U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

PALM2AKAP2 PALM2 and AKAP2 fusion [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 445815, updated on 4-Feb-2024

Summary

Official Symbol
PALM2AKAP2provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
PALM2 and AKAP2 fusionprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:33529
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000157654 MIM:604582; AllianceGenome:HGNC:33529
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
AKAP2; MISP2; PALM2; PRKA2; AKAP-2; AKAPKL; AKAP-KL; PALM2-AKAP2
Summary
This gene belongs to the paralemmin downstream gene (PDG) family defined in PMID:22855693. Paralemmin downstream genes may have evolved contiguously with the paralemmin genes and are associated with other paralemmin paralogs in humans and several other taxa. The gene encodes three distinct protein isoforms, the PALM2 isoform, the AKAP2 isoform and the PALM2-AKAP2 isoform. The biological significance of the PALM2-AKAP2 isoforms is yet unknown. Earlier, PALM2 and AKAP2 were annotated as separate genes and PALM2-AKAP2 was annotated as a readthrough gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2019]
Expression
Broad expression in fat (RPKM 49.5), lung (RPKM 48.4) and 24 other tissues See more
Orthologs
NEW
Try the new Gene table
Try the new Transcript table

Genomic context

See PALM2AKAP2 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
9q31.3
Exon count:
15
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 9 NC_000009.12 (109640787..110172512)
RS_2023_10 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 9 NC_060933.1 (121810203..122342040)
105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 9 NC_000009.11 (112403067..112934792)

Chromosome 9 - NC_000009.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 3 Neighboring gene microRNA 3927 Neighboring gene Y-box binding protein 1 pseudogene 6 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 9563 Neighboring gene NANOG hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr9:112483239-112483742 Neighboring gene Neanderthal introgressed variant-containing enhancer experimental_104485 Neighboring gene putative uncharacterized protein DDB_G0287265 Neighboring gene Neanderthal introgressed variant-containing enhancer experimental_104519 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 11524 Neighboring gene CDK7 strongly-dependent group 2 enhancer GRCh37_chr9:112578478-112579677 Neighboring gene Neanderthal introgressed variant-containing enhancer experimental_104554 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 28766 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 28767 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 28768 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 28769 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 28770 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 28771 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 28772 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 28773 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 28774 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 28775 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 20168 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 28779 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 28778 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 28776 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 28777 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 28780 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 28781 Neighboring gene Neanderthal introgressed variant-containing enhancer experimental_104594 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr9:112767573-112768074 Neighboring gene Neanderthal introgressed variant-containing enhancer experimental_104606 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr9:112809348-112809922 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr9:112810496-112811069 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 20170 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 20171 Neighboring gene CDK7 strongly-dependent group 2 enhancer GRCh37_chr9:112831420-112832619 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L21 pseudogene 87 Neighboring gene Neanderthal introgressed variant-containing enhancer experimental_104629 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K27ac hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr9:112868296-112868903 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr9:112887224-112887786 Neighboring gene NANOG-H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr9:112893707-112894550 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 28782 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC124902244 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 20172 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 28783 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105376217 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr9:112969108-112969608 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr9:112969609-112970109 Neighboring gene chromosome 9 open reading frame 152

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

EBI GWAS Catalog

Description
Identification of 15 loci influencing height in a Korean population.
EBI GWAS Catalog
Is the gene-environment interaction paradigm relevant to genome-wide studies? The case of education and body mass index.
EBI GWAS Catalog
Novel genetic loci identified for the pathophysiology of childhood obesity in the Hispanic population.
EBI GWAS Catalog

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Clone Names

  • FLJ12631, FLJ20299, FLJ32536, FLJ37684, FLJ53197, FLJ55665, FLJ98336, MGC39604, MGC181966, MGC198515, DKFZp564L0716, DKFZp686H1948

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in regulation of cell shape IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
located_in apical plasma membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
located_in side of membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
PALM2-AKAP2 fusion protein; A-kinase anchor protein 2; PALM2-AKAP2 protein
Names
A kinase (PRKA) anchor protein 2
A-kinase anchoring protein 2
PALM2-AKAP2 fusion
PALM2-AKAP2 readthrough
paralemmin 2
paralemmin A kinase anchor protein
protein kinase A anchoring protein 2
protein kinase A2

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

NEW Try the new Transcript table

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001004065.4NP_001004065.2  PALM2-AKAP2 fusion protein isoform 5 (AKAP2)

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (5) encodes isoform 5 (AKAP2).
    Source sequence(s)
    AL158823, AL353598, BC010513, BC146863, BC171800
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS43861.1
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B4E2K2
    Related
    ENSP00000363649.1, ENST00000374525.5
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam15304
    Location:800940
    AKAP2_C; A-kinase anchor protein 2 C-terminus
  2. NM_001037293.3NP_001032370.1  PALM2-AKAP2 fusion protein isoform 2 (PALM2)

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001032370.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) differs in the 5' UTR and 5' coding region, and lacks an alternate in-frame exon in the 3' coding region, compared to variant 1. The resulting protein, isoform 2 (PALM2), has a distinct N-terminus and is shorter than isoform 1 (PALM2).
    Source sequence(s)
    AK095003, AL135789, AL353806, BC039306, BQ187933
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS35099.1
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    C9JA33
    Related
    ENSP00000363656.2, ENST00000374531.6
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    COG1196
    Location:10126
    Smc; Chromosome segregation ATPase [Cell cycle control, cell division, chromosome partitioning]
    pfam03285
    Location:69379
    Paralemmin
  3. NM_001136562.3NP_001130034.1  PALM2-AKAP2 fusion protein isoform 7 (AKAP2)

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001130034.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (7) encodes isoform 7 (AKAP2).
    Source sequence(s)
    AK300427, AL158823, AL353598, BC010513, DC422367
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS48003.1
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B4E2K2
    Related
    ENSP00000259318.7, ENST00000259318.7
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam15304
    Location:711851
    AKAP2_C; A-kinase anchor protein 2 C-terminus
  4. NM_001198656.1NP_001185585.1  PALM2-AKAP2 fusion protein isoform 6 (AKAP2)

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (6) encodes isoform 6 (AKAP2).
    Source sequence(s)
    AL158823, AL353598, BC010513, BC171800
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS56581.1
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B4E2K2
    Related
    ENSP00000404782.2, ENST00000434623.6
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam15304
    Location:800953
    AKAP2_C; A-kinase anchor protein 2 C-terminus
  5. NM_007203.5NP_009134.1  PALM2-AKAP2 protein isoform 3 (PALM2-AKAP2)

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_009134.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (3) encodes isoform 3 (PALM2-AKAP2), the longest isoform.
    Source sequence(s)
    AJ303079, AL158823, AL158829, AL353598
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS35100.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    A9Z1X9, B1ALX9, B2RTU4, B3KQ00, B4DTZ2, B7ZW07, B9EJB5, Q8IXS6, Q8N9D5, Q96DU1, Q9UG26, Q9Y2D5
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B4E2K2
    Related
    ENSP00000363654.3, ENST00000374530.8
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam03285
    Location:67165
    Paralemmin; Paralemmin
    pfam15304
    Location:9421095
    AKAP2_C; A-kinase anchor protein 2 C-terminus
  6. NM_053016.6NP_443749.5  PALM2-AKAP2 fusion protein isoform 1 (PALM2)

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_443749.5

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longest transcript and encodes isoform 1 (PALM2).
    Source sequence(s)
    AJ312216, AL158829, AL353806, BQ187933
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS48002.2
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    C9JA33
    Related
    ENSP00000323805.4, ENST00000314527.9
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    COG1196
    Location:8124
    Smc; Chromosome segregation ATPase [Cell cycle control, cell division, chromosome partitioning]
    pfam03285
    Location:67411
    Paralemmin
  7. NM_147150.3NP_671492.1  PALM2-AKAP2 protein isoform 4 (PALM2-AKAP2)

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_671492.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (4) represents isoform 4 (PALM2-AKAP2).
    Source sequence(s)
    AB023137, AJ303079, AL158823, AL158829, AL353598
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS35101.1
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B4E2K2
    Related
    ENSP00000305861.7, ENST00000302798.7
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam03285
    Location:67165
    Paralemmin; Paralemmin
    pfam15304
    Location:9421082
    AKAP2_C; A-kinase anchor protein 2 C-terminus

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: GCF_000001405.40-RS_2023_10

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000009.12 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Range
    109640787..110172512
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_047423410.1XP_047279366.1  PALM2-AKAP2 protein isoform X1

  2. XM_047423411.1XP_047279367.1  PALM2-AKAP2 protein isoform X2

  3. XM_047423414.1XP_047279370.1  PALM2-AKAP2 protein isoform X5

  4. XM_047423418.1XP_047279374.1  PALM2-AKAP2 protein isoform X9

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B4E2K2
  5. XM_047423412.1XP_047279368.1  PALM2-AKAP2 protein isoform X3

  6. XM_047423413.1XP_047279369.1  PALM2-AKAP2 protein isoform X4

  7. XM_047423415.1XP_047279371.1  PALM2-AKAP2 protein isoform X6

  8. XM_047423416.1XP_047279372.1  PALM2-AKAP2 protein isoform X7

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B4E2K2
  9. XM_047423417.1XP_047279373.1  PALM2-AKAP2 protein isoform X8

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B4E2K2
  10. XM_047423419.1XP_047279375.1  PALM2-AKAP2 protein isoform X10

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B4E2K2
  11. XM_047423421.1XP_047279377.1  A-kinase anchor protein 2 isoform X12

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B4E2K2
  12. XM_047423420.1XP_047279376.1  PALM2-AKAP2 protein isoform X11

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B4E2K2

Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

Genomic

  1. NC_060933.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Range
    121810203..122342040
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Suppressed Reference Sequence(s)

The following Reference Sequences have been suppressed. Explain

  1. NG_028265.1: Suppressed sequence

    Description
    NG_028265.1: This RefSeq was removed because the gene is now thought to span a much longer range.
  2. NG_054734.1: Suppressed sequence

    Description
    NG_054734.1: This RefSeq was removed because the gene is now thought to span a much longer range.