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ACTN1 actinin alpha 1 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 87, updated on 6-Sep-2021

Summary

Official Symbol
ACTN1provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
actinin alpha 1provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:163
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000072110 MIM:102575
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
BDPLT15
Summary
Alpha actinins belong to the spectrin gene superfamily which represents a diverse group of cytoskeletal proteins, including the alpha and beta spectrins and dystrophins. Alpha actinin is an actin-binding protein with multiple roles in different cell types. In nonmuscle cells, the cytoskeletal isoform is found along microfilament bundles and adherens-type junctions, where it is involved in binding actin to the membrane. In contrast, skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscle isoforms are localized to the Z-disc and analogous dense bodies, where they help anchor the myofibrillar actin filaments. This gene encodes a nonmuscle, cytoskeletal, alpha actinin isoform and maps to the same site as the structurally similar erythroid beta spectrin gene. Three transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in endometrium (RPKM 77.5), urinary bladder (RPKM 66.3) and 24 other tissues See more
Orthologs
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Genomic context

See ACTN1 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
14q24.1; 14q22-q24
Exon count:
23
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20210514 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 14 NC_000014.9 (68874123..68979302, complement)
105.20201022 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 14 NC_000014.8 (69340845..69446019, complement)

Chromosome 14 - NC_000014.9Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene mago homolog 3, pseudogene Neighboring gene basic leucine zipper nuclear factor 2, pseudogene Neighboring gene high mobility group nucleosome binding domain 1 pseudogene 3 Neighboring gene HNF1 motif-containing MPRA enhancer 116 Neighboring gene BANF1 pseudogene 1 Neighboring gene ACTN1 divergent transcript Neighboring gene ribosomal protein S29 pseudogene 1

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

Associated conditions

Description Tests
Genome-wide and candidate gene association study of cigarette smoking behaviors.
GeneReviews: Not available
Genome-wide association study of chronic periodontitis in a general German population.
GeneReviews: Not available
Identification of 23 new prostate cancer susceptibility loci using the iCOGS custom genotyping array.
GeneReviews: Not available
Multiethnic meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies in >100 000 subjects identifies 23 fibrinogen-associated Loci but no strong evidence of a causal association between circulating fibrinogen and cardiovascular disease.
GeneReviews: Not available
Platelet-type bleeding disorder 15
MedGen: C3554663 OMIM: 615193 GeneReviews: Not available
not available

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Vpr vpr HIV-1 Vpr upregulates ACTN1 in HeLa cells within 12 hours of exposure PubMed
retropepsin gag-pol Alpha-actinin is cleaved in vitro by HIV-1 protease at amino acid residues 166-167 and 471-472 PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • FLJ40884, FLJ54432

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables actin filament binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables actin filament binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables calcium ion binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables double-stranded RNA binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables integrin binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables integrin binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
enables nuclear receptor coactivator activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
enables protein homodimerization activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables structural constituent of postsynapse IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables structural constituent of postsynapse IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
enables transmembrane transporter binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
enables vinculin binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables vinculin binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in actin cytoskeleton organization IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in actin filament bundle assembly IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in actin filament network formation IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
involved_in actin filament organization IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
involved_in focal adhesion assembly IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
involved_in muscle cell development IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in negative regulation of cellular component movement IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
NOT involved_in platelet activation IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
NOT involved_in platelet aggregation IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
involved_in platelet formation IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
involved_in platelet morphogenesis IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in postsynapse organization IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in regulation of apoptotic process NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
is_active_in Z disc IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
located_in Z disc IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
colocalizes_with actin filament IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in brush border IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
is_active_in cell junction IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
is_active_in cell projection IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
located_in cell projection IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in cell-cell junction IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
is_active_in cortical actin cytoskeleton IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
located_in cytoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
located_in extracellular exosome HDA PubMed 
located_in extracellular region TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
located_in extracellular space HDA PubMed 
located_in fascia adherens IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
located_in focal adhesion HDA PubMed 
located_in focal adhesion IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in focal adhesion IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
is_active_in glutamatergic synapse IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in glutamatergic synapse IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
is_active_in glutamatergic synapse IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
located_in glutamatergic synapse IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
is_active_in plasma membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
located_in plasma membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
located_in platelet alpha granule lumen TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
located_in pseudopodium TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
located_in ruffle IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
is_active_in stress fiber IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
located_in stress fiber IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
alpha-actinin-1
Names
F-actin cross-linking protein
actinin 1 smooth muscle
epididymis secretory sperm binding protein
non-muscle alpha-actinin-1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

NEW Try the new Transcript table

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_029480.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5001..110244
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics), LRG_886

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001102.4NP_001093.1  alpha-actinin-1 isoform b

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001093.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) lacks an alternate in-frame exon compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (b) has the same N- and C-termini but is shorter compared to isoform a.
    Source sequence(s)
    BC003576, BC004984, BI494856, DC321454
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS9792.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P12814
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A024R694
    Related
    ENSP00000193403.6, ENST00000193403.10
    Conserved Domains (6) summary
    cd00051
    Location:750817
    EFh; EF-hand, calcium binding motif; A diverse superfamily of calcium sensors and calcium signal modulators; most examples in this alignment model have 2 active canonical EF hands. Ca2+ binding induces a conformational change in the EF-hand motif, leading to ...
    cd00176
    Location:395622
    SPEC; Spectrin repeats, found in several proteins involved in cytoskeletal structure; family members include spectrin, alpha-actinin and dystrophin; the spectrin repeat forms a three helix bundle with the second helix interrupted by proline in some sequences; ...
    pfam00435
    Location:634733
    Spectrin; Spectrin repeat
    pfam08726
    Location:822888
    EFhand_Ca_insen; Ca2+ insensitive EF hand
    cd21214
    Location:28132
    CH_ACTN_rpt1; first calponin homology (CH) domain found in the alpha-actinin family
    cd21216
    Location:136250
    CH_ACTN_rpt2; second calponin homology (CH) domain found in the alpha-actinin family
  2. NM_001130004.2NP_001123476.1  alpha-actinin-1 isoform a

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001123476.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longest transcript and encodes the longest isoform (a).
    Source sequence(s)
    BC004984, BI494856, DC372566, DQ496098
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS45130.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P12814
    Related
    ENSP00000377941.4, ENST00000394419.9
    Conserved Domains (6) summary
    cd00051
    Location:750839
    EFh; EF-hand, calcium binding motif; A diverse superfamily of calcium sensors and calcium signal modulators; most examples in this alignment model have 2 active canonical EF hands. Ca2+ binding induces a conformational change in the EF-hand motif, leading to ...
    cd00176
    Location:395622
    SPEC; Spectrin repeats, found in several proteins involved in cytoskeletal structure; family members include spectrin, alpha-actinin and dystrophin; the spectrin repeat forms a three helix bundle with the second helix interrupted by proline in some sequences; ...
    pfam00435
    Location:634733
    Spectrin; Spectrin repeat
    pfam08726
    Location:844910
    EFhand_Ca_insen; Ca2+ insensitive EF hand
    cd21214
    Location:28132
    CH_ACTN_rpt1; first calponin homology (CH) domain found in the alpha-actinin family
    cd21216
    Location:136250
    CH_ACTN_rpt2; second calponin homology (CH) domain found in the alpha-actinin family
  3. NM_001130005.2NP_001123477.1  alpha-actinin-1 isoform c

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001123477.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (3) lacks an alternate in-frame exon compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (c) has the same N- and C-termini but is shorter compared to isoform a.
    Source sequence(s)
    BC003576, BC004984, BI494856, DC321454, EU716325
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS45129.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P12814
    Related
    ENSP00000414272.2, ENST00000438964.6
    Conserved Domains (6) summary
    COG5126
    Location:743847
    FRQ1; Ca2+-binding protein, EF-hand superfamily [Signal transduction mechanisms]
    cd00176
    Location:395622
    SPEC; Spectrin repeats, found in several proteins involved in cytoskeletal structure; family members include spectrin, alpha-actinin and dystrophin; the spectrin repeat forms a three helix bundle with the second helix interrupted by proline in some sequences; ...
    pfam00435
    Location:634733
    Spectrin; Spectrin repeat
    pfam08726
    Location:817883
    EFhand_Ca_insen; Ca2+ insensitive EF hand
    cd21214
    Location:28132
    CH_ACTN_rpt1; first calponin homology (CH) domain found in the alpha-actinin family
    cd21216
    Location:136250
    CH_ACTN_rpt2; second calponin homology (CH) domain found in the alpha-actinin family

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20210514

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000014.9 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    68874123..68979302 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_017021722.2XP_016877211.1  alpha-actinin-1 isoform X3

  2. XM_017021725.1XP_016877214.1  alpha-actinin-1 isoform X5

  3. XM_011537267.3XP_011535569.1  alpha-actinin-1 isoform X9

    Related
    ENSP00000508177.1, ENST00000684182.1
    Conserved Domains (7) summary
    smart00033
    Location:64162
    CH; Calponin homology domain
    cd00014
    Location:174278
    CH; Calponin homology domain; actin-binding domain which may be present as a single copy or in tandem repeats (which increases binding affinity). The CH domain is found in cytoskeletal and signal transduction proteins, including actin-binding proteins like ...
    cd00051
    Location:779846
    EFh; EF-hand, calcium binding motif; A diverse superfamily of calcium sensors and calcium signal modulators; most examples in this alignment model have 2 active canonical EF hands. Ca2+ binding induces a conformational change in the EF-hand motif, leading to ...
    cd00176
    Location:424651
    SPEC; Spectrin repeats, found in several proteins involved in cytoskeletal structure; family members include spectrin, alpha-actinin and dystrophin; the spectrin repeat forms a three helix bundle with the second helix interrupted by proline in some sequences; ...
    pfam00435
    Location:663762
    Spectrin; Spectrin repeat
    pfam08726
    Location:851917
    EFhand_Ca_insen; Ca2+ insensitive EF hand
    pfam13499
    Location:781845
    EF-hand_7; EF-hand domain pair
  4. XM_011537265.2XP_011535567.1  alpha-actinin-1 isoform X7

    Conserved Domains (7) summary
    smart00033
    Location:64162
    CH; Calponin homology domain
    cd00014
    Location:174278
    CH; Calponin homology domain; actin-binding domain which may be present as a single copy or in tandem repeats (which increases binding affinity). The CH domain is found in cytoskeletal and signal transduction proteins, including actin-binding proteins like ...
    cd00051
    Location:787854
    EFh; EF-hand, calcium binding motif; A diverse superfamily of calcium sensors and calcium signal modulators; most examples in this alignment model have 2 active canonical EF hands. Ca2+ binding induces a conformational change in the EF-hand motif, leading to ...
    cd00176
    Location:424659
    SPEC; Spectrin repeats, found in several proteins involved in cytoskeletal structure; family members include spectrin, alpha-actinin and dystrophin; the spectrin repeat forms a three helix bundle with the second helix interrupted by proline in some sequences; ...
    pfam00435
    Location:303413
    Spectrin; Spectrin repeat
    pfam08726
    Location:859925
    EFhand_Ca_insen; Ca2+ insensitive EF hand
    pfam13499
    Location:789853
    EF-hand_7; EF-hand domain pair
  5. XM_017021720.1XP_016877209.1  alpha-actinin-1 isoform X1

  6. XM_017021727.2XP_016877216.1  alpha-actinin-1 isoform X11

    Related
    ENSP00000504355.1, ENST00000679147.1
  7. XM_017021728.2XP_016877217.1  alpha-actinin-1 isoform X12

  8. XM_011537268.3XP_011535570.1  alpha-actinin-1 isoform X10

    Related
    ENSP00000506977.1, ENST00000683225.1
    Conserved Domains (7) summary
    smart00033
    Location:64162
    CH; Calponin homology domain
    cd00014
    Location:174278
    CH; Calponin homology domain; actin-binding domain which may be present as a single copy or in tandem repeats (which increases binding affinity). The CH domain is found in cytoskeletal and signal transduction proteins, including actin-binding proteins like ...
    cd00051
    Location:779841
    EFh; EF-hand, calcium binding motif; A diverse superfamily of calcium sensors and calcium signal modulators; most examples in this alignment model have 2 active canonical EF hands. Ca2+ binding induces a conformational change in the EF-hand motif, leading to ...
    cd00176
    Location:424651
    SPEC; Spectrin repeats, found in several proteins involved in cytoskeletal structure; family members include spectrin, alpha-actinin and dystrophin; the spectrin repeat forms a three helix bundle with the second helix interrupted by proline in some sequences; ...
    pfam00435
    Location:663762
    Spectrin; Spectrin repeat
    pfam08726
    Location:846912
    EFhand_Ca_insen; Ca2+ insensitive EF hand
    pfam13499
    Location:781840
    EF-hand_7; EF-hand domain pair
  9. XM_011537266.3XP_011535568.1  alpha-actinin-1 isoform X8

    Conserved Domains (7) summary
    smart00033
    Location:64162
    CH; Calponin homology domain
    cd00014
    Location:174278
    CH; Calponin homology domain; actin-binding domain which may be present as a single copy or in tandem repeats (which increases binding affinity). The CH domain is found in cytoskeletal and signal transduction proteins, including actin-binding proteins like ...
    cd00051
    Location:787849
    EFh; EF-hand, calcium binding motif; A diverse superfamily of calcium sensors and calcium signal modulators; most examples in this alignment model have 2 active canonical EF hands. Ca2+ binding induces a conformational change in the EF-hand motif, leading to ...
    cd00176
    Location:424659
    SPEC; Spectrin repeats, found in several proteins involved in cytoskeletal structure; family members include spectrin, alpha-actinin and dystrophin; the spectrin repeat forms a three helix bundle with the second helix interrupted by proline in some sequences; ...
    pfam00435
    Location:303413
    Spectrin; Spectrin repeat
    pfam08726
    Location:854920
    EFhand_Ca_insen; Ca2+ insensitive EF hand
    pfam13499
    Location:789848
    EF-hand_7; EF-hand domain pair
  10. XM_017021723.2XP_016877212.1  alpha-actinin-1 isoform X4

    Related
    ENST00000684146.1
  11. XM_017021726.2XP_016877215.1  alpha-actinin-1 isoform X6

  12. XM_017021721.2XP_016877210.1  alpha-actinin-1 isoform X2

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