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UBE2D2 ubiquitin conjugating enzyme E2 D2 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 7322, updated on 6-Jan-2019

Summary

Official Symbol
UBE2D2provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
ubiquitin conjugating enzyme E2 D2provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:12475
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000131508 MIM:602962
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
UBC4; PUBC1; UBCH4; UBC4/5; UBCH5B; E2(17)KB2
Summary
Regulated degradation of misfolded, damaged or short-lived proteins in eukaryotes occurs via the ubiquitin (Ub)-proteasome system (UPS). An integral part of the UPS system is the ubiquitination of target proteins and covalent linkage of Ub-containing proteins to form polymeric chains, marking them as targets for 26S proteasome-mediated degradation. Ubiquitination of proteins is mediated by a cascade of enzymes which includes E1 (ubiquitin activating), E2 (ubiquitin conjugating), and E3 (ubiquitin ligases) enzymes. This gene encodes a member of the E2 enzyme family. Substrates of this enzyme include the tumor suppressor protein p53 and peroxisomal biogenesis factor 5 (PEX5). Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants of this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2013]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in testis (RPKM 32.5), brain (RPKM 24.1) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See UBE2D2 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
5q31.2
Exon count:
10
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 5 NC_000005.10 (139561166..139628434)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 5 NC_000005.9 (138940751..139008019)

Chromosome 5 - NC_000005.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene cancer-related nucleoside-triphosphatase pseudogene Neighboring gene nuclear receptor coactivator 4 pseudogene 4 Neighboring gene CXXC5 antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene CXXC finger protein 5 Neighboring gene RNA, U6 small nuclear 236, pseudogene Neighboring gene pleckstrin and Sec7 domain containing 2

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
Genome-wide analysis of polymorphisms associated with cytokine responses in smallpox vaccine recipients.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Vif vif CUL5/RBX2/ELOB/ELOC/Vif/CBF-beta complex catalyzes polyubiquitin chain formation on A3G in the presence of ubiquitin E2 UBE2R1 (CDC34) or UBCH5b (UBE2D2) PubMed
integrase gag-pol Analysis of HIV-1 proviral integration sites in antiretroviral treatment patients indicates that UBE2D2 gene favors HIV-1 integration for expansion and persistence of infected cells, suggesting HIV-1 IN interacts with UBE2D2 PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Activated TLR4 signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Activated TLR4 signalling, organism-specific biosystemTLR4 is unique among the TLR family in its ability to recruit four adapters to activate two distinct signaling pathways. One pathway is activated by the pair of the adapters Mal or TIRAP (Toll/inter...
  • Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystemAdaptive immunity refers to antigen-specific immune response efficiently involved in clearing the pathogens. The adaptive immune system is comprised of B and T lymphocytes that express receptors with...
  • Antigen processing: Ubiquitination & Proteasome degradation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Antigen processing: Ubiquitination & Proteasome degradation, organism-specific biosystemIntracellular foreign or aberrant host proteins are cleaved into peptide fragments of a precise size, such that they can be loaded on to class I MHC molecules and presented externally to cytotoxic T ...
  • C-type lectin receptors (CLRs), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    C-type lectin receptors (CLRs), organism-specific biosystemPathogen recognition is central to the induction of T cell differentiation. Groups of pathogens share similar structures known as pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs), which are recognised ...
  • CLEC7A (Dectin-1) signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    CLEC7A (Dectin-1) signaling, organism-specific biosystemCLEC7A (also known as Dectin-1) is a pattern-recognition receptor (PRR) expressed by myeloid cells (macrophages, dendritic cells and neutrophils) that detects pathogens by binding to beta-1,3-glucans...
  • Cellular response to hypoxia, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cellular response to hypoxia, organism-specific biosystemOxygen plays a central role in the functioning of human cells: it is both essential for normal metabolism and toxic. To begin the annotation of stress responses in Reactome, we have annotated one asp...
  • Cellular responses to stress, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cellular responses to stress, organism-specific biosystemCells are subject to external molecular and physical stresses such as foreign molecules that perturb metabolic or signaling processes, and changes in temperature or pH. The ability of cells and tissu...
  • Class I MHC mediated antigen processing & presentation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Class I MHC mediated antigen processing & presentation, organism-specific biosystemMajor histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules play an important role in cell mediated immunity by reporting on intracellular events such as viral infection, the presence of intracellular b...
  • Downstream TCR signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Downstream TCR signaling, organism-specific biosystemChanges in gene expression are required for the T cell to gain full proliferative competence and to produce effector cytokines. Three transcription factors in particular have been found to play a key...
  • E3 ubiquitin ligases ubiquitinate target proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    E3 ubiquitin ligases ubiquitinate target proteins, organism-specific biosystemE3 ubiquitin ligases catalyze the transfer of an ubiquitin from an E2-ubiquitin conjugate to a target protein. Generally, ubiquitin is transferred via formation of an amide bond to a particular lysin...
  • FCERI mediated NF-kB activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    FCERI mediated NF-kB activation, organism-specific biosystemThe increase in intracellular Ca+2 in conjunction with DAG also activates PKC and RasGRP, which inturn contributes to cytokine production by mast cells (Kambayashi et al. 2007). Activation of the FCE...
  • Fc epsilon receptor (FCERI) signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Fc epsilon receptor (FCERI) signaling, organism-specific biosystemMast cells (MC) are distributed in tissues throughout the human body and have long been recognized as key cells of type I hypersensitivity reactions. They also play important roles in inflammatory an...
  • IKK complex recruitment mediated by RIP1, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    IKK complex recruitment mediated by RIP1, organism-specific biosystemReceptor-interacting protein 1 (RIP1) mediates the activation of proinflammatory cytokines via intermediate induction of IKK complex in NFkB pathways [Ea et al. 2006]. Poly(I-C) treatment stimulated ...
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystemInnate immunity encompases the nonspecific part of immunity tha are part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
  • Internalization of ErbB1, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Internalization of ErbB1, organism-specific biosystem
    Internalization of ErbB1
  • Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystemProtein metabolism comprises the pathways of translation, post-translational modification and protein folding.
  • MyD88-independent TLR3/TLR4 cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    MyD88-independent TLR3/TLR4 cascade, organism-specific biosystemMyD88-independent signaling pathway is shared by TLR3 and TLR4 cascades. TIR-domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-beta (TRIF or TICAM1) is a key adapter molecule in transducing signals from ...
  • Negative regulators of RIG-I/MDA5 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Negative regulators of RIG-I/MDA5 signaling, organism-specific biosystemAs with other cytokine systems, production of type I IFN is a transient process, and can be hazardous to the host if unregulated, resulting in chronic cellular toxicity or inflammatory and autoimmune...
  • Oxygen-dependent proline hydroxylation of Hypoxia-inducible Factor Alpha, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Oxygen-dependent proline hydroxylation of Hypoxia-inducible Factor Alpha, organism-specific biosystemHIF-alpha subunits, comprising HIF1A (Bruick and McKnight 2001, Ivan et al. 2001, Jaakkola et al. 2001), HIF2A (Percy et al. 2008, Furlow et al. 2009), and HIF3A (Maynard et al. 2003), are hydroxylat...
  • Post-translational protein modification, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Post-translational protein modification, organism-specific biosystemAfter translation, many newly formed proteins undergo further covalent modifications that alter their functional properties and that are essentially irreversible under physiological conditions in the...
  • Proteasome Degradation, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Proteasome Degradation, organism-specific biosystem
    Proteasome Degradation
  • Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, organism-specific biosystemThe endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a subcellular organelle where proteins are folded with the help of lumenal chaperones. Newly synthesized peptides enter the ER via the sec61 pore and are glycosylate...
  • Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, conserved biosystemThe endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a subcellular organelle where proteins are folded with the help of lumenal chaperones. Newly synthesized peptides enter the ER via the sec61 pore and are glycosylate...
  • Protein ubiquitination, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Protein ubiquitination, organism-specific biosystemUbiquitin is a small, 76 amino acid residue protein that is conjugated by E3 ubiquitin ligases to other proteins in order to regulate their function or degradation (enzymatic cascade reviewed in Neut...
  • RIG-I/MDA5 mediated induction of IFN-alpha/beta pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RIG-I/MDA5 mediated induction of IFN-alpha/beta pathways, organism-specific biosystemRIG-I-like helicases (RLHs) the retinoic acid inducible gene-I (RIG-I) and melanoma differentiation associated gene 5 (MDA5) are RNA helicases that recognize viral RNA present within the cytoplasm. F...
  • Regulation of Hypoxia-inducible Factor (HIF) by oxygen, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of Hypoxia-inducible Factor (HIF) by oxygen, organism-specific biosystemIn the presence of oxygen members of the transcription factor family HIF-alpha, comprising HIF1A, HIF2A (EPAS1), and HIF3A, are hydroxylated on proline residues by PHD1 (EGLN2), PHD2 (EGLN1), and PHD...
  • Shigellosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Shigellosis, organism-specific biosystemShigellosis, or bacillary dysentery, is an intestinal infection caused by Shigella, a genus of enterobacteria. Shigella are potential food-borne pathogens that are capable of colonizing the intestina...
  • Synthesis of active ubiquitin: roles of E1 and E2 enzymes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Synthesis of active ubiquitin: roles of E1 and E2 enzymes, organism-specific biosystemUbiquitin monomers are processed from larger precursors and then activated by formation of a thiol ester bond between ubiquitin and a cysteine residue of an E1 activating enzyme (UBA1 or UBA6, Jin et...
  • TCR signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    TCR signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe TCR is a multisubunit complex that consists of clonotypic alpha/beta chains noncovalently associated with the invariant CD3 delta/epsilon/gamma and TCR zeta chains. T cell activation by antigen p...
  • TRIF-mediated TLR3/TLR4 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    TRIF-mediated TLR3/TLR4 signaling, organism-specific biosystemTRIF(TICAM1) was shown to induce IRF3/7 and NF-?B activation and apoptosis through distinct intracellular signaling pathways [Han KJ et al 2004; Kaiser WJ and Offermann MK et al 2005]. TRIF consists...
  • Toll Like Receptor 3 (TLR3) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll Like Receptor 3 (TLR3) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemToll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) as was shown for mammals is expressed on myeloid dendritic cells, respiratory epithelium, macrophages, and appears to play a central role in mediating the antiviral and in...
  • Toll Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemToll-like Receptor 4 is a Microbe Associated Molecular Pattern receptor well known for it's sensitivity to Bacterial Lipopolysaccharides (LPS). LPS is assembled within diverse Gram-negative bacteria,...
  • Toll-Like Receptors Cascades, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll-Like Receptors Cascades, organism-specific biosystemIn human, ten members of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family (TLR1-TLR10) have been identified (TLR11 has been found in mouse, but not in human). All TLRs have a similar Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR) doma...
  • Ubiquitin mediated proteolysis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Ubiquitin mediated proteolysis, organism-specific biosystemProtein ubiquitination plays an important role in eukaryotic cellular processes. It mainly functions as a signal for 26S proteasome dependent protein degradation. The addition of ubiquitin to protein...
  • Ubiquitin mediated proteolysis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Ubiquitin mediated proteolysis, conserved biosystemProtein ubiquitination plays an important role in eukaryotic cellular processes. It mainly functions as a signal for 26S proteasome dependent protein degradation. The addition of ubiquitin to protein...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
ATP binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
ubiquitin conjugating enzyme activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
ubiquitin conjugating enzyme activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
ubiquitin protein ligase binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
ubiquitin-protein transferase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
cellular protein modification process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
protein K11-linked ubiquitination IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
protein K48-linked ubiquitination IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
protein K48-linked ubiquitination IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein autoubiquitination IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein polyubiquitination IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein targeting to peroxisome TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
protein ubiquitination IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein ubiquitination TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
extracellular exosome HDA PubMed 
nucleoplasm TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
protein-containing complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
ubiquitin ligase complex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
ubiquitin ligase complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 D2
Names
(E3-independent) E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme D2
E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme D2
p53-regulated ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme 1
ubiquitin carrier protein D2
ubiquitin conjugating enzyme E2D 2
ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2-17 kDa 2
ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2D 2 (homologous to yeast UBC4/5)
ubiquitin-protein ligase D2
NP_003330.1
NP_862821.1
XP_016865309.1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_003339.3NP_003330.1  ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 D2 isoform 1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_003330.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) encodes the longer isoform (1).
    Source sequence(s)
    AF317220, AK001311, AK001428, BC033349
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS43369.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P62837
    Related
    ENSP00000381717.3, ENST00000398733.7
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl00154
    Location:1146
    UBCc; Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2, catalytic (UBCc) domain. This is part of the ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation pathway in which a thiol-ester linkage forms between a conserved cysteine and the C-terminus of ubiquitin and complexes with ubiquitin ...
  2. NM_181838.1NP_862821.1  ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 D2 isoform 2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_862821.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) contains an alternate exon in the 5' region, differs in the 5' UTR and initiates translation at a downstream start codon, compared to variant 1. It encodes isoform 2 which is shorter at the N-terminus compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AF317220, AK001311, AK001428, BC033349, BC048426, BQ186099
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS47275.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P62837
    Related
    ENSP00000424941.1, ENST00000505548.5
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl00154
    Location:1117
    UBCc; Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2, catalytic (UBCc) domain. This is part of the ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation pathway in which a thiol-ester linkage forms between a conserved cysteine and the C-terminus of ubiquitin and complexes with ubiquitin ...

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000005.10 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    139561166..139628434
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_017009820.1XP_016865309.1  ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 D2 isoform X1

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    COG5078
    Location:35173
    COG5078; Ubiquitin-protein ligase [Posttranslational modification, protein turnover, chaperones]
    cl00154
    Location:35172
    UBCc; Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2, catalytic (UBCc) domain. This is part of the ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation pathway in which a thiol-ester linkage forms between a conserved cysteine and the C-terminus of ubiquitin and complexes with ubiquitin ...
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