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    EPCAM epithelial cell adhesion molecule [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 4072, updated on 17-Jun-2018
    Official Symbol
    EPCAMprovided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    epithelial cell adhesion moleculeprovided by HGNC
    Primary source
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000119888 MIM:185535; Vega:OTTHUMG00000128853
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    Homo sapiens
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    ESA; KSA; M4S1; MK-1; DIAR5; EGP-2; EGP40; KS1/4; MIC18; TROP1; EGP314; HNPCC8; TACSTD1
    This gene encodes a carcinoma-associated antigen and is a member of a family that includes at least two type I membrane proteins. This antigen is expressed on most normal epithelial cells and gastrointestinal carcinomas and functions as a homotypic calcium-independent cell adhesion molecule. The antigen is being used as a target for immunotherapy treatment of human carcinomas. Mutations in this gene result in congenital tufting enteropathy. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2008]
    Biased expression in colon (RPKM 501.8), small intestine (RPKM 391.0) and 9 other tissues See more
    See EPCAM in Genome Data Viewer
    Exon count:
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 2 NC_000002.12 (47369148..47387028)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 2 NC_000002.11 (47596287..47614167)

    Chromosome 2 - NC_000002.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC101927043 Neighboring gene brain cytoplasmic RNA 1 Neighboring gene RNA, 7SK small nuclear pseudogene 119 Neighboring gene microRNA 559 Neighboring gene mutS homolog 2 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC644093 Neighboring gene potassium two pore domain channel subfamily K member 12 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L18a pseudogene 6

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

    Related articles in PubMed

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    • Cell surface interactions at the vascular wall, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cell surface interactions at the vascular wall, organism-specific biosystemLeukocyte extravasation is a rigorously controlled process that guides white cell movement from the vascular lumen to sites of tissue inflammation. The powerful adhesive interactions that are require...
    • Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystemHemostasis is a physiological response that culminates in the arrest of bleeding from an injured vessel. Under normal conditions the vascular endothelium supports vasodilation, inhibits platelet adhe...
    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description



    Clone Names

    • GA733-2

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    cadherin binding involved in cell-cell adhesion IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    protein-containing complex binding IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    apical plasma membrane IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    basolateral plasma membrane IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    bicellular tight junction IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    bicellular tight junction IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    cell surface IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
    extracellular exosome HDA PubMed 
    lateral plasma membrane IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    plasma membrane IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    plasma membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    Preferred Names
    epithelial cell adhesion molecule
    adenocarcinoma-associated antigen
    cell surface glycoprotein Trop-1
    epithelial glycoprotein 314
    human epithelial glycoprotein-2
    major gastrointestinal tumor-associated protein GA733-2
    membrane component, chromosome 4, surface marker (35kD glycoprotein)
    tumor-associated calcium signal transducer 1

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.


    1. NG_012352.2 RefSeqGene

      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics), LRG_215

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_002354.2NP_002345.2  epithelial cell adhesion molecule precursor

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_002345.2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      AW050533, BC014785, BP262680, DA963872, DB044092
      Consensus CDS
      ENSP00000263735.4, OTTHUMP00000159073, ENST00000263735.8, OTTHUMT00000250792
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      TY; Thyroglobulin type I repeats.; The N-terminal region of human thyroglobulin contains 11 type-1 repeats TY repeats are proposed to be inhibitors of cysteine proteases

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly


    1. NC_000002.12 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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