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HIST3H3 histone cluster 3 H3 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 8290, updated on 17-Jun-2019

Summary

Official Symbol
HIST3H3provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
histone cluster 3 H3provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:4778
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000168148 MIM:602820
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
H3t; H3.4; H3/g; H3FT
Summary
Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Nucleosomes consist of approximately 146 bp of DNA wrapped around a histone octamer composed of pairs of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4). The chromatin fiber is further compacted through the interaction of a linker histone, H1, with the DNA between the nucleosomes to form higher order chromatin structures. This gene is intronless and encodes a replication-dependent histone that is a member of the histone H3 family. Transcripts from this gene lack polyA tails; instead, they contain a palindromic termination element. This gene is located separately from the other H3 genes that are in the histone gene cluster on chromosome 6p22-p21.3. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]
Orthologs

Genomic context

See HIST3H3 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
1q42.13
Exon count:
1
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20190607 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 1 NC_000001.11 (228424845..228425325, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 1 NC_000001.10 (228612546..228613026, complement)

Chromosome 1 - NC_000001.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene tripartite motif containing 11 Neighboring gene microRNA 6742 Neighboring gene tripartite motif containing 17 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L23a pseudogene 15 Neighboring gene histone cluster 3 H2A

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Rev rev HIV-1 Rev co-localizes with histone H3 in the nucleoplasmic compartment of cells PubMed
Tat tat Phosphorylation of serine 10 in histone H3 at the HIV promoter is increased in the presence of HIV-1 Tat PubMed
tat Purified recombinant Tat and Tat-derived synthetic peptides derived from the p300- and PCAF-binding sites in Tat inhibit histone H3/H4 acetylation in vitro PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat peptides bind core histones H2A, H2B, H3 and H4, and Tat protein recruits histone acetyltransferases to the HIV-1 LTR promoter leading to acetylation of histones H3 and H4, derepressing chromatin structure and increasing NFkappaB responsiveness PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
  • Alcoholism, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Alcoholism, conserved biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
  • Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem
    Cell Cycle
  • Cell Cycle Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell Cycle Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystemA hallmark of the human cell cycle in normal somatic cells is its precision. This remarkable fidelity is achieved by a number of signal transduction pathways, known as checkpoints, which monitor cell...
  • Cell Cycle, Mitotic, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell Cycle, Mitotic, organism-specific biosystemThe replication of the genome and the subsequent segregation of chromosomes into daughter cells are controlled by a series of events collectively known as the cell cycle. DNA replication is carried o...
  • Cellular Senescence, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cellular Senescence, organism-specific biosystemCellular senescence involves irreversible growth arrest accompanied by phenotypic changes such as enlarged morphology, reorganization of chromatin through formation of senescence-associated heterochr...
  • Cellular responses to stress, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cellular responses to stress, organism-specific biosystemCells are subject to external molecular and physical stresses such as foreign molecules that perturb metabolic or signaling processes, and changes in temperature or pH. The ability of cells and tissu...
  • Chromosome Maintenance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Chromosome Maintenance, organism-specific biosystemChromosome maintenance is critical for stable chromosome function in mammalian and other eukaryotic cells. Aspects of telomere maintenance and nucleosome assembly are covered here.
  • Condensation of Prophase Chromosomes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Condensation of Prophase Chromosomes, organism-specific biosystemIn mitotic prophase, the action of the condensin II complex enables initial chromosome condensation.The condensin II complex subunit NCAPD3 binds monomethylated histone H4 (H4K20me1), thereby associa...
  • DNA Damage/Telomere Stress Induced Senescence, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    DNA Damage/Telomere Stress Induced Senescence, organism-specific biosystemReactive oxygen species (ROS), whose concentration increases in senescent cells due to oncogenic RAS-induced mitochondrial dysfunction (Moiseeva et al. 2009) or due to environmental stress, cause DNA...
  • DNA Double Strand Break Response, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    DNA Double Strand Break Response, organism-specific biosystemDNA double strand break (DSB) response involves sensing of DNA DSBs by the MRN complex which triggers ATM activation. ATM phosphorylates a number of proteins involved in DNA damage checkpoint signali...
  • DNA Double-Strand Break Repair, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    DNA Double-Strand Break Repair, organism-specific biosystemNumerous types of DNA damage can occur within a cell due to the endogenous production of oxygen free radicals, normal alkylation reactions, or exposure to exogenous radiations and chemicals. Double-s...
  • DNA Repair, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    DNA Repair, organism-specific biosystemDNA repair is a phenomenal multi-enzyme, multi-pathway system required to ensure the integrity of the cellular genome. Living organisms are constantly exposed to harmful metabolic by-products, enviro...
  • Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) is an anterior pituitary gonadotropin belonging to the family of glycoprotein hormones that includes thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), Leutinizing Hormone (LH)...
  • Formation of the beta-catenin:TCF transactivating complex, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Formation of the beta-catenin:TCF transactivating complex, organism-specific biosystemOnce in the nucleus, beta-catenin is recruited to WNT target genes through interaction with TCF/LEF transcription factors. This family, which consists of TCF7 (also known as TCF1), TCF7L1 (also known...
  • G2/M Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G2/M Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystemG2/M checkpoints include the checks for damaged DNA, unreplicated DNA, and checks that ensure that the genome is replicated once and only once per cell cycle. If cells pass these checkpoints, they f...
  • G2/M DNA damage checkpoint, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G2/M DNA damage checkpoint, organism-specific biosystemThroughout the cell cycle, the genome is constantly monitored for damage, resulting either from errors of replication, by-products of metabolism or through extrinsic sources such as ultra-violet or i...
  • HDR through Homologous Recombination (HR) or Single Strand Annealing (SSA), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    HDR through Homologous Recombination (HR) or Single Strand Annealing (SSA), organism-specific biosystemHomology directed repair (HDR) of replication-independent DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) via homologous recombination repair (HRR) or single strand annealing (SSA) requires the activation of ATM fol...
  • Homology Directed Repair, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Homology Directed Repair, organism-specific biosystemHomology directed repair (HDR) of DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) requires resection of DNA DSB ends. Resection creates 3'-ssDNA overhangs which then anneal with a homologous DNA sequence. This homol...
  • M Phase, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    M Phase, organism-specific biosystemMitosis, or the M phase, involves nuclear division and cytokinesis, where two identical daughter cells are produced. Mitosis involves prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. Fin...
  • Meiosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Meiosis, organism-specific biosystemDuring meiosis the replicated chromosomes of a single diploid cell are segregated into 4 haploid daughter cells by two successive divisions, meiosis I and meiosis II. In meiosis I, the distinguishing...
  • Meiotic recombination, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Meiotic recombination, organism-specific biosystemMeiotic recombination exchanges segments of duplex DNA between chromosomal homologs, generating genetic diversity (reviewed in Handel and Schimenti 2010, Inagaki et al. 2010, Cohen et al. 2006). Ther...
  • Meiotic synapsis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Meiotic synapsis, organism-specific biosystemMeiotic synapsis is the stable physical pairing of homologous chromosomes that begins in leptonema of prophase I and lasts until anaphase of prophase I. First, short segments of axial elements form a...
  • Mitotic Prophase, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Mitotic Prophase, organism-specific biosystemDuring prophase, the chromatin in the nucleus condenses, and the nucleolus disappears. Centrioles begin moving to the opposite poles or sides of the cell. Some of the fibers that extend from the cen...
  • Nonhomologous End-Joining (NHEJ), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Nonhomologous End-Joining (NHEJ), organism-specific biosystemThe nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) pathway is initiated in response to the formation of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) induced by DNA-damaging agents, such as ionizing radiation. DNA DSBs are reco...
  • Packaging Of Telomere Ends, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Packaging Of Telomere Ends, organism-specific biosystemMultiple steps, including C-strand resection, telomerase-mediated elongation, and C-strand synthesis are involved in processing and maintaining the telomere. Though this module posits a linear trans...
  • Processing of DNA double-strand break ends, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Processing of DNA double-strand break ends, organism-specific biosystemHomology directed repair (HDR) through homologous recombination (HRR) or single strand annealing (SSA) requires extensive resection of DNA double strand break (DSB) ends (Thompson and Limoli 2003, Ci...
  • Recruitment and ATM-mediated phosphorylation of repair and signaling proteins at DNA double strand breaks, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Recruitment and ATM-mediated phosphorylation of repair and signaling proteins at DNA double strand breaks, organism-specific biosystemActivated ATM phosphorylates a number of proteins involved in the DNA damage checkpoint and DNA repair (Thompson and Schild 2002, Ciccia and Elledge 2010), thereby triggering and coordinating accumul...
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • Signaling by Wnt, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Wnt, organism-specific biosystemWNT signaling pathways control a wide range of developmental and adult process in metozoans including cell proliferation, cell fate decisions, cell polarity and stem cell maintenance (reviewed in Sai...
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Systemic lupus erythematosus, organism-specific biosystemSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease characterised by the production of IgG autoantibodies that are specific for self-antigens, such as DNA, nuclear proteins and cert...
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Systemic lupus erythematosus, conserved biosystemSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease characterised by the production of IgG autoantibodies that are specific for self-antigens, such as DNA, nuclear proteins and cert...
  • TCF dependent signaling in response to WNT, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    TCF dependent signaling in response to WNT, organism-specific biosystem19 WNT ligands and 10 FZD receptors have been identified in human cells; interactions amongst these ligands and receptors vary in a developmental and tissue-specific manner and lead to activation of ...
  • Telomere Maintenance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Telomere Maintenance, organism-specific biosystemTelomeres are protein-DNA complexes at the ends of linear chromosomes that are important for genome stability. Telomeric DNA in humans, as in many eukaryotic organisms, consists of tandem repeats (B...
  • Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer
  • Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, conserved biosystem
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • MGC126886, MGC126888

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
nucleosomal DNA binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein heterodimerization activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
double-strand break repair via nonhomologous end joining TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
negative regulation of protein oligomerization IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
nucleosome assembly IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
nucleosome assembly IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
protein heterotetramerization IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
telomere capping TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
extracellular exosome HDA PubMed 
nuclear chromosome, telomeric region HDA PubMed 
nuclear nucleosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
nucleoplasm TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
nucleosome IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
nucleosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
nucleus HDA PubMed 
nucleus IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
histone H3.1t
Names
H3 histone family, member T
H3/t
histone 3, H3

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_003493.2NP_003484.1  histone H3.1t

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_003484.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    Z49861
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS1572.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q16695
    Related
    ENSP00000355657.1, ENST00000366696.1
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    PTZ00018
    Location:1136
    PTZ00018; histone H3; Provisional

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000001.11 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    228424845..228425325 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Reference GRCh38.p13 PATCHES

Genomic

  1. NW_018654708.1 Reference GRCh38.p13 PATCHES

    Range
    16044..16524 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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