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CCNB2 cyclin B2 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 9133, updated on 2-Jul-2019

Summary

Official Symbol
CCNB2provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
cyclin B2provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:1580
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000157456 MIM:602755
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
HsT17299
Summary
Cyclin B2 is a member of the cyclin family, specifically the B-type cyclins. The B-type cyclins, B1 and B2, associate with p34cdc2 and are essential components of the cell cycle regulatory machinery. B1 and B2 differ in their subcellular localization. Cyclin B1 co-localizes with microtubules, whereas cyclin B2 is primarily associated with the Golgi region. Cyclin B2 also binds to transforming growth factor beta RII and thus cyclin B2/cdc2 may play a key role in transforming growth factor beta-mediated cell cycle control. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Biased expression in testis (RPKM 42.1), bone marrow (RPKM 26.8) and 11 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See CCNB2 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
15q22.2
Exon count:
9
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20190607 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 15 NC_000015.10 (59105146..59125045)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 15 NC_000015.9 (59397284..59417244)

Chromosome 15 - NC_000015.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene ribosome binding factor A (putative) pseudogene Neighboring gene ring finger protein 111 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L21 pseudogene 113 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 4265 Neighboring gene myosin IE Neighboring gene microRNA 2116

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
Novel Loci for metabolic networks and multi-tissue expression studies reveal genes for atherosclerosis.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Vpr vpr The human Vpr interacting protein (hVIP/MOV34) is a likely cellular cofactor for HIV-1 Vpr inactivation of the cdc2-cyclin B kinase complex and induction of cell cycle arrest PubMed
vpr Data suggests that HIV-1 Vpr transactivation of the HIV-LTR promoter occurs through the inhibition of p300-associated cdc2-cyclin B kinase complex activity which enhances transcriptional activation by Rel A and p300 PubMed
vpr Inactivation of the cdc2-cyclin B kinase complex by HIV-1 Vpr leads to the activation of Poly(A) polymerase PubMed
vpr Inactivation of the cdc2-cyclin B kinase complex and arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle has been mapped to the C-terminus of HIV-1 Vpr, including amino acids 73, 80 and 84-96 PubMed
vpr HIV-1 Vpr inactivates the cdc2-cyclin B kinase complex by inactivating cdc25C, the phosphatase that dephosphorylates and activates cdc2 PubMed
vpr HIV-1 Vpr inactivates the cdc2-cyclin B kinase complex by inhibiting the dephosphorylation of cdc2 tyrosine 15, leading to arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Activation of NIMA Kinases NEK9, NEK6, NEK7, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Activation of NIMA Kinases NEK9, NEK6, NEK7, organism-specific biosystemNEK6 and NEK7 are activated during mitosis by another NIMA family kinase, NEK9 (Belham et al. 2003, Richards et al. 2009), which is activated by CDK1- and PLK1-mediated phosphorylation (Roig et al. 2...
  • Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystemThe cell cycle is the series of events that takes place in a cell leading to its division and duplication (replication). Regulation of the cell cycle involves processes crucial to the survival of a c...
  • Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem
    Cell Cycle
  • Cell Cycle Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell Cycle Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystemA hallmark of the human cell cycle in normal somatic cells is its precision. This remarkable fidelity is achieved by a number of signal transduction pathways, known as checkpoints, which monitor cell...
  • Cell Cycle, Mitotic, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell Cycle, Mitotic, organism-specific biosystemThe replication of the genome and the subsequent segregation of chromosomes into daughter cells are controlled by a series of events collectively known as the cell cycle. DNA replication is carried o...
  • Cell cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cell cycle, organism-specific biosystemMitotic cell cycle progression is accomplished through a reproducible sequence of events, DNA replication (S phase) and mitosis (M phase) separated temporally by gaps known as G1 and G2 phases. Cycli...
  • Cell cycle, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cell cycle, conserved biosystemMitotic cell cycle progression is accomplished through a reproducible sequence of events, DNA replication (S phase) and mitosis (M phase) separated temporally by gaps known as G1 and G2 phases. Cycli...
  • Cell cycle - G2/M transition, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cell cycle - G2/M transition, organism-specific biosystemFunctional set; Cellular processes; Cell signaling
  • Cell cycle - G2/M transition, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cell cycle - G2/M transition, conserved biosystemFunctional set; Cellular processes; Cell signaling
  • Condensation of Prometaphase Chromosomes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Condensation of Prometaphase Chromosomes, organism-specific biosystemThe condensin I complex is evolutionarily conserved and consists of five subunits: two SMC (structural maintenance of chromosomes) family subunits, SMC2 and SMC4, and three non-SMC subunits, NCAPD2, ...
  • Cyclin A/B1 associated events during G2/M transition, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cyclin A/B1 associated events during G2/M transition, organism-specific biosystemCell cycle progression is regulated by cyclin-dependent protein kinases at both the G1/S and the G2/M transitions. The G2/M transition is regulated through the phosphorylation of nuclear lamins and h...
  • Cyclin B2 mediated events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cyclin B2 mediated events, organism-specific biosystemThe two B-type cyclins localize to different regions within the cell and and are thought to have specific roles as CDK1-activating subunits (see Bellanger et al., 2007). Cyclin B1 is primarily cytop...
  • DNA Damage Response, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    DNA Damage Response, organism-specific biosystemThis is the first pathway out of two pathways which deals with DNA damage response. It has two central gene products (ATM and ATR) which are connected to the sources of DNA damage (in blue). The two ...
  • FOXM1 transcription factor network, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    FOXM1 transcription factor network, organism-specific biosystem
    FOXM1 transcription factor network
  • FoxO signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    FoxO signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe forkhead box O (FOXO) family of transcription factors regulates the expression of genes in cellular physiological events including apoptosis, cell-cycle control, glucose metabolism, oxidative str...
  • G2/M Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G2/M Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystemG2/M checkpoints include the checks for damaged DNA, unreplicated DNA, and checks that ensure that the genome is replicated once and only once per cell cycle. If cells pass these checkpoints, they f...
  • G2/M DNA replication checkpoint, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G2/M DNA replication checkpoint, organism-specific biosystemThe G2/M DNA replication checkpoint ensures that mitosis is not initiated until DNA replication is complete. If replication is blocked, the DNA replication checkpoint signals to maintain Cyclin B - C...
  • G2/M Transition, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G2/M Transition, organism-specific biosystemCyclin A can also form complexes with Cdc2 (Cdk1). Together with three B-type cyclins, Cdc2 (Cdk1) regulates the transition from G2 into mitosis. These complexes are activated by dephosphorylation of...
  • Golgi Cisternae Pericentriolar Stack Reorganization, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Golgi Cisternae Pericentriolar Stack Reorganization, organism-specific biosystemThe pericentriolar stacks of Golgi cisternae undergo extensive fragmentation and reorganization in mitosis. In mammalian cells, Golgi apparatus consists of stacked cisternae that are connected by tu...
  • HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
  • HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
  • M Phase, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    M Phase, organism-specific biosystemMitosis, or the M phase, involves nuclear division and cytokinesis, where two identical daughter cells are produced. Mitosis involves prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. Fin...
  • Mitotic G2-G2/M phases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Mitotic G2-G2/M phases, organism-specific biosystem
    Mitotic G2-G2/M phases
  • Mitotic Prometaphase, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Mitotic Prometaphase, organism-specific biosystemThe dissolution of the nuclear membrane marks the beginning of the prometaphase. Kinetochores are created when proteins attach to the centromeres. Microtubules then attach at the kinetochores, and th...
  • Mitotic Prophase, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Mitotic Prophase, organism-specific biosystemDuring prophase, the chromatin in the nucleus condenses, and the nucleolus disappears. Centrioles begin moving to the opposite poles or sides of the cell. Some of the fibers that extend from the cen...
  • Nuclear Envelope Breakdown, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Nuclear Envelope Breakdown, organism-specific biosystemThe nuclear envelope breakdown (NEBD) happens in late prophase of mitosis and involves disassembly of the nuclear pore complex, depolymerization of the nuclear lamina, and clearance of nuclear envelo...
  • Nuclear Pore Complex (NPC) Disassembly, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Nuclear Pore Complex (NPC) Disassembly, organism-specific biosystemNuclear envelope breakdown in mitosis involves permeabilization of the nuclear envelope through disassembly of the nuclear pore complex (NPC) (reviewed by Guttinger et al. 2009). Nucleoporin NUP98, l...
  • Oocyte meiosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Oocyte meiosis, organism-specific biosystemDuring meiosis, a single round of DNA replication is followed by two rounds of chromosome segregation, called meiosis I and meiosis II. At meiosis I, homologous chromosomes recombine and then segrega...
  • Oocyte meiosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Oocyte meiosis, conserved biosystemDuring meiosis, a single round of DNA replication is followed by two rounds of chromosome segregation, called meiosis I and meiosis II. At meiosis I, homologous chromosomes recombine and then segrega...
  • Polo-like kinase mediated events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Polo-like kinase mediated events, organism-specific biosystemAt mitotic entry, Plk1 phosphorylates and activates Cdc25C phosphatase, whereas it phosphorylates and down-regulates Wee1A (Watanabe et al. 2004). Plk1 also phosphorylates and inhibits Myt1 activit...
  • Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, organism-specific biosystemXenopus oocytes are naturally arrested at G2 of meiosis I. Exposure to either insulin/IGF-1 or the steroid hormone progesterone breaks this arrest and induces resumption of the two meiotic division c...
  • Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, conserved biosystemXenopus oocytes are naturally arrested at G2 of meiosis I. Exposure to either insulin/IGF-1 or the steroid hormone progesterone breaks this arrest and induces resumption of the two meiotic division c...
  • Regulation of PLK1 Activity at G2/M Transition, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of PLK1 Activity at G2/M Transition, organism-specific biosystemThe kinase activity of PLK1 is required for cell cycle progression as PLK1 phosphorylates and regulates a number of cellular proteins during mitosis. Centrosomic AURKA (Aurora A kinase), catalyticall...
  • Resolution of Sister Chromatid Cohesion, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Resolution of Sister Chromatid Cohesion, organism-specific biosystemThe resolution of sister chromatids in mitotic prometaphase involves removal of cohesin complexes from chromosomal arms, with preservation of cohesion at centromeres (Losada et al. 1998, Hauf et al. ...
  • Retinoblastoma (RB) in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Retinoblastoma (RB) in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemDescribes the role of retinoblastoma (RB) gene in cancer.
  • TGF-beta Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    TGF-beta Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe signal transduction mechanisms underlying the pathophysiological activities of transforming growth factor-? (TGF-?) have been extensively studied since its discovery nearly 30 years ago. TGF-? li...
  • The role of GTSE1 in G2/M progression after G2 checkpoint, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    The role of GTSE1 in G2/M progression after G2 checkpoint, organism-specific biosystemGTSE1 (B99) was identified as a microtubule-associated protein product of the mouse B99 gene, which exhibits both a cell cycle regulated expression, with highest levels in G2, and DNA damage triggere...
  • miRNA Regulation of DNA Damage Response, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    miRNA Regulation of DNA Damage Response, organism-specific biosystemThis is the first out of two pathways which deals with the DNA damage response. It is comprised of two central gene products (ATM and ATR) influenced by different sources of DNA damage (in blue). The...
  • p53 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    p53 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemp53 activation is induced by a number of stress signals, including DNA damage, oxidative stress and activated oncogenes. The p53 protein is employed as a transcriptional activator of p53-regulated ge...
  • p53 signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    p53 signaling pathway, conserved biosystemp53 activation is induced by a number of stress signals, including DNA damage, oxidative stress and activated oncogenes. The p53 protein is employed as a transcriptional activator of p53-regulated ge...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
cadherin binding HDA PubMed 
cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase regulator activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
contributes_to protein kinase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
protein kinase binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
T cell homeostasis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cell division IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
in utero embryonic development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
mitotic cell cycle phase transition IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
mitotic nuclear envelope disassembly TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
protein phosphorylation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
regulation of cell cycle TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
regulation of growth IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
thymus development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
centrosome IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
centrosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cyclin-dependent protein kinase holoenzyme complex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cytoplasm IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cytosol IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
microtubule cytoskeleton IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
nucleus IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
G2/mitotic-specific cyclin-B2

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_004701.4NP_004692.1  G2/mitotic-specific cyclin-B2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_004692.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AF002822, AK001404
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS10170.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    O95067
    Related
    ENSP00000288207.2, ENST00000288207.7
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam00134
    Location:137262
    Cyclin_N; Cyclin, N-terminal domain
    pfam02984
    Location:264382
    Cyclin_C; Cyclin, C-terminal domain

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000015.10 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    59105146..59125045
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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