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PFKL phosphofructokinase, liver type [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 5211, updated on 7-Jul-2024

Summary

Official Symbol
PFKLprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
phosphofructokinase, liver typeprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:8876
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000141959 MIM:171860; AllianceGenome:HGNC:8876
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
PFK-B; PFK-L; ATP-PFK
Summary
This gene encodes the liver (L) subunit of an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of D-fructose 6-phosphate to D-fructose 1,6-bisphosphate, which is a key step in glucose metabolism (glycolysis). This enzyme is a tetramer that may be composed of different subunits encoded by distinct genes in different tissues. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2014]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in kidney (RPKM 49.4), duodenum (RPKM 37.4) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs
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Genomic context

See PFKL in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
21q22.3
Exon count:
28
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 21 NC_000021.9 (44300053..44327373)
RS_2023_10 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 21 NC_060945.1 (42654110..42681430)
105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 21 NC_000021.8 (45719936..45747256)

Chromosome 21 - NC_000021.9Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45670291-45670805 Neighboring gene DNMT3L antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45676001-45676989 Neighboring gene H3K27ac hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45677884-45678384 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45681495-45682054 Neighboring gene DNA methyltransferase 3 like Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45685919-45686548 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45686549-45687178 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45691192-45691798 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 18564 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K27ac hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45702827-45703430 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45703431-45704032 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45704033-45704636 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45704637-45705238 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 13378 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 18565 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 18566 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 18567 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 13379 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 13380 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 18568 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45724667-45725466 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45725506-45726160 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45726161-45726814 Neighboring gene autoimmune regulator Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45727470-45728123 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 13381 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 3786 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 18569 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45751251-45751752 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45751753-45752252 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 13382 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 13383 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 18570 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K27ac hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45761314-45761956 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K27ac hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45761957-45762600 Neighboring gene cilia and flagella associated protein 410 Neighboring gene NANOG hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45763343-45763898 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45765021-45765523 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 18571 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 18572 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45790067-45790900 Neighboring gene transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily M member 2 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45797213-45797712 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45797713-45798214 Neighboring gene ReSE screen-validated silencer GRCh37_chr21:45798708-45798913 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45821987-45822910 Neighboring gene CDK7 strongly-dependent group 2 enhancer GRCh37_chr21:45825427-45826626 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 18573 Neighboring gene TRPM2 antisense RNA

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

EBI GWAS Catalog

Description
The human AIRE gene at chromosome 21q22 is a genetic determinant for the predisposition to rheumatoid arthritis in Japanese population.
EBI GWAS Catalog

HIV-1 interactions

Replication interactions

Interaction Pubs
Knockdown of phosphofructokinase, liver (PFKL) by siRNA inhibits the early stages of HIV-1 replication in 293T cells infected with VSV-G pseudotyped HIV-1 PubMed

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Rev rev HIV-1 Rev interacting protein, phosphofructokinase, liver (PFKL), is identified by the in-vitro binding experiments involving cytosolic or nuclear extracts from HeLa cells PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Clone Names

  • FLJ30173, FLJ40909, DKFZp686G1648, DKFZp686L2097

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables 6-phosphofructokinase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
enables 6-phosphofructokinase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
contributes_to 6-phosphofructokinase activity IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
enables AMP binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
enables ATP binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
enables ATP binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables fructose binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables fructose-6-phosphate binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
enables fructose-6-phosphate binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables identical protein binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
enables identical protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
enables kinase binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
enables metal ion binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables monosaccharide binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in canonical glycolysis IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
involved_in fructose 1,6-bisphosphate metabolic process IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
involved_in fructose 1,6-bisphosphate metabolic process IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in fructose 6-phosphate metabolic process IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
involved_in fructose 6-phosphate metabolic process IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in fructose 6-phosphate metabolic process IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
involved_in glycolytic process IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in negative regulation of insulin secretion IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in response to glucose IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
part_of 6-phosphofructokinase complex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
part_of 6-phosphofructokinase complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in cytosol HDA PubMed 
located_in cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
located_in extracellular exosome HDA PubMed 
located_in extracellular region TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
located_in ficolin-1-rich granule lumen TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
located_in membrane HDA PubMed 
is_active_in membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
located_in secretory granule lumen TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type
Names
6-phosphofructokinase type B
6-phosphofructokinase, liver type
liver-type 1-phosphofructokinase
phosphofructo-1-kinase isozyme B
phosphohexokinase
NP_001002021.2
NP_002617.3
XP_005261192.1
XP_005261194.1
XP_006724074.1
XP_011527905.1
XP_016883858.1
XP_024307853.1
XP_047296778.1
XP_047296779.1
XP_047296780.1
XP_047296781.1
XP_054180520.1
XP_054180521.1
XP_054180522.1
XP_054180523.1
XP_054180524.1
XP_054180525.1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

NEW Try the new Transcript table

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_034033.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5020..32340
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001002021.3NP_001002021.2  ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type isoform a

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001002021.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longer transcript and encodes the shorter isoform (a).
    Source sequence(s)
    BC006422, BC018295, BU177678, BX351711, HY111158
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P17858
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q7L2M7
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd00764
    Location:79823
    Eukaryotic_PFK; Phosphofructokinase, a key regulatory enzyme in glycolysis, catalyzes the phosphorylation of fructose-6-phosphate to fructose-1,6-biphosphate. The members belong to a subfamily of the PFKA family (cd00363) and include eukaryotic ATP-dependent ...
  2. NM_002626.6NP_002617.3  ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type isoform b

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_002617.3

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) lacks three alternate exons in the 5' region and initiates translation at an alternate upstream start codon, compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (b) has a distinct N-terminus and is longer than isoform a.
    Source sequence(s)
    BC018295, BU177678, BX351711, CB997055
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS33582.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P17858, Q96A64, Q96IH4, Q9BR91
    Related
    ENSP00000269848.6, ENST00000349048.9
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd00764
    Location:13773
    Eukaryotic_PFK; Phosphofructokinase, a key regulatory enzyme in glycolysis, catalyzes the phosphorylation of fructose-6-phosphate to fructose-1,6-biphosphate. The members belong to a subfamily of the PFKA family (cd00363) and include eukaryotic ATP-dependent ...

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: GCF_000001405.40-RS_2023_10

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000021.9 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Range
    44300053..44327373
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_047440822.1XP_047296778.1  ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type isoform X1

  2. XM_024452085.2XP_024307853.1  ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type isoform X2

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd00764
    Location:79823
    Eukaryotic_PFK; Phosphofructokinase, a key regulatory enzyme in glycolysis, catalyzes the phosphorylation of fructose-6-phosphate to fructose-1,6-biphosphate. The members belong to a subfamily of the PFKA family (cd00363) and include eukaryotic ATP-dependent ...
  3. XM_006724011.2XP_006724074.1  ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type isoform X1

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd00764
    Location:79846
    Eukaryotic_PFK; Phosphofructokinase, a key regulatory enzyme in glycolysis, catalyzes the phosphorylation of fructose-6-phosphate to fructose-1,6-biphosphate. The members belong to a subfamily of the PFKA family (cd00363) and include eukaryotic ATP-dependent ...
  4. XM_047440825.1XP_047296781.1  ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type isoform X4

  5. XM_017028369.2XP_016883858.1  ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type isoform X5

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd00764
    Location:6750
    Eukaryotic_PFK; Phosphofructokinase, a key regulatory enzyme in glycolysis, catalyzes the phosphorylation of fructose-6-phosphate to fructose-1,6-biphosphate. The members belong to a subfamily of the PFKA family (cd00363) and include eukaryotic ATP-dependent ...
  6. XM_005261135.4XP_005261192.1  ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type isoform X3

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd00764
    Location:13796
    Eukaryotic_PFK; Phosphofructokinase, a key regulatory enzyme in glycolysis, catalyzes the phosphorylation of fructose-6-phosphate to fructose-1,6-biphosphate. The members belong to a subfamily of the PFKA family (cd00363) and include eukaryotic ATP-dependent ...
    TIGR02478
    Location:16778
    6PF1K_euk; 6-phosphofructokinase, eukaryotic type
  7. XM_047440824.1XP_047296780.1  ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type isoform X2

  8. XM_047440823.1XP_047296779.1  ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type isoform X1

  9. XM_005261137.5XP_005261194.1  ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type isoform X6

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_005261194.1

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd00764
    Location:1744
    Eukaryotic_PFK; Phosphofructokinase, a key regulatory enzyme in glycolysis, catalyzes the phosphorylation of fructose-6-phosphate to fructose-1,6-biphosphate. The members belong to a subfamily of the PFKA family (cd00363) and include eukaryotic ATP-dependent ...
    TIGR02478
    Location:1726
    6PF1K_euk; 6-phosphofructokinase, eukaryotic type
  10. XM_011529603.3XP_011527905.1  ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type isoform X7

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q7L2M7
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl00204
    Location:3551
    PFK; Phosphofructokinase, a key regulatory enzyme in glycolysis, catalyzes the phosphorylation of fructose-6-phosphate to fructose-1,6-biphosphate. The members belong to PFK family that includes ATP- and pyrophosphate (PPi)- dependent phosphofructokinases. ...

Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

Genomic

  1. NC_060945.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Range
    42654110..42681430
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_054324545.1XP_054180520.1  ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type isoform X1

  2. XM_054324547.1XP_054180522.1  ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type isoform X3

  3. XM_054324546.1XP_054180521.1  ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type isoform X2

  4. XM_054324548.1XP_054180523.1  ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type isoform X5

  5. XM_054324549.1XP_054180524.1  ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type isoform X6

  6. XM_054324550.1XP_054180525.1  ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase, liver type isoform X7

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q7L2M7