Send to:

Choose Destination

MRPL17 mitochondrial ribosomal protein L17 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 63875, updated on 7-Jun-2020


Official Symbol
MRPL17provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
mitochondrial ribosomal protein L17provided by HGNC
Primary source
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000158042 MIM:611830
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
Homo sapiens
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
LIP2; L17mt; RPL17L; RPML26; MRP-L17; MRP-L26
Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Ubiquitous expression in adrenal (RPKM 11.3), placenta (RPKM 10.7) and 25 other tissues See more

Genomic context

See MRPL17 in Genome Data Viewer
Exon count:
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20200522 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 11 NC_000011.10 (6680385..6683340, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 11 NC_000011.9 (6701616..6704632, complement)

Chromosome 11 - NC_000011.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene tripeptidyl peptidase 1 Neighboring gene dachsous cadherin-related 1 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L21 pseudogene 94 Neighboring gene GTPase, very large interferon inducible pseudogene 1

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products


  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018


GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

HIV-1 interactions

Replication interactions

Interaction Pubs
Knockdown of mitochondrial ribosomal protein L17 (MRPL17) by siRNA enhances the early stages of HIV-1 replication in HeLa-CD4 cells infected with viral pseudotypes HIV89.6R and HIV8.2N PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from PubChem


Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information



Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
protein domain specific binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
structural constituent of ribosome IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
Process Evidence Code Pubs
mitochondrial translational elongation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
mitochondrial translational termination TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
Component Evidence Code Pubs
large ribosomal subunit IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
mitochondrial inner membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
mitochondrion IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info

General protein information

Preferred Names
39S ribosomal protein L17, mitochondrial
LYST-interacting protein 2
LYST-interacting protein LIP2
mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit protein bL17m

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_022061.4NP_071344.1  39S ribosomal protein L17, mitochondrial

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_071344.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AF164797, AL572779, BF513148, BM725086, DA876701, DB228622
    Consensus CDS
    ENSP00000288937.6, ENST00000288937.7
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    Ribosomal_L17; Ribosomal protein L17

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly


  1. NC_000011.10 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    6680385..6683340 complement
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
Support Center