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    HLA-DRB3 major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR beta 3 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 3125, updated on 11-Nov-2019

    Summary

    Official Symbol
    HLA-DRB3provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR beta 3provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:4951
    See related
    MIM:612735
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    DRB3; HLA-DPB1; HLA-DR1B; HLA-DR3B
    Summary
    HLA-DRB3 belongs to the HLA class II beta chain paralogues. This class II molecule is a heterodimer consisting of an alpha (DRA) and a beta (DRB) chain, both anchored in the membrane. It plays a central role in the immune system by presenting peptides derived from extracellular proteins. Class II molecules are expressed in antigen presenting cells (APC: B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages). The beta chain is approximately 26-28 kDa and its gene contains 6 exons. Exon one encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the two extracellular domains, exon 4 encodes the transmembrane domain and exon 5 encodes the cytoplasmic tail. Within the DR molecule the beta chain contains all the polymorphisms specifying the peptide binding specificities. Typing for these polymorphisms is routinely done for bone marrow and kidney transplantation. DRB1 is expressed at a level five times higher than its paralogues DRB3, DRB4 and DRB5. The presence of DRB3 is linked with allelic variants of DRB1, otherwise it is omitted. There are 4 related pseudogenes: DRB2, DRB6, DRB7, DRB8 and DRB9. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
    Annotation information
    Annotation category: only annotated on alternate loci in reference assembly

    Genomic context

    See HLA-DRB3 in Genome Data Viewer
    Location:
    6p21.3
    Exon count:
    6
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    109.20190905 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 6 (ALT_REF_LOCI_2) NT_113891.3 (3934021..3947089, complement)
    109.20190905 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 6 (ALT_REF_LOCI_1) NT_167244.2 (3824511..3837575, complement)
    109.20190905 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 6 (ALT_REF_LOCI_6) NT_167248.2 (3715355..3728422, complement)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 6 (ALT_REF_LOCI_2) NT_113891.2 (3934127..3947195, complement)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 6 (ALT_REF_LOCI_1) NT_167244.1 (3774424..3787525, complement)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 6 (ALT_REF_LOCI_6) NT_167248.1 (3720951..3734018, complement)

    NT_167244.2Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene TSBP1 and BTNL2 antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene testis expressed basic protein 1 Neighboring gene RNA, U6 small nuclear 603, pseudogene Neighboring gene HLA complex group 23 Neighboring gene butyrophilin like 2 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC102725019 Neighboring gene major histocompatibility complex, class II, DQ alpha 2

    NT_113891.3Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR beta 9 (pseudogene) Neighboring gene RNA, U1 small nuclear 79, pseudogene Neighboring gene major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR beta 2 (pseudogene) Neighboring gene RNA, U1 small nuclear 116, pseudogene

    NT_167248.2Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene TSBP1 and BTNL2 antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene HLA complex group 23 Neighboring gene butyrophilin like 2 Neighboring gene major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR alpha Neighboring gene major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR beta 2 (pseudogene) Neighboring gene RNA, U1 small nuclear 116, pseudogene

    Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

    Bibliography

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

    What's a GeneRIF?

    HIV-1 interactions

    Protein interactions

    Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
    Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env CD4-mediated endocytosis of HIV-1 gp120 results in MHC-II (HLA-DR) presentation to CD4+ T cells PubMed
    env CD4+ T cells infected with CCR5-tropic HIV-1 have significantly higher levels of activation-marker expression (e.g. CD25, CD71 and HLA-DR) than CD4+ T lymphocytes infected with CXCR4-tropic HIV-1 PubMed
    env HIV envelope protein gp120 can specifically inhibit CD4-dependent class II MHC-restricted T cell response to Ag PubMed
    env Genetic variability in HIV-1 gp120 affects its interactions with HLA-DR molecules and T cell receptor PubMed
    env Amino acid residues 42-49 in the V1 region of CD4 are involved in the interaction between HIV-1 gp120 and class II major histocompatibility complex molecules PubMed
    Envelope surface glycoprotein gp160, precursor env Processing of HIV-1 gp160 to gp120 and gp41 is necessary for the association of HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins with class II MHC PubMed
    env Antibodies against cell surface molecules LFA-1, ICAM-1, HLA-DR, and CD28 inhibit the HIV-1 gp160-induced B cell differentiation response; gp160 also induces IL-6R and CD23 molecule expression on B cells PubMed
    Envelope transmembrane glycoprotein gp41 env Soluble HIV-1 gp41 can selectively enhance MHC class I and II expression on human B cells, but does not increase expression of other cell surface antigens such as CD21 and CD54 (ICAM-1) PubMed
    env Soluble HIV-1 gp41 enhancement effects on MHC class I and II antigen expression can be inhibited by soluble gp41-binding proteins of 45, 49 and 62 kD from human B cells PubMed
    env A 43-amino-acid sequence between amino acids 708 and 750 in the HIV-1 gp41(TM) cytoplasmic tail is required for efficient incorporation of HLA class II proteins into virions PubMed
    Nef nef HIV-1 Nef impairs IL-4/GM-CSF-stimulated THP-1 differentiation towards immature DCs, which leads to the lower levels of CD11C, CD40, and HLA-DR protein expression from the cell surface PubMed
    nef Four large regions (residues 1-36, 66-97, 117-147, and 182-205) of HIV-1 Nef bind efficiently to eight HLA-DR molecules PubMed
    nef HIV-1 Nef-pulsed mDCs downregulate HLA-DR expression and upregulate CD25 and CCR7 expression in NK cells PubMed
    nef Nef-triggered MHCII endocytosis requires Rab5 activity and lyst function, whereas lysosomal trafficking of internalized MHCII molecules requires Rab7 activity PubMed
    Pr55(Gag) gag Expression of CD80, CD83, CD86, and HLA-DR molecules are significantly downregulated in mature dendritic cells after transduction with ubiquitinated Gag compared to unubiquitinated Gag constructs PubMed
    gag Two peptides of the CA domain of HIV-1 Gag, VDRFYKTLRAEQASQ and DRFYKLTRAEQASQ, are presented on MHC II molecules of dendritic cells and have similar sensitivity for antigen-specific T cells PubMed
    gag Expression of MARCH-8 inhibits HLA-DR-mediated enhancement of mature Gag products internalization by downregulating cell surface HLA-DR PubMed
    gag The Gag late-budding domain PTAP motif and the cytosolic tails of the HLA-DR alpha and beta chains are required for HLA-DR-mediated Gag accumulation in late endosomal/multivesicular bodies (LE/MVB) PubMed
    gag Dynamin-dependent endocytosis is required for intracellular accumulation of HIV-1 Gag in presence of HLA-DR PubMed
    gag HIV-1 Gag virus-like particles efficiently activate human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDC) and induce MDDC maturation with an associated increase in the surface expression of CD80, CD86 and MHC classes I and II PubMed
    gag Human Leukocyte Antigen DR (HLA-DR), Major Histocompatibility Complex class II molecules (MHC-II) induce a relocation of Gag to late endosomal/multivesicular bodies (LE/MVB) and increase the accumulation of viral particles assembling intracellularly PubMed
    gag HIV-1 Gag virus-like particle-induced monocyte activation is shown by upregulation of molecules involved in antigen presentation (MHC II, CD80, CD86) and cell adhesion (CD54) PubMed
    gag HIV-1 Gag expression is able to induce HLA-DR cell-surface localization in H78-C10.0 cells PubMed
    gag In human macrophages, HIV-1 Gag proteins co-localize with MHC II (HLA-DR), CD63, and Lamp1 in MHC II compartments PubMed
    Tat tat Treatment of PBMCs with HIV-1 Tat significantly enhances the generation of monocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells expressing no or very low levels of HLA-DR PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat upregulates HLA-DR expression in monocyte-derived dendritic cells and T cells, thereby driving T cell-mediated immune responses and activation PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat downregulates expression of MHC class II genes in antigen-presenting cells (APC) by inhibiting the transactivator of MHC class II genes, CIITA PubMed
    Vpu vpu HIV-1 Vpu interacts with CD74 and modulates MHC II in HIV-1-infected cells PubMed
    capsid gag HIV-1 CA co-localizes with HLA-DR in human monocyte-derived dendritic cells PubMed
    gag HIV-1 Capsid (p24) inhibits interferon gamma induced increases in HLA-DR and cytochrome B heavy chain mRNA levels in the human monocyte-like cell line THP1 PubMed

    Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

    Pathways from BioSystems

    • Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystemAdaptive immunity refers to antigen-specific immune response efficiently involved in clearing the pathogens. The adaptive immune system is comprised of B and T lymphocytes that express receptors with...
    • Allograft Rejection, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Allograft Rejection, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway illustrates molecular interactions involved in the fundamental adaptive immune response for allograft destruction. This pathway was adapted in large part from the KEGG pathway http://www...
    • Allograft rejection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Allograft rejection, organism-specific biosystemAllograft rejection is the consequence of the recipient's alloimmune response to nonself antigens expressed by donor tissues. After transplantation of organ allografts, there are two pathways of anti...
    • Allograft rejection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Allograft rejection, conserved biosystemAllograft rejection is the consequence of the recipient's alloimmune response to nonself antigens expressed by donor tissues. After transplantation of organ allografts, there are two pathways of anti...
    • Antigen processing and presentation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Antigen processing and presentation, organism-specific biosystem
      Antigen processing and presentation
    • Antigen processing and presentation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Antigen processing and presentation, conserved biosystem
      Antigen processing and presentation
    • Asthma, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Asthma, organism-specific biosystemAsthma is a complex syndrome with many clinical phenotypes in both adults and children. Its major characteristics include a variable degree of airflow obstruction, bronchial hyperresponsiveness, and ...
    • Asthma, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Asthma, conserved biosystemAsthma is a complex syndrome with many clinical phenotypes in both adults and children. Its major characteristics include a variable degree of airflow obstruction, bronchial hyperresponsiveness, and ...
    • Autoimmune thyroid disease, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Autoimmune thyroid disease, organism-specific biosystemThe classification of autoimmune throid disease (AITD) includes Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) or chronic autoimmune thyroiditis and its variants, Graves' disease (GD) and autoimmune atrophic thyroidi...
    • Autoimmune thyroid disease, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Autoimmune thyroid disease, conserved biosystemThe classification of autoimmune throid disease (AITD) includes Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) or chronic autoimmune thyroiditis and its variants, Graves' disease (GD) and autoimmune atrophic thyroidi...
    • Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), organism-specific biosystemCell adhesion molecules are (glyco)proteins expressed on the cell surface and play a critical role in a wide array of biologic processes that include hemostasis, the immune response, inflammation, em...
    • Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), conserved biosystemCell adhesion molecules are (glyco)proteins expressed on the cell surface and play a critical role in a wide array of biologic processes that include hemostasis, the immune response, inflammation, em...
    • Costimulation by the CD28 family, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Costimulation by the CD28 family, organism-specific biosystemOptimal activation of T-lymphocytes requires at least two signals. A primary one is delivered by the T-cell receptor (TCR) complex after antigen recognition and additional costimulatory signals are d...
    • Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are small proteins that regulate and mediate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They are secreted in response to immune stimuli, and usually act briefly, locally, at very low concen...
    • Downstream TCR signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Downstream TCR signaling, organism-specific biosystemChanges in gene expression are required for the T cell to gain full proliferative competence and to produce effector cytokines. Three transcription factors in particular have been found to play a key...
    • Epstein-Barr virus infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Epstein-Barr virus infection, organism-specific biosystemEpstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous human herpesvirus that is associated with oncogenesis. EBV infection to primary human B lymphocytes leads to induction of EBV-specific HLA-restricted cytotoxi...
    • Epstein-Barr virus infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Epstein-Barr virus infection, conserved biosystemEpstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous human herpesvirus that is associated with oncogenesis. EBV infection to primary human B lymphocytes leads to induction of EBV-specific HLA-restricted cytotoxi...
    • Generation of second messenger molecules, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Generation of second messenger molecules, organism-specific biosystemIn addition to serving as a scaffold via auto-phosphorylation, ZAP-70 also phosphorylates a restricted set of substrates following TCR stimulation - including LAT and SLP-76. These substrates have be...
    • Graft-versus-host disease, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Graft-versus-host disease, organism-specific biosystemGraft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a lethal complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) where immunocompetent donor T cells attack the genetically disparate host cells....
    • Graft-versus-host disease, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Graft-versus-host disease, conserved biosystemGraft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a lethal complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) where immunocompetent donor T cells attack the genetically disparate host cells....
    • HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
    • HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
    • Hematopoietic cell lineage, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Hematopoietic cell lineage, organism-specific biosystemBlood-cell development progresses from a hematopoietic stem cell (HSC), which can undergo either self-renewal or differentiation into a multilineage committed progenitor cell: a common lymphoid proge...
    • Hematopoietic cell lineage, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Hematopoietic cell lineage, conserved biosystemBlood-cell development progresses from a hematopoietic stem cell (HSC), which can undergo either self-renewal or differentiation into a multilineage committed progenitor cell: a common lymphoid proge...
    • Herpes simplex infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Herpes simplex infection, organism-specific biosystemHerpes simplex virus (HSV) infections are very common worldwide, with the prevalence of HSV-1 reaching up to 80%-90%. Primary infection with HSV takes place in the mucosa, followed by the establishme...
    • Herpes simplex infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Herpes simplex infection, conserved biosystemHerpes simplex virus (HSV) infections are very common worldwide, with the prevalence of HSV-1 reaching up to 80%-90%. Primary infection with HSV takes place in the mucosa, followed by the establishme...
    • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
    • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), organism-specific biosystemInflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract due to environmental and geneti...
    • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), conserved biosystemInflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract due to environmental and geneti...
    • Influenza A, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Influenza A, organism-specific biosystemInfluenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza virus infection. Influenza A virus is responsible for both annual seasonal epidemics and periodic worldwide pandemics. Novel strains ...
    • Influenza A, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Influenza A, conserved biosystemInfluenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza virus infection. Influenza A virus is responsible for both annual seasonal epidemics and periodic worldwide pandemics. Novel strains ...
    • Interferon Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Interferon Signaling, organism-specific biosystemInterferons (IFNs) are cytokines that play a central role in initiating immune responses, especially antiviral and antitumor effects. There are three types of IFNs:Type I (IFN-alpha, -beta and others...
    • Interferon gamma signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Interferon gamma signaling, organism-specific biosystemInterferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) belongs to the type II interferon family and is secreted by activated immune cells-primarily T and NK cells, but also B-cells and APC. INFG exerts its effect on cells by ...
    • Intestinal immune network for IgA production, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Intestinal immune network for IgA production, organism-specific biosystemThe intestine is the largest lymphoid tissue in the body. One striking feature of intestinal immunity is its ability to generate great amounts of noninflammatory immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibodies tha...
    • Intestinal immune network for IgA production, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Intestinal immune network for IgA production, conserved biosystemThe intestine is the largest lymphoid tissue in the body. One striking feature of intestinal immunity is its ability to generate great amounts of noninflammatory immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibodies tha...
    • Leishmaniasis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Leishmaniasis, organism-specific biosystemLeishmania is an intracellular protozoan parasite of macrophages that causes visceral, mucosal, and cutaneous diseases. The parasite is transmitted to humans by sandflies, where they survive and prol...
    • Leishmaniasis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Leishmaniasis, conserved biosystemLeishmania is an intracellular protozoan parasite of macrophages that causes visceral, mucosal, and cutaneous diseases. The parasite is transmitted to humans by sandflies, where they survive and prol...
    • MHC class II antigen presentation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      MHC class II antigen presentation, organism-specific biosystemAntigen presenting cells (APCs) such as B cells, dendritic cells (DCs) and monocytes/macrophages express major histocompatibility complex class II molecules (MHC II) at their surface and present exog...
    • PD-1 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PD-1 signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) is one of the negative regulators of TCR signaling. PD-1 may exert its effects on cell differentiation and survival directly by inhibiting early activation ...
    • Phagosome, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Phagosome, organism-specific biosystemPhagocytosis is the process of taking in relatively large particles by a cell, and is a central mechanism in the tissue remodeling, inflammation, and defense against infectious agents. A phagosome is...
    • Phagosome, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Phagosome, conserved biosystemPhagocytosis is the process of taking in relatively large particles by a cell, and is a central mechanism in the tissue remodeling, inflammation, and defense against infectious agents. A phagosome is...
    • Phosphorylation of CD3 and TCR zeta chains, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Phosphorylation of CD3 and TCR zeta chains, organism-specific biosystemPrior to T cell receptor (TCR) stimulation, CD4/CD8 associated Lck remains seperated from the TCR and is maintained in an inactive state by the action of Csk. Csk phosphorylates the negative regulato...
    • Rheumatoid arthritis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Rheumatoid arthritis, organism-specific biosystemRheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune joint disease where persistent inflammation affects bone remodeling leading to progressive bone destruction. In RA, abnormal activation of the immune...
    • Rheumatoid arthritis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Rheumatoid arthritis, conserved biosystemRheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune joint disease where persistent inflammation affects bone remodeling leading to progressive bone destruction. In RA, abnormal activation of the immune...
    • Staphylococcus aureus infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Staphylococcus aureus infection, organism-specific biosystemStaphylococcus aureus can cause multiple forms of infections ranging from superficial skin infections to food poisoning and life-threatening infections. The organism has several ways to divert the ef...
    • Staphylococcus aureus infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Staphylococcus aureus infection, conserved biosystemStaphylococcus aureus can cause multiple forms of infections ranging from superficial skin infections to food poisoning and life-threatening infections. The organism has several ways to divert the ef...
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Systemic lupus erythematosus, organism-specific biosystemSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease characterised by the production of IgG autoantibodies that are specific for self-antigens, such as DNA, nuclear proteins and cert...
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Systemic lupus erythematosus, conserved biosystemSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease characterised by the production of IgG autoantibodies that are specific for self-antigens, such as DNA, nuclear proteins and cert...
    • TCR signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TCR signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe TCR is a multisubunit complex that consists of clonotypic alpha/beta chains noncovalently associated with the invariant CD3 delta/epsilon/gamma and TCR zeta chains. T cell activation by antigen p...
    • Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, organism-specific biosystemImmunity to different classes of microorganisms is orchestrated by separate lineages of effector T helper (TH)-cells, which differentiate from naive CD4+ precursor cells in response to cues provided ...
    • Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, conserved biosystemImmunity to different classes of microorganisms is orchestrated by separate lineages of effector T helper (TH)-cells, which differentiate from naive CD4+ precursor cells in response to cues provided ...
    • Th17 cell differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Th17 cell differentiation, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin (IL)-17-producing helper T (Th17) cells serve as a subset of CD4+ T cells involved in epithelial cell- and neutrophil mediated immune responses against extracellular microbes and in the p...
    • Th17 cell differentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Th17 cell differentiation, conserved biosystemInterleukin (IL)-17-producing helper T (Th17) cells serve as a subset of CD4+ T cells involved in epithelial cell- and neutrophil mediated immune responses against extracellular microbes and in the p...
    • Toxoplasmosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Toxoplasmosis, organism-specific biosystemToxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that is prevalent worldwide. The tachyzoite form acquired by oral ingestion downmodulates proinflammatory signaling pathways via various mechan...
    • Toxoplasmosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Toxoplasmosis, conserved biosystemToxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that is prevalent worldwide. The tachyzoite form acquired by oral ingestion downmodulates proinflammatory signaling pathways via various mechan...
    • Translocation of ZAP-70 to Immunological synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Translocation of ZAP-70 to Immunological synapse, organism-specific biosystemThe dual phosphorylated ITAMs recruit Syk kinase ZAP-70 via their tandem SH2 domains (step 4). ZAP-70 subsequently undergoes phosphorylation on multiple tyrosine residues for further activation. ZAP-...
    • Tuberculosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Tuberculosis, organism-specific biosystemTuberculosis, or TB, is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. One third of the world's population is thought to be infected with TB. About 90% of those infected result in latent...
    • Tuberculosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Tuberculosis, conserved biosystemTuberculosis, or TB, is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. One third of the world's population is thought to be infected with TB. About 90% of those infected result in latent...
    • Type I diabetes mellitus, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Type I diabetes mellitus, organism-specific biosystemType I diabetes mellitus is a disease that results from autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing beta-cells. Certain beta-cell proteins act as autoantigens after being processed by antigen-pre...
    • Type I diabetes mellitus, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Type I diabetes mellitus, conserved biosystemType I diabetes mellitus is a disease that results from autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing beta-cells. Certain beta-cell proteins act as autoantigens after being processed by antigen-pre...
    • Viral myocarditis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Viral myocarditis, organism-specific biosystemMyocarditis is a cardiac disease associated with inflammation and injury of the myocardium. It results from various etiologies, both noninfectious and infectious, but coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) is stil...

    Interactions

    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    General gene information

    Markers

    Clone Names

    • MGC117330

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    MHC class II receptor activity NAS
    Non-traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    peptide antigen binding ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
    PubMed 
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    T cell receptor signaling pathway TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    adaptive immune response IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    antigen processing and presentation of exogenous peptide antigen via MHC class II TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    interferon-gamma-mediated signaling pathway TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    signal transduction NAS
    Non-traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    ER to Golgi transport vesicle membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    Golgi membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    MHC class II protein complex ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
    PubMed 
    clathrin-coated endocytic vesicle membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    endocytic vesicle membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    integral component of lumenal side of endoplasmic reticulum membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    integral component of plasma membrane NAS
    Non-traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    late endosome membrane IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    lysosomal membrane IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    lysosomal membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    membrane HDA PubMed 
    plasma membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    trans-Golgi network membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    transport vesicle membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     

    General protein information

    Preferred Names
    major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR beta 3
    Names
    HLA DRB3
    HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DR beta 3 chain
    MHC class II HLA-DR beta 3 chain
    MHC class II antigen DR beta 3 chain
    MHC class II antigen DRB3
    human leucocyte antigen DRB3

    NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_022555.3NP_072049.2  major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR beta 3 precursor

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_072049.2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      U66825, Z84814
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P79483
      Conserved Domains (2) summary
      cd05766
      Location:126219
      IgC_MHC_II_beta; Class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) beta chain immunoglobulin domain
      pfam00969
      Location:42116
      MHC_II_beta; Class II histocompatibility antigen, beta domain

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109.20190905

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p13 ALT_REF_LOCI_1

    Genomic

    1. NT_167244.2 Reference GRCh38.p13 ALT_REF_LOCI_1

      Range
      3824511..3837575 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Reference GRCh38.p13 ALT_REF_LOCI_2

    Genomic

    1. NT_113891.3 Reference GRCh38.p13 ALT_REF_LOCI_2

      Range
      3934021..3947089 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Reference GRCh38.p13 ALT_REF_LOCI_6

    Genomic

    1. NT_167248.2 Reference GRCh38.p13 ALT_REF_LOCI_6

      Range
      3715355..3728422 complement
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