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PCDHGA11 protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 11 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 56105, updated on 23-Nov-2021

Summary

Official Symbol
PCDHGA11provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 11provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:8698
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000253873 MIM:606298
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
PCDH-GAMMA-A11
Summary
This gene is a member of the protocadherin gamma gene cluster, one of three related clusters tandemly linked on chromosome five. These gene clusters have an immunoglobulin-like organization, suggesting that a novel mechanism may be involved in their regulation and expression. The gamma gene cluster includes 22 genes divided into 3 subfamilies. Subfamily A contains 12 genes, subfamily B contains 7 genes and 2 pseudogenes, and the more distantly related subfamily C contains 3 genes. The tandem array of 22 large, variable region exons are followed by a constant region, containing 3 exons shared by all genes in the cluster. Each variable region exon encodes the extracellular region, which includes 6 cadherin ectodomains and a transmembrane region. The constant region exons encode the common cytoplasmic region. These neural cadherin-like cell adhesion proteins most likely play a critical role in the establishment and function of specific cell-cell connections in the brain. Alternative splicing has been described for the gamma cluster genes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Orthologs
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Genomic context

See PCDHGA11 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
5q31.3
Exon count:
4
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20211119 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 5 NC_000005.10 (141421051..141512975)
105.20201022 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 5 NC_000005.9 (140800618..140892542)

Chromosome 5 - NC_000005.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene solute carrier family 25 member 2 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 1 Neighboring gene TATA-box binding protein associated factor 7 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma cluster Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 2 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 3 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily B, 1 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 4 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily B, 2 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 5 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily B, 3 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 6 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 7 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily B, 4 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 8 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily B, 5 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 9 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily B, 6 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 10 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily B, 7 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily B, 8 pseudogene Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily A, 12 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily B, 9 pseudogene Neighboring gene RNA, 7SL, cytoplasmic 68, pseudogene Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily C, 3 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily C, 4 Neighboring gene protocadherin gamma subfamily C, 5 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 13534 Neighboring gene diaphanous related formin 1 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 13738

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables calcium ion binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in cell adhesion IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in homophilic cell adhesion via plasma membrane adhesion molecules IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
is_active_in integral component of plasma membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

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RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_000012.2 

    Range
    131167..223176
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_018914.3NP_061737.1  protocadherin gamma-A11 isoform 1 precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_061737.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) includes the constant region exons and encodes the longest isoform (1).
    Source sequence(s)
    AA329824, AF152320, DA503678
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS47294.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9Y5H2
    Related
    ENSP00000381589.2, ENST00000398587.7
    Conserved Domains (4) summary
    cd11304
    Location:247344
    Cadherin_repeat; Cadherin tandem repeat domain
    pfam08266
    Location:31113
    Cadherin_2; Cadherin-like
    pfam15974
    Location:812908
    Cadherin_tail; Cadherin C-terminal cytoplasmic tail, catenin-binding region
    pfam16492
    Location:689773
    Cadherin_C_2; Cadherin cytoplasmic C-terminal
  2. NM_032091.2NP_114480.1  protocadherin gamma-A11 isoform 2 precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_114480.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) utilizes the large, first exon then continues into the downstream intron 1 sequence before terminating. This one-exon transcript encodes an isoform (2) that is shorter than isoform 1 and has a unique C-terminus.
    Source sequence(s)
    AA329824, AC005618, AF152505, BE007760, BF327891, DA503678
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS75345.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9Y5H2
    Related
    ENSP00000480917.1, ENST00000622044.1
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd11304
    Location:247344
    Cadherin_repeat; Cadherin tandem repeat domain
    pfam08266
    Location:31113
    Cadherin_2; Cadherin-like
    pfam16492
    Location:689773
    Cadherin_C_2; Cadherin cytoplasmic C-terminal
  3. NM_032092.2NP_114481.1  protocadherin gamma-A11 isoform 3 precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_114481.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (3) utilizes an alternative splice donor site that truncates exon 1. This shortest isoform (3) lacks the transmembrane region and has five complete and one partial cadherin domain.
    Source sequence(s)
    AA329824, AF152320, AF152504, DA503678
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS54930.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9Y5H2
    Related
    ENSP00000428333.1, ENST00000518882.2
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd11304
    Location:247344
    Cadherin_repeat; Cadherin tandem repeat domain
    pfam08266
    Location:31113
    Cadherin_2; Cadherin-like
    pfam15974
    Location:627723
    Cadherin_tail; Cadherin C-terminal cytoplasmic tail, catenin-binding region

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20211119

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000005.10 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    141421051..141512975
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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