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MYC MYC proto-oncogene, bHLH transcription factor [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 4609, updated on 9-Sep-2018

Summary

Official Symbol
MYCprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
MYC proto-oncogene, bHLH transcription factorprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:7553
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000136997 MIM:190080; Vega:OTTHUMG00000128475
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
MRTL; MYCC; c-Myc; bHLHe39
Summary
This gene is a proto-oncogene and encodes a nuclear phosphoprotein that plays a role in cell cycle progression, apoptosis and cellular transformation. The encoded protein forms a heterodimer with the related transcription factor MAX. This complex binds to the E box DNA consensus sequence and regulates the transcription of specific target genes. Amplification of this gene is frequently observed in numerous human cancers. Translocations involving this gene are associated with Burkitt lymphoma and multiple myeloma in human patients. There is evidence to show that translation initiates both from an upstream, in-frame non-AUG (CUG) and a downstream AUG start site, resulting in the production of two isoforms with distinct N-termini. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2017]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in gall bladder (RPKM 49.6), esophagus (RPKM 44.6) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See MYC in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
8q24.21
Exon count:
3
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 8 NC_000008.11 (127735434..127742951)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 8 NC_000008.10 (128748315..128753680)

Chromosome 8 - NC_000008.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105375754 Neighboring gene origin of replication upstream of MYC Neighboring gene cancer susceptibility 11 Neighboring gene PVT1 intron CAGE-defined low expression enhancer Neighboring gene microRNA 1204 Neighboring gene Pvt1 oncogene

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

Associated conditions

Description Tests
Burkitt lymphoma
MedGen: C0006413 OMIM: 113970 GeneReviews: Not available
Compare labs

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
A common variant at 8q24.21 is associated with renal cell cancer.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
A genome-wide association study identifies susceptibility loci for ovarian cancer at 2q31 and 8q24.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
A multi-stage genome-wide association study of bladder cancer identifies multiple susceptibility loci.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
A sequence variant at 4p16.3 confers susceptibility to urinary bladder cancer.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Genetic risk and a primary role for cell-mediated immune mechanisms in multiple sclerosis.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Genetic variation in prostate-specific antigen-detected prostate cancer and the effect of control selection on genetic association studies.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Genome-wide association scan for variants associated with early-onset prostate cancer.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Genome-wide association study identifies multiple risk loci for chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Genome-wide association study identifies multiple susceptibility loci for diffuse large B cell lymphoma.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Genome-wide association study identifies multiple susceptibility loci for pancreatic cancer.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Genome-wide association study yields variants at 20p12.2 that associate with urinary bladder cancer.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
GWAS meta-analysis and replication identifies three new susceptibility loci for ovarian cancer.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Identification of Genetic Susceptibility Loci for Colorectal Tumors in a Genome-Wide Meta-analysis.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Identification of susceptibility loci for colorectal cancer in a genome-wide meta-analysis.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Large-scale genotyping identifies 41 new loci associated with breast cancer risk.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies identifies ten loci influencing allergic sensitization.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of adult height in East Asians identifies 17 novel loci.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Sequence variant on 8q24 confers susceptibility to urinary bladder cancer.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env HIV-1 gp120 downregulates expression of c-Myc, Max, and 14-3-3epsilon proteins, and decreases phosphorylation of ATP-dependent tyrosine kinases (Akt) at Ser-473 in human mesangial cells (HMC) PubMed
Tat tat HIV-1 Tat induces polyubiquitination of MYC due to relocalizing TRIM32 into the nucleus of human neural precursor cells PubMed
tat SKIP recruits c-Myc and TRRAP to the HIV-1 Tat-activated LTR promoter. The c-Myc:TRRAP complex is repressive to HIV-1 transcription under UV stress PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat-activated expression of an LTR-driven CAT reporter is decreased by the presence of c-Myc in a dose-dependent fashion PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat upregulates c-myc transcription in certain B-cell lines, salivary gland cell lines, and A549 human bronco alveolar carcinoma cells PubMed
matrix gag HIV-1 MA increases phosphorylation and the DNA-binding activity of CREB and c-Myc through activation of the cAMP/PKA and MEK/ERK signaling pathways. Both signaling pathways are synergistically activated upon co-stimulation through the CD19 receptor PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Acute myeloid leukemia, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Acute myeloid leukemia, organism-specific biosystemAcute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a disease that is characterized by uncontrolled proliferation of clonal neoplastic cells and accumulation in the bone marrow of blasts with an impaired differentiation...
  • Acute myeloid leukemia, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Acute myeloid leukemia, conserved biosystemAcute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a disease that is characterized by uncontrolled proliferation of clonal neoplastic cells and accumulation in the bone marrow of blasts with an impaired differentiation...
  • Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis is a distinct form of cell death that is functionally and morphologically different from necrosis. Nuclear chromatin condensation, cytoplasmic shrinking, dilated endoplasmic reticulum, and ...
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor, organism-specific biosystemThe Aryl Hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is ligand activated transcription factor that regulates wide spectrum of gene expression. The main mediator of AhR is 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) or...
  • Association Between Physico-Chemical Features and Toxicity Associated Pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Association Between Physico-Chemical Features and Toxicity Associated Pathways, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway is based on Figure 8 of "Mapping drug physico-chemical features to pathway activity reveals molecular networks linked to toxicity outcome."(See bibliography). These 3 pathways demonstr...
  • B Cell Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    B Cell Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe functional B-cell receptor is a multi-protein complex consisting of an antigen binding subunit and a signaling subunit. The antigen binding subunit is the membrane bound immunoglobulin and the si...
  • Binding of TCF/LEF:CTNNB1 to target gene promoters, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Binding of TCF/LEF:CTNNB1 to target gene promoters, organism-specific biosystemThe genes regulated by beta-catenin and TCF/LEF are involved in a diverse range of functions in cellular proliferation, differentiation, embryogenesis and tissue homeostasis, and include transcriptio...
  • Bladder Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Bladder Cancer, organism-specific biosystemThe urothelium covers the luminal surface of almost the entire urinary tract, extending from the renal pelvis, through the ureter and bladder, to the proximal urethra. The majority of urothelial carc...
  • Bladder cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Bladder cancer, organism-specific biosystemThe urothelium covers the luminal surface of almost the entire urinary tract, extending from the renal pelvis, through the ureter and bladder, to the proximal urethra. The majority of urothelial carc...
  • Bladder cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Bladder cancer, conserved biosystemThe urothelium covers the luminal surface of almost the entire urinary tract, extending from the renal pelvis, through the ureter and bladder, to the proximal urethra. The majority of urothelial carc...
  • Breast cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Breast cancer, organism-specific biosystemBreast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women worldwide. The vast majority of breast cancers are carcinomas that originate from cells lining the milk-forming ducts of the mammary gla...
  • Breast cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Breast cancer, conserved biosystemBreast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women worldwide. The vast majority of breast cancers are carcinomas that originate from cells lining the milk-forming ducts of the mammary gla...
  • C-MYB transcription factor network, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    C-MYB transcription factor network, organism-specific biosystem
    C-MYB transcription factor network
  • C-MYC pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    C-MYC pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    C-MYC pathway
  • CD40/CD40L signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    CD40/CD40L signaling, organism-specific biosystem
    CD40/CD40L signaling
  • Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem
    Cell Cycle
  • Cell Cycle, Mitotic, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cell Cycle, Mitotic, organism-specific biosystemThe replication of the genome and the subsequent segregation of chromosomes into daughter cells are controlled by a series of events collectively known as the cell cycle. DNA replication is carried o...
  • Cell cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cell cycle, organism-specific biosystemMitotic cell cycle progression is accomplished through a reproducible sequence of events, DNA replication (S phase) and mitosis (M phase) separated temporally by gaps known as G1 and G2 phases. Cycli...
  • Cell cycle, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cell cycle, conserved biosystemMitotic cell cycle progression is accomplished through a reproducible sequence of events, DNA replication (S phase) and mitosis (M phase) separated temporally by gaps known as G1 and G2 phases. Cycli...
  • Central carbon metabolism in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Central carbon metabolism in cancer, organism-specific biosystemMalignant transformation of cells requires specific adaptations of cellular metabolism to support growth and survival. In the early twentieth century, Otto Warburg established that there are fundamen...
  • Central carbon metabolism in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Central carbon metabolism in cancer, conserved biosystemMalignant transformation of cells requires specific adaptations of cellular metabolism to support growth and survival. In the early twentieth century, Otto Warburg established that there are fundamen...
  • Ceramide signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Ceramide signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    Ceramide signaling pathway
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Chronic myeloid leukemia, organism-specific biosystemChronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a clonal myeloproliferative disorder of a pluripotent stem cell. The natural history of CML has a triphasic clinical course comprising of an initial chronic phase (C...
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Chronic myeloid leukemia, conserved biosystemChronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a clonal myeloproliferative disorder of a pluripotent stem cell. The natural history of CML has a triphasic clinical course comprising of an initial chronic phase (C...
  • Colorectal cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Colorectal cancer, organism-specific biosystemColorectal cancer (CRC) is the second largest cause of cancer-related deaths in Western countries. CRC arises from the colorectal epithelium as a result of the accumulation of genetic alterations in ...
  • Colorectal cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Colorectal cancer, conserved biosystemColorectal cancer (CRC) is the second largest cause of cancer-related deaths in Western countries. CRC arises from the colorectal epithelium as a result of the accumulation of genetic alterations in ...
  • Constitutive Signaling by NOTCH1 HD+PEST Domain Mutants, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Constitutive Signaling by NOTCH1 HD+PEST Domain Mutants, organism-specific biosystemWhen found in cis, HD and PEST domain mutations act synergistically, increasing NOTCH1 transcriptional activity up to ~40-fold, compared with up to ~10-fold and up to ~2-fold increase with HD mutatio...
  • Constitutive Signaling by NOTCH1 PEST Domain Mutants, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Constitutive Signaling by NOTCH1 PEST Domain Mutants, organism-specific biosystemAs NOTCH1 PEST domain is intracellular, NOTCH1 PEST domain mutants are expected to behave as the wild-type NOTCH1 with respect to ligand binding and proteolytic cleavage mediated activation of signal...
  • Cyclin A:Cdk2-associated events at S phase entry, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cyclin A:Cdk2-associated events at S phase entry, organism-specific biosystemCyclin A:Cdk2 plays a key role in S phase entry by phosphorylation of proteins including Cdh1, Rb, p21 and p27. During G1 phase of the cell cycle, cyclin A is synthesized and associates with Cdk2. Af...
  • Cyclin E associated events during G1/S transition, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cyclin E associated events during G1/S transition, organism-specific biosystemThe transition from the G1 to S phase is controlled by the Cyclin E:Cdk2 complexes. As the Cyclin E:Cdk2 complexes are formed, the Cdk2 is phosphorylated by the Wee1 and Myt1 kinases. This phosphoryl...
  • Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are small proteins that regulate and mediate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They are secreted in response to immune stimuli, and usually act briefly, locally, at very low concen...
  • DNA Damage Response, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    DNA Damage Response, organism-specific biosystemThis is the first pathway out of two pathways which deals with DNA damage response. It has two central gene products (ATM and ATR) which are connected to the sources of DNA damage (in blue). The two ...
  • DNA Damage Response (only ATM dependent), organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    DNA Damage Response (only ATM dependent), organism-specific biosystemThis is the second pathway out of two pathways which deals with DNA damage response. It has two central gene products (ATM and TP53) which are connected with the first DNA damage response pathway. In...
  • Deubiquitination, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Deubiquitination, organism-specific biosystemUbiquitination, the modification of proteins by the covalent attachment of ubiquitin (Ub), is a key regulatory mechanism for many many cellular processes, including protein degradation by the 26S pro...
  • Disease, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Disease, organism-specific biosystemBiological processes are captured in Reactome by identifying the molecules (DNA, RNA, protein, small molecules) involved in them and describing the details of their interactions. From this molecular ...
  • Diseases of signal transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Diseases of signal transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignaling processes are central to human physiology (e.g., Pires-da Silva & Sommer 2003), and their disruption by either germ-line and somatic mutation can lead to serious disease. Here, the molecula...
  • E2F transcription factor network, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    E2F transcription factor network, organism-specific biosystem
    E2F transcription factor network
  • Ectoderm Differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Ectoderm Differentiation, organism-specific biosystemModel depicting ectoderm specification based on the literature and highly enriched gene expression profiles via comparison across dozens of independent induced and embryonic pluripotent stem cell lin...
  • Endometrial cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Endometrial cancer, organism-specific biosystemEndometrial cancer (EC) is the most common gynaecological malignancy and the fourth most common malignancy in women in the developed world after breast, colorectal and lung cancer. Two types of endom...
  • Endometrial cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Endometrial cancer, conserved biosystemEndometrial cancer (EC) is the most common gynaecological malignancy and the fourth most common malignancy in women in the developed world after breast, colorectal and lung cancer. Two types of endom...
  • Epstein-Barr virus infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Epstein-Barr virus infection, organism-specific biosystemEpstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous human herpesvirus that is associated with oncogenesis. EBV infection to primary human B lymphocytes leads to induction of EBV-specific HLA-restricted cytotoxi...
  • Epstein-Barr virus infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Epstein-Barr virus infection, conserved biosystemEpstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous human herpesvirus that is associated with oncogenesis. EBV infection to primary human B lymphocytes leads to induction of EBV-specific HLA-restricted cytotoxi...
  • ErbB Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    ErbB Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe ErbB protein family or epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family is a family of four structurally related receptor tyrosine kinases. Insufficient ErbB signaling in humans is associated with ...
  • ErbB signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    ErbB signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) couples binding of extracellular growth factor ligands to intracellular signaling pathways regulating diverse biologic responses, including prolife...
  • ErbB signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    ErbB signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) couples binding of extracellular growth factor ligands to intracellular signaling pathways regulating diverse biologic responses, including prolife...
  • ErbB1 downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    ErbB1 downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem
    ErbB1 downstream signaling
  • FOXM1 transcription factor network, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    FOXM1 transcription factor network, organism-specific biosystem
    FOXM1 transcription factor network
  • Formation of the beta-catenin:TCF transactivating complex, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Formation of the beta-catenin:TCF transactivating complex, organism-specific biosystemOnce in the nucleus, beta-catenin is recruited to WNT target genes through interaction with TCF/LEF transcription factors. This family, which consists of TCF7 (also known as TCF1), TCF7L1 (also known...
  • G1 to S cell cycle control, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    G1 to S cell cycle control, organism-specific biosystemIn the G1 phase there are two types of DNA damage responses, the p53-dependent and the p53-independent pathways. The p53-dependent responses inhibit CDKs through the up-regulation of genes encoding C...
  • G1/S Transition, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G1/S Transition, organism-specific biosystemCyclin E - Cdk2 complexes control the transition from G1 into S-phase. In this case, the binding of p21Cip1/Waf1 or p27kip1 is inhibitory. Important substrates for Cyclin E - Cdk2 complexes include p...
  • Gastric Cancer Network 2, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Gastric Cancer Network 2, organism-specific biosystemNetwork generated by mapping candidate oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes identified by integrated analysis of expression array and aCGH data. Network generated by Ingenuity Pathway Analysis.
  • Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystemGene Expression covers the pathways by which genomic DNA is transcribed to yield RNA, the regulation of these transcription processes, and the pathways by which newly-made RNA Transcripts are process...
  • Generic Transcription Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Generic Transcription Pathway, organism-specific biosystemOVERVIEW OF TRANSCRIPTION REGULATION: Detailed studies of gene transcription regulation in a wide variety of eukaryotic systems has revealed the general principles and mechanisms by which cell- or t...
  • HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
  • HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
  • Hepatitis B, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hepatitis B, organism-specific biosystemHepatitis B virus (HBV) is an enveloped virus and contains a partially double-stranded relaxed circular DNA (RC-DNA) genome. After entry into hepatocytes, HBV RC-DNA is transported to the nucleus and...
  • Hepatitis C and Hepatocellular Carcinoma, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Hepatitis C and Hepatocellular Carcinoma, organism-specific biosystemPathway model based on hub miRNAs and their putative targets from network analysis. - From a set of differentially expressed genes in both chronic HCV (hepatitis C virus) and HCC (hepatocellular carc...
  • Hippo signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hippo signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemHippo signaling is an evolutionarily conserved signaling pathway that controls organ size from flies to humans. In humans and mice, the pathway consists of the MST1 and MST2 kinases, their cofactor S...
  • Hippo signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hippo signaling pathway, conserved biosystemHippo signaling is an evolutionarily conserved signaling pathway that controls organ size from flies to humans. In humans and mice, the pathway consists of the MST1 and MST2 kinases, their cofactor S...
  • Human Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Human Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemHuman thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) is a glycoprotein hormone secreted from the anterior pituitary lobe, which plays an important physiological role in regulation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-th...
  • IL-2 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    IL-2 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemIL-2 is a multifunctional cytokine with pleiotropic effects on several cells of the immune system. IL-2 was originally discovered as a T cell growth factor, but it was also found to have actions rela...
  • IL-5 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    IL-5 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin 5 (IL-5) ligand belongs to the cytokine superfamily. IL-5 is a glycoprotein which belongs to the cytokine superfamily. It possesses the four helical bundle motifs that is conserved among ...
  • IL-7 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    IL-7 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-7 (IL-7) was discovered in the year 1988 as a factor that enhanced the growth of murine B-cell precursors in bone marrow culture system. It was also known as lymphopoietin 1and pre-B cell...
  • IL2 signaling events mediated by PI3K, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    IL2 signaling events mediated by PI3K, organism-specific biosystem
    IL2 signaling events mediated by PI3K
  • IL2 signaling events mediated by STAT5, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    IL2 signaling events mediated by STAT5, organism-specific biosystem
    IL2 signaling events mediated by STAT5
  • IL2-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    IL2-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    IL2-mediated signaling events
  • IL6-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    IL6-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    IL6-mediated signaling events
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Integrated Breast Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Integrated Breast Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway incorporates the most important proteins for Breast Cancer. The Rp score from the Connectivity-Maps (C-Maps) webserver was used to determine the rank of the most important proteins in Br...
  • Integrated Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Integrated Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    Integrated Cancer Pathway
  • Integrated Pancreatic Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Integrated Pancreatic Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystemAn integrated pathway model which displays the protein-protein interactions (PPIs) among the relevant proteins for pancreatic cancer. This pathway is a collection of different mechanistic protein pat...
  • Interleukin-4 and 13 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Interleukin-4 and 13 signaling, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-4 (IL4) is a principal regulatory cytokine during the immune response, crucially important in allergy and asthma (Nelms et al. 1999). When resting T cells are antigen-activated and expand...
  • Jak-STAT signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Jak-STAT signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway is one of a handful of pleiotropic cascades used to transduce a multitude of signals for development and homeost...
  • Jak-STAT signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Jak-STAT signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway is one of a handful of pleiotropic cascades used to transduce a multitude of signals for development and homeost...
  • LKB1 signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    LKB1 signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    LKB1 signaling events
  • MAPK Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    MAPK Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
  • MAPK family signaling cascades, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    MAPK family signaling cascades, organism-specific biosystemThe mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are a family of conserved protein serine threonine kinases that respond to varied extracellular stimuli to activate intracellular processes including gen...
  • MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
  • MAPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    MAPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
  • MAPK6/MAPK4 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    MAPK6/MAPK4 signaling, organism-specific biosystemMAPK6 and MAPK4 (also known as ERK3 and ERK4) are vertebrate-specific atypical MAP kinases. Atypical MAPK are less well characterized than their conventional counterparts, and are generally classifi...
  • Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystemProtein metabolism comprises the pathways of translation, post-translational modification and protein folding.
  • Metastatic brain tumor, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Metastatic brain tumor, organism-specific biosystemInteraction between microRNAs (miRNAs) and abnormal methylation to control metastasis. Tumor growth and metastasis formation through down regulation of their oncogenic targets such as MYC ,E2F3 and c...
  • MicroRNAs in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    MicroRNAs in cancer, organism-specific biosystemMicroRNA (miRNA) is a cluster of small non-encoding RNA molecules of 21 - 23 nucleotides in length, which controls gene expression post-transcriptionally either via the degradation of target mRNAs or...
  • MicroRNAs in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    MicroRNAs in cancer, conserved biosystemMicroRNA (miRNA) is a cluster of small non-encoding RNA molecules of 21 - 23 nucleotides in length, which controls gene expression post-transcriptionally either via the degradation of target mRNAs or...
  • Mitotic G1-G1/S phases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Mitotic G1-G1/S phases, organism-specific biosystem
    Mitotic G1-G1/S phases
  • NOTCH1 Intracellular Domain Regulates Transcription, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    NOTCH1 Intracellular Domain Regulates Transcription, organism-specific biosystemNICD1 produced by activation of NOTCH1 in response to Delta and Jagged ligands (DLL/JAG) presented in trans, traffics to the nucleus where it acts as a transcription regulator. In the nucleus, NICD1 ...
  • Neural Crest Differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Neural Crest Differentiation, organism-specific biosystemGene regulatory network model of cranial neural crest cell (CNCC) development, adaped from PMID: 19575671. Most interactions in the model are proposed to regulate transcription of core factors involv...
  • Notch Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Notch Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Notch pathway is an evolutionally conserved signaling pathway which plays an important role in diverse developmental and physiological processes. These include cell-fate determination, tissue pat...
  • Notch signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Notch signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    Notch signaling pathway
  • PDGFR-beta signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    PDGFR-beta signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    PDGFR-beta signaling pathway
  • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
  • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
  • PPAR Alpha Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    PPAR Alpha Pathway, organism-specific biosystemPPAR alpha (also known as NR1C1) is a nuclear receptor that is involved with transcriptional regulation of genes involved in beta-oxidation, metabolism, fatty acid transport, etc.
  • Pathways Affected in Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Pathways Affected in Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma, organism-specific biosystemProtein pathways altered by mutations in adenoid cystic carcinoma. Pathways include epigentic modification, DNA damage checkpoint signals, MYB/MYC signalling pathway, FGF/IGF/PI3K signalling, and not...
  • Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
    Pathways in cancer
  • Post-translational protein modification, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Post-translational protein modification, organism-specific biosystemAfter translation, many newly formed proteins undergo further covalent modifications that alter their functional properties and that are essentially irreversible under physiological conditions in the...
  • Presenilin action in Notch and Wnt signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Presenilin action in Notch and Wnt signaling, organism-specific biosystem
    Presenilin action in Notch and Wnt signaling
  • Prolactin Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Prolactin Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemProlactin (PRL), a pleiotropic polypeptide hormone, mostly secreted by the lactotrophic cells of anterior pituitary gland and to a lesser extent expressed in numerous extra pituitary tissues such as ...
  • Proteoglycans in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Proteoglycans in cancer, organism-specific biosystemMany proteoglycans (PGs) in the tumor microenvironment have been shown to be key macromolecules that contribute to biology of various types of cancer including proliferation, adhesion, angiogenesis a...
  • Proteoglycans in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Proteoglycans in cancer, conserved biosystemMany proteoglycans (PGs) in the tumor microenvironment have been shown to be key macromolecules that contribute to biology of various types of cancer including proliferation, adhesion, angiogenesis a...
  • Rac1/Pak1/p38/MMP-2 pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Rac1/Pak1/p38/MMP-2 pathway, organism-specific biosystemRac1/p38 pathway from Ingenuity Pathway Analysis.
  • Regulation of Apoptosis by Parathyroid Hormone-related Protein, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Regulation of Apoptosis by Parathyroid Hormone-related Protein, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway is based on Figure 8 of "Parathyroid hormone-related protein regulates cell survival pathways via integrin alpha6beta4-mediated activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt signaling....
  • Regulation of Telomerase, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Regulation of Telomerase, organism-specific biosystem
    Regulation of Telomerase
  • Regulation of Wnt-mediated beta catenin signaling and target gene transcription, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Regulation of Wnt-mediated beta catenin signaling and target gene transcription, organism-specific biosystem
    Regulation of Wnt-mediated beta catenin signaling and target gene transcription
  • Regulation of nuclear SMAD2/3 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Regulation of nuclear SMAD2/3 signaling, organism-specific biosystem
    Regulation of nuclear SMAD2/3 signaling
  • Retinoblastoma (RB) in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Retinoblastoma (RB) in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemDescribes the role of retinoblastoma (RB) gene in cancer.
  • S Phase, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    S Phase, organism-specific biosystemDNA synthesis occurs in the S phase, or the synthesis phase, of the cell cycle. The cell duplicates its hereditary material, and two copies of the chromosome are formed. As DNA replication continues,...
  • SMAD2/SMAD3:SMAD4 heterotrimer regulates transcription, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    SMAD2/SMAD3:SMAD4 heterotrimer regulates transcription, organism-specific biosystemAfter phosphorylated SMAD2 and/or SMAD3 form a heterotrimer with SMAD4, SMAD2/3:SMAD4 complex translocates to the nucleus (Xu et al. 2000, Kurisaki et al. 2001, Xiao et al. 2003). In the nucleus, lin...
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystemInterleukins are low molecular weight proteins that bind to cell surface receptors and act in an autocrine and/or paracrine fashion. They were first identified as factors produced by leukocytes but a...
  • Signaling by NOTCH, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by NOTCH, organism-specific biosystemThe Notch Signaling Pathway (NSP) is a highly conserved pathway for cell-cell communication. NSP is involved in the regulation of cellular differentiation, proliferation, and specification. For exam...
  • Signaling by NOTCH1, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by NOTCH1, organism-specific biosystemNOTCH1 functions as both a transmembrane receptor presented on the cell surface and as a transcriptional regulator in the nucleus.NOTCH1 receptor presented on the plasma membrane is activated by a me...
  • Signaling by NOTCH1 HD+PEST Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by NOTCH1 HD+PEST Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemMutations in the heterodimerization domain (HD) and PEST domain of NOTCH1 are frequently found in cis in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. While HD mutations alone result in up to ~10-fold increas...
  • Signaling by NOTCH1 PEST Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by NOTCH1 PEST Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemNOTCH1 PEST domain mutations are frequently found in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). PEST domain mutations interfere with ubiquitination-mediated NOTCH1 downregulation and result in prol...
  • Signaling by NOTCH1 in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by NOTCH1 in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemHuman NOTCH1 was cloned as a chromosome 9 gene, translocated to the T-cell beta receptor (TCBR) promoter on chromosome 7 in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) (Ellisen et al. 1991). This tra...
  • Signaling by TGF-beta Receptor Complex, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by TGF-beta Receptor Complex, organism-specific biosystemThe TGF-beta/BMP pathway incorporates several signaling pathways that share most, but not all, components of a central signal transduction engine. The general signaling scheme is rather simple: upon ...
  • Signaling by Wnt, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Wnt, organism-specific biosystemWNT signaling pathways control a wide range of developmental and adult process in metozoans including cell proliferation, cell fate decisions, cell polarity and stem cell maintenance (reviewed in Sai...
  • Signaling pathways regulating pluripotency of stem cells, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Signaling pathways regulating pluripotency of stem cells, organism-specific biosystemPluripotent stem cells (PSCs) are basic cells with an indefinite self-renewal capacity and the potential to generate all the cell types of the three germinal layers. The types of PSCs known to date i...
  • Signaling pathways regulating pluripotency of stem cells, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Signaling pathways regulating pluripotency of stem cells, conserved biosystemPluripotent stem cells (PSCs) are basic cells with an indefinite self-renewal capacity and the potential to generate all the cell types of the three germinal layers. The types of PSCs known to date i...
  • Small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is a highly aggressive neoplasm, which accounts for approximately 25% ...
  • Small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is a highly aggressive neoplasm, which accounts for approximately 25% ...
  • Spinal Cord Injury, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Spinal Cord Injury, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway provides an overview of cell types, therapeutic targets, drugs, new proposed targets and pathways implicated in spinal cord injury. Spinal cord injury is a complex multistep process that...
  • Structural Pathway of Interleukin 1 (IL-1), organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Structural Pathway of Interleukin 1 (IL-1), organism-specific biosystemPathway published in http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pcbi.1003470 IL-1 signaling pathway reconstructed by combining related pathways and information from the litera...
  • TCF dependent signaling in response to WNT, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    TCF dependent signaling in response to WNT, organism-specific biosystem19 WNT ligands and 10 FZD receptors have been identified in human cells; interactions amongst these ligands and receptors vary in a developmental and tissue-specific manner and lead to activation of ...
  • TFAP2 (AP-2) family regulates transcription of cell cycle factors, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    TFAP2 (AP-2) family regulates transcription of cell cycle factors, organism-specific biosystemTFAP2A and TFAP2C play opposing roles in transcriptional regulation of the CDKN1A (p21) gene locus. While TFAP2A stimulates transcription of the CDKN1A cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (Zeng et al. ...
  • TGF-beta Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    TGF-beta Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe signal transduction mechanisms underlying the pathophysiological activities of transforming growth factor-? (TGF-?) have been extensively studied since its discovery nearly 30 years ago. TGF-? li...
  • TGF-beta signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    TGF-beta signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) family members, which include TGF-betas, activins and bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), are structurally related secreted cytokines found in species r...
  • TGF-beta signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    TGF-beta signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) family members, which include TGF-betas, activins and bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), are structurally related secreted cytokines found in species r...
  • TP53 Network, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    TP53 Network, organism-specific biosystemP53 is not a lonely genome guardian, it operates with the assistance of p73 and p63 within a complex network including distinct but complementary pathways. This protein family presents a high le...
  • Thymic Stromal LymphoPoietin (TSLP) Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Thymic Stromal LymphoPoietin (TSLP) Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    Thymic Stromal LymphoPoietin (TSLP) Signaling Pathway
  • Thyroid cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Thyroid cancer, organism-specific biosystemThyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy and accounts for the majority of endocrine cancer- related deaths each year. More than 95% of thyroid carcinomas are derived from follicular cel...
  • Thyroid cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Thyroid cancer, conserved biosystemThyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy and accounts for the majority of endocrine cancer- related deaths each year. More than 95% of thyroid carcinomas are derived from follicular cel...
  • Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe thyroid hormones (THs) are important regulators of growth, development and metabolism. The action of TH is mainly mediated by T3 (3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine). Thyroid hormones, L-thyroxine (T4) a...
  • Transcriptional activity of SMAD2/SMAD3:SMAD4 heterotrimer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Transcriptional activity of SMAD2/SMAD3:SMAD4 heterotrimer, organism-specific biosystemIn the nucleus, SMAD2/3:SMAD4 heterotrimer complex acts as a transcriptional regulator. The activity of SMAD2/3 complex is regulated both positively and negatively by association with other transcrip...
  • Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer
  • Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, conserved biosystem
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer
  • Transcriptional regulation by the AP-2 (TFAP2) family of transcription factors, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Transcriptional regulation by the AP-2 (TFAP2) family of transcription factors, organism-specific biosystemThe AP-2 (TFAP2) family of transcription factors includes five proteins in mammals: TFAP2A (AP-2 alpha), TFAP2B (AP-2 beta), TFAP2C (AP-2 gamma), TFAP2D (AP-2 delta) and TFAP2E (AP-2 epsilon). The AP...
  • Ub-specific processing proteases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Ub-specific processing proteases, organism-specific biosystemUb-specific processing proteases (USPs) are the largest of the DUB families with more than 50 members in humans. The USP catalytic domain varies considerably in size and consists of six conserved mo...
  • Validated targets of C-MYC transcriptional activation, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Validated targets of C-MYC transcriptional activation, organism-specific biosystem
    Validated targets of C-MYC transcriptional activation
  • Validated targets of C-MYC transcriptional repression, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Validated targets of C-MYC transcriptional repression, organism-specific biosystem
    Validated targets of C-MYC transcriptional repression
  • Wnt Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Wnt Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemWnt proteins are secreted morphogens that are required for basic developmental processes, such as cell-fate specification, progenitor-cell proliferation and the control of asymmetric cell division, i...
  • Wnt Signaling Pathway Netpath, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Wnt Signaling Pathway Netpath, organism-specific biosystemWNT signal, through the canonical pathway, controls cell fate determination and through the non-canonical pathway controls cell movement and tissue polarity. The name "wnt" is a fusion of two terms, ...
  • Wnt Signaling Pathway and Pluripotency, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Wnt Signaling Pathway and Pluripotency, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway was adapted from several resources and is designed to provide a theoretical frame-work for examining Wnt signaling and interacting components in the context of embryonic stem-cell plurip...
  • Wnt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Wnt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemWnt proteins are secreted morphogens that are required for basic developmental processes, such as cell-fate specification, progenitor-cell proliferation and the control of asymmetric cell division, i...
  • Wnt signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Wnt signaling pathway, conserved biosystemWnt proteins are secreted morphogens that are required for basic developmental processes, such as cell-fate specification, progenitor-cell proliferation and the control of asymmetric cell division, i...
  • miRNA Regulation of DNA Damage Response, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    miRNA Regulation of DNA Damage Response, organism-specific biosystemThis is the first out of two pathways which deals with the DNA damage response. It is comprised of two central gene products (ATM and ATR) influenced by different sources of DNA damage (in blue). The...
  • miRNAs involved in DNA damage response, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    miRNAs involved in DNA damage response, organism-specific biosystemMicroRNA clusters involved in de DNA damage response. Genes they regulated and genes that regulate them. All genes presented in this pathway can also be found in the pathway "DNA damage response(Homo...
  • p38 MAPK Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    p38 MAPK Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemp38 MAPKs are members of the MAPK family that are activated by a variety of environmental stresses and inflammatory cytokines. Stress signals are delivered to this cascade by members of small GTPases...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
DNA binding ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
DNA binding TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
DNA-binding transcription factor activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
DNA-binding transcription factor activity, RNA polymerase II-specific IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
DNA-binding transcription factor activity, RNA polymerase II-specific ISA
Inferred from Sequence Alignment
more info
 
DNA-binding transcription factor activity, RNA polymerase II-specific ISM
Inferred from Sequence Model
more info
PubMed 
DNA-binding transcription factor activity, RNA polymerase II-specific NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
E-box binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
RNA polymerase II proximal promoter sequence-specific DNA binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
activating transcription factor binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein dimerization activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein-containing complex binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
proximal promoter DNA-binding transcription activator activity, RNA polymerase II-specific IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
repressing transcription factor binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
transcription factor binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
ERK1 and ERK2 cascade IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
MAPK cascade IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
Notch signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
beta-catenin-TCF complex assembly TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
branching involved in ureteric bud morphogenesis ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
cell cycle arrest IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cellular iron ion homeostasis IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cellular response to DNA damage stimulus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cellular response to UV IEP
Inferred from Expression Pattern
more info
PubMed 
cellular response to drug IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cellular response to hypoxia IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
chromatin remodeling IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
chromosome organization IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cytokine-mediated signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
energy reserve metabolic process NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
fibroblast apoptotic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of apoptotic process ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
negative regulation of cell division IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of fibroblast proliferation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of monocyte differentiation IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of stress-activated MAPK cascade ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
negative regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
oxygen transport NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of DNA biosynthetic process IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of cell proliferation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of epithelial cell proliferation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of fibroblast proliferation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of fibroblast proliferation IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of gene expression IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of gene expression IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of mesenchymal cell proliferation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
positive regulation of metanephric cap mesenchymal cell proliferation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
positive regulation of response to DNA damage stimulus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of telomerase activity ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
protein deubiquitination TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
protein-DNA complex disassembly IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
regulation of gene expression IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
regulation of telomere maintenance IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
response to drug IEP
Inferred from Expression Pattern
more info
PubMed 
response to gamma radiation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
response to growth factor TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
transcription by RNA polymerase II IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
nuclear chromatin IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
nucleolus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
nucleoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
nucleoplasm TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
nucleus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein-containing complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
myc proto-oncogene protein
Names
avian myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog
class E basic helix-loop-helix protein 39
myc-related translation/localization regulatory factor
proto-oncogene c-Myc
transcription factor p64
v-myc avian myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog
v-myc myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_007161.2 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5001..12518
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001354870.1NP_001341799.1  myc proto-oncogene protein isoform 2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC103819, EH335289, K02276, M13930
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS87627.1
    Related
    ENSP00000430235.1, ENST00000524013.1
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd00083
    Location:369425
    HLH; Helix-loop-helix domain, found in specific DNA- binding proteins that act as transcription factors; 60-100 amino acids long. A DNA-binding basic region is followed by two alpha-helices separated by a variable loop region; HLH forms homo- and heterodimers, ...
    pfam01056
    Location:20359
    Myc_N; Myc amino-terminal region
    pfam02344
    Location:422452
    Myc-LZ; Myc leucine zipper domain
  2. NM_002467.5NP_002458.2  myc proto-oncogene protein isoform 1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_002458.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC103819, BC000141, BG499628, EH335289, M13930
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS6359.2
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P01106
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A087WVR4
    Related
    ENSP00000478887.1, OTTHUMP00000158589, ENST00000621592.5
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd00083
    Location:370426
    HLH; Helix-loop-helix domain, found in specific DNA- binding proteins that act as transcription factors; 60-100 amino acids long. A DNA-binding basic region is followed by two alpha-helices separated by a variable loop region; HLH forms homo- and heterodimers, ...
    pfam01056
    Location:21360
    Myc_N; Myc amino-terminal region
    pfam02344
    Location:423453
    Myc-LZ; Myc leucine zipper domain

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000008.11 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    127735434..127742951
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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