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TAC1 tachykinin precursor 1 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 6863, updated on 1-Jun-2020

Summary

Official Symbol
TAC1provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
tachykinin precursor 1provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:11517
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000006128 MIM:162320
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
NK2; NPK; NKNA; TAC2; Hs.2563
Summary
This gene encodes four products of the tachykinin peptide hormone family, substance P and neurokinin A, as well as the related peptides, neuropeptide K and neuropeptide gamma. These hormones are thought to function as neurotransmitters which interact with nerve receptors and smooth muscle cells. They are known to induce behavioral responses and function as vasodilators and secretagogues. Substance P is an antimicrobial peptide with antibacterial and antifungal properties. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2014]
Expression
Biased expression in brain (RPKM 24.6), spleen (RPKM 12.4) and 6 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See TAC1 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
7q21.3
Exon count:
7
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20200522 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 7 NC_000007.14 (97732086..97740472)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 7 NC_000007.13 (97361271..97369784)

Chromosome 7 - NC_000007.14Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105375416 Neighboring gene AP1S2 pseudogene 1 Neighboring gene RN7SK pseudogene 104 Neighboring gene CZ1P-ASNS readthrough Neighboring gene asparagine synthetase (glutamine-hydrolyzing) Neighboring gene small nuclear ribonucleoprotein polypeptide C pseudogene 9 Neighboring gene RPS3A pseudogene 29

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
Genome-wide association study identifies a region on chromosome 11q14.3 associated with late rectal bleeding following radiation therapy for prostate cancer.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Polymorphic markers associated with severe oxaliplatin-induced, chronic peripheral neuropathy in colon cancer patients.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env Cannabinoid inhibits HIV-1 gp120-induced calcium influx mediated by substance P in human brain micro vascular endothelial cells (HBMEC) PubMed
env Addition of HIV-1 gp120 to monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) enhances substance P (SP) expression; this gp120-induced SP expression is abrogated by pretreating the cells with soluble CD4 PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
substance P receptor binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
associative learning IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cell-cell signaling TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
cellular response to nerve growth factor stimulus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
chemical synaptic transmission IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
detection of abiotic stimulus TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
inflammatory response IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
insemination TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
long-term memory IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
negative regulation of heart rate IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
neuropeptide signaling pathway IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of action potential IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of acute inflammatory response IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of corticosterone secretion IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of cytosolic calcium ion concentration IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of cytosolic calcium ion concentration IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of epithelial cell migration IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of lymphocyte proliferation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of ossification IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of renal sodium excretion IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of saliva secretion IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of stress fiber assembly IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of synaptic transmission, GABAergic IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of synaptic transmission, cholinergic IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
regulation of blood pressure IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to hormone IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to lipopolysaccharide IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to morphine IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to pain IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
sensory perception of pain IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
tachykinin receptor signaling pathway IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
axon IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cell IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
extracellular region TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
extracellular space IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
neuronal cell body IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
plasma membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
synapse IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
protachykinin-1
Names
PPT
neurokinin 1
neurokinin 2
neurokinin A
neurokinin alpha
neuromedin L
neuropeptide K
neuropeptide gamma
preprotachykinin
protachykinin
substance K
substance P
tachykinin 2
tachykinin, precursor 1 (substance K, substance P, neurokinin 1, neurokinin 2, neuromedin L, neurokinin alpha, neuropeptide K, neuropeptide gamma)

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_003182.3NP_003173.1  protachykinin-1 isoform beta precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_003173.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: Transcript variant beta encodes the full-length form of this gene. It encodes hormones substance P, neurokinin A, as well as the neuropeptide K.
    Source sequence(s)
    AF050655, DN992454, U37529
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS5649.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P20366
    Related
    ENSP00000321106.5, ENST00000319273.10
  2. NM_013996.3NP_054702.1  protachykinin-1 isoform alpha precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_054702.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: As compared to the full-length transcript variant beta, variant alpha lacks exon 6, and therefore does not encode neuropeptide K, neurokinin A, or neuropeptide gamma. This transcript does encode the hormone substance P located on exon 3.
    Source sequence(s)
    AF050656, DN992454, U37529
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS5650.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P20366
    Related
    ENSP00000289576.4, ENST00000350485.8
  3. NM_013997.3NP_054703.1  protachykinin-1 isoform gamma precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_054703.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: As compared to the full-length transcript variant beta, variant gamma lacks exon 4, and therefore does not encode neuropeptide K. This transcript does encode substance P, neurokinin A, and is the only variant that encodes neuropeptide gamma.
    Source sequence(s)
    AF050657, DN992454, U37529
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS5651.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P20366
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q9Y494
    Related
    ENSP00000289574.4, ENST00000346867.4
  4. NM_013998.3NP_054704.1  protachykinin-1 isoform delta precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_054704.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: As compared to the full-length transcript variant beta, variant delta lacks both exons 4 and 6; therefore, it does not encode neurokinin A, neuropeptide K, or neuropeptide gamma. It does encode the hormone substance P located on exon 3.
    Source sequence(s)
    AF050658, DN992454, U37529
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P20366

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000007.14 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    97732086..97740472
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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