U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

BRAF B-Raf proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinase [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 673, updated on 7-Aug-2022

Summary

Official Symbol
BRAFprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
B-Raf proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinaseprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:1097
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000157764 MIM:164757; AllianceGenome:HGNC:1097
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
NS7; B-raf; BRAF1; RAFB1; B-RAF1; BRAF-1
Summary
This gene encodes a protein belonging to the RAF family of serine/threonine protein kinases. This protein plays a role in regulating the MAP kinase/ERK signaling pathway, which affects cell division, differentiation, and secretion. Mutations in this gene, most commonly the V600E mutation, are the most frequently identified cancer-causing mutations in melanoma, and have been identified in various other cancers as well, including non-Hodgkin lymphoma, colorectal cancer, thyroid carcinoma, non-small cell lung carcinoma, hairy cell leukemia and adenocarcinoma of lung. Mutations in this gene are also associated with cardiofaciocutaneous, Noonan, and Costello syndromes, which exhibit overlapping phenotypes. A pseudogene of this gene has been identified on the X chromosome. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2017]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in testis (RPKM 6.6), brain (RPKM 5.3) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs
NEW
Try the new Gene table
Try the new Transcript table

Genomic context

See BRAF in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
7q34
Exon count:
24
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
110 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 7 NC_000007.14 (140713328..140924929, complement)
110 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 7 NC_060931.1 (142027505..142239131, complement)
105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 7 NC_000007.13 (140413128..140624729, complement)

Chromosome 7 - NC_000007.14Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene aarF domain containing kinase 2 Neighboring gene NDUFB2 antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunit B2 Neighboring gene RNA, U6 small nuclear 85, pseudogene Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105375536 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC107986720 Neighboring gene chaperonin containing TCP1 subunit 4 pseudogene 1

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

Associated conditions

Description Tests
Cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome 1
MedGen: CN029449 OMIM: 115150 GeneReviews: Cardiofaciocutaneous Syndrome
Compare labs
Cetuximab response
MedGen: CN077967 GeneReviews: Not available
Compare labs
Colorectal cancer
MedGen: C0346629 OMIM: 114500 GeneReviews: Lynch Syndrome
Compare labs
Dabrafenib response
MedGen: CN239586 GeneReviews: Not available
Compare labs
LEOPARD syndrome 3 Compare labs
Lung cancer
MedGen: C0242379 OMIM: 211980 GeneReviews: Not available
Compare labs
Melanoma, cutaneous malignant, susceptibility to, 1
MedGen: C1835047 OMIM: 155600 GeneReviews: Not available
Compare labs
Noonan syndrome 1
MedGen: C4551602 OMIM: 163950 GeneReviews: Noonan Syndrome
Compare labs
Noonan syndrome 7
MedGen: C3150970 OMIM: 613706 GeneReviews: Noonan Syndrome
Compare labs
Panitumumab response
MedGen: CN077999 GeneReviews: Not available
Compare labs
Vemurafenib response
MedGen: CN239577 GeneReviews: Not available
Compare labs

Copy number response

Description
Copy number response
Triplosensitivity

No evidence available (Last evaluated 2014-08-04)

ClinGen Genome Curation Page
Haploinsufficency

Little evidence for dosage pathogenicity (Last evaluated 2014-08-04)

ClinGen Genome Curation PagePubMed

EBI GWAS Catalog

Description
Genome-wide association study identifies three common variants associated with serologic response to vitamin E supplementation in men.
EBI GWAS Catalog

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • FLJ95109, MGC126806, MGC138284

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables ATP binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables MAP kinase kinase activity IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
enables MAP kinase kinase kinase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables calcium ion binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables identical protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
enables protein kinase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables protein serine kinase activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables protein serine/threonine kinase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables protein serine/threonine kinase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables scaffold protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
NOT enables small GTPase binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in CD4-positive or CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell lineage commitment IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in CD4-positive, alpha-beta T cell differentiation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in ERK1 and ERK2 cascade IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in MAPK cascade IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in MAPK cascade IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in T cell differentiation in thymus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in T cell receptor signaling pathway IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in animal organ morphogenesis TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in cellular response to calcium ion IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in cellular response to xenobiotic stimulus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in endothelial cell apoptotic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in establishment of protein localization to membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in face development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in head morphogenesis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in long-term synaptic potentiation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in myeloid progenitor cell differentiation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in negative regulation of apoptotic process IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in negative regulation of endothelial cell apoptotic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in negative regulation of fibroblast migration IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in negative regulation of neuron apoptotic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in negative regulation of synaptic vesicle exocytosis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of ERK1 and ERK2 cascade IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of axon regeneration IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of axonogenesis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of gene expression IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of glucose transmembrane transport IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of stress fiber assembly IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of substrate adhesion-dependent cell spreading IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in protein phosphorylation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in regulation of T cell differentiation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in regulation of cell population proliferation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in somatic stem cell population maintenance IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in stress fiber assembly IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in substrate adhesion-dependent cell spreading IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in synaptic vesicle exocytosis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in thymus development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in thyroid gland development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in trehalose metabolism in response to stress IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
involved_in visual learning IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
located_in cell body IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
located_in cytosol IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
located_in cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
located_in intracellular membrane-bounded organelle IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
located_in mitochondrion IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
located_in neuron projection IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
located_in nucleus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
is_active_in plasma membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
located_in plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
located_in presynapse IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf
Names
94 kDa B-raf protein
B-Raf proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase (p94)
B-Raf serine/threonine-protein
murine sarcoma viral (v-raf) oncogene homolog B1
proto-oncogene B-Raf
v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B
v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1
NP_001341538.1
NP_001361173.1
NP_001361187.1
NP_001365396.1
NP_001365397.1
NP_001365398.1
NP_001365399.1
NP_001365400.1
NP_001365401.1
NP_001365402.1
NP_001365403.1
NP_001365404.1
NP_004324.2
XP_016868048.1
XP_047276722.1
XP_047276723.1
XP_047276724.1
XP_047276725.1
XP_047276726.1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

NEW Try the new Transcript table

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_007873.3 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5001..195753
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics), LRG_299

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001354609.2NP_001341538.1  serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf isoform 2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AA975673, AC006006, AC006344, AC006347
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS87555.1
    Related
    ENSP00000419060.2, ENST00000496384.7
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd01816
    Location:156227
    Raf_RBD; Ubiquitin domain of Raf serine/threonine kinases
    cd14062
    Location:463715
    STKc_Raf; Catalytic domain of the Serine/Threonine Kinases, Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinases
    pfam00130
    Location:235280
    C1_1; Phorbol esters/diacylglycerol binding domain (C1 domain)
  2. NM_001374244.1NP_001361173.1  serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf isoform 3

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC006006, AC006344, AC006347
    Related
    ENSP00000288602.7, ENST00000288602.11
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd14062
    Location:503755
    STKc_Raf; Catalytic domain of the Serine/Threonine Kinases, Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinases
    cd17134
    Location:154232
    RBD_BRAF; Ras-binding domain (RBD) found in serine/threonine-protein kinase BRAF
    pfam00130
    Location:235280
    C1_1; Phorbol esters/diacylglycerol binding domain (C1 domain)
  3. NM_001374258.1NP_001361187.1  serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf isoform 4

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC006006, AC006344, AC006347
    Related
    ENSP00000496776.1, ENST00000644969.2
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd14062
    Location:503755
    STKc_Raf; Catalytic domain of the Serine/Threonine Kinases, Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinases
    cd17134
    Location:154232
    RBD_BRAF; Ras-binding domain (RBD) found in serine/threonine-protein kinase BRAF
    cd20871
    Location:230289
    C1_B-Raf; protein kinase C conserved region 1 (C1 domain) found in B-Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinase and similar proteins
  4. NM_001378467.1NP_001365396.1  serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf isoform 5

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC006006, AC006344, AC006347
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd14062
    Location:466718
    STKc_Raf; Catalytic domain of the Serine/Threonine Kinases, Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinases
    cd17134
    Location:154235
    RBD_BRAF; Ras-binding domain (RBD) found in serine/threonine-protein kinase BRAF
    cd20871
    Location:233292
    C1_B-Raf; protein kinase C conserved region 1 (C1 domain) found in B-Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinase and similar proteins
  5. NM_001378468.1NP_001365397.1  serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf isoform 6

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC006006, AC006344, AC006347
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd14062
    Location:463709
    STKc_Raf; Catalytic domain of the Serine/Threonine Kinases, Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinases
    cd17134
    Location:154232
    RBD_BRAF; Ras-binding domain (RBD) found in serine/threonine-protein kinase BRAF
    cd20871
    Location:230289
    C1_B-Raf; protein kinase C conserved region 1 (C1 domain) found in B-Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinase and similar proteins
  6. NM_001378469.1NP_001365398.1  serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf isoform 7

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC006006, AC006344, AC006347
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd14062
    Location:441693
    STKc_Raf; Catalytic domain of the Serine/Threonine Kinases, Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinases
    cd17134
    Location:154232
    RBD_BRAF; Ras-binding domain (RBD) found in serine/threonine-protein kinase BRAF
    cd20871
    Location:230289
    C1_B-Raf; protein kinase C conserved region 1 (C1 domain) found in B-Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinase and similar proteins
  7. NM_001378470.1NP_001365399.1  serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf isoform 8

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC006006, AC006344, AC006347
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd14062
    Location:429681
    STKc_Raf; Catalytic domain of the Serine/Threonine Kinases, Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinases
    cd17134
    Location:120198
    RBD_BRAF; Ras-binding domain (RBD) found in serine/threonine-protein kinase BRAF
    cd20871
    Location:196255
    C1_B-Raf; protein kinase C conserved region 1 (C1 domain) found in B-Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinase and similar proteins
  8. NM_001378471.1NP_001365400.1  serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf isoform 9

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC006006, AC006344, AC006347
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd14062
    Location:426678
    STKc_Raf; Catalytic domain of the Serine/Threonine Kinases, Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinases
    cd17134
    Location:154232
    RBD_BRAF; Ras-binding domain (RBD) found in serine/threonine-protein kinase BRAF
    cd20871
    Location:230289
    C1_B-Raf; protein kinase C conserved region 1 (C1 domain) found in B-Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinase and similar proteins
  9. NM_001378472.1NP_001365401.1  serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf isoform 10

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC006006, AC006344, AC006347
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd14062
    Location:411663
    STKc_Raf; Catalytic domain of the Serine/Threonine Kinases, Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinases
    cd17134
    Location:102180
    RBD_BRAF; Ras-binding domain (RBD) found in serine/threonine-protein kinase BRAF
    cd20871
    Location:178237
    C1_B-Raf; protein kinase C conserved region 1 (C1 domain) found in B-Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinase and similar proteins
  10. NM_001378473.1NP_001365402.1  serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf isoform 11

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC006006, AC006344, AC006347
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd14062
    Location:411663
    STKc_Raf; Catalytic domain of the Serine/Threonine Kinases, Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinases
    cd17134
    Location:102180
    RBD_BRAF; Ras-binding domain (RBD) found in serine/threonine-protein kinase BRAF
    cd20871
    Location:178237
    C1_B-Raf; protein kinase C conserved region 1 (C1 domain) found in B-Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinase and similar proteins
  11. NM_001378474.1NP_001365403.1  serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf isoform 12

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC006006, AC006344, AC006347
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd14062
    Location:463710
    STKc_Raf; Catalytic domain of the Serine/Threonine Kinases, Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinases
    cd17134
    Location:154232
    RBD_BRAF; Ras-binding domain (RBD) found in serine/threonine-protein kinase BRAF
    cd20871
    Location:230289
    C1_B-Raf; protein kinase C conserved region 1 (C1 domain) found in B-Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinase and similar proteins
  12. NM_001378475.1NP_001365404.1  serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf isoform 13

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC006006, AC006344, AC006347
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd14062
    Location:375627
    STKc_Raf; Catalytic domain of the Serine/Threonine Kinases, Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinases
    cd20871
    Location:142201
    C1_B-Raf; protein kinase C conserved region 1 (C1 domain) found in B-Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinase and similar proteins
    cl28922
    Location:81144
    Ubiquitin_like_fold; Beta-grasp ubiquitin-like fold
  13. NM_004333.6NP_004324.2  serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf isoform 1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_004324.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC006006, AC006344, AW971583, BC101757, DB454480, M95712
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS5863.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P15056, Q9Y6T3
    Related
    ENSP00000493543.1, ENST00000646891.2
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd01816
    Location:156227
    Raf_RBD; Ubiquitin domain of Raf serine/threonine kinases
    cd14062
    Location:463715
    STKc_Raf; Catalytic domain of the Serine/Threonine Kinases, Raf (Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma) kinases
    pfam00130
    Location:235280
    C1_1; Phorbol esters/diacylglycerol binding domain (C1 domain)

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 110 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000007.14 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Range
    140713328..140924929 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_017012559.2XP_016868048.1  serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf isoform X1

  2. XM_047420766.1XP_047276722.1  serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf isoform X2

  3. XM_047420770.1XP_047276726.1  serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf isoform X6

  4. XM_047420767.1XP_047276723.1  serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf isoform X3

  5. XM_047420768.1XP_047276724.1  serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf isoform X4

  6. XM_047420769.1XP_047276725.1  serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf isoform X5

    Related
    ENSP00000494784.1, ENST00000646730.1

Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

Genomic

  1. NC_060931.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Range
    142027505..142239131 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Suppressed Reference Sequence(s)

The following Reference Sequences have been suppressed. Explain

  1. NR_148928.2: Suppressed sequence

    Description
    NR_148928.2: This RefSeq was removed because currently there is insufficient support for the transcript.