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SOX10 SRY-box transcription factor 10 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 6663, updated on 30-Apr-2024

Summary

Official Symbol
SOX10provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
SRY-box transcription factor 10provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:11190
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000100146 MIM:602229; AllianceGenome:HGNC:11190
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
DOM; WS4; PCWH; WS2E; WS4C; SOX-10
Summary
This gene encodes a member of the SOX (SRY-related HMG-box) family of transcription factors involved in the regulation of embryonic development and in the determination of the cell fate. The encoded protein may act as a transcriptional activator after forming a protein complex with other proteins. This protein acts as a nucleocytoplasmic shuttle protein and is important for neural crest and peripheral nervous system development. Mutations in this gene are associated with Waardenburg-Shah and Waardenburg-Hirschsprung disease. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Biased expression in salivary gland (RPKM 23.7), brain (RPKM 19.6) and 7 other tissues See more
Orthologs
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Genomic context

See SOX10 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
22q13.1
Exon count:
4
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 22 NC_000022.11 (37972312..37984555, complement)
RS_2023_10 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 22 NC_060946.1 (38433934..38446177, complement)
105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 22 NC_000022.10 (38368319..38380562, complement)

Chromosome 22 - NC_000022.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene chromosome 22 open reading frame 23 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 13705 Neighboring gene RNA polymerase II, I and III subunit F Neighboring gene H3K27ac hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:38360913-38361412 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:38363646-38364146 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 10540 Neighboring gene OCT4-NANOG-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:38367753-38368266 Neighboring gene MPRA-validated peak4487 silencer Neighboring gene microRNA 6820 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:38378831-38379668 Neighboring gene VISTA enhancer hs564 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:38392633-38393194 Neighboring gene microRNA 4534 Neighboring gene VISTA enhancer hs486 Neighboring gene H3K27ac hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:38424434-38424934 Neighboring gene BRD4-independent group 4 enhancer GRCh37_chr22:38427029-38428228 Neighboring gene VISTA enhancer hs491 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 18989 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:38438297-38438796 Neighboring gene VISTA enhancer hs492 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:38446442-38446942 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:38446943-38447443 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 18990 Neighboring gene H3K27ac hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:38452863-38453488 Neighboring gene H3K27ac hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:38453489-38454112 Neighboring gene protein interacting with PRKCA 1 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:38470967-38471468

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

Associated conditions

Description Tests
PCWH syndrome
MedGen: C1836727 OMIM: 609136 GeneReviews: Not available
Compare labs
Waardenburg syndrome type 2E
MedGen: C2700405 OMIM: 611584 GeneReviews: Not available
Compare labs
Waardenburg syndrome type 4C
MedGen: C2750452 OMIM: 613266 GeneReviews: Not available
Compare labs

Copy number response

Description
Copy number response
Triplosensitivity

No evidence available (Last evaluated 2013-07-18)

ClinGen Genome Curation Page
Haploinsufficency

Sufficient evidence for dosage pathogenicity (Last evaluated 2013-07-18)

ClinGen Genome Curation PagePubMed

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Clone Names

  • MGC15649

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables DNA binding ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
enables DNA-binding transcription activator activity ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
enables DNA-binding transcription activator activity, RNA polymerase II-specific TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
enables DNA-binding transcription factor activity ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
enables DNA-binding transcription factor activity, RNA polymerase II-specific IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
enables DNA-binding transcription factor activity, RNA polymerase II-specific ISA
Inferred from Sequence Alignment
more info
 
enables DNA-binding transcription factor binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables RNA polymerase II cis-regulatory region sequence-specific DNA binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
enables identical protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
enables promoter-specific chromatin binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
enables sequence-specific double-stranded DNA binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables transcription cis-regulatory region binding ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in anatomical structure morphogenesis TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in cell maturation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in cellular response to progesterone stimulus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in cellular response to xenobiotic stimulus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in central nervous system myelination ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
involved_in developmental growth IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in digestive tract morphogenesis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in enteric nervous system development IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
involved_in in utero embryonic development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in lacrimal gland development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in melanocyte differentiation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in morphogenesis of a branching epithelium IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in morphogenesis of an epithelium IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
involved_in negative regulation of Schwann cell proliferation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in negative regulation of apoptotic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in negative regulation of canonical Wnt signaling pathway IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in negative regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
involved_in neural crest cell migration IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
involved_in neuroblast proliferation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in oligodendrocyte development ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
involved_in oligodendrocyte differentiation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
involved_in peripheral nervous system development IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of DNA-templated transcription ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of gene expression IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of gliogenesis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of myelination IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of neuroblast proliferation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in transcription elongation by RNA polymerase II IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
part_of chromatin ISA
Inferred from Sequence Alignment
more info
 
located_in mitochondrial outer membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
located_in nucleoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
located_in nucleoplasm TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
is_active_in nucleus IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
located_in nucleus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in nucleus ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
transcription factor SOX-10
Names
SRY (sex determining region Y)-box 10
SRY-box 10
SRY-related HMG-box gene 10
dominant megacolon, mouse, human homolog of

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

NEW Try the new Transcript table

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_007948.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5001..17221
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics), LRG_271

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_006941.4NP_008872.1  transcription factor SOX-10

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_008872.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL031587
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS13964.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    B4DV62, P56693, Q6FHW7
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A8V8TM01
    Related
    ENSP00000380093.2, ENST00000396884.8
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd01388
    Location:103173
    SOX-TCF_HMG-box; SOX-TCF_HMG-box, class I member of the HMG-box superfamily of DNA-binding proteins. These proteins contain a single HMG box, and bind the minor groove of DNA in a highly sequence-specific manner. Members include SRY and its homologs in insects and ...
    pfam12444
    Location:1293
    Sox_N; Sox developmental protein N terminal

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: GCF_000001405.40-RS_2023_10

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000022.11 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Range
    37972312..37984555 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

Genomic

  1. NC_060946.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Range
    38433934..38446177 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)