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HIST3H2A histone cluster 3 H2A [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 92815, updated on 8-Dec-2018

Summary

Official Symbol
HIST3H2Aprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
histone cluster 3 H2Aprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:20507
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000181218 MIM:615015
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Summary
Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Nucleosomes consist of approximately 146 bp of DNA wrapped around a histone octamer composed of pairs of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4). The chromatin fiber is further compacted through the interaction of a linker histone, H1, with the DNA between the nucleosomes to form higher order chromatin structures. This gene is intronless and encodes a replication-dependent histone that is a member of the histone H2A family. Transcripts from this gene contain a palindromic termination element. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]
Orthologs

Genomic context

See HIST3H2A in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
1q42.13
Exon count:
1
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 1 NC_000001.11 (228457364..228457859, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 1 NC_000001.10 (228645065..228645560, complement)

Chromosome 1 - NC_000001.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene histone cluster 3 H3 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L23a pseudogene 15 Neighboring gene histone cluster 3 H2B family member b Neighboring gene microRNA 4666a

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Tat tat HIV-1 Tat peptides bind core histones H2A, H2B, H3 and H4, and Tat protein recruits histone acetyltransferases to the HIV-1 LTR promoter leading to acetylation of histones H3 and H4, derepressing chromatin structure and increasing NFkappaB responsiveness PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
  • Alcoholism, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Alcoholism, conserved biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
  • Chromatin modifying enzymes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Chromatin modifying enzymes, organism-specific biosystemEukaryotic DNA is associated with histone proteins and organized into a complex nucleoprotein structure called chromatin. This structure decreases the accessibility of DNA but also helps to protect i...
  • Chromatin organization, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Chromatin organization, organism-specific biosystemChromatin organization refers to the composition and conformation of complexes between DNA, protein and RNA. It is determined by processes that result in the specification, formation or maintenance o...
  • Deubiquitination, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Deubiquitination, organism-specific biosystemUbiquitination, the modification of proteins by the covalent attachment of ubiquitin (Ub), is a key regulatory mechanism for many many cellular processes, including protein degradation by the 26S pro...
  • HATs acetylate histones, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    HATs acetylate histones, organism-specific biosystemHistone acetyltransferases (HATs) involved in histone modifications are referred to as A-type or nuclear HATs. They can be grouped into at least four families based on sequence conservation within th...
  • HDACs deacetylate histones, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    HDACs deacetylate histones, organism-specific biosystemLysine deacetylases (KDACs), historically referred to as histone deacetylases (HDACs), are divided into the Rpd3/Hda1 metal-dependent 'classical HDAC family' (de Ruijter et al. 2003, Verdin et al. 2...
  • Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystemProtein metabolism comprises the pathways of translation, post-translational modification and protein folding.
  • Metalloprotease DUBs, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metalloprotease DUBs, organism-specific biosystemThe JAB1/MPN +/MOV34 (JAMM) domain metalloproteases cleave the isopeptide bond at or near the the attachment point of polyubiquitin and substrate. PSMD14 (RPN11), STAMBP (AMSH), STAMBPL1 (AMSH-LP), a...
  • Post-translational protein modification, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Post-translational protein modification, organism-specific biosystemAfter translation, many newly formed proteins undergo further covalent modifications that alter their functional properties and that are essentially irreversible under physiological conditions in the...
  • RMTs methylate histone arginines, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RMTs methylate histone arginines, organism-specific biosystemArginine methylation is a common post-translational modification; around 2% of arginine residues are methylated in rat liver nuclei (Boffa et al. 1977). Arginine can be methylated in 3 different ways...
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Systemic lupus erythematosus, organism-specific biosystemSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease characterised by the production of IgG autoantibodies that are specific for self-antigens, such as DNA, nuclear proteins and cert...
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Systemic lupus erythematosus, conserved biosystemSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease characterised by the production of IgG autoantibodies that are specific for self-antigens, such as DNA, nuclear proteins and cert...
  • UCH proteinases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    UCH proteinases, organism-specific biosystemDUBs of the Ub C-terminal Hydrolase (UCH) family are thiol proteases that have an N-terminal catalytic domain sometimes followed by C-terminal extensions that mediate protein-protein interactions. Hu...
  • Ub-specific processing proteases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Ub-specific processing proteases, organism-specific biosystemUb-specific processing proteases (USPs) are the largest of the DUB families with more than 50 members in humans. The USP catalytic domain varies considerably in size and consists of six conserved mo...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • MGC3165

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
DNA binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
DNA binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein heterodimerization activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
UV-damage excision repair IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
chromatin organization IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
nucleosome disassembly IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
extracellular exosome HDA PubMed 
nuclear chromatin IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
nuclear nucleosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
histone H2A type 3
Names
histone 3, H2a
histone cluster 3, H2a

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_033445.2NP_254280.1  histone H2A type 3

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_254280.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AY131974
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS1573.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q7L7L0
    Related
    ENSP00000355656.2, ENST00000366695.3
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    PTZ00017
    Location:1130
    PTZ00017; histone H2A; Provisional

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000001.11 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    228457364..228457859 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Reference GRCh38.p12 PATCHES

Genomic

  1. NW_018654708.1 Reference GRCh38.p12 PATCHES

    Range
    48563..49058 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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