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CXCL14 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 14 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 9547, updated on 23-Nov-2021

Summary

Official Symbol
CXCL14provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 14provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:10640
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000145824 MIM:604186
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
KEC; KS1; BMAC; BRAK; NJAC; MIP2G; MIP-2g; SCYB14
Summary
This antimicrobial gene belongs to the cytokine gene family which encode secreted proteins involved in immunoregulatory and inflammatory processes. The protein encoded by this gene is structurally related to the CXC (Cys-X-Cys) subfamily of cytokines. Members of this subfamily are characterized by two cysteines separated by a single amino acid. This cytokine displays chemotactic activity for monocytes but not for lymphocytes, dendritic cells, neutrophils or macrophages. It has been implicated that this cytokine is involved in the homeostasis of monocyte-derived macrophages rather than in inflammation. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2014]
Expression
Biased expression in skin (RPKM 295.1), kidney (RPKM 161.0) and 13 other tissues See more
Orthologs
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Genomic context

See CXCL14 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
5q31.1
Exon count:
4
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20211119 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 5 NC_000005.10 (135570679..135578991, complement)
105.20201022 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 5 NC_000005.9 (134906369..134914681, complement)

Chromosome 5 - NC_000005.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene dendritic cell associated nuclear protein Neighboring gene TIFA inhibitor Neighboring gene neurogenin 1 Neighboring gene solute carrier family 25 member 48 Neighboring gene SLC25A48 antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene microRNA 5692c-1

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

Associated conditions

Description Tests
Genome-wide association study of smoking behaviours in patients with COPD.
GeneReviews: Not available

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Tat tat Microarray analysis indicates HIV-1 Tat-induced upregulation of chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 14 (CXCL14) in primary human brain microvascular endothelial cells PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • MGC10687

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables chemokine activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in antimicrobial humoral immune response mediated by antimicrobial peptide IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in cell chemotaxis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in cell-cell signaling TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in chemotaxis TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in signal transduction TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
located_in Golgi apparatus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
located_in extracellular space IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
C-X-C motif chemokine 14
Names
CXC chemokine in breast and kidney
MIP-2 gamma
bolekine
breast and kidney
chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 14
chemokine BRAK
small inducible cytokine subfamily B (Cys-X-Cys), member 14 (BRAK)
small-inducible cytokine B14
tumor-suppressing chemokine

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

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RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_004887.5NP_004878.3  C-X-C motif chemokine 14 precursor

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC034206
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS4188.1
    Related
    ENSP00000423783.1, ENST00000512158.6
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl00134
    Location:2485
    Chemokine; small cytokines, including a number of secreted growth factors and interferons involved in mitogenic, chemotactic, and inflammatory activity; distinguished from other cytokines by their receptors, which are G-protein coupled receptors; divided into 4 ...

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20211119

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000005.10 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    135570679..135578991 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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