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NANOG Nanog homeobox [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 79923, updated on 9-Dec-2018

Summary

Official Symbol
NANOGprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
Nanog homeoboxprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:20857
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000111704 MIM:607937
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene is a DNA binding homeobox transcription factor involved in embryonic stem (ES) cell proliferation, renewal, and pluripotency. The encoded protein can block ES cell differentiation and can also autorepress its own expression in differentiating cells. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2015]
Expression
Low expression observed in reference dataset See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See NANOG in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
12p13.31
Exon count:
4
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 12 NC_000012.12 (7789396..7796061)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 12 NC_000012.11 (7941995..7948655)

Chromosome 12 - NC_000012.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene C-type lectin domain family 4 member C Neighboring gene NANOG neighbor homeobox Neighboring gene NANOG 5' regulatory region Neighboring gene solute carrier family 2 member 14 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein S20 pseudogene 29 Neighboring gene myosin light chain 9 pseudogene

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Cardiac Progenitor Differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Cardiac Progenitor Differentiation, organism-specific biosystemFactors involved in the induction of cardiac differentiation in vitro and in vivo. This model was based on the below two review articles.
  • Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are small proteins that regulate and mediate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They are secreted in response to immune stimuli, and usually act briefly, locally, at very low concen...
  • Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystemAs a first step towards capturing the array of processes by which a fertilized egg gives rise to the diverse tissues of the body, examples of three kinds of processes have been annotated. These are a...
  • Endoderm Differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Endoderm Differentiation, organism-specific biosystemModel depicting endoderm specification based on the literature and highly enriched gene expression profiles via comparison across dozens of independent induced and embryonic pluripotent stem cell lin...
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Interleukin-4 and 13 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Interleukin-4 and 13 signaling, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-4 (IL4) is a principal regulatory cytokine during the immune response, crucially important in allergy and asthma (Nelms et al. 1999). When resting T cells are antigen-activated and expand...
  • Mesodermal Commitment Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Mesodermal Commitment Pathway, organism-specific biosystemModel depicting mesodermal specification based on the literature and highly enriched gene expression profiles via comparison across dozens of independent induced and embryonic pluripotent stem cell l...
  • POU5F1 (OCT4), SOX2, NANOG activate genes related to proliferation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    POU5F1 (OCT4), SOX2, NANOG activate genes related to proliferation, organism-specific biosystemPOU5F1 (OCT4), SOX2, and NANOG bind elements in the promoters of target genes. The target genes of each transcription factor overlap extensively: POU5F1, SOX2, and NANOG co-occupy at least 353 genes ...
  • POU5F1 (OCT4), SOX2, NANOG repress genes related to differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    POU5F1 (OCT4), SOX2, NANOG repress genes related to differentiation, organism-specific biosystemPOU5F1 (OCT4), SOX2, and NANOG bind elements in the promoters of target genes. The target genes of each transcription factor overlap extensively: POU5F1, SOX2, and NANOG co-occupy at least 353 genes ...
  • Preimplantation Embryo, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Preimplantation Embryo, organism-specific biosystemThe source of this pathway is RNA-Seq data from single-cell pre-implantation embryos (Supplemental Table 1): http://www.nature.com/nsmb/journal/v20/n9/full/nsmb.2660.html Analysis options for runnin...
  • Proteoglycans in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Proteoglycans in cancer, organism-specific biosystemMany proteoglycans (PGs) in the tumor microenvironment have been shown to be key macromolecules that contribute to biology of various types of cancer including proliferation, adhesion, angiogenesis a...
  • Proteoglycans in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Proteoglycans in cancer, conserved biosystemMany proteoglycans (PGs) in the tumor microenvironment have been shown to be key macromolecules that contribute to biology of various types of cancer including proliferation, adhesion, angiogenesis a...
  • Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystemInterleukins are low molecular weight proteins that bind to cell surface receptors and act in an autocrine and/or paracrine fashion. They were first identified as factors produced by leukocytes but a...
  • Signaling pathways regulating pluripotency of stem cells, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Signaling pathways regulating pluripotency of stem cells, organism-specific biosystemPluripotent stem cells (PSCs) are basic cells with an indefinite self-renewal capacity and the potential to generate all the cell types of the three germinal layers. The types of PSCs known to date i...
  • Signaling pathways regulating pluripotency of stem cells, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Signaling pathways regulating pluripotency of stem cells, conserved biosystemPluripotent stem cells (PSCs) are basic cells with an indefinite self-renewal capacity and the potential to generate all the cell types of the three germinal layers. The types of PSCs known to date i...
  • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Susceptibility Pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Susceptibility Pathways, organism-specific biosystemIn this model, we provide an integrated view of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) at the level of implicated tissues, signaling networks and genetics. The purpose of this model is to serve as an ov...
  • Transcriptional regulation of pluripotent stem cells, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Transcriptional regulation of pluripotent stem cells, organism-specific biosystemPluripotent stem cells are undifferentiated cells posessing an abbreviated cell cycle (reviewed in Stein et al. 2012), a characteristic profile of gene expression (Rao et al. 2004, Kim et al. 2006, P...
  • Wnt Signaling Pathway and Pluripotency, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Wnt Signaling Pathway and Pluripotency, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway was adapted from several resources and is designed to provide a theoretical frame-work for examining Wnt signaling and interacting components in the context of embryonic stem-cell plurip...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Process Evidence Code Pubs
cell differentiation IEP
Inferred from Expression Pattern
more info
PubMed 
cell proliferation IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
cytokine-mediated signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
endodermal cell fate specification IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of nucleic acid-templated transcription IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
regulation of cell differentiation IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
regulation of gene expression IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
somatic stem cell population maintenance IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
somatic stem cell population maintenance TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
stem cell population maintenance IEP
Inferred from Expression Pattern
more info
PubMed 
stem cell population maintenance ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
nucleolus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
nucleoplasm TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
nucleus IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
nucleus IC
Inferred by Curator
more info
PubMed 
nucleus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
homeobox protein NANOG
Names
homeobox transcription factor Nanog
homeobox transcription factor Nanog-delta 48

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001297698.1NP_001284627.1  homeobox protein NANOG isoform 2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001284627.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) uses an alternate in-frame splice site in the 3' coding region compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (2) is shorter than isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AC006517, AI656990, AY578089, DC425336
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS73436.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9H9S0
    Related
    ENSP00000435288.1, ENST00000526286.1
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    smart00389
    Location:95151
    HOX; Homeodomain
  2. NM_024865.4NP_079141.2  homeobox protein NANOG isoform 1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_079141.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longer transcript and encodes the longer isoform (1).
    Source sequence(s)
    AC006517, AI656990, AK290896, DC425336
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS31736.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9H9S0
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A8K4D1
    Related
    ENSP00000229307.4, ENST00000229307.8
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00389
    Location:95151
    HOX; Homeodomain
    COG5576
    Location:74191
    COG5576; Homeodomain-containing transcription factor [Transcription]

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000012.12 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    7789396..7796061
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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