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SNPH syntaphilin [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 9751, updated on 25-Nov-2021

Summary

Official Symbol
SNPHprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
syntaphilinprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:15931
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000101298 MIM:604942
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Summary
Syntaxin-1, synaptobrevin/VAMP, and SNAP25 interact to form the SNARE complex, which is required for synaptic vesicle docking and fusion. The protein encoded by this gene is membrane-associated and inhibits SNARE complex formation by binding free syntaxin-1. Expression of this gene appears to be brain-specific. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2015]
Expression
Broad expression in brain (RPKM 12.1), prostate (RPKM 2.0) and 18 other tissues See more
Orthologs
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Genomic context

See SNPH in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
20p13
Exon count:
7
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20211119 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 20 NC_000020.11 (1266292..1309327)
105.20201022 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 20 NC_000020.10 (1246938..1289971)

Chromosome 20 - NC_000020.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene chromosome 20 open reading frame 202 Neighboring gene RAD21 cohesin complex component like 1 Neighboring gene FKBP1A-SDCBP2 readthrough (NMD candidate) Neighboring gene syndecan binding protein 2 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 67 Neighboring gene SDCBP2 antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene FKBP prolyl isomerase 1A Neighboring gene microRNA 6869

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

Associated conditions

Description Tests
Discovery of genetic biomarkers contributing to variation in drug response of cytidine analogues using human lymphoblastoid cell lines.
GeneReviews: Not available

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • KIAA0374, MGC46096, bA314N13.5

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
enables syntaxin-1 binding NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in neuron differentiation IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in neurotransmitter secretion NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in synaptic vesicle docking NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
located_in cytoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
is_active_in cytoplasmic microtubule IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
located_in cytoplasmic microtubule IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in integral component of membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
is_active_in mitochondrion IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
located_in neuron projection IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
located_in presynapse IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

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RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001318234.2NP_001305163.1  syntaphilin isoform 1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longer transcript and encodes the longer isoform (1).
    Source sequence(s)
    AL136531
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS82590.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    O15079
    Related
    ENSP00000371291.1, ENST00000381867.6
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam15290
    Location:69285
    Syntaphilin; Golgi-localized syntaxin-1-binding clamp
  2. NM_014723.4NP_055538.2  syntaphilin isoform 2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_055538.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) contains a distinct 5' UTR and lacks an in-frame portion of the 5' coding region, compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (2) has a shorter N-terminus, compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AL136531
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS13012.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    O15079
    Related
    ENSP00000371297.3, ENST00000381873.7
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam15290
    Location:25241
    Syntaphilin; Golgi-localized syntaxin-1-binding clamp

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20211119

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000020.11 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    1266292..1309327
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_011529404.2XP_011527706.1  syntaphilin isoform X2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_011527706.1

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam15290
    Location:51366
    Syntaphilin; Golgi-localized syntaxin-1-binding clamp
  2. XM_011529402.2XP_011527704.1  syntaphilin isoform X1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_011527704.1

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam15290
    Location:102318
    Syntaphilin; Golgi-localized syntaxin-1-binding clamp
  3. XM_011529403.2XP_011527705.1  syntaphilin isoform X1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_011527705.1

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam15290
    Location:102318
    Syntaphilin; Golgi-localized syntaxin-1-binding clamp
  4. XM_005260889.3XP_005260946.1  syntaphilin isoform X2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_005260946.1

    Related
    ENSP00000496966.1, ENST00000649598.1
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam15290
    Location:51366
    Syntaphilin; Golgi-localized syntaxin-1-binding clamp
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