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    LPAR2 lysophosphatidic acid receptor 2 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 9170, updated on 19-Jun-2024

    Summary

    Official Symbol
    LPAR2provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    lysophosphatidic acid receptor 2provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:3168
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000064547 MIM:605110; AllianceGenome:HGNC:3168
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    VALIDATED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    EDG4; LPA2; EDG-4; LPA-2
    Summary
    This gene encodes a member of family I of the G protein-coupled receptors, as well as the EDG family of proteins. This protein functions as a lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptor and contributes to Ca2+ mobilization, a critical cellular response to LPA in cells, through association with Gi and Gq proteins. An alternative splice variant has been described but its full length sequence has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
    Expression
    Broad expression in testis (RPKM 11.9), bone marrow (RPKM 11.1) and 22 other tissues See more
    Orthologs
    NEW
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    Genomic context

    See LPAR2 in Genome Data Viewer
    Location:
    19p13.11
    Exon count:
    3
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 19 NC_000019.10 (19623655..19628220, complement)
    RS_2023_10 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 19 NC_060943.1 (19761164..19765730, complement)
    105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 19 NC_000019.9 (19734464..19739029, complement)

    Chromosome 19 - NC_000019.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 10447 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19650412-19651074 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 4095 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19656191-19656874 Neighboring gene cartilage intermediate layer protein 2 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19662820-19663379 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19671101-19671600 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19686115-19686616 Neighboring gene PBX homeobox 4 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19686617-19687116 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19690665-19691164 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 14361 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 14362 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19703425-19704049 Neighboring gene PHF5A pseudogene 1 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 14363 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 14364 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 14365 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 10449 Neighboring gene H3K27ac hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19722648-19723212 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 10450 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 12805 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 10451 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19739417-19740339 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19753343-19754298 Neighboring gene GEM interacting protein Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 10453 Neighboring gene ATPase 13A1 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19772231-19772878 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 14368 Neighboring gene H3K27ac hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr19:19773833-19774815

    Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

    Expression

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

    Bibliography

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

    What's a GeneRIF?

    Phenotypes

    EBI GWAS Catalog

    Description
    Genome-wide association analysis identifies 13 new risk loci for schizophrenia.
    EBI GWAS Catalog
    Genome-wide association study identifies novel loci associated with circulating phospho- and sphingolipid concentrations.
    EBI GWAS Catalog

    HIV-1 interactions

    Replication interactions

    Interaction Pubs
    Knockdown of lysophosphatidic acid receptor 2 (LPAR2) by siRNA inhibits HIV-1 replication in HeLa P4/R5 cells PubMed

    Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

    Pathways from PubChem

    Interactions

    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    General gene information

    Markers

    Clone Names

    • FLJ93869

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    enables G protein-coupled receptor activity IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    enables PDZ domain binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    enables lipid binding TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    enables lysophosphatidic acid receptor activity IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    enables protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    located_in cell surface IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    is_active_in cytoplasm IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    colocalizes_with endocytic vesicle IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    located_in glutamatergic synapse IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    is_active_in plasma membrane IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    located_in plasma membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    located_in presynaptic active zone membrane IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     

    General protein information

    Preferred Names
    lysophosphatidic acid receptor 2
    Names
    G protein-coupled receptor
    LPA receptor 2
    LPA receptor EDG4
    endothelial differentiation, lysophosphatidic acid G-protein-coupled receptor, 4
    lysophosphatidic acid receptor EDG4
    lysophosphatidic acid receptor Edg-4

    NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

    NEW Try the new Transcript table

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_001395660.1NP_001382589.1  lysophosphatidic acid receptor 2

      Status: VALIDATED

      Source sequence(s)
      AC011458
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS12407.2
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      O00543, O43431, Q9HBW0
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      B2RE65, B3KVP9
      Related
      ENSP00000384665.3, ENST00000407877.8
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      cd15342
      Location:30303
      7tmA_LPAR2_Edg4; lysophosphatidic acid receptor subtype 2 (LPAR2 or LPA2), also called Endothelial differentiation gene 4 (Edg4), member of the class A family of seven-transmembrane G protein-coupled receptors

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: GCF_000001405.40-RS_2023_10

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000019.10 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

      Range
      19623655..19628220 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Genomic

    1. NC_060943.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

      Range
      19761164..19765730 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Suppressed Reference Sequence(s)

    The following Reference Sequences have been suppressed. Explain

    1. NM_004720.7: Suppressed sequence

      Description
      NM_004720.7: This RefSeq was removed because currently there is support for the transcript but not for the protein.