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EGLN1 egl-9 family hypoxia inducible factor 1 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 54583, updated on 9-Mar-2023

Summary

Official Symbol
EGLN1provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
egl-9 family hypoxia inducible factor 1provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:1232
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000135766 MIM:606425; AllianceGenome:HGNC:1232
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
HPH2; PHD2; SM20; ECYT3; HALAH; HPH-2; HIFPH2; ZMYND6; C1orf12; HIF-PH2
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene catalyzes the post-translational formation of 4-hydroxyproline in hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) alpha proteins. HIF is a transcriptional complex that plays a central role in mammalian oxygen homeostasis. This protein functions as a cellular oxygen sensor, and under normal oxygen concentration, modification by prolyl hydroxylation is a key regulatory event that targets HIF subunits for proteasomal destruction via the von Hippel-Lindau ubiquitylation complex. Mutations in this gene are associated with erythrocytosis familial type 3 (ECYT3). [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2009]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in kidney (RPKM 11.5), brain (RPKM 11.3) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs
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Genomic context

See EGLN1 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
1q42.2
Exon count:
5
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
110 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 1 NC_000001.11 (231363756..231422287, complement)
110 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 1 NC_060925.1 (230746985..230805510, complement)
105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 1 NC_000001.10 (231499502..231558033, complement)

Chromosome 1 - NC_000001.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene exocyst complex component 8 Neighboring gene SprT-like N-terminal domain Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC107985360 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 11665 Neighboring gene small nuclear ribonucleoprotein D2 pseudogene 2 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC122526782 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 8140

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Vif vif HIV-1 Vif downregulates the expression of egl-9 family hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (EGLN1) in Vif-expression T cells PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • DKFZp761F179

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables 2-oxoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables L-ascorbic acid binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables enzyme binding ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
enables ferrous iron binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables ferrous iron binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables peptidyl-proline 4-dioxygenase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables peptidyl-proline 4-dioxygenase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables peptidyl-proline dioxygenase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in cardiac muscle tissue morphogenesis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in cellular response to hypoxia IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in heart trabecula formation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in intracellular iron ion homeostasis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in intracellular oxygen homeostasis IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in labyrinthine layer development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in negative regulation of DNA-binding transcription factor activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in negative regulation of cyclic-nucleotide phosphodiesterase activity ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
involved_in peptidyl-proline hydroxylation to 4-hydroxy-L-proline IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in peptidyl-proline hydroxylation to 4-hydroxy-L-proline IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in regulation of angiogenesis ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
involved_in regulation of modification of postsynaptic structure IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in regulation of neuron death IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in regulation protein catabolic process at postsynapse IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in response to hypoxia IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in response to nitric oxide IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in ventricular septum morphogenesis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
is_active_in cytoplasm IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
located_in cytoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in cytosol IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
located_in cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
located_in glutamatergic synapse IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
located_in intracellular membrane-bounded organelle IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
is_active_in nucleus IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
located_in postsynaptic density IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
egl nine homolog 1
Names
HIF-prolyl hydroxylase 2
egl nine-like protein 1
hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase 2
prolyl hydroxylase domain-containing protein 2
zinc finger MYND domain-containing protein 6
NP_001364189.1
NP_001364190.1
NP_071334.1
XP_024303502.1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

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RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_015865.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    7758..66289
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001377260.1NP_001364189.1  egl nine homolog 1 isoform 2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL117352, AL445524
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00702
    Location:220380
    P4Hc; Prolyl 4-hydroxylase alpha subunit homologues
    pfam01753
    Location:2158
    zf-MYND; MYND finger
  2. NM_001377261.1NP_001364190.1  egl nine homolog 1 isoform 3

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL117352, AL445524
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam01753
    Location:2158
    zf-MYND; MYND finger
    cl21496
    Location:220333
    2OG-FeII_Oxy; 2OG-Fe(II) oxygenase superfamily
  3. NM_022051.3NP_071334.1  egl nine homolog 1 isoform 1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AF229245, AI017372, AL117352
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS1595.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9BZT0, Q9GZT9
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    R4SCQ0
    Related
    ENSP00000355601.3, ENST00000366641.4
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00702
    Location:220391
    P4Hc; Prolyl 4-hydroxylase alpha subunit homologues
    pfam01753
    Location:2158
    zf-MYND; MYND finger

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 110 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000001.11 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Range
    231363756..231422287 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_024447734.2XP_024303502.1  egl nine homolog 1 isoform X1

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam01753
    Location:2158
    zf-MYND; MYND finger
    cl21496
    Location:220333
    2OG-FeII_Oxy; 2OG-Fe(II) oxygenase superfamily

Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

Genomic

  1. NC_060925.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Range
    230746985..230805510 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)