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PARD6B par-6 family cell polarity regulator beta [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 84612, updated on 6-Jan-2019

Summary

Official Symbol
PARD6Bprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
par-6 family cell polarity regulator betaprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:16245
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000124171 MIM:608975
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
PAR6B
Summary
This gene is a member of the PAR6 family and encodes a protein with a PSD95/Discs-large/ZO1 (PDZ) domain, an OPR domain and a semi-Cdc42/Rac interactive binding (CRIB) domain. This cytoplasmic protein is involved in asymmetrical cell division and cell polarization processes as a member of a multi-protein complex. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Broad expression in kidney (RPKM 9.5), lung (RPKM 3.4) and 17 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See PARD6B in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
20q13.13
Exon count:
3
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 20 NC_000020.11 (50731544..50753741)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 20 NC_000020.10 (49347923..49373333)

Chromosome 20 - NC_000020.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene RIPOR family member 3 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105372659 Neighboring gene VISTA enhancer hs1860 Neighboring gene breast carcinoma amplified sequence 4 Neighboring gene TMSB4X pseudogene 6 Neighboring gene activity dependent neuroprotector homeobox Neighboring gene proteasome 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 10 pseudogene 1

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystemAxon guidance represents a key stage in the formation of neuronal network. Axons are guided by a variety of guidance factors, such as netrins, ephrins, Slits, and semaphorins. These guidance cues are...
  • Axon guidance, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Axon guidance, conserved biosystemAxon guidance represents a key stage in the formation of neuronal network. Axons are guided by a variety of guidance factors, such as netrins, ephrins, Slits, and semaphorins. These guidance cues are...
  • Cell junction organization, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell junction organization, organism-specific biosystem
    Cell junction organization
  • Cell-Cell communication, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell-Cell communication, organism-specific biosystemCell-to-Cell communication is crucial for multicellular organisms because it allows organisms to coordinate the activity of their cells. Some cell-to-cell communication requires direct cell-cell cont...
  • Cell-cell junction organization, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell-cell junction organization, organism-specific biosystemEpithelial cell-cell contacts consist of three major adhesion systems: adherens junctions (AJs), tight junctions (TJs), and desmosomes. These adhesion systems differ in their function and compositio...
  • Endocytosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Endocytosis, organism-specific biosystemEndocytosis is a mechanism for cells to remove ligands, nutrients, and plasma membrane (PM) proteins, and lipids from the cell surface, bringing them into the cell interior. Transmembrane proteins en...
  • Endocytosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Endocytosis, conserved biosystemEndocytosis is a mechanism for cells to remove ligands, nutrients, and plasma membrane (PM) proteins, and lipids from the cell surface, bringing them into the cell interior. Transmembrane proteins en...
  • Hippo signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hippo signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemHippo signaling is an evolutionarily conserved signaling pathway that controls organ size from flies to humans. In humans and mice, the pathway consists of the MST1 and MST2 kinases, their cofactor S...
  • Hippo signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hippo signaling pathway, conserved biosystemHippo signaling is an evolutionarily conserved signaling pathway that controls organ size from flies to humans. In humans and mice, the pathway consists of the MST1 and MST2 kinases, their cofactor S...
  • Rap1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Rap1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemRap1 is a small GTPase that controls diverse processes, such as cell adhesion, cell-cell junction formation and cell polarity. Like all G proteins, Rap1 cycles between an inactive GDP-bound and an ac...
  • Rap1 signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Rap1 signaling pathway, conserved biosystemRap1 is a small GTPase that controls diverse processes, such as cell adhesion, cell-cell junction formation and cell polarity. Like all G proteins, Rap1 cycles between an inactive GDP-bound and an ac...
  • Tight junction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Tight junction, organism-specific biosystemTight junctions (TJs) are essential for establishing a selectively permeable barrier to diffusion through the paracellular space between neighboring cells. TJs are composed of at least three types of...
  • Tight junction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Tight junction, conserved biosystemTight junctions (TJs) are essential for establishing a selectively permeable barrier to diffusion through the paracellular space between neighboring cells. TJs are composed of at least three types of...
  • Tight junction interactions, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Tight junction interactions, organism-specific biosystemTight junctions (TJs) are the most apical component of the epithelial junctional complex forming a belt-like structure at the cellular junction. When visualized by freeze-fracture electron microscopy...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
Rho GTPase binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein kinase C binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
axonogenesis TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
bicellular tight junction assembly TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
cell division IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cell-cell junction assembly TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
centrosome cycle IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
establishment or maintenance of cell polarity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
establishment or maintenance of cell polarity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
protein-containing complex assembly IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
regulation of cell migration TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
regulation of cellular localization IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
apical plasma membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
bicellular tight junction IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cell cortex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cytosol IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
extracellular exosome HDA PubMed 
nucleus IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
plasma membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
protein-containing complex IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
partitioning defective 6 homolog beta
Names
PAR-6 beta
par-6 partitioning defective 6 homolog beta

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_032521.3NP_115910.1  partitioning defective 6 homolog beta

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_115910.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AB044555, AL031680, BC060847, CA435324
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS33485.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9BYG5
    Related
    ENSP00000360672.2, ENST00000371610.6
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd06403
    Location:1796
    PB1_Par6; The PB1 domain is an essential part of Par6 protein which in complex with Par3 and aPKC proteins is crucial for establishment of apical-basal polarity of animal cells. The PB1 domain is a modular domain mediating specific protein-protein interactions ...
    cd00992
    Location:156247
    PDZ_signaling; PDZ domain found in a variety of Eumetazoan signaling molecules, often in tandem arrangements. May be responsible for specific protein-protein interactions, as most PDZ domains bind C-terminal polypeptides, and binding to internal (non-C-terminal) ...

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000020.11 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    50731544..50753741
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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