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NMT1 N-myristoyltransferase 1 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 4836, updated on 15-Jun-2019


Official Symbol
NMT1provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
N-myristoyltransferase 1provided by HGNC
Primary source
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000136448 MIM:160993
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
Homo sapiens
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
Myristate, a rare 14-carbon saturated fatty acid, is cotranslationally attached by an amide linkage to the N-terminal glycine residue of cellular and viral proteins with diverse functions. N-myristoyltransferase (NMT; EC catalyzes the transfer of myristate from CoA to proteins. N-myristoylation appears to be irreversible and is required for full expression of the biologic activities of several N-myristoylated proteins, including the alpha subunit of the signal-transducing guanine nucleotide-binding protein (G protein) GO (GNAO1; MIM 139311) (Duronio et al., 1992 [PubMed 1570339]).[supplied by OMIM, Nov 2008]
Ubiquitous expression in brain (RPKM 21.5), thyroid (RPKM 17.0) and 25 other tissues See more

Genomic context

See NMT1 in Genome Data Viewer
Exon count:
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 17 NC_000017.11 (45061299..45109016)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 17 NC_000017.10 (43138322..43186384)

Chromosome 17 - NC_000017.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC107987243 Neighboring gene dephospho-CoA kinase domain containing Neighboring gene microRNA 6784 Neighboring gene phospholipase C delta 3 Neighboring gene acyl-CoA binding domain containing 4

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products


  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018


GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

HIV-1 interactions

Replication interactions

Interaction Pubs
Knockdown of N-myristoyltransferase 1 (NMT1) by siRNA inhibits HIV-1 replication in HeLa-derived TZM-bl cells PubMed

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Nef nef HIV-1 Nef is identified to have a physical interaction with N-myristoyltransferase 1 (NMT1) in human HEK293 and/or Jurkat cell lines by using affinity tagging and purification mass spectrometry analyses PubMed
nef The N-terminal glycine of HIV-1 Nef is myristoylated by N-myristoyltransferase PubMed
nef p65 N-myristoyltransferase isoform 1 coimmunoprecipitates with HIV-1 Nef in experiments using antibodies to Nef, and this interaction requires an intact myristoylation signal in Nef PubMed
matrix gag NMR studies of membrane binding-defective V7R and L8A HIV-1 Matrix mutants reveal minor structural changes that appear to be responsible for stabilizing the myristate-sequestered (myr(s)) species and inhibiting exposure PubMed
gag HIV-1 Matrix is myristoylated on its N-terminal glycine residue by N-myristoyltransferase, a chemical modification important for membrane targeting of Gag/Matrix, for facilitating Matrix multimerization, and for virus particle formation and budding PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Activation, myristolyation of BID and translocation to mitochondria, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Activation, myristolyation of BID and translocation to mitochondria, organism-specific biosystemBID may promote cell death by activating BAX and BAK while inactivating anti-apoptotic proteins. The engagement of cell surface receptors activates the caspase-8, a heterodimer, that cleaves BID in i...
  • Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis is a distinct form of cell death that is functionally and morphologically different from necrosis. Nuclear chromatin condensation, cytoplasmic shrinking, dilated endoplasmic reticulum, and ...
  • Disease, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Disease, organism-specific biosystemBiological processes are captured in Reactome by identifying the molecules (DNA, RNA, protein, small molecules) involved in them and describing the details of their interactions. From this molecular ...
  • HIV Infection, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    HIV Infection, organism-specific biosystemThe global pandemic of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection has resulted in tens of millions of people infected by the virus and millions more affected. UNAIDS estimates around 40 million ...
  • HIV Life Cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    HIV Life Cycle, organism-specific biosystemThe life cycle of HIV-1 is divided into early and late phases, shown schematically in the figure. In the early phase, an HIV-1 virion binds to receptors and co-receptors on the human host cell surfac...
  • Inactivation, recovery and regulation of the phototransduction cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Inactivation, recovery and regulation of the phototransduction cascade, organism-specific biosystemTo terminate the single photon response and restore the system to its basal state, the three activated intermediates in phototransduction, rhodopsin (MII), transducin alpha subunit with GTP bound (GN...
  • Infectious disease, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Infectious disease, organism-specific biosystem
    Infectious disease
  • Intrinsic Pathway for Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Intrinsic Pathway for Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemThe intrinsic (Bcl-2 inhibitable or mitochondrial) pathway of apoptosis functions in response to various types of intracellular stress including growth factor withdrawal, DNA damage, unfolding stress...
  • Late Phase of HIV Life Cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Late Phase of HIV Life Cycle, organism-specific biosystemThe late phase of the HIV-1 life cycle includes the regulated expression of the HIV gene products and the assembly of viral particles. The assembly of viral particles will be covered in a later relea...
  • Programmed Cell Death, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Programmed Cell Death, organism-specific biosystemCell death is a fundamental cellular response that has a crucial role in shaping our bodies during development and in regulating tissue homeostasis by eliminating unwanted cells. There are a number o...
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • The phototransduction cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    The phototransduction cascade, organism-specific biosystemThe visual pigment (rhodopsin in rods) consists of an 11-cis-retinal (11cRAL) chromophore covalently attached to a GPCR opsin family member via a Schiff base linkage. Upon photon absorption, 11cRAL i...
  • Visual phototransduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Visual phototransduction, organism-specific biosystemVisual phototransduction is the process by which photon absorption by visual pigment molecules in photoreceptor cells is converted to an electrical cellular response. The events in this process are p...


Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information



Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
glycylpeptide N-tetradecanoyltransferase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
glycylpeptide N-tetradecanoyltransferase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
myristoyltransferase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
myristoyltransferase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
Component Evidence Code Pubs
cytoplasm IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
cytoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
cytosol IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
extrinsic component of membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
mitochondrion IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
plasma membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info

General protein information

Preferred Names
glycylpeptide N-tetradecanoyltransferase 1
alternative, short form NMT-S
long form, NMT-L
myristoyl-CoA:protein N-myristoyltransferase 1
type I N-myristoyltransferase

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_021079.5NP_066565.1  glycylpeptide N-tetradecanoyltransferase 1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_066565.1

    Status: VALIDATED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC002117, AC116493, BC006538, BC006569
    Consensus CDS
    ENSP00000258960.2, ENST00000258960.7
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    NMT_C; Myristoyl-CoA:protein N-myristoyltransferase, C-terminal domain

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly


  1. NC_000017.11 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)


  1. XR_002958013.1 RNA Sequence

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