Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

RXRA retinoid X receptor alpha [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 6256, updated on 2-Oct-2018

Summary

Official Symbol
RXRAprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
retinoid X receptor alphaprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:10477
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000186350 MIM:180245; Vega:OTTHUMG00000020887
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
NR2B1
Summary
Retinoid X receptors (RXRs) and retinoic acid receptors (RARs) are nuclear receptors that mediate the biological effects of retinoids by their involvement in retinoic acid-mediated gene activation. These receptors function as transcription factors by binding as homodimers or heterodimers to specific sequences in the promoters of target genes. The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the steroid and thyroid hormone receptor superfamily of transcriptional regulators. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2014]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in skin (RPKM 34.2), fat (RPKM 23.2) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See RXRA in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
9q34.2
Exon count:
12
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 9 NC_000009.12 (134326463..134440586)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 9 NC_000009.11 (137218316..137332431)

Chromosome 9 - NC_000009.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC107987039 Neighboring gene long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 2247 Neighboring gene NFE2L2 motif-containing MPRA enhancer 298 Neighboring gene RXRA intron CAGE-defined high expression enhancer Neighboring gene microRNA 4669 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105376311 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC100506532

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
A genome-wide association study of central corneal thickness in Latinos.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Gene-age interactions in blood pressure regulation: a large-scale investigation with the CHARGE, Global BPgen, and ICBP Consortia.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Genome-wide association analyses identify multiple loci associated with central corneal thickness and keratoconus.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Genome-wide association study of chemotherapeutic agent-induced severe neutropenia/leucopenia for patients in Biobank Japan.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Genome-wide association study of intelligence: additive effects of novel brain expressed genes.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Multidimensional prognostic risk assessment identifies association between IL12B variation and surgery in Crohn's disease.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Population-based meta-analysis in Caucasians confirms association with COL5A1 and ZNF469 but not COL8A2 with central corneal thickness.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env HIV-1 gp120 upregulates the expression of retinoid X receptor-alpha (RXRA) in human B cells PubMed
Nef nef HIV-1 Nef induces loss of F-actin assembly and inhibits retinoid receptor-mediated transcription PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Activation of HOX genes during differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Activation of HOX genes during differentiation, organism-specific biosystemHox genes encode proteins that contain the DNA-binding homeobox motif and control early patterning of segments in the embryo as well as later events in development (reviewed in Rezsohazy et al. 2015)...
  • Activation of anterior HOX genes in hindbrain development during early embryogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Activation of anterior HOX genes in hindbrain development during early embryogenesis, organism-specific biosystemIn mammals, anterior Hox genes may be defined as paralog groups 1 to 4 (Natale et al. 2011), which are involved in development of the hindbrain through sequential expression in the rhombomeres, trans...
  • Activation of gene expression by SREBF (SREBP), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Activation of gene expression by SREBF (SREBP), organism-specific biosystemAfter transiting to the nucleus SREBPs (SREBP1A/1C/2, SREBFs) bind short sequences, sterol regulatory elements (SREs), in the promoters of target genes (reviewed in Eberle et al. 2004, Weber et al. 2...
  • Adipocytokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Adipocytokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemIncreased adipocyte volume and number are positively correlated with leptin production, and negatively correlated with production of adiponectin. Leptin is an important regulator of energy intake and...
  • Adipocytokine signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Adipocytokine signaling pathway, conserved biosystemIncreased adipocyte volume and number are positively correlated with leptin production, and negatively correlated with production of adiponectin. Leptin is an important regulator of energy intake and...
  • Adipogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Adipogenesis, organism-specific biosystemThe different classess of factors involved in adipogenesis are shown. Adipogenesis is the process by which fat cells differentiate from predadipocytes to adipocytes (fat cells). Adipose tissue, compo...
  • Angiopoietin Like Protein 8 Regulatory Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Angiopoietin Like Protein 8 Regulatory Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe hepatic ANGPTL8 (Angiopoietin Like Protein 8) regulatory pathway represents an up-to-date curated interactive pathway for all of the interactions from the known regulators of ANGPTL8 and updated ...
  • BMAL1:CLOCK,NPAS2 activates circadian gene expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    BMAL1:CLOCK,NPAS2 activates circadian gene expression, organism-specific biosystemAs inferred from mouse, BMAL1:CLOCK (ARNTL:CLOCK) and BMAL1:NPAS2 (ARNTL:NPAS2) heterodimers bind to sequence elements (E boxes) in the promoters of target genes and enhance transcription (Gekakis et...
  • Bile acid and bile salt metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Bile acid and bile salt metabolism, organism-specific biosystemIn a healthy adult human, about 500 mg of cholesterol is converted to bile salts daily. Newly synthesized bile salts are secreted into the bile and released into the small intestine where they emulsi...
  • Bile secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Bile secretion, organism-specific biosystemBile is a vital secretion, essential for digestion and absorption of fats and fat-soluble vitamins in the small intestine. Moreover, bile is an important route of elimination for excess cholesterol a...
  • Bile secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Bile secretion, conserved biosystemBile is a vital secretion, essential for digestion and absorption of fats and fat-soluble vitamins in the small intestine. Moreover, bile is an important route of elimination for excess cholesterol a...
  • Biological oxidations, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Biological oxidations, organism-specific biosystemAll organisms are constantly exposed to foreign chemicals every day. These can be man-made (drugs, industrial chemicals) or natural (alkaloids, toxins from plants and animals). Uptake is usually via ...
  • Circadian Clock, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Circadian Clock, organism-specific biosystemAt the center of the mammalian circadian clock is a negative transcription/translation-based feedback loop: The BMAL1:CLOCK/NPAS2 (ARNTL:CLOCK/NPAS2) heterodimer transactivates CRY and PER genes by b...
  • Constitutive Androstane Receptor Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Constitutive Androstane Receptor Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Constitutive Androstane Receptor (CAR) is a nuclear receptor and functions as a sensor for xenobiotics. It regulates transcription of genes encoding proteins in metabolism and excretion of xenobi...
  • Cytochrome P450 - arranged by substrate type, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cytochrome P450 - arranged by substrate type, organism-specific biosystemThe P450 isozyme system is the major phase 1 biotransforming system in man, accounting for more than 90% of drug biotransformations. This system has huge catalytic versatility and a broad substrate s...
  • Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystemAs a first step towards capturing the array of processes by which a fertilized egg gives rise to the diverse tissues of the body, examples of three kinds of processes have been annotated. These are a...
  • Endogenous sterols, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Endogenous sterols, organism-specific biosystemA number of CYPs take part in cholesterol biosynthesis and elimination, thus playing an important role in maintaining cholesterol homeostasis. Under normal physiological conditions, cholesterol intak...
  • Farnesoid X Receptor Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Farnesoid X Receptor Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe farnesoid X receptor (FXR, a.k.a. NR1H4) is a nuclear receptor that responds to levels of bile acids present in the body and regulates many processes related to bile acids synthesis and transport
  • Fatty acid, triacylglycerol, and ketone body metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Fatty acid, triacylglycerol, and ketone body metabolism, organism-specific biosystemThe reactions involved in the metabolism of fatty acids and of the triacylglycerols and ketone bodies derived from them form a closely interrelated, coordinately regulated module that plays a central...
  • Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystemGene Expression covers the pathways by which genomic DNA is transcribed to yield RNA, the regulation of these transcription processes, and the pathways by which newly-made RNA Transcripts are process...
  • Generic Transcription Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Generic Transcription Pathway, organism-specific biosystemOVERVIEW OF TRANSCRIPTION REGULATION: Detailed studies of gene transcription regulation in a wide variety of eukaryotic systems has revealed the general principles and mechanisms by which cell- or t...
  • Hepatitis C, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hepatitis C, organism-specific biosystemHepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of chronic liver disease. The HCV employ several strategies to perturb host cell immunity. After invasion, HCV RNA genome functions directly as an mRNA in the...
  • Hepatitis C, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hepatitis C, conserved biosystemHepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of chronic liver disease. The HCV employ several strategies to perturb host cell immunity. After invasion, HCV RNA genome functions directly as an mRNA in the...
  • Import of palmitoyl-CoA into the mitochondrial matrix, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Import of palmitoyl-CoA into the mitochondrial matrix, organism-specific biosystemThe mitochondrial carnitine system catalyzes the transport of long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondrial matrix where they undergo beta oxidation. This transport system consists of the malonyl-Co...
  • Integrated Pancreatic Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Integrated Pancreatic Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystemAn integrated pathway model which displays the protein-protein interactions (PPIs) among the relevant proteins for pancreatic cancer. This pathway is a collection of different mechanistic protein pat...
  • Liver X Receptor Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Liver X Receptor Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe liver X receptor (LXR) is a nuclear receptor involved in the regulation of liver-specific processes, such as cholesterol, fatty acid and glucose homeostasis.
  • Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism, organism-specific biosystemMetabolic processes in human cells generate energy through the oxidation of molecules consumed in the diet and mediate the synthesis of diverse essential molecules not taken in the diet as well as th...
  • Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins, organism-specific biosystemLipids are hydrophobic but otherwise chemically diverse molecules that play a wide variety of roles in human biology. They include ketone bodies, fatty acids, triacylglycerols, phospholipids and sphi...
  • Mitochondrial biogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Mitochondrial biogenesis, organism-specific biosystemMitochondrial biogenesis and remodeling occur in response to exercise and redox state (reviewed in Scarpulla et al. 2012, Handy and Loscalzo 2012, Piantadosi and Suliman 2012, Scarpulla 2011, Wenz et...
  • NRF2 pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    NRF2 pathway, organism-specific biosystemNRF2 is part of a group of transcription factors called nuclear receptors. It is activated under oxidative stress conditions and subsequently activates several antioxidative genes and proteins.
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), organism-specific biosystemNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to more severe steatohepatitis with hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, known as nonalcoholic steatohepati...
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), conserved biosystemNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to more severe steatohepatitis with hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, known as nonalcoholic steatohepati...
  • Non-small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Non-small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for approximately 85% of lung cancer and represents a heter...
  • Non-small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Non-small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for approximately 85% of lung cancer and represents a heter...
  • Nuclear Receptor transcription pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Nuclear Receptor transcription pathway, organism-specific biosystemA classic example of bifunctional transcription factors is the family of Nuclear Receptor (NR) proteins. These are DNA-binding transcription factors that bind certain hormones, vitamins, and other s...
  • Nuclear Receptors, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Nuclear Receptors, organism-specific biosystemNuclear receptors are a class of proteins found within the interior of cells that are responsible for sensing the presence of steroid and thyroid hormones and certain other molecules. In response, th...
  • Organelle biogenesis and maintenance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Organelle biogenesis and maintenance, organism-specific biosystemThis module describes the biogenesis of organelles. Organelles are subcellular structures of distinctive morphology and function. The organelles of human cells include: mitochondria, endoplasmic reti...
  • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
  • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
  • PPAR Alpha Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    PPAR Alpha Pathway, organism-specific biosystemPPAR alpha (also known as NR1C1) is a nuclear receptor that is involved with transcriptional regulation of genes involved in beta-oxidation, metabolism, fatty acid transport, etc.
  • PPAR signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    PPAR signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear hormone receptors that are activated by fatty acids and their derivatives. PPAR has three subtypes (PPARalpha, beta/delta, and gamma) s...
  • PPAR signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    PPAR signaling pathway, conserved biosystemPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear hormone receptors that are activated by fatty acids and their derivatives. PPAR has three subtypes (PPARalpha, beta/delta, and gamma) s...
  • PPARA activates gene expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PPARA activates gene expression, organism-specific biosystemThe set of genes regulated by PPAR-alpha is not fully known in humans, however many examples have been found in mice. Genes directly activated by PPAR-alpha contain peroxisome proliferator receptor e...
  • Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
    Pathways in cancer
  • Phase 1 - Functionalization of compounds, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Phase 1 - Functionalization of compounds, organism-specific biosystemPhase 1 of metabolism is concerned with functionalization, that is the introduction or exposure of functional groups on the chemical structure of a compound. This provides a 'handle' for phase 2 conj...
  • Pyruvate metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Pyruvate metabolism, organism-specific biosystemPyruvate sits at an intersection of key pathways of energy metabolism. It is the end product of glycolysis and the starting point for gluconeogenesis, and can be generated by transamination of alanin...
  • Pyruvate metabolism and Citric Acid (TCA) cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Pyruvate metabolism and Citric Acid (TCA) cycle, organism-specific biosystemPyruvate metabolism and the citric acid (TCA) cycle together link the processes of energy metabolism in a human cell with one another and with key biosynthetic reactions. Pyruvate, derived from the r...
  • RORA activates gene expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RORA activates gene expression, organism-specific biosystemAs inferred from mouse, RORA binds ROR elements (ROREs) in DNA and recruits the coactivators PPARGC1A (PGC-1alpha) and p300 (EP300, a histone acetylase) to activate transcription.
  • RXR and RAR heterodimerization with other nuclear receptor, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    RXR and RAR heterodimerization with other nuclear receptor, organism-specific biosystem
    RXR and RAR heterodimerization with other nuclear receptor
  • Recycling of bile acids and salts, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Recycling of bile acids and salts, organism-specific biosystemOf the 20-40 grams of bile salts released daily by the liver, all but approximately 0.5 grams are reabsorbed from the intestine, returned to the liver, and re-used. This recycling involves a series o...
  • Regulation of cholesterol biosynthesis by SREBP (SREBF), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of cholesterol biosynthesis by SREBP (SREBF), organism-specific biosystemSterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs, SREBFs) respond to low cholesterol concentrations by transiting to the nucleus and activating genes involved in cholesterol and lipid biosynthesis ...
  • Regulation of lipid metabolism by Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of lipid metabolism by Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha), organism-specific biosystemPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR-alpha) is the major regulator of fatty acid oxidation in the liver. PPARalpha is also the target of fibrate drugs used to treat abnormal plasma ...
  • Regulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) complex, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) complex, organism-specific biosystemThe mitochondrial pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) complex catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate, linking glycolysis to the tricarboxylic acid cycle and fatty acid synthesis. PDH inactivati...
  • Retinoic acid receptors-mediated signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Retinoic acid receptors-mediated signaling, organism-specific biosystem
    Retinoic acid receptors-mediated signaling
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • Signaling by Retinoic Acid, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Retinoic Acid, organism-specific biosystemVitamin A (retinol) can be metabolised into active retinoid metabolites that function either as a chromophore in vision or in regulating gene expression transcriptionally and post-transcriptionally. ...
  • Small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is a highly aggressive neoplasm, which accounts for approximately 25% ...
  • Small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is a highly aggressive neoplasm, which accounts for approximately 25% ...
  • Synthesis of bile acids and bile salts, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Synthesis of bile acids and bile salts, organism-specific biosystemIn a healthy adult human, about 500 mg of cholesterol is converted to bile salts daily (Russell 2003). The major pathway for bile salt synthesis in the liver begins with the conversion of cholesterol...
  • Synthesis of bile acids and bile salts via 27-hydroxycholesterol, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Synthesis of bile acids and bile salts via 27-hydroxycholesterol, organism-specific biosystemIn the body, 27-hydroxycholesterol is synthesized in multiple tissues, exported to the liver, and converted there to bile acids and bile salts. This pathway is only a minor source of bile acids and b...
  • Synthesis of bile acids and bile salts via 7alpha-hydroxycholesterol, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Synthesis of bile acids and bile salts via 7alpha-hydroxycholesterol, organism-specific biosystemIn the liver, synthesis of bile acids and bile salts is initiated with the conversion of cholesterol to 7alpha-hydroxycholesterol and of 7alpha-hydroxycholesterol to 4-cholesten-7alpha-ol-3-one. The ...
  • Th17 cell differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Th17 cell differentiation, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin (IL)-17-producing helper T (Th17) cells serve as a subset of CD4+ T cells involved in epithelial cell- and neutrophil mediated immune responses against extracellular microbes and in the p...
  • Th17 cell differentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Th17 cell differentiation, conserved biosystemInterleukin (IL)-17-producing helper T (Th17) cells serve as a subset of CD4+ T cells involved in epithelial cell- and neutrophil mediated immune responses against extracellular microbes and in the p...
  • The citric acid (TCA) cycle and respiratory electron transport, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    The citric acid (TCA) cycle and respiratory electron transport, organism-specific biosystemThe metabolism of pyruvate provides one source of acetyl-CoA which enters the citric acid (TCA, tricarboxylic acid) cycle to generate energy and the reducing equivalent NADH. These reducing equivalen...
  • Thyroid cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Thyroid cancer, organism-specific biosystemThyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy and accounts for the majority of endocrine cancer- related deaths each year. More than 95% of thyroid carcinomas are derived from follicular cel...
  • Thyroid cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Thyroid cancer, conserved biosystemThyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy and accounts for the majority of endocrine cancer- related deaths each year. More than 95% of thyroid carcinomas are derived from follicular cel...
  • Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe thyroid hormones (THs) are important regulators of growth, development and metabolism. The action of TH is mainly mediated by T3 (3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine). Thyroid hormones, L-thyroxine (T4) a...
  • Transcription factor regulation in adipogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Transcription factor regulation in adipogenesis, organism-specific biosystemThe transcription factors involved in adipogenesis are shown in the current pathway. Adipogensis is the biological proces of cell differentation in which preadipocytes are converted into adipocytes.
  • Transcriptional activation of mitochondrial biogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Transcriptional activation of mitochondrial biogenesis, organism-specific biosystemPhosphorylated PPARGC1A (PGC-1alpha) does not bind DNA directly but instead interacts with other transcription factors, notably NRF1 and NRF2 (via HCF1). NRF1 and NRF2 together with PPARGC1A activate...
  • Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer
  • Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, conserved biosystem
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer
  • Transcriptional regulation of white adipocyte differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Transcriptional regulation of white adipocyte differentiation, organism-specific biosystemAdipogenesis is the process of cell differentiation by which preadipocytes become adipocytes. During this process the preadipocytes cease to proliferate, begin to accumulate lipid droplets and develo...
  • Vitamin A and Carotenoid Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Vitamin A and Carotenoid Metabolism, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway is about carotenoid and vitamin A metabolism. The initial version was created by the NuGO focusteam on Carotenoid metabolism. It was used to test a text mining workflow which added some ...
  • Vitamin D Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Vitamin D Metabolism, organism-specific biosystemPhotochemical synthesis of vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol, D3) occurs cutaneously where pro-vitamin D3 (7-dehydrocholesterol) is converted to pre-vitamin D3 (pre-D3) in response to ultraviolet B (sunlig...
  • YAP1- and WWTR1 (TAZ)-stimulated gene expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    YAP1- and WWTR1 (TAZ)-stimulated gene expression, organism-specific biosystemYAP1 and WWTR1 (TAZ) are transcriptional co-activators, both homologues of the Drosophila Yorkie protein. They both interact with members of the TEAD family of transcription factors, and WWTR1 intera...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • FLJ00280, FLJ00318, FLJ16020, FLJ16733, MGC102720

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
9-cis retinoic acid receptor activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
DBD domain binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
DNA binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
DNA-binding transcription factor activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
contributes_to DNA-binding transcription factor activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
DNA-binding transcription factor activity, RNA polymerase II-specific ISA
Inferred from Sequence Alignment
more info
 
DNA-binding transcription factor activity, RNA polymerase II-specific ISM
Inferred from Sequence Model
more info
PubMed 
DNA-binding transcription factor activity, RNA polymerase II-specific NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
LBD domain binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
RNA polymerase II regulatory region sequence-specific DNA binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
chromatin DNA binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
double-stranded DNA binding IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
enzyme binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
nuclear receptor activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
nuclear receptor binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
peptide binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein heterodimerization activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
retinoic acid binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
retinoic acid receptor activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
retinoic acid-responsive element binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
sequence-specific DNA binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
steroid hormone receptor activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
transcription coactivator activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
contributes_to transcription regulatory region DNA binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
vitamin D receptor binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
contributes_to vitamin D response element binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
zinc ion binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
bile acid and bile salt transport TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
camera-type eye development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cardiac muscle cell proliferation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cholesterol metabolic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
embryo implantation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
in utero embryonic development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
maternal placenta development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
modulation by virus of host morphology or physiology IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
peroxisome proliferator activated receptor signaling pathway IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of translational initiation by iron IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein homotetramerization IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
regulation of branching involved in prostate gland morphogenesis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
regulation of lipid metabolic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
response to retinoic acid IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
retinoic acid receptor signaling pathway IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
secretory columnal luminar epithelial cell differentiation involved in prostate glandular acinus development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
steroid hormone mediated signaling pathway IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
ventricular cardiac muscle cell differentiation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
ventricular cardiac muscle tissue morphogenesis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
vitamin metabolic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
RNA polymerase II transcription factor complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
nuclear chromatin IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
nucleoplasm TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
nucleus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein-containing complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
receptor complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
retinoic acid receptor RXR-alpha
Names
nuclear receptor subfamily 2 group B member 1
retinoid X nuclear receptor alpha

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001291920.1NP_001278849.1  retinoic acid receptor RXR-alpha isoform b

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001278849.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) contains an alternate 5' terminal exon, and it thus differs in its 5' UTR and initiates translation at a downstream in-frame start codon, compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (b) is shorter at the N-terminus, compared to isoform a.
    Source sequence(s)
    AC156789, AF052092, AK131513, BC063827, BM563384, BP422254, BQ637722, CN391132
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q6P3U7
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd06943
    Location:202413
    NR_LBD_RXR_like; The ligand binding domain of the retinoid X receptor and Ultraspiracle, members of nuclear receptor superfamily
    cd06956
    Location:106182
    NR_DBD_RXR; DNA-binding domain of retinoid X receptor (RXR) is composed of two C4-type zinc fingers
    pfam11825
    Location:199
    Nuc_recep-AF1; Nuclear/hormone receptor activator site AF-1
  2. NM_001291921.1NP_001278850.1  retinoic acid receptor RXR-alpha isoform c

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001278850.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (3) contains an alternate 5' terminal exon, and it thus differs in its 5' UTR and initiates translation at a downstream in-frame start codon, compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (c) is shorter at the N-terminus, compared to isoform a.
    Source sequence(s)
    AF052092, AK131192, AL669970, BC063827, BM563384, BP422254, BQ637722, CN391132
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P19793
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q6P3U7
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd06943
    Location:132343
    NR_LBD_RXR_like; The ligand binding domain of the retinoid X receptor and Ultraspiracle, members of nuclear receptor superfamily
    cd06956
    Location:36112
    NR_DBD_RXR; DNA-binding domain of retinoid X receptor (RXR) is composed of two C4-type zinc fingers
    pfam11825
    Location:129
    Nuc_recep-AF1; Nuclear/hormone receptor activator site AF-1
  3. NM_002957.5NP_002948.1  retinoic acid receptor RXR-alpha isoform a

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_002948.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) encodes the longest isoform (a).
    Source sequence(s)
    AF052092, BC063827, BC110998, BM563384, BP422254, BQ220698, BQ637722, CN391132
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS35172.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P19793
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    F1D8Q5, Q6P3U7
    Related
    ENSP00000419692.1, OTTHUMP00000022510, ENST00000481739.1, OTTHUMT00000054949
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd06943
    Location:229440
    NR_LBD_RXR_like; The ligand binding domain of the retinoid X receptor and Ultraspiracle, members of nuclear receptor superfamily
    cd06956
    Location:133209
    NR_DBD_RXR; DNA-binding domain of retinoid X receptor (RXR) is composed of two C4-type zinc fingers
    pfam11825
    Location:17126
    Nuc_recep-AF1; Nuclear/hormone receptor activator site AF-1

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000009.12 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    134326463..134440586
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
Support Center