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CUL4A cullin 4A [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 8451, updated on 8-Jul-2021

Summary

Official Symbol
CUL4Aprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
cullin 4Aprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:2554
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000139842 MIM:603137
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Summary
CUL4A is the ubiquitin ligase component of a multimeric complex involved in the degradation of DNA damage-response proteins (Liu et al., 2009 [PubMed 19481525]).[supplied by OMIM, Oct 2009]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in testis (RPKM 20.5), heart (RPKM 17.9) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs
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Genomic context

See CUL4A in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
13q34
Exon count:
25
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20210514 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 13 NC_000013.11 (113208193..113267108)
105.20201022 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 13 NC_000013.10 (113862507..113921422)

Chromosome 13 - NC_000013.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene protein Z, vitamin K dependent plasma glycoprotein Neighboring gene PCI domain containing 2 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 3704 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC107984583 Neighboring gene microRNA 8075 Neighboring gene lactate dehydrogenase B pseudogene 1 Neighboring gene lysosomal associated membrane protein 1 Neighboring gene growth hormone regulated TBC protein 1

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Rev rev HIV-1 Rev interacting protein, Cullin 4A (CUL4A), is identified by the in-vitro binding experiments involving cytosolic or nuclear extracts from HeLa cells. The interaction of Rev with CUL4A is increased by RRE PubMed
Vif vif Both HIV-1 Vif-induced downregulation of APOBEC3G and efficient infectivity in the presence of APOBEC3G requires CUL4A neddylation PubMed
Vpr vpr Both HIV-2 Vpr and SIVmac239 Vpr induces G2 cell cycle arrest through either CUL4A or CUL4B PubMed
vpr The interaction of Vpr with DDB1 facilitates the formation of complexes containing Cul4A-Roc1 E3 ubiquitin ligase. The association of Vpr with DDB1-containing E3 ligase mediates the degradation of UNG2 and SMUG1 PubMed
vpr Upregulation of NKG2D ligands is dependent on HIV-1 Vpr-mediated activation of the TAR DNA damage/stress pathway, which requires the recruitment of the Cul4/DDB1/DCAF1 E3 ubiquitin ligase complex PubMed
vpr HIV-1 Vpr complexes with DCAF1, DDB1, CUL4A, CUL4B, and UNG2 proteins in the cullin4 (CUL4)-containing ubiquitin ligase complex in HEK293T cells PubMed
vpr Depletion of both CUL4A and CUL4B by shRNA reduces HIV-1 Vpr-mediated G2 cell cycle arrest, which does not impact HIV-1 infectivity or cell viability PubMed
vpr HIV-1 Vpr-mediated degradation of UNG2 is dependent on CUL4A neddylation PubMed
vpr The interaction between Vpr and the Cul4A-DDB1-VprBP complex is required for the induction of G2 arrest PubMed
vpr HIV-1 Vpr-mediated upregulation of PVR (CD155) requires the interaction of Vpr with the DDB1-Cul4A E3 ligase and induction of ATR-mediated DNA damage repair and G2 arrest PubMed
vpr HIV-1 Vpr-induced downregulation of Dicer is not dependent on G2 cell cycle arrest but on the Cul4A-DCAF1-DDB1 ubiquitin ligase complex PubMed
vpr HIV-1 Vpr co-localizes with the Cul4A ubiquitin ligase complex (Cul4A, DCAF1, and DDB1) in the cellular chromatin compartment PubMed
vpr HIV-1 Vpr forms a complex by recruiting RbAp46, HAT1, ZIP/sZIP, and Cul4A PubMed
vpr HIV-1 Vpr significantly downregulates expression level of MFN2 in the mitochondria via VprBP-DDB1-CUL4A ubiquitin ligase in a proteasome-dependent manner PubMed
vpr HIV-1 Vpr(Q65R) mutant, which is defective in Cul4A-DDB1 (DCAF1) binding, undergoes proteasome-mediated degradation at a higher rate than wild-type Vpr. DCAF1 overexpression stabilizes wild-type Vpr and leads to its cytoplasmic accumulation PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
enables ubiquitin protein ligase binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables ubiquitin-protein transferase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in DNA repair IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in SCF-dependent proteasomal ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in cellular response to DNA damage stimulus IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in hemopoiesis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in in utero embryonic development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in negative regulation of granulocyte differentiation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of cell population proliferation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in proteasome-mediated ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
involved_in protein ubiquitination IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in protein ubiquitination IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in protein ubiquitination IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in protein ubiquitination IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
involved_in regulation of DNA damage checkpoint IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in regulation of nucleotide-excision repair IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in regulation of protein metabolic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in rhythmic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in ribosome biogenesis IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
involved_in somatic stem cell population maintenance IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
part_of Cul4-RING E3 ubiquitin ligase complex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
part_of Cul4-RING E3 ubiquitin ligase complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
part_of Cul4A-RING E3 ubiquitin ligase complex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
part_of Cul4A-RING E3 ubiquitin ligase complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
part_of cullin-RING ubiquitin ligase complex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
located_in nucleoplasm TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

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RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001008895.4NP_001008895.1  cullin-4A isoform 1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001008895.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) encodes the longest isoform (1).
    Source sequence(s)
    AL136221, BC008308, BU631279, DB455959
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS41908.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q13619
    Related
    ENSP00000364589.4, ENST00000375440.9
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00884
    Location:688753
    Cullin_Nedd8; Cullin protein neddylation domain
    pfam00888
    Location:65657
    Cullin; Cullin family
  2. NM_001278513.3NP_001265442.1  cullin-4A isoform 2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001265442.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (3) utilizes an alternate 5' terminal exon, compared to variant 1, resulting in an isoform (2) with a shorter N-terminus. Variants 2, 3, 5, 6, and 7 all encode the same isoform (2).
    Source sequence(s)
    AL136221, AL137002
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS9533.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q13619
    Related
    ENSP00000364590.3, ENST00000375441.7
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00884
    Location:588653
    Cullin_Nedd8; Cullin protein neddylation domain
    pfam00888
    Location:2557
    Cullin; Cullin family
  3. NM_001278514.3NP_001265443.1  cullin-4A isoform 3

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (4) utilizes an alternate 5' terminal exon and an alternate in-frame splice junction, compared to variant 1. This results in an isoform (3) with a shorter N-terminus and an alternate internal segment compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AL136221, AL833355, BU631279, DA574202
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS73604.1
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A0A0MR50
    Related
    ENSP00000322132.5, ENST00000326335.8
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00884
    Location:596661
    Cullin_Nedd8; Cullin protein neddylation domain
    pfam00888
    Location:2565
    Cullin; Cullin family
  4. NM_001354938.2NP_001341867.1  cullin-4A isoform 2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (5) utilizes an alternate 5' terminal exon, compared to variant 1, resulting in an isoform (2) with a shorter N-terminus. Variants 2, 3, 5, 6, and 7 all encode the same isoform (2).
    Source sequence(s)
    AK314835, AL136221, BC008308, BU631279, DA574202
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS9533.1
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00884
    Location:588653
    Cullin_Nedd8; Cullin protein neddylation domain
    pfam00888
    Location:2557
    Cullin; Cullin family
  5. NM_001354939.2NP_001341868.1  cullin-4A isoform 2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (6) utilizes an alternate 5' terminal exon, compared to variant 1, resulting in an isoform (2) with a shorter N-terminus. Variants 2, 3, 5, 6, and 7 all encode the same isoform (2).
    Source sequence(s)
    AF077188, AL136221, BC015166, BU631279, BX439434, CA445237
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS9533.1
    Related
    ENSP00000481782.1, ENST00000617546.4
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00884
    Location:588653
    Cullin_Nedd8; Cullin protein neddylation domain
    pfam00888
    Location:2557
    Cullin; Cullin family
  6. NM_001354940.2NP_001341869.1  cullin-4A isoform 2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (7) uses an alternate splice site, resulting in the use of a downstream start codon, compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (2) has a shorter N-terminus than isoform 1. Variants 2, 3, 5, 6, and 7 all encode the same isoform (2).
    Source sequence(s)
    AF077188, AL136221, BC015166, BU631279, CA445237, DA394068, DB455959
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS9533.1
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00884
    Location:588653
    Cullin_Nedd8; Cullin protein neddylation domain
    pfam00888
    Location:2557
    Cullin; Cullin family
  7. NM_001354941.2NP_001341870.1  cullin-4A isoform 4

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL136221, BC008308, BU631279, DA394068, DB455959
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00884
    Location:543608
    Cullin_Nedd8; Cullin protein neddylation domain
    pfam00888
    Location:1515
    Cullin; Cullin family
  8. NM_001354942.2NP_001341871.1  cullin-4A isoform 4

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL136221, BC008308, BU631279, DA946208, DB455959
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00884
    Location:543608
    Cullin_Nedd8; Cullin protein neddylation domain
    pfam00888
    Location:1515
    Cullin; Cullin family
  9. NM_001354943.2NP_001341872.1  cullin-4A isoform 5

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    BC008308, BQ185339, CK300635, DB455959
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS86363.1
    Related
    ENSP00000480367.1, ENST00000488558.2
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam00888
    Location:63170
    Cullin; Cullin family
  10. NM_001354944.2NP_001341873.1  cullin-4A isoform 6

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    BC008308, BQ185339, BX439434, CK300635
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl26515
    Location:270
    Cullin; Cullin family
  11. NM_003589.4NP_003580.1  cullin-4A isoform 2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_003580.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) utilizes an alternate 5' terminal exon, compared to variant 1, resulting in an isoform (2) with a shorter N-terminus. Variants 2, 3, 5, 6, and 7 all encode the same isoform (2).
    Source sequence(s)
    AF077188, AL136221, BC015166, BU631279, BX439434, CA445237
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS9533.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q13619
    Related
    ENSP00000389118.1, ENST00000451881.5
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00884
    Location:588653
    Cullin_Nedd8; Cullin protein neddylation domain
    pfam00888
    Location:2557
    Cullin; Cullin family

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20210514

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000013.11 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    113208193..113267108
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_011537523.2XP_011535825.1  cullin-4A isoform X1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_011535825.1

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q13619
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00884
    Location:588653
    Cullin_Nedd8; Cullin protein neddylation domain
    pfam00888
    Location:2557
    Cullin; Cullin family
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