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ATF1 activating transcription factor 1 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 466, updated on 7-Dec-2018

Summary

Official Symbol
ATF1provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
activating transcription factor 1provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:783
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000123268 MIM:123803
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
TREB36; EWS-ATF1; FUS/ATF-1
Summary
This gene encodes an activating transcription factor, which belongs to the ATF subfamily and bZIP (basic-region leucine zipper) family. It influences cellular physiologic processes by regulating the expression of downstream target genes, which are related to growth, survival, and other cellular activities. This protein is phosphorylated at serine 63 in its kinase-inducible domain by serine/threonine kinases, cAMP-dependent protein kinase A, calmodulin-dependent protein kinase I/II, mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase and cyclin-dependent kinase 3 (cdk-3). Its phosphorylation enhances its transactivation and transcriptional activities, and enhances cell transformation. Fusion of this gene and FUS on chromosome 16 or EWSR1 on chromosome 22 induced by translocation generates chimeric proteins in angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma and clear cell sarcoma. This gene has a pseudogene on chromosome 6. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in thyroid (RPKM 6.8), adrenal (RPKM 5.9) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See ATF1 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
12q13.12
Exon count:
13
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 12 NC_000012.12 (50763682..50821162)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 12 NC_000012.11 (51157789..51214943)

Chromosome 12 - NC_000012.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene disco interacting protein 2 homolog B Neighboring gene RNA, U6 small nuclear 769, pseudogene Neighboring gene RNA, U6 small nuclear 238, pseudogene Neighboring gene RNA, 7SL, cytoplasmic 519, pseudogene Neighboring gene transmembrane serine protease 12

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
GWAS for discovery and replication of genetic loci associated with sudden cardiac arrest in patients with coronary artery disease.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Identification of susceptibility loci for colorectal cancer in a genome-wide meta-analysis.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Meta-analysis of three genome-wide association studies identifies susceptibility loci for colorectal cancer at 1q41, 3q26.2, 12q13.13 and 20q13.33.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Vpr vpr HIV-1 Vpr activation of activating protein 1-regulated promoters is linked to Vpr regulation of IL-12, CD44, Toll-like receptor 4, indolamine 2,3-dioxygenase, macrophage receptor with collagenous structure, and thrombospondin 1 PubMed
vpr HIV-1 Vpr potentiates the trans-activation, but not the trans-repression, properties of the glucocorticoid receptor on activating protein 1-regulated simple promoters PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Activated TLR4 signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Activated TLR4 signalling, organism-specific biosystemTLR4 is unique among the TLR family in its ability to recruit four adapters to activate two distinct signaling pathways. One pathway is activated by the pair of the adapters Mal or TIRAP (Toll/inter...
  • Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, organism-specific biosystemAldosterone is a steroid hormone synthesized in and secreted from the outer layer of the adrenal cortex, the zona glomerulosa. Aldosterone plays an important role in the regulation of systemic blood ...
  • Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, conserved biosystemAldosterone is a steroid hormone synthesized in and secreted from the outer layer of the adrenal cortex, the zona glomerulosa. Aldosterone plays an important role in the regulation of systemic blood ...
  • CREB phosphorylation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    CREB phosphorylation, organism-specific biosystemNerve growth factor (NGF) activates multiple signalling pathways that mediate the phosphorylation of CREB at the critical regulatory site, serine 133. CREB phosphorylation at serine 133 is a crucial ...
  • EGF/EGFR Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    EGF/EGFR Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemEpidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) also known as ErbB1/HER1 is a member of the ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases which also includes ErbB2 (Neu, HER2), ErbB3 (HER3) and ErbB4 (HER4). Sev...
  • ErbB1 downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    ErbB1 downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem
    ErbB1 downstream signaling
  • HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
  • HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystemInnate immunity encompases the nonspecific part of immunity tha are part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
  • Integrated Breast Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Integrated Breast Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway incorporates the most important proteins for Breast Cancer. The Rp score from the Connectivity-Maps (C-Maps) webserver was used to determine the rank of the most important proteins in Br...
  • Integrated Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Integrated Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    Integrated Cancer Pathway
  • Interleukin-11 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Interleukin-11 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemIL-11 is a multifunctional cytokine that belongs to the gp130 family. It was first isolated from a primate bone marrow derived cell line, PU-34 for its ability to stimulate the proliferation of a pla...
  • MAP kinase activation in TLR cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    MAP kinase activation in TLR cascade, organism-specific biosystemThe mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade, one of the most ancient and evolutionarily conserved signaling pathways, is involved in many processes of immune responses. The MAP kinases cascad...
  • MAPK targets/ Nuclear events mediated by MAP kinases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    MAPK targets/ Nuclear events mediated by MAP kinases, organism-specific biosystemMAPKs are protein kinases that, once activated, phosphorylate their specific cytosolic or nuclear substrates at serine and/or threonine residues. Such phosphorylation events can either positively or ...
  • MyD88 cascade initiated on plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    MyD88 cascade initiated on plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemMammalian myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) is Toll/interleukin (IL)-1 (TIR)-domain containing adapter protein which plays crucial role in TLR signaling. All TLRs, with only one exception of...
  • MyD88 dependent cascade initiated on endosome, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    MyD88 dependent cascade initiated on endosome, organism-specific biosystemUpon binding of their ligands, TLR7/8 and TLR9 recruit a cytoplasmic adaptor MyD88 and IRAKs, downstream of which the signaling pathways are divided to induce either inflammatory cytokines or type I ...
  • MyD88-independent TLR3/TLR4 cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    MyD88-independent TLR3/TLR4 cascade, organism-specific biosystemMyD88-independent signaling pathway is shared by TLR3 and TLR4 cascades. TIR-domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-beta (TRIF or TICAM1) is a key adapter molecule in transducing signals from ...
  • MyD88:Mal cascade initiated on plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    MyD88:Mal cascade initiated on plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemThe first known downstream component of TLR4 and TLR2 signaling is the adaptor MyD88. Another adapter MyD88-adaptor-like (Mal; also known as TIR-domain-containing adaptor protein or TIRAP) has also b...
  • Myometrial Relaxation and Contraction Pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Myometrial Relaxation and Contraction Pathways, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway illustrates signaling networks implicated in uterine muscle contraction at labor and quiescence throughout gestation (pregnancy). The muscle of the uterus, responsible for contractile ac...
  • NGF signalling via TRKA from the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    NGF signalling via TRKA from the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemTrk receptors signal from the plasma membrane and from intracellular membranes, particularly from early endosomes. Signalling from the plasma membrane is fast but transient; signalling from endosomes...
  • Nuclear Events (kinase and transcription factor activation), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Nuclear Events (kinase and transcription factor activation), organism-specific biosystemAn important function of the kinase cascade triggered by neurotrophins is to induce the phosphorylation and activation of transcription factors in the nucleus to initiate new programs of gene express...
  • Serotonin Receptor 4/6/7 and NR3C Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Serotonin Receptor 4/6/7 and NR3C Signaling, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway is courtesy of Ariadne Genomics Pathway Studio.
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • Signaling mediated by p38-alpha and p38-beta, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Signaling mediated by p38-alpha and p38-beta, organism-specific biosystem
    Signaling mediated by p38-alpha and p38-beta
  • Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystemNeurotrophins (NGF, BDNF, NT-3, NT-4/5) play pivotal roles in survival, differentiation, and plasticity of neurons in the peripheral and central nervous system. They are produced, and secreted in mi...
  • TRAF6 mediated induction of NFkB and MAP kinases upon TLR7/8 or 9 activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    TRAF6 mediated induction of NFkB and MAP kinases upon TLR7/8 or 9 activation, organism-specific biosystemTRAF6 mediates NFkB activation via canonical phosphorylation of IKK complex by TAK1. TRAF6 and TAK1 also regulate MAPK cascades leading to the activation of AP-1.
  • TRIF-mediated TLR3/TLR4 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    TRIF-mediated TLR3/TLR4 signaling, organism-specific biosystemTRIF(TICAM1) was shown to induce IRF3/7 and NF-?B activation and apoptosis through distinct intracellular signaling pathways [Han KJ et al 2004; Kaiser WJ and Offermann MK et al 2005]. TRIF consists...
  • Toll Like Receptor 10 (TLR10) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll Like Receptor 10 (TLR10) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemLittle is known about TLR10 ligands. It has been established that the receptor homodimerizes upon binding and signals in an MyD88-dependent manner (Hasan U et al 2005; Nyman T et al 2008). It may als...
  • Toll Like Receptor 2 (TLR2) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll Like Receptor 2 (TLR2) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR2 is involved in recognition of peptidoglycan from gram-positive bacteria, bacterial lipoproteins, mycoplasma lipoprotein and mycobacterial products. It is quite possible that recognition of at le...
  • Toll Like Receptor 3 (TLR3) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll Like Receptor 3 (TLR3) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemToll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) as was shown for mammals is expressed on myeloid dendritic cells, respiratory epithelium, macrophages, and appears to play a central role in mediating the antiviral and in...
  • Toll Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemToll-like Receptor 4 is a Microbe Associated Molecular Pattern receptor well known for it's sensitivity to Bacterial Lipopolysaccharides (LPS). LPS is assembled within diverse Gram-negative bacteria,...
  • Toll Like Receptor 5 (TLR5) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll Like Receptor 5 (TLR5) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR5 is the receptor for flagellin, the protein that forms bacterial flagella. Unlike most other Pathogen-Associated Molecular Patterns (PAMPs), flagellin does not undergo any posttranslational modif...
  • Toll Like Receptor 7/8 (TLR7/8) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll Like Receptor 7/8 (TLR7/8) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemRNA can serve as a danger signal, both in its double-stranded form (that is associated with viral infection), as well as single-stranded RNA (ssRNA). Specifically, guanosine (G)- and uridine (U)-rich...
  • Toll Like Receptor 9 (TLR9) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll Like Receptor 9 (TLR9) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemCpG DNA is an unusual Pathogen-Associated Molecular Pattern (PAMP). Cytosine methylation exists in mammalian but not bacterial cells, and most (but not all) CpG in the mammalian genome is methylated....
  • Toll Like Receptor TLR1:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll Like Receptor TLR1:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR1 is expressed by monocytes. TLR1 and TLR2 cotranslationally form heterodimeric complexes on the cell surface and in the cytosol. The TLR2:TLR1 complex recognizes Neisserial PorB and Mycobacterial...
  • Toll Like Receptor TLR6:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll Like Receptor TLR6:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR2 and TLR4 recognize different bacterial cell wall components. While TLR4 is trained onto Gram-negative lipopolysaccharide components, TLR2 - in combination with TLR6 - plays a major role in recog...
  • Toll-Like Receptors Cascades, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll-Like Receptors Cascades, organism-specific biosystemIn human, ten members of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family (TLR1-TLR10) have been identified (TLR11 has been found in mouse, but not in human). All TLRs have a similar Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR) doma...
  • Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer
  • Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, conserved biosystem
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Process Evidence Code Pubs
cellular protein-containing complex assembly IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of DNA replication IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of neuron projection development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
response to cobalt ion IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to organic cyclic compound IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
ATF1-ATF4 transcription factor complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
nucleoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
nucleoplasm TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
nucleus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
transcription factor complex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-1
Names
cAMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_027673.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5001..62155
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_005171.5NP_005162.1  cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_005162.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC013244, DA468394
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS8803.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P18846
    Related
    ENSP00000262053.3, ENST00000262053.7
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd14690
    Location:215269
    bZIP_CREB1; Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) domain of Cyclic AMP-responsive element-binding protein 1 (CREB1) and similar proteins: a DNA-binding and dimerization domain
    pfam02173
    Location:4882
    pKID; pKID domain

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000012.12 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    50763682..50821162
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_017019336.1XP_016874825.1  cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-1 isoform X3

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd14690
    Location:121175
    bZIP_CREB1; Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) domain of Cyclic AMP-responsive element-binding protein 1 (CREB1) and similar proteins: a DNA-binding and dimerization domain
  2. XM_011538387.2XP_011536689.1  cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-1 isoform X2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_011536689.1

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P18846
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd14690
    Location:215269
    bZIP_CREB1; Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) domain of Cyclic AMP-responsive element-binding protein 1 (CREB1) and similar proteins: a DNA-binding and dimerization domain
    pfam02173
    Location:4882
    pKID; pKID domain
  3. XM_011538388.2XP_011536690.1  cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-1 isoform X3

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_011536690.1

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd14690
    Location:121175
    bZIP_CREB1; Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) domain of Cyclic AMP-responsive element-binding protein 1 (CREB1) and similar proteins: a DNA-binding and dimerization domain
  4. XM_017019334.1XP_016874823.1  cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-1 isoform X2

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P18846
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd14690
    Location:215269
    bZIP_CREB1; Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) domain of Cyclic AMP-responsive element-binding protein 1 (CREB1) and similar proteins: a DNA-binding and dimerization domain
    pfam02173
    Location:4882
    pKID; pKID domain
  5. XM_017019333.1XP_016874822.1  cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-1 isoform X2

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P18846
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd14690
    Location:215269
    bZIP_CREB1; Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) domain of Cyclic AMP-responsive element-binding protein 1 (CREB1) and similar proteins: a DNA-binding and dimerization domain
    pfam02173
    Location:4882
    pKID; pKID domain
  6. XM_017019335.1XP_016874824.1  cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-1 isoform X3

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd14690
    Location:121175
    bZIP_CREB1; Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) domain of Cyclic AMP-responsive element-binding protein 1 (CREB1) and similar proteins: a DNA-binding and dimerization domain
  7. XM_011538386.2XP_011536688.1  cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-1 isoform X2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_011536688.1

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P18846
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd14690
    Location:215269
    bZIP_CREB1; Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) domain of Cyclic AMP-responsive element-binding protein 1 (CREB1) and similar proteins: a DNA-binding and dimerization domain
    pfam02173
    Location:4882
    pKID; pKID domain
  8. XM_017019332.1XP_016874821.1  cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-1 isoform X2

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P18846
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd14690
    Location:215269
    bZIP_CREB1; Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) domain of Cyclic AMP-responsive element-binding protein 1 (CREB1) and similar proteins: a DNA-binding and dimerization domain
    pfam02173
    Location:4882
    pKID; pKID domain
  9. XM_017019331.1XP_016874820.1  cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-1 isoform X1

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