163.1
    NP_001337164.1
    NP_005017.3
    XP_006710750.1
    XP_006710752.1
    XP_016856965.1
    XP_016856966.1
    XP_016856967.1
    XP_016856968.1
    XP_016856969.1
    XP_016856970.1
    XP_016856971.1
    XP_016856972.1
    XP_024303429.1
    XP_024303431.1
    XP_024303432.1

    NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    Genomic

    1. NG_023434.1 RefSeqGene

      Range
      5001..82383
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics), LRG_191

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_001350234.1NP_001337163.1  phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoform isoform 2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      BC132919, BC150297, CA427830, DA318970, DB216922, U86453, W30913, Y10055
      Conserved Domains (5) summary
      cd08693
      Location:314481
      C2_PI3K_class_I_beta_delta; C2 domain present in class I beta and delta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks)
      smart00145
      Location:505683
      PI3Ka; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase family, accessory domain (PIK domain)
      cd05174
      Location:6751041
      PI3Kc_IA_delta; Catalytic domain of Class IA Phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta
      pfam00794
      Location:175281
      PI3K_rbd; PI3-kinase family, ras-binding domain
      pfam02192
      Location:32107
      PI3K_p85B; PI3-kinase family, p85-binding domain
    2. NM_001350235.1NP_001337164.1  phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoform isoform 3

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      BC132919, BC150297, CA427830, DA318970, U86453, W30913, Y10055
      Conserved Domains (5) summary
      cd08693
      Location:285452
      C2_PI3K_class_I_beta_delta; C2 domain present in class I beta and delta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks)
      smart00145
      Location:474655
      PI3Ka; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase family, accessory domain (PIK domain)
      cd05174
      Location:6471013
      PI3Kc_IA_delta; Catalytic domain of Class IA Phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta
      pfam00794
      Location:175261
      PI3K_rbd; PI3-kinase family, ras-binding domain
      pfam02192
      Location:32107
      PI3K_p85B; PI3-kinase family, p85-binding domain
    3. NM_005026.4NP_005017.3  phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoform isoform 1

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_005017.3

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      AK314191, BC030263, BC132919, BC150297, CA427830, U86453, W30913, Y10055
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS104.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      O00329
      Related
      ENSP00000366563.4, OTTHUMP00000001595, ENST00000377346.8
      Conserved Domains (5) summary
      cd08693
      Location:314481
      C2_PI3K_class_I_beta_delta; C2 domain present in class I beta and delta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks)
      smart00145
      Location:503684
      PI3Ka; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase family, accessory domain (PIK domain)
      cd05174
      Location:6761042
      PI3Kc_IA_delta; Catalytic domain of Class IA Phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta
      pfam00794
      Location:175281
      PI3K_rbd; PI3-kinase family, ras-binding domain
      pfam02192
      Location:32107
      PI3K_p85B; PI3-kinase family, p85-binding domain

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000001.11 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

      Range
      9629889..9728925
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. XM_017001477.1XP_016856966.1  phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoform isoform X1

      Conserved Domains (5) summary
      cd08693
      Location:314481
      C2_PI3K_class_I_beta_delta; C2 domain present in class I beta and delta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks)
      smart00145
      Location:562743
      PI3Ka; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase family, accessory domain (PIK domain)
      cd05174
      Location:7351101
      PI3Kc_IA_delta; Catalytic domain of Class IA Phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta
      pfam00794
      Location:175281
      PI3K_rbd; PI3-kinase family, ras-binding domain
      pfam02192
      Location:32107
      PI3K_p85B; PI3-kinase family, p85-binding domain
    2. XM_017001478.1XP_016856967.1  phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoform isoform X1

      Conserved Domains (5) summary
      cd08693
      Location:314481
      C2_PI3K_class_I_beta_delta; C2 domain present in class I beta and delta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks)
      smart00145
      Location:562743
      PI3Ka; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase family, accessory domain (PIK domain)
      cd05174
      Location:7351101
      PI3Kc_IA_delta; Catalytic domain of Class IA Phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta
      pfam00794
      Location:175281
      PI3K_rbd; PI3-kinase family, ras-binding domain
      pfam02192
      Location:32107
      PI3K_p85B; PI3-kinase family, p85-binding domain
    3. XM_017001480.1XP_016856969.1  phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoform isoform X1

      Conserved Domains (5) summary
      cd08693
      Location:314481
      C2_PI3K_class_I_beta_delta; C2 domain present in class I beta and delta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks)
      smart00145
      Location:562743
      PI3Ka; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase family, accessory domain (PIK domain)
      cd05174
      Location:7351101
      PI3Kc_IA_delta; Catalytic domain of Class IA Phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta
      pfam00794
      Location:175281
      PI3K_rbd; PI3-kinase family, ras-binding domain
      pfam02192
      Location:32107
      PI3K_p85B; PI3-kinase family, p85-binding domain
    4. XM_006710689.2XP_006710752.1  phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoform isoform X3

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_006710752.1

      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      O00329
      Conserved Domains (5) summary
      cd08693
      Location:314481
      C2_PI3K_class_I_beta_delta; C2 domain present in class I beta and delta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks)
      smart00145
      Location:503684
      PI3Ka; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase family, accessory domain (PIK domain)
      cd05174
      Location:6761042
      PI3Kc_IA_delta; Catalytic domain of Class IA Phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta
      pfam00794
      Location:175281
      PI3K_rbd; PI3-kinase family, ras-binding domain
      pfam02192
      Location:32107
      PI3K_p85B; PI3-kinase family, p85-binding domain
    5. XM_024447664.1XP_024303432.1  phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoform isoform X5

      Conserved Domains (5) summary
      cd08693
      Location:285452
      C2_PI3K_class_I_beta_delta; C2 domain present in class I beta and delta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks)
      smart00145
      Location:474655
      PI3Ka; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase family, accessory domain (PIK domain)
      cd05174
      Location:6471013
      PI3Kc_IA_delta; Catalytic domain of Class IA Phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta
      pfam00794
      Location:175261
      PI3K_rbd; PI3-kinase family, ras-binding domain
      pfam02192
      Location:32107
      PI3K_p85B; PI3-kinase family, p85-binding domain
    6. XM_024447661.1XP_024303429.1  phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoform isoform X1

      Conserved Domains (5) summary
      cd08693
      Location:314481
      C2_PI3K_class_I_beta_delta; C2 domain present in class I beta and delta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks)
      smart00145
      Location:562743
      PI3Ka; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase family, accessory domain (PIK domain)
      cd05174
      Location:7351101
      PI3Kc_IA_delta; Catalytic domain of Class IA Phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta
      pfam00794
      Location:175281
      PI3K_rbd; PI3-kinase family, ras-binding domain
      pfam02192
      Location:32107
      PI3K_p85B; PI3-kinase family, p85-binding domain
    7. XM_024447663.1XP_024303431.1  phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoform isoform X4

      Conserved Domains (5) summary
      cd08693
      Location:314481
      C2_PI3K_class_I_beta_delta; C2 domain present in class I beta and delta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks)
      smart00145
      Location:505683
      PI3Ka; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase family, accessory domain (PIK domain)
      cd05174
      Location:6751041
      PI3Kc_IA_delta; Catalytic domain of Class IA Phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta
      pfam00794
      Location:175281
      PI3K_rbd; PI3-kinase family, ras-binding domain
      pfam02192
      Location:32107
      PI3K_p85B; PI3-kinase family, p85-binding domain
    8. XM_017001483.2XP_016856972.1  phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoform isoform X2

      Related
      ENSP00000486826.1, ENST00000628140.2
    9. XM_017001479.1XP_016856968.1  phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoform isoform X1

      Related
      ENSP00000354410.2, ENST00000361110.6
      Conserved Domains (5) summary
      cd08693
      Location:314481
      C2_PI3K_class_I_beta_delta; C2 domain present in class I beta and delta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks)
      smart00145
      Location:562743
      PI3Ka; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase family, accessory domain (PIK domain)
      cd05174
      Location:7351101
      PI3Kc_IA_delta; Catalytic domain of Class IA Phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta
      pfam00794
      Location:175281
      PI3K_rbd; PI3-kinase family, ras-binding domain
      pfam02192
      Location:32107
      PI3K_p85B; PI3-kinase family, p85-binding domain
    10. XM_017001481.1XP_016856970.1  phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoform isoform X1

      Conserved Domains (5) summary
      cd08693
      Location:314481
      C2_PI3K_class_I_beta_delta; C2 domain present in class I beta and delta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks)
      smart00145
      Location:562743
      PI3Ka; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase family, accessory domain (PIK domain)
      cd05174
      Location:7351101
      PI3Kc_IA_delta; Catalytic domain of Class IA Phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta
      pfam00794
      Location:175281
      PI3K_rbd; PI3-kinase family, ras-binding domain
      pfam02192
      Location:32107
      PI3K_p85B; PI3-kinase family, p85-binding domain
    11. XM_017001476.1XP_016856965.1  phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoform isoform X1

      Conserved Domains (5) summary
      cd08693
      Location:314481
      C2_PI3K_class_I_beta_delta; C2 domain present in class I beta and delta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks)
      smart00145
      Location:562743
      PI3Ka; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase family, accessory domain (PIK domain)
      cd05174
      Location:7351101
      PI3Kc_IA_delta; Catalytic domain of Class IA Phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta
      pfam00794
      Location:175281
      PI3K_rbd; PI3-kinase family, ras-binding domain
      pfam02192
      Location:32107
      PI3K_p85B; PI3-kinase family, p85-binding domain
    12. XM_006710687.2XP_006710750.1  phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoform isoform X3

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_006710750.1

      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      O00329
      Conserved Domains (5) summary
      cd08693
      Location:314481
      C2_PI3K_class_I_beta_delta; C2 domain present in class I beta and delta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks)
      smart00145
      Location:503684
      PI3Ka; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase family, accessory domain (PIK domain)
      cd05174
      Location:6761042
      PI3Kc_IA_delta; Catalytic domain of Class IA Phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta
      pfam00794
      Location:175281
      PI3K_rbd; PI3-kinase family, ras-binding domain
      pfam02192
      Location:32107
      PI3K_p85B; PI3-kinase family, p85-binding domain
    13. XM_017001482.2XP_016856971.1  phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoform isoform X1

      Conserved Domains (5) summary
      cd08693
      Location:314481
      C2_PI3K_class_I_beta_delta; C2 domain present in class I beta and delta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks)
      smart00145
      Location:562743
      PI3Ka; Phosphoinositide 3-kinase family, accessory domain (PIK domain)
      cd05174
      Location:7351101
      PI3Kc_IA_delta; Catalytic domain of Class IA Phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta
      pfam00794
      Location:175281
      PI3K_rbd; PI3-kinase family, ras-binding domain
      pfam02192
      Location:32107
      PI3K_p85B; PI3-kinase family, p85-binding domain

    RNA

    1. XR_002956806.1 RNA Sequence

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