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DSG3 desmoglein 3 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 1830, updated on 15-Apr-2019

Summary

Official Symbol
DSG3provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
desmoglein 3provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:3050
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000134757 MIM:169615
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
PVA; CDHF6
Summary
This gene encodes a member of the desmoglein family and cadherin cell adhesion molecule superfamily of proteins. Desmogleins are calcium-binding transmembrane glycoprotein components of desmosomes, cell-cell junctions between epithelial, myocardial, and other cell types. The encoded preproprotein is proteolytically processed to generate the mature glycoprotein. This gene is present in a gene cluster with other desmoglein gene family members on chromosome 18. The encoded protein has been identified as the autoantigen of the autoimmune blistering disease pemphigus vulgaris. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2016]
Expression
Restricted expression toward esophagus (RPKM 200.1) See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See DSG3 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
18q12.1
Exon count:
16
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 18 NC_000018.10 (31447769..31478712)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 18 NC_000018.9 (29027732..29058665)

Chromosome 18 - NC_000018.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene desmoglein 1 Neighboring gene RNA, U6 small nuclear 167, pseudogene Neighboring gene DSG1 antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene desmoglein 4 Neighboring gene VISTA enhancer hs2166 Neighboring gene desmoglein 2 Neighboring gene DSG2 antisense RNA 1

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis is a distinct form of cell death that is functionally and morphologically different from necrosis. Nuclear chromatin condensation, cytoplasmic shrinking, dilated endoplasmic reticulum, and ...
  • Apoptotic cleavage of cell adhesion proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Apoptotic cleavage of cell adhesion proteins, organism-specific biosystemApoptotic cells show dramatic rearrangements of tight junctions, adherens junctions, and desmosomes (Abreu et al., 2000). Desmosome-specific members of the cadherin superfamily of cell adhesion mole...
  • Apoptotic cleavage of cellular proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Apoptotic cleavage of cellular proteins, organism-specific biosystemApoptotic cell death is achieved by the caspase-mediatedcleavage of various vital proteins. Among caspase targets are proteins such as E-cadherin, Beta-catenin, alpha fodrin, GAS2, FADK, alpha adduc...
  • Apoptotic execution phase, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Apoptotic execution phase, organism-specific biosystemIn the execution phase of apoptosis, effector caspases cleave vital cellular proteins leading to the morphological changes that characterize apoptosis. These changes include destruction of the nucle...
  • Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystemAs a first step towards capturing the array of processes by which a fertilized egg gives rise to the diverse tissues of the body, examples of three kinds of processes have been annotated. These are a...
  • Formation of the cornified envelope, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Formation of the cornified envelope, organism-specific biosystemAs keratinocytes progress towards the upper epidermis, they undergo a unique process of cell death termed cornification (Eckhart et al. 2013). This involves the crosslinking of keratinocyte proteins ...
  • Keratinization, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Keratinization, organism-specific biosystemKeratins are the major structural protein of vertebrate epidermis, constituting up to 85% of a fully differentiated keratinocyte (Fuchs 1995). Keratins belong to a superfamily of intermediate filamen...
  • Programmed Cell Death, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Programmed Cell Death, organism-specific biosystemCell death is a fundamental cellular response that has a crucial role in shaping our bodies during development and in regulating tissue homeostasis by eliminating unwanted cells. There are a number o...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • DKFZp686P23184

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
calcium ion binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
cornification TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
homophilic cell adhesion via plasma membrane adhesion molecules IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
keratinization TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
cornified envelope TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
desmosome IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
extracellular exosome HDA PubMed 
integral component of membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
desmoglein-3
Names
130 kDa pemphigus vulgaris antigen
cadherin family member 6

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001944.3NP_001935.2  desmoglein-3 preproprotein

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001935.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC021549, AI608626, BC105997, BX110234, BX507120, DA447747, DA458544, M76482, U51696
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS11898.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P32926
    Related
    ENSP00000257189.4, ENST00000257189.5
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd11304
    Location:165263
    Cadherin_repeat; Cadherin tandem repeat domain
    smart00112
    Location:82155
    CA; Cadherin repeats
    pfam00028
    Location:272375
    Cadherin; Cadherin domain

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000018.10 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    31447769..31478712
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_011525850.2XP_011524152.1  desmoglein-3 isoform X1

    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd11304
    Location:165263
    Cadherin_repeat; Cadherin tandem repeat domain
    smart00112
    Location:82155
    CA; Cadherin repeats
    pfam00028
    Location:272375
    Cadherin; Cadherin domain
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