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CXCL11 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 11 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 6373, updated on 12-Aug-2018

Summary

Official Symbol
CXCL11provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 11provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:10638
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000169248 MIM:604852; Vega:OTTHUMG00000130101
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
IP9; H174; IP-9; b-R1; I-TAC; SCYB11; SCYB9B
Summary
Chemokines are a group of small (approximately 8 to 14 kD), mostly basic, structurally related molecules that regulate cell trafficking of various types of leukocytes through interactions with a subset of 7-transmembrane, G protein-coupled receptors. Chemokines also play fundamental roles in the development, homeostasis, and function of the immune system, and they have effects on cells of the central nervous system as well as on endothelial cells involved in angiogenesis or angiostasis. Chemokines are divided into 2 major subfamilies, CXC and CC. This antimicrobial gene is a CXC member of the chemokine superfamily. Its encoded protein induces a chemotactic response in activated T-cells and is the dominant ligand for CXC receptor-3. The gene encoding this protein contains 4 exons and at least three polyadenylation signals which might reflect cell-specific regulation of expression. IFN-gamma is a potent inducer of transcription of this gene. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2014]
Expression
Broad expression in appendix (RPKM 6.2), lymph node (RPKM 5.0) and 21 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See CXCL11 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
4q21.1
Exon count:
4
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 4 NC_000004.12 (76033682..76036197, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 4 NC_000004.11 (76954835..76957350, complement)

Chromosome 4 - NC_000004.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC101928809 Neighboring gene C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 9 Neighboring gene ADP-ribosyltransferase 3 Neighboring gene C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 10 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L36 pseudogene 8 Neighboring gene nucleoporin 54

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Vpr vpr HIV-1 Vpr upregulates the expression of CXCL11 in human monocyte-derived dendritic cells PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Allograft Rejection, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Allograft Rejection, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway illustrates molecular interactions involved in the fundamental adaptive immune response for allograft destruction. This pathway was adapted in large part from the KEGG pathway http://www...
  • CXCR3-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    CXCR3-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    CXCR3-mediated signaling events
  • Chemokine receptors bind chemokines, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Chemokine receptors bind chemokines, organism-specific biosystemChemokine receptors are cytokine receptors found on the surface of certain cells, which interact with a type of cytokine called a chemokine. Following interaction, these receptors trigger a flux of i...
  • Chemokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Chemokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemInflammatory immune response requires the recruitment of leukocytes to the site of inflammation upon foreign insult. Chemokines are small chemoattractant peptides that provide directional cues for th...
  • Chemokine signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Chemokine signaling pathway, conserved biosystemInflammatory immune response requires the recruitment of leukocytes to the site of inflammation upon foreign insult. Chemokines are small chemoattractant peptides that provide directional cues for th...
  • Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors), organism-specific biosystemRhodopsin-like receptors (class A/1) are the largest group of GPCRs and are the best studied group from a functional and structural point of view. They show great diversity at the sequence level and ...
  • Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are soluble extracellular proteins or glycoproteins that are crucial intercellular regulators and mobilizers of cells engaged in innate as well as adaptive inflammatory host defenses, cell ...
  • Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, conserved biosystemCytokines are soluble extracellular proteins or glycoproteins that are crucial intercellular regulators and mobilizers of cells engaged in innate as well as adaptive inflammatory host defenses, cell ...
  • G alpha (i) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G alpha (i) signalling events, organism-specific biosystemThe classical signalling mechanism for G alpha (i) is inhibition of the cAMP dependent pathway through inhibition of adenylate cyclase. Decreased production of cAMP from ATP results in decreased act...
  • GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are classically defined as the receptor, G-protein and downstream effectors, the alpha subunit of the G-protein being the primary signaling molecule. However, it h...
  • GPCR ligand binding, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    GPCR ligand binding, organism-specific biosystemThere are more than 800 G-protein coupled receptor (GPCRs) in the human genome, making it the largest receptor superfamily. GPCRs are also the largest class of drug targets, involved in virtually all...
  • Peptide ligand-binding receptors, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Peptide ligand-binding receptors, organism-specific biosystemThese receptors, a subset of the Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like) family, all bind peptide ligands which include the chemokines, opioids and somatostatins.
  • Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs; 7TM receptors; seven transmembrane domain receptors; heptahelical receptors; G protein-linked receptors [GPLR]) are the largest family of transmembrane receptors i...
  • Toll-like Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Toll-like Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
  • Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
  • Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Homology

Clone Names

  • MGC102770

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
CXCR3 chemokine receptor binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
chemokine activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
chemokine activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
heparin binding IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
T cell chemotaxis IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
adenylate cyclase-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
antimicrobial humoral immune response mediated by antimicrobial peptide IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cell-cell signaling TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
cellular response to lipopolysaccharide IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
chemokine-mediated signaling pathway IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
chemokine-mediated signaling pathway IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
chemotaxis IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
immune response IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
inflammatory response IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
leukocyte chemotaxis IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
neutrophil chemotaxis IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of cAMP-mediated signaling IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of release of sequestered calcium ion into cytosol IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
regulation of cell proliferation IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
regulation of signaling receptor activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
signal transduction TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
extracellular region TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
extracellular space IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
intracellular IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
C-X-C motif chemokine 11
Names
beta-R1
chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 11
interferon gamma-inducible protein 9
interferon-inducible T-cell alpha chemoattractant
small inducible cytokine B11
small inducible cytokine subfamily B (Cys-X-Cys), member 11
small inducible cytokine subfamily B (Cys-X-Cys), member 9B

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001302123.1NP_001289052.1  C-X-C motif chemokine 11 isoform 2 precursor

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) uses an alternate splice junction in the 3' coding region compared to variant 1, that causes a frameshift. The resulting isoform (2) has a longer and distinct C-terminus compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AL703031, BC012532, BP289021, U66096
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    O14625
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd00273
    Location:2887
    Chemokine_CXC; Chemokine_CXC: 1 of 4 subgroup designations based on the arrangement of the two N-terminal cysteine residues; includes a number of secreted growth factors and interferons involved in mitogenic, chemotactic, and inflammatory activity; many members ...
  2. NM_005409.4NP_005400.1  C-X-C motif chemokine 11 isoform 1 precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_005400.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longer transcript and encodes isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    BC012532, BP289021, U66096
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS3574.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    O14625
    Related
    ENSP00000306884.3, OTTHUMP00000160594, ENST00000306621.7, OTTHUMT00000252407
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd00273
    Location:2890
    Chemokine_CXC; Chemokine_CXC: 1 of 4 subgroup designations based on the arrangement of the two N-terminal cysteine residues; includes a number of secreted growth factors and interferons involved in mitogenic, chemotactic, and inflammatory activity; many members ...

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000004.12 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    76033682..76036197 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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