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STON2 stonin 2 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 85439, updated on 7-Jan-2024

Summary

Official Symbol
STON2provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
stonin 2provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:30652
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000140022 MIM:608467; AllianceGenome:HGNC:30652
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
STN2; STNB; STNB2
Summary
This gene encodes a protein which is a membrane protein involved in regulating endocytotic complexes. The protein product is described as one of the clathrin-associated sorting proteins, adaptor molecules which ensure specific proteins are internalized. The encoded protein has also been shown to participate in synaptic vesicle recycling through interaction with synaptotagmin 1 required for neurotransmission. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]
Expression
Broad expression in brain (RPKM 5.7), spleen (RPKM 3.8) and 19 other tissues See more
Orthologs
NEW
Try the new Gene table
Try the new Transcript table

Genomic context

See STON2 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
14q31.1
Exon count:
12
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 14 NC_000014.9 (81260652..81436465, complement)
RS_2023_10 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 14 NC_060938.1 (75472819..75651273, complement)
105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 14 NC_000014.8 (81726996..81902809, complement)

Chromosome 14 - NC_000014.9Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 8828 Neighboring gene dynein light chain LC8-type 1 pseudogene 1 Neighboring gene NANOG hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr14:81730201-81730702 Neighboring gene uracil-DNA glycosylase pseudogene 3 Neighboring gene NFE2L2 motif-containing MPRA enhancer 109 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein S24 pseudogene 3 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr14:81852327-81852827 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr14:81893820-81894324 Neighboring gene dynein light chain LC8-type 1 pseudogene 2 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr14:81915824-81916798 Neighboring gene long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 2308 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 8829 Neighboring gene SEL1L adaptor subunit of SYVN1 ubiquitin ligase Neighboring gene MPRA-validated peak2221 silencer Neighboring gene H3K27ac hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr14:81999985-82000484

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

EBI GWAS Catalog

Description
Novel genetic loci identified for the pathophysiology of childhood obesity in the Hispanic population.
EBI GWAS Catalog

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables clathrin adaptor activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in clathrin-dependent endocytosis IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
involved_in regulation of endocytosis IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
involved_in regulation of endocytosis ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
PubMed 
involved_in synaptic vesicle endocytosis IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
involved_in synaptic vesicle endocytosis IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
part_of AP-2 adaptor complex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
located_in cytosol IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
located_in cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
located_in neuron projection IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
located_in nucleolus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
is_active_in synaptic vesicle IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
stonin-2
Names
stoned B homolog 2

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

NEW Try the new Transcript table

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001256430.3NP_001243359.1  stonin-2 isoform 2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AB208948, AL121769, AL136040, BX648249
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS58332.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    G3V2T7, Q17R24, Q59H11, Q6NT47, Q8WXE9, Q96RI7, Q96RU6
    Related
    ENSP00000450857.1, ENST00000555447.5
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd09263
    Location:559871
    AP_stonin-2_MHD; Mu homology domain (MHD) of adaptor-like protein (AP-like), stonin-2
    pfam12016
    Location:1340
    Stonin2_N; Stonin 2
  2. NM_001366849.2NP_001353778.1  stonin-2 isoform 3

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL121769, AL136040
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS91914.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    G3V2T7, Q17R24, Q59H11, Q6NT47, Q8WXE9, Q96RI7, Q96RU6
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A3B3IU55
    Related
    ENSP00000498075.1, ENST00000649389.1
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd09263
    Location:616928
    AP_stonin-2_MHD; Mu homology domain (MHD) of adaptor-like protein (AP-like), stonin-2
    pfam12016
    Location:1397
    Stonin2_N; Stonin 2
  3. NM_001366850.2NP_001353779.1  stonin-2 isoform 4

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL121769, AL136040
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    G3V2T7, Q17R24, Q59H11, Q6NT47, Q8WXE9, Q96RI7, Q96RU6
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd09263
    Location:559876
    AP_stonin-2_MHD; Mu homology domain (MHD) of adaptor-like protein (AP-like), stonin-2
    pfam12016
    Location:1340
    Stonin2_N; Stonin 2
  4. NM_001394390.1NP_001381319.1  stonin-2 isoform 5

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL121769, AL136040
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS91915.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    G3V2T7, Q17R24, Q59H11, Q6NT47, Q8WXE9, Q96RI7, Q96RU6
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    H0YJ05
    Related
    ENSP00000477736.2, ENST00000614646.5
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd09263
    Location:616933
    AP_stonin-2_MHD; Mu homology domain (MHD) of adaptor-like protein (AP-like), stonin-2
    pfam12016
    Location:1397
    Stonin2_N; Stonin 2

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: GCF_000001405.40-RS_2023_10

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000014.9 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Range
    81260652..81436465 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_024449736.2XP_024305504.1  stonin-2 isoform X3

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    G3V2T7, Q17R24, Q59H11, Q6NT47, Q8WXE9, Q96RI7, Q96RU6
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd09263
    Location:559871
    AP_stonin-2_MHD; Mu homology domain (MHD) of adaptor-like protein (AP-like), stonin-2
    pfam12016
    Location:1340
    Stonin2_N; Stonin 2
  2. XM_011537242.3XP_011535544.1  stonin-2 isoform X2

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    G3V2T7, Q17R24, Q59H11, Q6NT47, Q8WXE9, Q96RI7, Q96RU6
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    H0YJ05
    Related
    ENSP00000450577.3, ENST00000553821.3
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd09263
    Location:616933
    AP_stonin-2_MHD; Mu homology domain (MHD) of adaptor-like protein (AP-like), stonin-2
    pfam12016
    Location:1397
    Stonin2_N; Stonin 2
  3. XM_047431815.1XP_047287771.1  stonin-2 isoform X3

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    G3V2T7, Q17R24, Q59H11, Q6NT47, Q8WXE9, Q96RI7, Q96RU6
  4. XM_047431816.1XP_047287772.1  stonin-2 isoform X4

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    G3V2T7, Q17R24, Q59H11, Q6NT47, Q8WXE9, Q96RI7, Q96RU6
  5. XM_024449735.2XP_024305503.1  stonin-2 isoform X1

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    G3V2T7, Q17R24, Q59H11, Q6NT47, Q8WXE9, Q96RI7, Q96RU6
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A3B3IU55
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd09263
    Location:616928
    AP_stonin-2_MHD; Mu homology domain (MHD) of adaptor-like protein (AP-like), stonin-2
    pfam12016
    Location:1397
    Stonin2_N; Stonin 2
  6. XM_047431813.1XP_047287769.1  stonin-2 isoform X2

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    G3V2T7, Q17R24, Q59H11, Q6NT47, Q8WXE9, Q96RI7, Q96RU6
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    H0YJ05
  7. XM_024449734.2XP_024305502.1  stonin-2 isoform X1

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    G3V2T7, Q17R24, Q59H11, Q6NT47, Q8WXE9, Q96RI7, Q96RU6
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A3B3IU55
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd09263
    Location:616928
    AP_stonin-2_MHD; Mu homology domain (MHD) of adaptor-like protein (AP-like), stonin-2
    pfam12016
    Location:1397
    Stonin2_N; Stonin 2
  8. XM_047431811.1XP_047287767.1  stonin-2 isoform X1

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    G3V2T7, Q17R24, Q59H11, Q6NT47, Q8WXE9, Q96RI7, Q96RU6
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A3B3IU55
  9. XM_047431812.1XP_047287768.1  stonin-2 isoform X2

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    G3V2T7, Q17R24, Q59H11, Q6NT47, Q8WXE9, Q96RI7, Q96RU6
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    H0YJ05
  10. XM_047431817.1XP_047287773.1  stonin-2 isoform X4

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    G3V2T7, Q17R24, Q59H11, Q6NT47, Q8WXE9, Q96RI7, Q96RU6
  11. XM_011537240.3XP_011535542.1  stonin-2 isoform X1

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    G3V2T7, Q17R24, Q59H11, Q6NT47, Q8WXE9, Q96RI7, Q96RU6
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A3B3IU55
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd09263
    Location:616928
    AP_stonin-2_MHD; Mu homology domain (MHD) of adaptor-like protein (AP-like), stonin-2
    pfam12016
    Location:1397
    Stonin2_N; Stonin 2

Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

Genomic

  1. NC_060938.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Range
    75472819..75651273 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_054376827.1XP_054232802.1  stonin-2 isoform X3

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q17R23, Q6NT15
  2. XM_054376825.1XP_054232800.1  stonin-2 isoform X2

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q17R23
  3. XM_054376828.1XP_054232803.1  stonin-2 isoform X3

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q17R23, Q6NT15
  4. XM_054376829.1XP_054232804.1  stonin-2 isoform X4

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q17R23
  5. XM_054376826.1XP_054232801.1  stonin-2 isoform X2

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q17R23
  6. XM_054376822.1XP_054232797.1  stonin-2 isoform X1

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q17R23
  7. XM_054376820.1XP_054232795.1  stonin-2 isoform X1

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q17R23
  8. XM_054376821.1XP_054232796.1  stonin-2 isoform X1

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q17R23
  9. XM_054376824.1XP_054232799.1  stonin-2 isoform X2

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q17R23
  10. XM_054376823.1XP_054232798.1  stonin-2 isoform X1

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q17R23
  11. XM_054376830.1XP_054232805.1  stonin-2 isoform X4

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q17R23

Suppressed Reference Sequence(s)

The following Reference Sequences have been suppressed. Explain

  1. NM_033104.3: Suppressed sequence

    Description
    NM_033104.3: This RefSeq has been removed because currently there is insufficient support for the transcript and protein.