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    H2AC12 H2A clustered histone 12 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 85235, updated on 5-May-2024

    Summary

    Official Symbol
    H2AC12provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    H2A clustered histone 12provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:13671
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000274997 MIM:615013; AllianceGenome:HGNC:13671
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    H2AH; H2A/S; H2AFALii; HIST1H2AH; dJ86C11.1
    Summary
    Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Two molecules of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4) form an octamer, around which approximately 146 bp of DNA is wrapped in repeating units, called nucleosomes. The linker histone, H1, interacts with linker DNA between nucleosomes and functions in the compaction of chromatin into higher order structures. This gene is intronless and encodes a replication-dependent histone that is a member of the histone H2A family. Transcripts from this gene lack polyA tails but instead contain a palindromic termination element. This gene is found in the histone microcluster on chromosome 6p21.33. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]
    Orthologs
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    Genomic context

    See H2AC12 in Genome Data Viewer
    Location:
    6p22.1
    Exon count:
    1
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 6 NC_000006.12 (27147106..27147562)
    RS_2023_10 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 6 NC_060930.1 (27015922..27016378)
    105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 6 NC_000006.11 (27114885..27115341)

    Chromosome 6 - NC_000006.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr6:27100475-27100988 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr6:27100989-27101504 Neighboring gene H2A clustered histone 11 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr6:27107017-27107609 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr6:27107610-27108201 Neighboring gene H2B clustered histone 12 Neighboring gene H4 clustered histone 9 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 24268 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr6:27114061-27114977 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 24270 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 17019 Neighboring gene microRNA 3143 Neighboring gene tRNA-His (anticodon GTG) 1-5

    Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

    HIV-1 interactions

    Protein interactions

    Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
    Tat tat HIV-1 Tat peptides bind core histones H2A, H2B, H3 and H4, and Tat protein recruits histone acetyltransferases to the HIV-1 LTR promoter leading to acetylation of histones H3 and H4, derepressing chromatin structure and increasing NFkappaB responsiveness PubMed

    Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

    Interactions

    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    General gene information

    Markers

    Clone Names

    • MGC171151

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    enables molecular_function ND
    No biological Data available
    more info
     
    enables nucleosomal DNA binding IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    enables protein heterodimerization activity IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    enables structural constituent of chromatin IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    involved_in biological_process ND
    No biological Data available
    more info
     
    involved_in heterochromatin formation IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    located_in extracellular exosome HDA PubMed 
    part_of nucleosome IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    is_active_in nucleus IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     

    General protein information

    Preferred Names
    histone H2A type 1-H
    Names
    H2A histone family member
    histone H2A/s
    histone cluster 1 H2A family member h
    histone cluster 1, H2ah

    NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

    NEW Try the new Transcript table

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_080596.3NP_542163.1  histone H2A type 1-H

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_542163.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      AL021807
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS4622.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q96KK5
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      A3KPC7, B2R5B3
      Related
      ENSP00000366679.2, ENST00000377459.3
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      PTZ00017
      Location:1123
      PTZ00017; histone H2A; Provisional

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: GCF_000001405.40-RS_2023_10

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000006.12 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

      Range
      27147106..27147562
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Genomic

    1. NC_060930.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

      Range
      27015922..27016378
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)