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    PCDHGA1 protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 1 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 56114, updated on 2-May-2024

    Summary

    Official Symbol
    PCDHGA1provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 1provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:8696
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000204956 MIM:606288; AllianceGenome:HGNC:8696
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    PCDH-GAMMA-A1
    Summary
    This gene is a member of the protocadherin gamma gene cluster, one of three related clusters tandemly linked on chromosome five. These gene clusters have an immunoglobulin-like organization, suggesting that a novel mechanism may be involved in their regulation and expression. The gamma gene cluster includes 22 genes divided into 3 subfamilies. Subfamily A contains 12 genes, subfamily B contains 7 genes and 2 pseudogenes, and the more distantly related subfamily C contains 3 genes. The tandem array of 22 large, variable region exons are followed by a constant region, containing 3 exons shared by all genes in the cluster. Each variable region exon encodes the extracellular region, which includes 6 cadherin ectodomains and a transmembrane region. The constant region exons encode the common cytoplasmic region. These neural cadherin-like cell adhesion proteins most likely play a critical role in the establishment and function of specific cell-cell connections in the brain. Alternative splicing has been described for the gamma cluster genes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
    Orthologs
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    Genomic context

    See PCDHGA1 in Genome Data Viewer
    Location:
    5q31.3
    Exon count:
    4
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 5 NC_000005.10 (141330514..141512975)
    RS_2023_10 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 5 NC_060929.1 (141855819..142038959)
    105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 5 NC_000005.9 (140710081..140892542)

    Chromosome 5 - NC_000005.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 23291 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 23292 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 23293 Neighboring gene solute carrier family 25 member 2 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 23294 Neighboring gene ReSE screen-validated silencer GRCh37_chr5:140713237-140713466 Neighboring gene TATA-box binding protein associated factor 7 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma cluster Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 2 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 3 Neighboring gene ReSE screen-validated silencer GRCh37_chr5:140745768-140745946 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily B, 1 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 4 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily B, 2 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 5 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily B, 3 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 6 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 7 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 23295 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily B, 4 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 8 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily B, 5 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 9 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily B, 6 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 10 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 23296 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 11 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily B, 7 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr5:140821493-140821993 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily B, 8 pseudogene Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 12 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily B, 9 pseudogene Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 23297 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr5:140855840-140856383 Neighboring gene ReSE screen-validated silencer GRCh37_chr5:140864468-140864695 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 16453 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 23298 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 16454 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 23299 Neighboring gene RNA, 7SL, cytoplasmic 68, pseudogene Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily C, 3 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily C, 4 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 23300 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 23301 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr5:140888408-140888908 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 23303 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily C, 5 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 23304 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr5:140893101-140893726 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr5:140893727-140894352 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr5:140894353-140894978 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr5:140895605-140896230 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr5:140896231-140896856 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC124901091 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 13534 Neighboring gene diaphanous related formin 1 Neighboring gene MPRA-validated peak5501 silencer Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 13738 Neighboring gene DIAPH1 antisense RNA 1

    Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

    Expression

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

    Interactions

    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    General gene information

    Markers

    Clone Names

    • MGC138287, MGC138289

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    enables calcium ion binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    involved_in cell adhesion IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    involved_in homophilic cell adhesion via plasma membrane adhesion molecules IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    involved_in nervous system development IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    is_active_in plasma membrane IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     

    NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

    NEW Try the new Transcript table

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    Genomic

    1. NG_000012.2 

      Range
      40882..223176
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_018912.3NP_061735.1  protocadherin gamma-A1 isoform 1 precursor

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_061735.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (1) includes the constant region exons and encodes the longest isoform (1).
      Source sequence(s)
      AC005618, AF152318
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS54922.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q2M273, Q9Y5D6, Q9Y5H4
      Related
      ENSP00000431083.1, ENST00000517417.3
      Conserved Domains (4) summary
      cd11304
      Location:246343
      Cadherin_repeat; Cadherin tandem repeat domain
      pfam08266
      Location:31112
      Cadherin_2; Cadherin-like
      pfam15974
      Location:808904
      Cadherin_tail; Cadherin C-terminal cytoplasmic tail, catenin-binding region
      pfam16492
      Location:688772
      Cadherin_C_2; Cadherin cytoplasmic C-terminal
    2. NM_031993.2NP_114382.1  protocadherin gamma-A1 isoform 2 precursor

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_114382.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (2) utilizes the large, first exon then continues into the downstream intron 1 sequence before terminating. This one-exon transcript encodes the shorter isoform (2), compared to isoform 1. This short variant is represented based on data in PMID:10380929.
      Source sequence(s)
      AC005618, AF152507
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q9Y5H4
      Related
      ENSP00000367345.3, ENST00000378105.4
      Conserved Domains (3) summary
      cd11304
      Location:246343
      Cadherin_repeat; Cadherin tandem repeat domain
      pfam08266
      Location:31112
      Cadherin_2; Cadherin-like
      pfam16492
      Location:688772
      Cadherin_C_2; Cadherin cytoplasmic C-terminal

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: GCF_000001405.40-RS_2023_10

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000005.10 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

      Range
      141330514..141512975
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Genomic

    1. NC_060929.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

      Range
      141855819..142038959
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)