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PRKAA2 protein kinase AMP-activated catalytic subunit alpha 2 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 5563, updated on 21-Oct-2018

Summary

Official Symbol
PRKAA2provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
protein kinase AMP-activated catalytic subunit alpha 2provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:9377
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000162409 MIM:600497; Vega:OTTHUMG00000008282
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
VALIDATED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
AMPK; AMPK2; PRKAA; AMPKa2
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene is a catalytic subunit of the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). AMPK is a heterotrimer consisting of an alpha catalytic subunit, and non-catalytic beta and gamma subunits. AMPK is an important energy-sensing enzyme that monitors cellular energy status. In response to cellular metabolic stresses, AMPK is activated, and thus phosphorylates and inactivates acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and beta-hydroxy beta-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGCR), key enzymes involved in regulating de novo biosynthesis of fatty acid and cholesterol. Studies of the mouse counterpart suggest that this catalytic subunit may control whole-body insulin sensitivity and is necessary for maintaining myocardial energy homeostasis during ischemia. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Biased expression in heart (RPKM 14.0), kidney (RPKM 6.8) and 8 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See PRKAA2 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
1p32.2
Exon count:
12
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 1 NC_000001.11 (56645317..56715335)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 1 NC_000001.10 (57110990..57181008)

Chromosome 1 - NC_000001.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene phospholipid phosphatase 3 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L21 pseudogene 23 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L23a pseudogene 85 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC101929935 Neighboring gene FYN binding protein 2 Neighboring gene complement C8 alpha chain

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
The combination of a genome-wide association study of lymphocyte count and analysis of gene expression data reveals novel asthma candidate genes.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Tat tat HIV-1 Tat-induced LTR transactivation is reversed by tanshinone II A through the AMPK-Nampt pathway PubMed
tat Knockdown of SIRT1 by its inhibitor or siRNA results in Tat-mediated reduction of phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and downstream acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) PubMed
Vif vif Protein kinase A (PKA) binds and phosphorylates A3G at Thr32 in vitro and in vivo. This phosphorylation event reduces the binding of A3G to Vif and its subsequent ubiquitination and degradation PubMed
Vpr vpr HIV-1 Vpr directly interacts with PKA and is phosphorylated at position Ser79 by PKA. PKA activity is necessary for virion-delivered Vpr cell cycle arrest PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from BioSystems

  • AMP-activated Protein Kinase (AMPK) Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    AMP-activated Protein Kinase (AMPK) Signaling, organism-specific biosystemAMPK signaling pathway, a fuel sensor and regulator, promotes ATP-producing and inhibits ATP-consuming pathways in various tissues. AMPK is a heterotrimer composed of alpha-catalytic and beta and gam...
  • AMPK inhibits chREBP transcriptional activation activity, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    AMPK inhibits chREBP transcriptional activation activity, organism-specific biosystemAMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a sensor of cellular energy levels. A high cellular ratio of AMP:ATP triggers the phosphorylation and activation of AMPK. Activated AMPK in turn phosphorylates ...
  • AMPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    AMPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemAMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a serine threonine kinase that is highly conserved through evolution. AMPK system acts as a sensor of cellular energy status. It is activated by increases in th...
  • AMPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    AMPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystemAMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a serine threonine kinase that is highly conserved through evolution. AMPK system acts as a sensor of cellular energy status. It is activated by increases in th...
  • Activation of PPARGC1A (PGC-1alpha) by phosphorylation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Activation of PPARGC1A (PGC-1alpha) by phosphorylation, organism-specific biosystemThe transcriptional coactivator PPARGC1A (PGC-1alpha), one of the master regulators of mitochondrial biogenesis, is activated by phosphorylation. Energy depletion causes a reduction in ATP and an inc...
  • Adipocytokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Adipocytokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemIncreased adipocyte volume and number are positively correlated with leptin production, and negatively correlated with production of adiponectin. Leptin is an important regulator of energy intake and...
  • Adipocytokine signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Adipocytokine signaling pathway, conserved biosystemIncreased adipocyte volume and number are positively correlated with leptin production, and negatively correlated with production of adiponectin. Leptin is an important regulator of energy intake and...
  • Angiopoietin Like Protein 8 Regulatory Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Angiopoietin Like Protein 8 Regulatory Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe hepatic ANGPTL8 (Angiopoietin Like Protein 8) regulatory pathway represents an up-to-date curated interactive pathway for all of the interactions from the known regulators of ANGPTL8 and updated ...
  • Apelin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Apelin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemApelin is an endogenous peptide capable of binding the apelin receptor (APJ), which was originally described as an orphan G-protein-coupled receptor. Apelin and APJ are widely expressed in various ti...
  • Autophagy - animal, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Autophagy - animal, organism-specific biosystemAutophagy (or macroautophagy) is a cellular catabolic pathway involving in protein degradation, organelle turnover, and non-selective breakdown of cytoplasmic components, which is evolutionarily cons...
  • Autophagy - animal, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Autophagy - animal, conserved biosystemAutophagy (or macroautophagy) is a cellular catabolic pathway involving in protein degradation, organelle turnover, and non-selective breakdown of cytoplasmic components, which is evolutionarily cons...
  • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemBrain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a neurotrophin essential for growth, differentiation, plasticity, and survival of neurons. BDNF is also required for processes such as energy metabolism, b...
  • Cellular responses to stress, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cellular responses to stress, organism-specific biosystemCells are subject to external molecular and physical stresses such as foreign molecules that perturb metabolic or signaling processes, and changes in temperature or pH. The ability of cells and tissu...
  • Circadian rhythm, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Circadian rhythm, organism-specific biosystemCircadian rhythm is an internal biological clock, which enables to sustain an approximately 24-hour rhythm in the absence of environmental cues. In mammals, the circadian clock mechanism consists of ...
  • Circadian rhythm, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Circadian rhythm, conserved biosystemCircadian rhythm is an internal biological clock, which enables to sustain an approximately 24-hour rhythm in the absence of environmental cues. In mammals, the circadian clock mechanism consists of ...
  • Circadian rythm related genes, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Circadian rythm related genes, organism-specific biosystemThis is currently not a pathway but a list of circadian rhythm related genes and proteins. The source for this information is the gene ontology. The genes and proteins were filtered for "circadian rh...
  • Corticotropin-releasing hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Corticotropin-releasing hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemCorticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is a neuropeptide secreted abundantly in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus, amygdala, cerebral cortex and cerebellum in the central nervous system ...
  • Energy dependent regulation of mTOR by LKB1-AMPK, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Energy dependent regulation of mTOR by LKB1-AMPK, organism-specific biosystemUpon formation of a trimeric LKB1:STRAD:MO25 complex, LKB1 phosphorylates and activates AMPK. This phosphorylation is immediately removed in basal conditions by PP2C, but if the cellular AMP:ATP rati...
  • Fatty acid, triacylglycerol, and ketone body metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Fatty acid, triacylglycerol, and ketone body metabolism, organism-specific biosystemThe reactions involved in the metabolism of fatty acids and of the triacylglycerols and ketone bodies derived from them form a closely interrelated, coordinately regulated module that plays a central...
  • Fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, organism-specific biosystemShear stress represents the frictional force that the flow of blood exerts at the endothelial surface of the vessel wall and plays a central role in vascular biology and contributes to the progress o...
  • Fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, conserved biosystemShear stress represents the frictional force that the flow of blood exerts at the endothelial surface of the vessel wall and plays a central role in vascular biology and contributes to the progress o...
  • FoxO signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    FoxO signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe forkhead box O (FOXO) family of transcription factors regulates the expression of genes in cellular physiological events including apoptosis, cell-cycle control, glucose metabolism, oxidative str...
  • Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystemGene Expression covers the pathways by which genomic DNA is transcribed to yield RNA, the regulation of these transcription processes, and the pathways by which newly-made RNA Transcripts are process...
  • Generic Transcription Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Generic Transcription Pathway, organism-specific biosystemOVERVIEW OF TRANSCRIPTION REGULATION: Detailed studies of gene transcription regulation in a wide variety of eukaryotic systems has revealed the general principles and mechanisms by which cell- or t...
  • Glucagon signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Glucagon signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemGlucagon is conventionally regarded as a counterregulatory hormone for insulin and plays a critical anti-hypoglycemic role by maintaining glucose homeostasis in both animals and humans. To increase ...
  • Glucagon signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Glucagon signaling pathway, conserved biosystemGlucagon is conventionally regarded as a counterregulatory hormone for insulin and plays a critical anti-hypoglycemic role by maintaining glucose homeostasis in both animals and humans. To increase ...
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), organism-specific biosystemHypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a primary myocardial disorder with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance that is characterized by hypertrophy of the left ventricles with histological feat...
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), conserved biosystemHypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a primary myocardial disorder with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance that is characterized by hypertrophy of the left ventricles with histological feat...
  • IGF1R signaling cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    IGF1R signaling cascade, organism-specific biosystemAfter autophosphorylation the type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF1R) binds and phosphorylates scaffold proteins, IRS1/2/4 and SHC1, which in turn bind effectors possessing enzymatic activ...
  • IRS-mediated signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    IRS-mediated signalling, organism-specific biosystemRelease of phospho-IRS from the insulin receptor triggers a cascade of signalling events via PI3K, SOS, RAF and the MAP kinases.
  • IRS-related events triggered by IGF1R, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    IRS-related events triggered by IGF1R, organism-specific biosystemThe phosphorylated type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor phosphorylates IR1, IRS2, IRS4 and possibly other IRS/DOK family members (reviewed in Pavelic et al. 2007, Chitnis et al. 2008, Maki et a...
  • Import of palmitoyl-CoA into the mitochondrial matrix, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Import of palmitoyl-CoA into the mitochondrial matrix, organism-specific biosystemThe mitochondrial carnitine system catalyzes the transport of long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondrial matrix where they undergo beta oxidation. This transport system consists of the malonyl-Co...
  • Insulin Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Insulin Signaling, organism-specific biosystemInsulin signaling influences energy metabolism as well as growth. The presence of insulin signals the fed state, and this signal is passed via the AKT branch, which leads to the uptake of glucose fro...
  • Insulin receptor signalling cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Insulin receptor signalling cascade, organism-specific biosystemAutophosphorylation of the insulin receptor triggers a series of signalling events, mediated by SHC or IRS, and resulting in activation of the Ras/RAF and MAP kinase cascades. A second effect of the ...
  • Insulin resistance, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Insulin resistance, organism-specific biosystemInsulin resistance is a condition where cells become resistant to the effects of insulin. It is often found in people with health disorders, including obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, non-alcoholic...
  • Insulin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Insulin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemInsulin binding to its receptor results in the tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrates (IRS) by the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase (INSR). This allows association of IRSs with the r...
  • Insulin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Insulin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemInsulin binding to its receptor results in the tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrates (IRS) by the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase (INSR). This allows association of IRSs with the r...
  • Integrated Pancreatic Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Integrated Pancreatic Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystemAn integrated pathway model which displays the protein-protein interactions (PPIs) among the relevant proteins for pancreatic cancer. This pathway is a collection of different mechanistic protein pat...
  • Integration of energy metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Integration of energy metabolism, organism-specific biosystemMany hormones that affect individual physiological processes including the regulation of appetite, absorption, transport, and oxidation of foodstuffs influence energy metabolism pathways. While insul...
  • Leptin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Leptin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemLeptin is a peptide hormone mainly synthesised and secreted from adipocytes. It is also expressed in other tissues including placenta, stomach and skeletal muscle. Leptin mediates its effects by bind...
  • Longevity regulating pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Longevity regulating pathway, organism-specific biosystemRegulation of longevity depends on genetic and environmental factors. Caloric restriction (CR), that is limiting food intake, is recognized in mammals as the best characterized and most reproducible ...
  • Longevity regulating pathway - multiple species, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Longevity regulating pathway - multiple species, organism-specific biosystemAging is a complex process of accumulation of molecular, cellular, and organ damage, leading to loss of function and increased vulnerability to disease and death. Despite the complexity of aging, rec...
  • Longevity regulating pathway - multiple species, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Longevity regulating pathway - multiple species, conserved biosystemAging is a complex process of accumulation of molecular, cellular, and organ damage, leading to loss of function and increased vulnerability to disease and death. Despite the complexity of aging, rec...
  • Macroautophagy, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Macroautophagy, organism-specific biosystemMacroautophagy (hereafter referred to as autophagy) acts as a buffer against starvation by liberating building materials and energy sources from cellular components. It has additional roles in embryo...
  • Membrane Trafficking, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Membrane Trafficking, organism-specific biosystemThe secretory membrane system allows a cell to regulate delivery of newly synthesized proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids to the cell surface, a necessity for growth and homeostasis. The system is ma...
  • Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism, organism-specific biosystemMetabolic processes in human cells generate energy through the oxidation of molecules consumed in the diet and mediate the synthesis of diverse essential molecules not taken in the diet as well as th...
  • Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins, organism-specific biosystemLipids are hydrophobic but otherwise chemically diverse molecules that play a wide variety of roles in human biology. They include ketone bodies, fatty acids, triacylglycerols, phospholipids and sphi...
  • Mitochondrial biogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Mitochondrial biogenesis, organism-specific biosystemMitochondrial biogenesis and remodeling occur in response to exercise and redox state (reviewed in Scarpulla et al. 2012, Handy and Loscalzo 2012, Piantadosi and Suliman 2012, Scarpulla 2011, Wenz et...
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), organism-specific biosystemNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to more severe steatohepatitis with hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, known as nonalcoholic steatohepati...
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), conserved biosystemNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to more severe steatohepatitis with hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, known as nonalcoholic steatohepati...
  • Organelle biogenesis and maintenance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Organelle biogenesis and maintenance, organism-specific biosystemThis module describes the biogenesis of organelles. Organelles are subcellular structures of distinctive morphology and function. The organelles of human cells include: mitochondria, endoplasmic reti...
  • Oxytocin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Oxytocin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemOxytocin (OT) is a nonapeptide synthesized by the magno-cellular neurons located in the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei of the hypothalamus. It exerts a wide variety of central and ...
  • Oxytocin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Oxytocin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemOxytocin (OT) is a nonapeptide synthesized by the magno-cellular neurons located in the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei of the hypothalamus. It exerts a wide variety of central and ...
  • PI3K Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PI3K Cascade, organism-specific biosystem
    PI3K Cascade
  • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
  • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
  • PKB-mediated events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PKB-mediated events, organism-specific biosystemPKB and PDK1 are activated via membrane-bound PIP3. Activated PDK1 phosphorylates PKB, which in turn phosphorylates PDE3B. The latter hydrolyses cAMP to 5'AMP, depleting cAMP pools.
  • Regulation of TP53 Activity, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of TP53 Activity, organism-specific biosystemProtein stability and transcriptional activity of TP53 (p53) tumor suppressor are regulated by post-translational modifications that include ubiquitination, phosphorylation, acetylation, methylation,...
  • Regulation of TP53 Activity through Phosphorylation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of TP53 Activity through Phosphorylation, organism-specific biosystemPhosphorylation of TP53 (p53) at the N-terminal serine residues S15 and S20 plays a critical role in protein stabilization as phosphorylation at these sites interferes with binding of the ubiquitin l...
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • Signaling by Insulin receptor, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Insulin receptor, organism-specific biosystemInsulin binding to its receptor results in receptor autophosphorylation on tyrosine residues and the tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrates (e.g. IRS and Shc) by the insulin receptor...
  • Signaling by Type 1 Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 Receptor (IGF1R), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Type 1 Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 Receptor (IGF1R), organism-specific biosystemBinding of IGF1 (IGF-I) or IGF2 (IGF-II) to the extracellular alpha peptides of the type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF1R) triggers the activation of two major signaling pathways: the SOS...
  • Sterol Regulatory Element-Binding Proteins (SREBP) signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Sterol Regulatory Element-Binding Proteins (SREBP) signalling, organism-specific biosystemSterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs) are membrane-bound proteins that act as transcription factors. They regulate lipid, especially cholesterol, biosynthesis and uptake at a transcript...
  • TP53 Regulates Metabolic Genes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    TP53 Regulates Metabolic Genes, organism-specific biosystemWhile the p53 tumor suppressor protein (TP53) is known to inhibit cell growth by inducing apoptosis, senescence and cell cycle arrest, recent studies have found that p53 is also able to influence cel...
  • Target Of Rapamycin (TOR) Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Target Of Rapamycin (TOR) Signaling, organism-specific biosystemTOR signaling is responsible for a cellular reaction towards nutrient and energy availability and hypoxia/stress. The mammalian Target Of Rapamycin (mTOR), a serine/threonine kinase, is the central r...
  • Tight junction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Tight junction, organism-specific biosystemTight junctions (TJs) are essential for establishing a selectively permeable barrier to diffusion through the paracellular space between neighboring cells. TJs are composed of at least three types of...
  • Tight junction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Tight junction, conserved biosystemTight junctions (TJs) are essential for establishing a selectively permeable barrier to diffusion through the paracellular space between neighboring cells. TJs are composed of at least three types of...
  • Transcriptional Regulation by TP53, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Transcriptional Regulation by TP53, organism-specific biosystemThe tumor suppressor TP53 (encoded by the gene p53) is a transcription factor. Under stress conditions, it recognizes specific responsive DNA elements and thus regulates the transcription of many gen...
  • Translocation of GLUT4 to the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Translocation of GLUT4 to the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemIn adipocytes and myocytes insulin signaling causes intracellular vesicles carrying the GLUT4 (SLC2A4) glucose transporter to translocate to the plasma membrane, allowing the cells to take up glucose...
  • Vesicle-mediated transport, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Vesicle-mediated transport, organism-specific biosystemThe transit of proteins and other cargo through the cell requires a cellular transport process in which transported substances are moved in membrane-bounded vesicles. Transported substances are enclo...
  • mTOR signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    mTOR signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe mammalian (mechanistic) target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a highly conserved serine/threonine protein kinase, which exists in two complexes termed mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and 2 (mTORC2). mTORC1 conta...
  • mTOR signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    mTOR signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe mammalian (mechanistic) target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a highly conserved serine/threonine protein kinase, which exists in two complexes termed mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and 2 (mTORC2). mTORC1 conta...
  • mTOR signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    mTOR signalling, organism-specific biosystemTarget of rapamycin (mTOR) is a highly-conserved serine/threonine kinase that regulates cell growth and division in response to energy levels, growth signals, and nutrients (Zoncu et al. 2011). Contr...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
AMP-activated protein kinase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
AMP-activated protein kinase activity ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
ATP binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
[acetyl-CoA carboxylase] kinase activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
[hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] kinase activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
chromatin binding ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
histone serine kinase activity ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
metal ion binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein kinase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
protein serine/threonine kinase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
protein serine/threonine kinase activity ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
protein serine/threonine/tyrosine kinase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
Wnt signaling pathway IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cell cycle arrest TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
cellular response to calcium ion ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
cellular response to drug IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cellular response to glucose starvation IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cellular response to glucose starvation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
cellular response to glucose stimulus ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
cellular response to nutrient levels ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
cellular response to oxidative stress ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
cellular response to prostaglandin E stimulus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cholesterol biosynthetic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
energy homeostasis ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
fatty acid biosynthetic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
fatty acid homeostasis ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
glucose homeostasis ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
histone-serine phosphorylation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
intracellular signal transduction IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
lipid biosynthetic process ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
macroautophagy TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
negative regulation of TOR signaling IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of TOR signaling ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
negative regulation of apoptotic process ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
negative regulation of gene expression ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
negative regulation of tubulin deacetylation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
positive regulation of autophagy ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
positive regulation of cellular protein localization ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
positive regulation of glycolytic process ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
positive regulation of macroautophagy TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of peptidyl-lysine acetylation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
protein phosphorylation IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
regulation of circadian rhythm ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
regulation of fatty acid biosynthetic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
regulation of macroautophagy ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
regulation of microtubule cytoskeleton organization ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
regulation of stress granule assembly IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to muscle activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
rhythmic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
signal transduction TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
Golgi apparatus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
axon ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
cytoplasm IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cytoplasmic stress granule ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
dendrite ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
neuronal cell body ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
nuclear speck IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
nucleoplasm TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
nucleotide-activated protein kinase complex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
nucleus IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
nucleus TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
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General protein information

Preferred Names
5'-AMP-activated protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha-2
Names
5'-AMP-activated protein kinase, catalytic alpha-2 chain
ACACA kinase
AMP-activated protein kinase alpha-2 subunit variant 2
AMP-activated protein kinase alpha-2 subunit variant 3
AMPK alpha 2
AMPK subunit alpha-2
AMPK-alpha-2 chain
HMGCR kinase
acetyl-CoA carboxylase kinase
hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase kinase
protein kinase, AMP-activated, alpha 2 catalytic subunit
NP_006243.2
XP_016857181.1
XP_016857182.1
XP_016857183.1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_006252.3NP_006243.2  5'-AMP-activated protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha-2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_006243.2

    Status: VALIDATED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL035705, BC069740, BM979925, DA710012
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS605.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P54646
    Related
    ENSP00000360290.4, OTTHUMP00000009993, ENST00000371244.8, OTTHUMT00000022753
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd12200
    Location:395550
    AMPKA2_C; C-terminal regulatory domain of 5'-AMP-activated serine/threonine kinase, subunit alpha
    cd14404
    Location:285349
    UBA_AID_AAPK2; UBA-like autoinhibitory domain (AID) found in vertebrate 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha-2 (AMPKalpha-2)
    cd14079
    Location:13268
    STKc_AMPK_alpha; Catalytic domain of the Alpha subunit of the Serine/Threonine Kinase, AMP-activated protein kinase

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000001.11 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    56645317..56715335
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_017001694.1XP_016857183.1  5'-AMP-activated protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha-2 isoform X1

    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd12200
    Location:305460
    AMPKA2_C; C-terminal regulatory domain of 5'-AMP-activated serine/threonine kinase, subunit alpha
    cd14404
    Location:195259
    UBA_AID_AAPK2; UBA-like autoinhibitory domain (AID) found in vertebrate 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha-2 (AMPKalpha-2)
    cl21453
    Location:1178
    PKc_like; Protein Kinases, catalytic domain
  2. XM_017001693.1XP_016857182.1  5'-AMP-activated protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha-2 isoform X1

    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd12200
    Location:305460
    AMPKA2_C; C-terminal regulatory domain of 5'-AMP-activated serine/threonine kinase, subunit alpha
    cd14404
    Location:195259
    UBA_AID_AAPK2; UBA-like autoinhibitory domain (AID) found in vertebrate 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha-2 (AMPKalpha-2)
    cl21453
    Location:1178
    PKc_like; Protein Kinases, catalytic domain
  3. XM_017001692.1XP_016857181.1  5'-AMP-activated protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha-2 isoform X1

    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd12200
    Location:305460
    AMPKA2_C; C-terminal regulatory domain of 5'-AMP-activated serine/threonine kinase, subunit alpha
    cd14404
    Location:195259
    UBA_AID_AAPK2; UBA-like autoinhibitory domain (AID) found in vertebrate 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha-2 (AMPKalpha-2)
    cl21453
    Location:1178
    PKc_like; Protein Kinases, catalytic domain

RNA

  1. XR_001737290.1 RNA Sequence

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