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ENPP3 ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 3 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 5169, updated on 13-Mar-2020

Summary

Official Symbol
ENPP3provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 3provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:3358
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000154269 MIM:602182
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
B10; NPP3; PDNP3; CD203c; PD-IBETA
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to a series of ectoenzymes that are involved in hydrolysis of extracellular nucleotides. These ectoenzymes possess ATPase and ATP pyrophosphatase activities and are type II transmembrane proteins. Expression of the related rat mRNA has been found in a subset of immature glial cells and in the alimentary tract. The corresponding rat protein has been detected in the pancreas, small intestine, colon, and liver. The human mRNA is expressed in glioma cells, prostate, and uterus. Expression of the human protein has been detected in uterus, basophils, and mast cells. Two transcript variants, one protein coding and the other non-protein coding, have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2015]
Expression
Biased expression in small intestine (RPKM 19.6), duodenum (RPKM 6.7) and 6 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See ENPP3 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
6q23.2
Exon count:
27
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20200228 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 6 NC_000006.12 (131637302..131747413)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 6 NC_000006.11 (131958375..132068550)

Chromosome 6 - NC_000006.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L21 pseudogene 67 Neighboring gene mediator complex subunit 23 Neighboring gene arginase 1 Neighboring gene RNA, U4 small nuclear 18, pseudogene Neighboring gene olfactory receptor family 2 subfamily A member 4 Neighboring gene CTAGE family member 9 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L15 pseudogene 9 Neighboring gene microRNA 548h-5

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
Genome-Wide Association Study of L-Arginine and Dimethylarginines Reveals Novel Metabolic Pathway for Symmetric Dimethylarginine.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Preliminary evidence of genetic determinants of adiponectin response to fenofibrate in the Genetics of Lipid Lowering Drugs and Diet Network.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
NADH pyrophosphatase activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
calcium ion binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
nucleic acid binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
nucleoside-triphosphate diphosphatase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
nucleoside-triphosphate diphosphatase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
phosphodiesterase I activity IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
zinc ion binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
ATP metabolic process IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
basophil activation involved in immune response ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
NOT inorganic diphosphate transport IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of inflammatory response ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
negative regulation of mast cell activation involved in immune response ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
negative regulation of mast cell proliferation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
nucleic acid phosphodiester bond hydrolysis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
nucleoside triphosphate catabolic process IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
nucleoside triphosphate catabolic process IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
phosphate-containing compound metabolic process IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
pyrimidine nucleotide metabolic process IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
apical plasma membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
external side of plasma membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
extracellular exosome HDA PubMed 
integral component of membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
perinuclear region of cytoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase family member 3
Names
dJ1005H11.3 (phosphodiesterase I/nucleotide pyrophosphatase 3)
dJ914N13.3 (phosphodiesterase I/nucleotide pyrophosphatase 3)
gp130RB13-6
phosphodiesterase I/nucleotide pyrophosphatase 3
phosphodiesterase-I beta
NP_005012.2
XP_011534199.1
XP_016866421.1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_033982.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5001..115109
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_005021.5NP_005012.2  ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase family member 3

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_005012.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longer, protein-coding transcript.
    Source sequence(s)
    AK024899, AL121575, EF560735, HY106781
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS5148.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    O14638
    Related
    ENSP00000350265.3, ENST00000357639.8
    Conserved Domains (5) summary
    smart00201
    Location:94137
    SO; Somatomedin B -like domains
    smart00477
    Location:627857
    NUC; DNA/RNA non-specific endonuclease
    pfam01033
    Location:5291
    Somatomedin_B; Somatomedin B domain
    pfam01663
    Location:161486
    Phosphodiest; Type I phosphodiesterase / nucleotide pyrophosphatase
    cd16018
    Location:159525
    Enpp; Ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase, also called autotaxin

RNA

  1. NR_133007.2 RNA Sequence

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) lacks an alternate 3' exon compared to variant 1. This variant is represented as non-coding because the use of the 5'-most expected translational start codon renders the transcript a candidate for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD).
    Source sequence(s)
    AK024899, AL121575, EF560735, HY106781
    Related
    ENST00000358229.6

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000006.12 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    131637302..131747413
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_011535897.1XP_011534199.1  ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase family member 3 isoform X2

    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    smart00477
    Location:373603
    NUC; DNA/RNA non-specific endonuclease
    pfam01663
    Location:2232
    Phosphodiest; Type I phosphodiesterase / nucleotide pyrophosphatase
    cd16018
    Location:2271
    Enpp; Ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase, also called autotaxin
  2. XM_017010932.1XP_016866421.1  ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase family member 3 isoform X1

RNA

  1. XR_001743464.2 RNA Sequence

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