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TAC3 tachykinin precursor 3 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 6866, updated on 24-Nov-2020

Summary

Official Symbol
TAC3provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
tachykinin precursor 3provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:11521
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000166863 MIM:162330
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
NK3; NKB; HH10; NKNB; PRO1155; ZNEUROK1; LncZBTB39
Summary
This gene encodes a member of the tachykinin family of secreted neuropeptides. The encoded preproprotein is proteolytically processed to generate the mature peptide, which is primarily expressed in the central and peripheral nervous systems and functions as a neurotransmitter. This peptide is the ligand for the neurokinin-3 receptor. This protein is also expressed in the outer syncytiotrophoblast of the placenta and may be associated with pregnancy-induced hypertension and pre-eclampsia. Mutations in this gene are associated with normosmic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants, at least one of which encodes an isoform that is proteolytically processed. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2016]
Expression
Restricted expression toward placenta (RPKM 93.9) See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See TAC3 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
12q13.3
Exon count:
9
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20201120 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 12 NC_000012.12 (57010000..57016529, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 12 NC_000012.11 (57403781..57410344, complement)

Chromosome 12 - NC_000012.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene G protein-coupled receptor 182 Neighboring gene zinc finger and BTB domain containing 39 Neighboring gene myosin IA Neighboring gene nuclear envelope integral membrane protein 1

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
signaling receptor binding TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
female pregnancy TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
neuropeptide signaling pathway IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of blood pressure IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
tachykinin receptor signaling pathway IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
extracellular region TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
extracellular space TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
tachykinin-3
Names
LncZBTB39-1:2
gamma tachykinin 3
neurokinin b
neuromedin K
preprotachykinin B
tachykinin 3

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_021398.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5032..11561
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001178054.2NP_001171525.1  tachykinin-3 isoform 2 precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001171525.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) lacks an in-frame exon in the coding region, compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (2) is shorter and lacks the entire Neurokinin-B peptide compared to isoform 1. The encoded isoform (2) and may undergo proteolytic processing similar to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AF537121, BE500999, BP212420
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS53803.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9UHF0
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A024RB97
    Related
    ENSP00000408208.1, ENST00000441881.5
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam03823
    Location:153
    Neurokinin_B; Neurokinin B
  2. NM_013251.4NP_037383.1  tachykinin-3 isoform 1 preproprotein

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_037383.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) encodes the longer isoform (1).
    Source sequence(s)
    BC032145
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS8928.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9UHF0
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A024RB47
    Related
    ENSP00000404056.2, ENST00000458521.7
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam03823
    Location:154
    Neurokinin_B; Neurokinin B

RNA

  1. NR_033654.2 RNA Sequence

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (3) has an additional internal exon, compared to variant 1. This variant is represented as non-coding because the use of the 5'-most supported translational start codon, as used in variant 1, renders the transcript a candidate for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD).
    Source sequence(s)
    AY358679
    Related
    ENST00000357616.7
  2. NR_135164.2 RNA Sequence

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (4) contains two alternate internal exons resulting in a longer transcript compared to variant 1. This variant is represented as non-coding because the use of the 5'-most supported translational start codon, as used in variant 1, renders the transcript a candidate for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD).
    Source sequence(s)
    AF537114, BE500999, BP212420
    Related
    ENST00000438756.5
  3. NR_135165.2 RNA Sequence

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (5) contains an alternate internal exon resulting in a longer transcript compared to variant 1. This variant is represented as non-coding because the use of the 5'-most supported translational start codon, as used in variant 1, renders the transcript a candidate for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD).
    Source sequence(s)
    AF537117, BE500999, BP212420
  4. NR_135166.2 RNA Sequence

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (6) lacks an alternate exon and contains an alternate exon resulting in a longer transcript compared to variant 1. This variant is represented as non-coding because the use of the 5'-most supported translational start codon, as used in variant 1, renders the transcript a candidate for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD).
    Source sequence(s)
    AF537120, BE500999, BP212420

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20201120

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000012.12 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    57010000..57016529 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Suppressed Reference Sequence(s)

The following Reference Sequences have been suppressed. Explain

  1. NM_001006667.1: Suppressed sequence

    Description
    NM_001006667.1: This RefSeq was permanently suppressed because it is a nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) candidate.
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